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Polarization vortices in germanium telluride nanoplatelets: A theoretical study Durgun, Engin ; Ghosez, Philippe ; et al in Physical Review Letters (2009), 103 Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory, we study the properties of germanium telluride crystalline nanoplatelets and nanoparticles. Above a diameter of 2.7 nm, we predict ... [more ▼] Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory, we study the properties of germanium telluride crystalline nanoplatelets and nanoparticles. Above a diameter of 2.7 nm, we predict the appearance of polarization vortices giving rise to an unusual ferrotoroidic ground state with a spontaneous and reversible toroidal moment of polarization. We highlight the crucial role of inhomogeneous strain in stabilizing polarization vortices. Combined with the phase-change properties of germanium telluride, the ferrotoroidic properties could be of practical interest for ternary logic applications. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 49 (6 ULg)ABINIT: First-principles approach to material and nanosystem properties ; ; et al in Computer Physics Communications (2009), 180 ABINIT allows one to study, from first-principles, systems made of lectrons and nuclei (e.g. periodic solids, molecules, nanostructures, etc.), on the basis of Density-Functional Theory (DFT) and many ... [more ▼] ABINIT allows one to study, from first-principles, systems made of lectrons and nuclei (e.g. periodic solids, molecules, nanostructures, etc.), on the basis of Density-Functional Theory (DFT) and many-Body Perturbation Theory. beyond the computation of the total energy, charge density and electronic structure of such systems, ABINIT also implements many dynamical, dielectric, thermodynamical, mechanical, or electronic properties, at different levels of approximation. The present paper provides an exhustive account of the capabilities of ABINIT. It should be helpful to scienttists that are not familirized with ABINIT, as well as to already regular users. First, we give a broad overview of ABINIT, including the list of the capabilities and how to access them. Then, we present in more details the recent, advance, developments of ABINIT, with adequate references to the underlying theory, as well as the relevant input variables, tests and, if available, ABINIT tutorials. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 231 (12 ULg)Dynamical, dielectric, and elastic properties of GeTe investigated with first-principles density functional theory ; Durgun, Engin ; Raty, Jean-Yves et al in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2008), 78 The dynamical, dielectric, and elastic properties of GeTe, a ferroelectric material in its low-temperature rhombohedral phase, have been investigated using first-principles density functional theory. We ... [more ▼] The dynamical, dielectric, and elastic properties of GeTe, a ferroelectric material in its low-temperature rhombohedral phase, have been investigated using first-principles density functional theory. We report the electronic energy bands, phonon-dispersion curves, electronic and low-frequency dielectric tensors, infrared reflectivity, Born effective charges, and elastic and piezoelectric tensors and compare them with the existing theoretical and experimental results, as well as with similar quantities available for other ferroelectric materials, when appropriate. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 39 (4 ULg)A new hybrid exchange-correlation functional for accurate prediction of the electronic and structural properties of ferroelectric oxides Bilc, Daniel ; ; et al in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2008), 77 Using a linear combination of atomic orbitals approach, we report a systematic comparison of various density functional theory (DFT) and hybrid exchange-correlation functionals for the prediction of the ... [more ▼] Using a linear combination of atomic orbitals approach, we report a systematic comparison of various density functional theory (DFT) and hybrid exchange-correlation functionals for the prediction of the electronic and structural properties of prototypical ferroelectric oxides. It is found that none of the available functionals is able to provide, at the same time, accurate electronic and structural properties of the cubic and tetragonal phases of BaTiO3 and PbTiO3. Some, although not all, usual DFT functionals predict the structure with acceptable accuracy, but always underestimate the electronic band gaps. Conversely, common hybrid functionals yield an improved description of the band gaps, but overestimate the volume and atomic distortions associated with ferroelectricity, giving rise to an unacceptably large c/a ratio for the tetragonal phases of both compounds. This supertetragonality is found to be induced mainly by the exchange energy corresponding to the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and, to a lesser extent, by the exact exchange term of the hybrid functional. We thus propose an alternative functional that mixes exact exchange with the recently proposed GGA of Wu and Cohen [Phys. Rev. B 73, 235116 (2006)] which, for solids, improves over the treatment of exchange of the most usual GGA's. The new functional renders an accurate description of both the structural and electronic properties of typical ferroelectric oxides. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg) |
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