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See detailFrom lectin-histochemistry to pregnancy diagnosis by lectin-ELISA: applications of lectins for the characterisation of bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein.
Klisch, K.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the XXVIth Congress of the European Association of Veterinary Anatomists (2006)

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See detailThe Glycosylation of Bovine Pregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins Changes before Parturition
Klisch, K.; Herzog, K.; Feldmann, M. et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2006)

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See detailThe glycosylation of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins and prolactin-related protein-I in bovine binucleate trophoblast giant cells changes before parturition.
Klisch, Karl; Boos, A.; Friedrich, M. et al

in Reproduction (Cambridge, England) (2006), 132

Binucleate trophoblast giant cells (BNC) in the bovine placenta produce glycoproteins, which are delivered into the mother after fusion of BNC with uterine epithelial cells. During most time of pregnancy ... [more ▼]

Binucleate trophoblast giant cells (BNC) in the bovine placenta produce glycoproteins, which are delivered into the mother after fusion of BNC with uterine epithelial cells. During most time of pregnancy, BNC produce pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAGs) and prolactin-related protein-I (PRP-I) with asparagine-linked lactosamine-type glycans terminating with N-acetyl-galactosamine. We show by lectin histochemistry that terminal N-acetyl-galactosamine (detected by Dolichos biflorus agglutinin, DBA) in placentomal BNC is greatly reduced prior to parturition, while lactosamine-type N-glycans (detected by Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin, PHA-L) remain unaltered. The change in DBA-staining showed no statistically significant differences between placentomes of cows with and without retention of fetal membranes. Western blots revealed that, at parturition the apparent molecular mass of PAGs and PRP-I is 1-2 kDa lower than in late pregnancy. These changes are due to alterations of asparagine-linked glycans, since the molecular weight of the peptide backbones after enzymatical release of asparagine-linked glycans is identical at late pregnancy and parturition. Lectin western blots showed a reduction of terminal N-acetyl-galactosamine on PAGs at parturition. A lectin sandwich-ELISAwas used to differentiate DBA- and PHA-L-binding PAGs in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant cows. The values for DBA-binding PAGs at parturition were not significantly different from non-pregnancy, while the values for PHA-L-binding PAGs were significantly higher at parturition. The peripartal changes of PAG- and PRP-I-glycosylation could alter functional properties of these proteins and might therefore be considered for functional studies. The differentiation of PAG glycoforms in maternal serum could be valuable for a further optimization of PAG-based pregnancy diagnosis in cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical and economic impact of diabetes mellitus on percutaneous and surgical treatment of multivessel coronary disease patients: insights from the Arterial Revascularization Therapy Study (ARTS) trial.
Abizaid, A.; Costa, M. A.; Centemero, M. et al

in Circulation (2001), 104(5), 533-8

BACKGROUND: Our aims were to compare coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and stenting for the treatment of diabetic patients with multivessel coronary disease enrolled in the Arterial Revascularization ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Our aims were to compare coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and stenting for the treatment of diabetic patients with multivessel coronary disease enrolled in the Arterial Revascularization Therapy Study (ARTS) trial and to determine the costs of these 2 treatment strategies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n=1205) were randomly assigned to stent implantation (n=600; diabetic, 112) or CABG (n=605; diabetic, 96). Costs per patient were calculated as the product of each patient's use of resources and the corresponding unit costs. Baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. At 1 year, diabetic patients treated with stenting had the lowest event-free survival rate (63.4%) because of a higher incidence of repeat revascularization compared with both diabetic patients treated with CABG (84.4%, P<0.001) and nondiabetic patients treated with stents (76.2%, P=0.04). Conversely, diabetic and nondiabetic patients experienced similar 1-year event-free survival rates when treated with CABG (84.4% and 88.4%). The total 1-year costs for stenting and CABG in diabetic patients were $12 855 and $16 585 (P<0.001) and in the nondiabetic groups, $10 164 for stenting and $13 082 for surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Multivessel diabetic patients treated with stenting had a worse 1-year outcome than patients assigned to CABG or nondiabetics treated with stenting. The strategy of stenting was less costly than CABG, however, regardless of diabetic status. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of basement membrane zone antigens at the dermo-epibolic junction in organ cultures of human skin.
Hintner, H.; Fritsch, P. O.; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Journal of Investigative Dermatology (1980), 74(4), 200-4

Using the epithelial outgrowth in organ cultures of human skin ("epiboly") as a model system for basement membrane zone neogenesis, the emergence of various antigenic determinants of the junction zone ... [more ▼]

Using the epithelial outgrowth in organ cultures of human skin ("epiboly") as a model system for basement membrane zone neogenesis, the emergence of various antigenic determinants of the junction zone (bullous pemphigoid antigen, type IV collagen and laminin) was studied and the time sequence of their appearance assessed. All 3 antigens were found at the newly built dermo-epibolic junction; their synthesis, however, followed a distinct time sequence: bullous pemphigoid antigens emerged synchronously with the advancing tip of the migrating epithelium, whereas type IV collagen and to a greater extent, laminin, appeared with considerable delay. At the ultrastructural level, the formation of basal lamina accompanied the emergence of type IV collagen and laminin. [less ▲]

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