References of "Senny, Frédéric"
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See detailMandible Behavior in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients Under CPAP Treatment
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Maury, Gisèle; CAMBRON, Laurent ULg et al

in Open Sleep Journal (2012), 5

Aim: To investigate whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients present different behaviors of mandible movements before and under CPAP therapy. Materials and Methodology: In this retrospective study ... [more ▼]

Aim: To investigate whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients present different behaviors of mandible movements before and under CPAP therapy. Materials and Methodology: In this retrospective study, patients were selected according to inclusion criteria: both the diagnostic polysomnography recording showing an OSA with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) greater than 25 (n/h) and the related CPAP therapy control recordings were available, presence of mandible movement and mask pressure signals in the recordings, and tolerance to the applied positive pressure. Statistical analysis on four parameters, namely the apneahypopnea index (AHI), the arousal index (ArI), the average of the mandible lowering during sleep (aLOW), and the average amplitude of the oscillations of the mandible movement signal (aAMPL), was performed on two sets of recordings: OSA and CPAP therapy. Results: Thirty-four patients satisfied the inclusion criteria, thus both OSA and CPAP groups included thirty-four recordings each. Significant difference (p < 0.001) was found in the OSA group compared with the CPAP group when considering either the four parameters or only the two ones related to mandible movements. Conclusions: When an efficient CPAP pressure is applied, the mouth is less open and presents fewer broad sharp closure movements, and oscillating mandible movements are absent or very small. [less ▲]

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See detailMidsagittal Jaw Movements as a Sleep/Wake Marker
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Destiné, Jacques ULg; Poirrier, Robert ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (2009), 56(2), 303-309

The seriousness of the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome is measured by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), the number of sleep apneas and hypopneas over the total sleep time (TST). Cardiorespiratory ... [more ▼]

The seriousness of the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome is measured by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), the number of sleep apneas and hypopneas over the total sleep time (TST). Cardiorespiratory signals are used to detect respiratory events while the TST is usually assessed by the analysis of electroencephalogram traces in polysomnography (PSG) or wrist actigraphy trace in portable monitoring. This paper presents a sleep/wake automatic detector that relies on a wavelet-based complexity measure of the midsagittal jaw movement signal and multilayer perceptrons. In all, 63 recordings were used to train and test the method, while 38 recordings constituted an independent evaluation set for which the sensitivity, the specificity, and the global agreement of sleep recognition, respectively, reached 85.1%, 76.4%, and 82.9%, compared with the PSG data. The AHI computed automatically and only from the jaw movement analysis was significantly improved (p < 0.0001 ) when considering this sleep/wake detector. Moreover, a sensitivity of 88.6% and a specificity of 83.6% were found for the diagnosis of the sleep apnea syndrome according to a threshold of 15. Thus, the jaw movement signal is reasonably accurate in separating sleep from wake, and, in addition to its ability to score respiratory events, is a valuable signal for portable monitoring. [less ▲]

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See detailMidsagittal Jaw Movement Analysis for the Scoring of Sleep Apneas and Hypopneas
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Destiné, Jacques ULg; Poirrier, Robert ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (2008), 55(1), 87-95

Given the importance of the detection and classification of sleep apneas and hypopneas (SAHs) in the diagnosis and the characterization of the SAH syndrome, there is a need for a reliable noninvasive ... [more ▼]

Given the importance of the detection and classification of sleep apneas and hypopneas (SAHs) in the diagnosis and the characterization of the SAH syndrome, there is a need for a reliable noninvasive technique measuring respiratory effort. This paper proposes a new method for the scoring of SAHs based on the recording of the midsagittal jaw motion (MJM, mouth opening) and on a dedicated automatic analysis of this signal. Continuous wavelet transform is used to quantize respiratory effort from the jaw motion, to detect salient mandibular movements related to SAHs and to delineate events which are likely to contain the respiratory events. The classification of the delimited events is performed using multilayer perceptrons which were trained and tested on sleep data from 34 recordings. Compared with SAHs scored manually by an expert, the sensitivity and specificity of the detection were 86.1% and 87.4%, respectively. Moreover, the overall classification agreement in the recognition of obstructive, central, and mixed respiratory events between the manual and automatic scorings was 73.1%. The MJM signal is hence a reliable marker of respiratory effort and allows an accurate detection and classification of SAHs. [less ▲]

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See detailSCREENING OF SLEEP APNEAS AND HYPOPNEAS THROUGH THE AUTOMATIC ANALYSIS OF MIDSAGITTAL JAW MOTION
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Destiné, Jacques ULg; POIRRIER, Robert ULg

Poster (2006, December 07)

This paper proposes a novel method for the scoring of sleep apneas and hypopneas (SAHs) based on the recording and the analysis of the midsagittal jaw movements. Continuous wavelet transform was used to ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a novel method for the scoring of sleep apneas and hypopneas (SAHs) based on the recording and the analysis of the midsagittal jaw movements. Continuous wavelet transform was used to delineate events which were likely to contain the SAHs, while hidden markov models (HMMs) classified events. Considering 28 recordings from which awakenings were discarded, the method detected SAHs with a sensitivity and a specificity of 82.2% and 78.3% respectively. Obstructive, central and mixed respiratory events were distinguished fairly accurately. The jaw motion is hence a reliable marker of respiratory efforts and may suffice by itself to score SAHs. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostique du syndrome d’apnées et hypopnées obstructives du sommeil par l’analyse des mouvements de la mandibule
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Destiné, Jacques ULg; Ansay, Pierre et al

Conference (2005, November)

Les mouvements de la mandibule donnent une image des efforts respiratoires, particulièrement en période d’apnées et d’hypopnées du sommeil. Ils sont donc une alternative à la pression oesophagienne. Cette ... [more ▼]

Les mouvements de la mandibule donnent une image des efforts respiratoires, particulièrement en période d’apnées et d’hypopnées du sommeil. Ils sont donc une alternative à la pression oesophagienne. Cette étude a mis en évidence le potentiel d’une analyse automatique des mouvements de la mâchoire pour le diagnostique du syndrome d’apnées et hypopnées obstructives du sommeil (SAHOS) par la mesure de l’indice d’apnées et d’hypopnées (IAH). [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea and hypopnoea syndrome based on automatic analysis of mandibular movements
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Destiné, Jacques ULg; Ansay, Pierre et al

in Proceedings of the 1st WASM Congress (2005, October)

Our study showed the potential of a surrogate of the oesophageal pressure, the jaw motion, and a dedicated automatic analysis to diagnose the obstructive sleep apnoea and hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS ... [more ▼]

Our study showed the potential of a surrogate of the oesophageal pressure, the jaw motion, and a dedicated automatic analysis to diagnose the obstructive sleep apnoea and hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS). Twentyfour patients were recorded in hospital settings and the jaw motion of fifteen of them was also recorded at home with an ambulatory device. The apnoea and hypopnoea index (AHI) of the gold standard, AHI_PSG, and the two AHI from the automatic analysis of the jaw motion, AHI_H (hospital) and AHI_A (ambulatory), were compared : AHI_PSG Vs AHI_H showed good correlation (r = 0.97) and under-estimation (slope p = 0.76). AHI_A Vs AHI_H revealed good reliability with r = 0.98 and slope p = 0.99. Finally, AHI_PSG Vs AHI_A showed very good accuracy of the diagnosis with sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 100%. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatic Scoring of sleep apnea and hypopnea by analysis of mandibular movements
Senny, Frédéric ULg; Destiné, Jacques ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg et al

in M.H.Hamza (Ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd International IASTED International conference on Biomedical Engineering (2005, February)

In this paper, we propose a method for sleep apnea and hypopnea detection by analyzing the mandibular movements recorded during sleep. This signal, highly correlated with the esophageal pressure during ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a method for sleep apnea and hypopnea detection by analyzing the mandibular movements recorded during sleep. This signal, highly correlated with the esophageal pressure during apnea or hypopnea, is a good marker of respiratory efforts. The respiratory efforts and their background activity are used to detect salient mandibular movements related to sleep apnea and hypopnea, to delineate and to recognize episodes of sleep apnea and hypopnea. The method presented may be extended to others breathing disorders such as Respiratory Efforts Related Arousals (RERA). [less ▲]

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