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See detailTreatment decisions in stable coronary artery disease: Insights from the Euro Heart Survey on Coronary Revascularization
Breeman, A.; Hordijk-Trion, M.; Lenzen, M. et al

in Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (2006), 132(5), 1001-1009

Objective: We sought to assess determinants of clinical decision making in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Methods: The 2936 patients with stable angina pectoris who enrolled in the Euro ... [more ▼]

Objective: We sought to assess determinants of clinical decision making in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Methods: The 2936 patients with stable angina pectoris who enrolled in the Euro Heart Survey on Coronary Revascularization were the subject of this analysis. After the diagnosis has been confirmed, physicians decided on treatment: medical management or revascularization therapy by means of percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary bypass surgery. We applied logistic regression analyses to evaluate the relation between baseline characteristics and treatment decision: medical treatment versus percutaneous coronary intervention, medical treatment versus coronary bypass surgery, and percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary bypass surgery. Results: The median age was 64 years, 77% were men, and 20% had diabetes. Medical therapy was intended in 690 (24%) patients, percutaneous coronary intervention in 1503 (51%) patients, and coronary bypass surgery in the remaining 743 (25%) patients, respectively. Revascularization was generally preferred in patients with more severe anginal complaints, an intermediate-to-large area of myocardium at risk, and preserved left ventricular function who had not undergone prior coronary revascularization, provided lesions were suitable for treatment. Coronary bypass surgery was preferred over percutaneous coronary intervention in multivessel or left main disease, as well as in those with concomitant valvular heart disease, provided a sufficient number of lesions were suitable for coronary bypass surgery. In those with previous coronary bypass surgeries, more often percutaneous coronary intervention was preferred than redo coronary bypass surgery. Diabetes was not associated with more frequent preference for coronary bypass surgery. Conclusions: In the hospitals that participated in the Euro Heart Survey on Coronary Revascularization, treatment decisions in stable coronary artery disease were largely in agreement with professional guidelines and determined by multiple factors. Most important deviations between guideline recommendations and clinical practice were seen in patients with extensive coronary disease, impaired left ventricular function, and diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailDiabetes does not influence treatment decisions regarding revascularization in patients with stable coronary artery disease
Breeman, A.; de Boer, M. J.; Bertrand, M. E. et al

in Diabetes Care (2006), 29(9), 2003-2011

OBJECTIVE - To evaluate whether in stable angina preference for coronary revascularization by either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is influenced by ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE - To evaluate whether in stable angina preference for coronary revascularization by either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is influenced by diabetes status and whether this has prognostic implications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A total of 2,928 consecutive patients with stable angina who were enrolled in the prospective Euro Heart Survey on Coronary Revascularization were studied. Multivariable analyses were applied to evaluate the relation between diabetes, treatment decision, and 1-year outcome. RESULTS - Diabetes was documented in 587 patients (20%) who had more extensive coronary disease. Revascularization was intended in 74% of patients with diabetes and in 77% of those without diabetes. In patients selected for revascularization, CABG was intended in 35% of diabetic and in 33% of nondiabetic patients. Multivariable analyses did not change these findings, but in some subgroups diabetes influenced treatment decisions. For example, diabetic subjects with mild heart failure had more often intended revascularization (91%) than those without diabetes (67%, P < 0.001). Treatment decisions in patients with more extensive (left main, multivessel, or proximal left anterior descending artery) disease were not influenced by diabetes status. Diabetes was not associated with an increased incidence of all-cause death, nonfatal cerebrovascular accident, or nonfatal myocardial infarction at 1 year, regardless of preferred treatment. The incidence of the combined end points was 7.3% in diabetic and 6.8% in nondiabetic patients (adjusted hazard ratio 1.0 [95% CI 01.7-1.41]). CONCLUSIONS - in stable angina, treatment decisions regarding revascularization or the choice for CABG or PCI were not influenced by the presence of diabetes. Diabetes was not associated with a poor prognosis. [less ▲]

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