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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for fast walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for fast walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for fast walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for fast walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for dual task walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailA Comparison of 3D Methods for Identifying the Stance Phase in Treadmill Running for Both Rearfoot and Forefoot Runners
Deflandre, Dorian ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Weertz et al

in Journal of sports Science (2016), 4

We compared six 3D methods, OptoGait, and Myotest Run for the determination of contact time for runners with different foot strike patterns. Twenty male participants were divided into two groups: the heel ... [more ▼]

We compared six 3D methods, OptoGait, and Myotest Run for the determination of contact time for runners with different foot strike patterns. Twenty male participants were divided into two groups: the heel group, who attack the ground with the heel (n = 12), and the toe group, who attack the ground with the middle/front of the foot (n = 8). They performed trials at speeds of 8 km/h then 16 km/h. To detect foot strike, the use of peak velocity of 3D markers located on the heel, the fifth metatarsal, and the great toe provided the best results for both groups. To detect the toe off, the minimum vertical position of a 3D marker placed in line with the great toe gave the most satisfactory results for both groups. In this way, the values of contact time measured with the 3D methods are consistent. Values measured with OptoGait appear consistent too, while those of the Myotest Run underestimate the contact time for both speeds. 3D analysis provides interesting opportunities for calculation of contact time for both rearfoot and forefoot runners, using specific peak velocities to determine foot strike and marker displacement to determine toe off. [less ▲]

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See detailMuscular and functional tridimensional analysis after hamstring strain
Paulus, Julien ULg; DELVAUX, François ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2016, April), 52(2), 263

Introduction The muscle injury, and more especially the hamstring strain, account for a large proportion of explosive top athletes injuries [1-3]. The subsequent down-time period has some sports and ... [more ▼]

Introduction The muscle injury, and more especially the hamstring strain, account for a large proportion of explosive top athletes injuries [1-3]. The subsequent down-time period has some sports and financial negatives consequences for the athlete, his team and/or his club [4, 5]. Despite the rehabilitation before return to play and prevention program, hamstring reinjury rates are still high (26% of all injuries) [6] and it's commonly accepted that a second injury is more severe than a first episode [2]. A more functional test could help the clinician in the return to play process decision to reduce the muscle injuries hamstring relapse. Purpose The aim of our methodology is to analyze, after medical clearance to resume sports activities, for athletes who suffered from grade II/III hamstring muscle strain, the biomechanics of the lower limbs during an explosive jump task. Method After (7,3±0,7 weeks) a grade II or III hamstring muscle tear, eight men (25±5,9 years), without past lower limb major injury, performed: - an isokinetic test (knee maximal flexion-extension in concentric at 60°.s-1 and 240°.s-1 and knee maximal flexion in eccentric at 30°.s-1); - a tridimensional biomechanics analysis of (bipodal and unipodal) squat jump and counter movement jump with Codamotion® system and Kistler® multicomponent force plates. Results A muscular lateral strength imbalance (±10% with p-value < 0,02) has been identified on the hamstring in concentric and eccentric by means of isokinetic testing, with the healthy side stronger than the pathologic. The main statistical significant outcome in the biomechanics analysis is the lower knee angle (±12% with p-value < 0,02) at the low point before the concentric pushing phase of the unipodal CMJ for the healthy leg than to the other one whereas there's no difference between both legs in an equivalent healthy population. Discussion & conclusion The tridimensional analysis appears to be complementary, not redundant, with the isokinetic strength testing due to the different nature of their informations obtained. It could be integrated in the return to play process decision expected the potentially interesting information about the player's biomechanics that it provides. References 1. Ekstrand, J., M. Hagglund, and M. Walden, Epidemiology of muscle injuries in professional football (soccer). Am J Sports Med, 2011. 39(6): p. 1226-32. 2. Ekstrand, J., M. Hagglund, and M. Walden, Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football: the UEFA injury study. Br J Sports Med, 2011. 45(7): p. 553-8. 3. Lopez, V., Jr., et al., Profile of an American amateur rugby union sevens series. Am J Sports Med, 2012. 40(1): p. 179-84. 4. Price, R.J., et al., The Football Association medical research programme: an audit of injuries in academy youth football. Br J Sports Med, 2004. 38(4): p. 466-71. 5. Verrall, G.M., et al., Assessment of player performance following return to sport after hamstring muscle strain injury. J Sci Med Sport, 2006. 9(1-2): p. 87-90. 6. Brooks, J.H., et al., Incidence, risk, and prevention of hamstring muscle injuries in professional rugby union. Am J Sports Med, 2006. 34(8): p. 1297-306. [less ▲]

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See detailExtraction of temporal gait parameters using a reduced number of wearable accelerometers
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing (2016)

Wearable inertial systems often require many sensing units in order to reach an accurate extraction of temporal gait parameters. Reconciling easy and fast handling in daily clinical use and accurate ... [more ▼]

Wearable inertial systems often require many sensing units in order to reach an accurate extraction of temporal gait parameters. Reconciling easy and fast handling in daily clinical use and accurate extraction of a substantial number of relevant gait parameters is a challenge. This paper describes the implementation of a new accelerometer-based method that accurately and precisely detects gait events/parameters from acceleration signals measured from only two accelerometers attached on the heels of the subject’s usual shoes. The first step of the proposed method uses a gait segmentation based on the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) that provides only a rough estimation of motionless periods defining relevant local acceleration signals. The second step uses the CWT and a novel piecewise-linear fitting technique to accurately extract, from these local acceleration signals, gait events, each labelled as heel strike (HS), toe strike (TS), heel-off (HO), toe-off (TO), or heel clearance (HC). A stride-by-stride validation of these extracted gait events was carried out by comparing the results with reference data provided by a kinematic 3D analysis system (used as gold standard) and a video camera. The temporal accuracy ± precision of the gait events were for HS: 7.2 ms ± 22.1 ms, TS: 0.7 ms ± 19.0 ms, HO: ‒3.4 ms ± 27.4 ms, TO: 2.2 ms ± 15.7 ms, and HC: 3.2 ms ± 17.9 ms. In addition, the occurrence times of right/left stance, swing, and stride phases were estimated with a mean error of ‒6 ms ± 15 ms, ‒5 ms ± 17 ms, and ‒6 ms ± 17 ms, respectively. The accuracy and precision achieved by the extraction algorithm for healthy subjects, the simplification of the hardware (through the reduction of the number of accelerometer units required), and the validation results obtained, convince us that the proposed accelerometer-based system could be extended for assessing pathological gait (e.g., for patients with Parkinson’s disease). [less ▲]

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See detailGender effect on the scapular 3D posture and kinematic in healthy subjects
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Rigaux, Elise et al

in Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging (2016)

Populations considered for shoulder analysis are often composed of various ratios of men and women. It is consequently hypothesized that gender has no significant effect on the joint kinematic. However ... [more ▼]

Populations considered for shoulder analysis are often composed of various ratios of men and women. It is consequently hypothesized that gender has no significant effect on the joint kinematic. However the literature reports, for the shoulder, differences in the range of motion between genders. The specific influence of gender on the scapula-thoracic kinematics has not been studied yet. The dominant shoulder of two populations of men and women composed of 11 subjects each were evaluated in three dimensions for three distinct motions: flexion in the sagittal plane, abduction in the frontal plane and gleno-humeral internal/external rotation with the arm abducted at 90°. Posture, kinematics and range of motion were studied separately. For flexion and abduction and with regard to the scapular kinematic, external rotation were significantly larger for women than men. The differences were of at least 5° at 120° of humeral elevation. Upward rotations were identical. Women also showed larger average active humero-thoracic range of motion. The mean differences were of 13°, 7°, 12° and 5° for abduction, flexion, internal rotation and external rotation, respectively. No difference was observed between the scapular resting positions of both populations. The observed differences concerning both the scapular and humeral patterns would indicate that the shoulder behavior of men and women should not be expected to be similar. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation isocinétique et fonctionnelle de la rupture de coiffe des rotateurs non opérée
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg; MAHIEU, Xavier ULg et al

in Abstract book des XVIIèmes RENCONTRES ISOCINETIQUES DE MEDIMEX (2015, November)

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See detailProgramme d'étirement appliqué à l'épaule raide : conséquences fonctionnelles
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; COLLIGNON, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2015, October 09)

Les athlètes de lancer présentent une mobilité passive gléno-humérale de l’épaule dominante spécifique avec une majoration de la rotation externe et une limitation de la rotation interne. La limitation ... [more ▼]

Les athlètes de lancer présentent une mobilité passive gléno-humérale de l’épaule dominante spécifique avec une majoration de la rotation externe et une limitation de la rotation interne. La limitation interne semble liée à une raideur capsulo-musculaire postérieure, favorisant les pathologies de l’épaule sportive. Matériel et méthodes Vingt hommes, sportifs d’armer / lancer (volley-ball, handball) et pratiquant au moins 6 heures d’entraînement depuis plus de 5 années ont participé à cette étude. Ils présentaient tous une raideur des structures postérieures évaluée en clinique. Lors de l’inclusion dans l’étude, 10 athlètes (22,5 ± 4 ans) étaient asymptomatiques, 10 (24,8 ± 4 ans) présentaient une épaule dominante symptomatique (≥ 3/10 sur l’EVA). Les athlètes ont étiré chaque jour leur épaule dominante (sleeper stretch et cross body arm) pendant 4 semaines (5 x 30’'). Avant et après le programme d’étirement des structures postérieures, ils ont subi un test isocinétique de force maximale des rotateurs internes et externes ainsi qu’une analyse tridimensionnelle définissant la cinématique scapulaire. Résultats Après 4 semaines d’étirement des structures postérieures, tous les athlètes ont montré un gain significatif de mobilité en rotation interne passive. Nous n’observons aucune modification de la cinétique scapulaire lors de l’analyse 3D après les étirements chez les athlètes asymptomatiques ; les athlètes symptomatiques présentent une diminution du tilt antérieur scapulaire au repos après les 4 semaines. L’évaluation isocinétique des rotateurs d’épaules après les étirements montrent uniquement une légère réduction (- 4% ; p < 0,05) de la force des rotateurs internes à 60°/s en concentrique chez les athlètes asymptomatiques. Les sportifs qui décrivaient des douleurs avant les étirements sont significativement améliorés après le programme de 4 semaines ; cette diminution de la douleur est corrélée au gain en rotation interne passive. Discussion L’étirement pendant 4 semaines des structures postérieures de l’épaule raide sportive permet une augmentation de la mobilité passive. Ce gain de mobilité est corrélé à la diminution de la douleur chez les athlètes symptomatiques. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomechanical Analysis of Abdominal Injury in Tennis Serves. A Case Report
Tubez, François ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Journal of Sports Science & Medicine (2015), 14

The serve is an important stroke in any high level tennis game. A well-mastered serve is a substantial advantage for players. However, because of its repeatability and its intensity, this stroke is ... [more ▼]

The serve is an important stroke in any high level tennis game. A well-mastered serve is a substantial advantage for players. However, because of its repeatability and its intensity, this stroke is potentially deleterious for upper limbs, lower limbs and trunk. The trunk is a vital link in the production and transfer of energy from the lower limbs to the upper limbs; therefore, kin-ematic disorder could be a potential source of risk for trunk injury in tennis. This research studies the case of a professional tennis player who has suffered from a medical tear on the left rectus abdominis muscle after tennis serve. The goal of the study is to understand whether the injury could be explained by an inappropriate technique. For this purpose, we analyzed in three dimensions the kinematic and kinetic aspects of the serve. We also performed isokinetic tests of the player’s knees. We then compared the player to five other professional players as refer-ence. We observed a possible deficit of energy transfer because of an important anterior pelvis tilt. Some compensation made by the player during the serve could be a possible higher abdominal contraction and a larger shoulder external rotation. These partic-ularities could induce an abdominal overwork that could explain the first injury and may provoke further injuries. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of a stretching program on overhead athletes with a stiff and painful shoulder
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg et al

Conference (2015, July 01)

Overhead athletes are more at risk of suffering shoulder injuries or/and developing shoulder pain. Stretching programs have been shown to successfully reduce pain for this population. However no study has ... [more ▼]

Overhead athletes are more at risk of suffering shoulder injuries or/and developing shoulder pain. Stretching programs have been shown to successfully reduce pain for this population. However no study has provided a global overview of the effects of stretching. The present study evaluated the evolution of the pain, the strength of the shoulder muscles, potential instabilities or lesion of the shoulder as well as the 3D scapular kinematics of 10 overhead athletes having a painful and stiff dominant shoulder. Our results show a significant decrease of the pain and of the positive impingement syndrome tests. The kinematics of the scapula reveals a more upward rotation of the scapula after the stretching, which may reduce the risk of sub-acromial conflicts. The strength of the internal and external rotators of the shoulder is not modified by the program. [less ▲]

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See detailHow biomechanical analysis may help to identify abdominal injury causes in high level tennis
Tubez, François ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

Conference (2015, July)

This research studies the case of a professional tennis player who has suffered from a medical tear on the left rectus abdominis muscle after a tennis serve. The goal of the study is to understand whether ... [more ▼]

This research studies the case of a professional tennis player who has suffered from a medical tear on the left rectus abdominis muscle after a tennis serve. The goal of the study is to understand whether the injury could be explained by an inappropriate technique. For this purpose, we analyzed the three dimensions kinematic and kinetic of the serve. We also performed isokinetic tests of the knees. We compared the player to five other professional players. We observed a possible deficit of energy transfer because of an important anterior pelvis tilt. Some compensations of the player during serve could be a possible higher abdominal contraction and a larger shoulder external rotation. These particularities could induce an abdominal overwork that would explain the first injury and may provoke a new injury. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of a walk phase at the warm up onset on physiological and behavioural parameters of ridden horses (Equus caballus)
Jacquot, Marion; Grosjean, Adeline; Emrot, Cassandre et al

Poster (2015, May)

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