Risk of malignancies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with thiopurines or anti-TNF alpha antibodies.
; ; et al
in Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety (2014), 23(7), 735-44
PURPOSE: We aimed to analyse malignancy rates and predictors for the development of malignancies in a large German inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohort treated with thiopurines and/or anti-tumour ... [more ▼]
PURPOSE: We aimed to analyse malignancy rates and predictors for the development of malignancies in a large German inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohort treated with thiopurines and/or anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antibodies. METHODS: De novo malignancies in 666 thiopurine-treated and/or anti-TNF-treated IBD patients were analysed. Patients (n = 262) were treated with thiopurines alone and never exposed to anti-TNF antibodies (TP group). In addition, patients (n = 404) were exposed to anti-TNF antibodies (TNF+ group) with no (7.4%), discontinued (80.4%) or continued (12.1%) thiopurine therapy. RESULTS: In the TP group, 20 malignancies were observed in 18 patients compared with 8 malignancies in 7 patients in the TNF+ group (hazard ratio 4.15; 95% CI 1.82-9.44; p = 0.0007; univariate Cox regression). Moreover, 18.2% of all patients in the TP group >/=50 years of age developed a malignancy, compared with 3.8% of all patients <50 years of age (p = 0.0008). In the TNF+ group, 6.5% of all patients >/=50 years of age developed malignancies compared with 0.3% of all patients <50 years of age (p = 0.0007). In both groups combined, thiopurine treatment duration >/=4 years was associated with the risk for skin cancer (p = 0.0024) and lymphoma (p = 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate an increased risk for the development of malignancies in IBD patients treated with thiopurines in comparison with patients treated with anti-TNF antibodies with or without thiopurines. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Levels of C-reactive protein are associated with response to infliximab therapy in patients with Crohn's disease.
; Mahachie John, Jestinah ; et al
in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official Clinical Practice Journal of The American Gastroenterological Association (2011), 9(5), 421-71
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infliximab is an antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha that is used to treat patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD). C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker used to ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infliximab is an antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha that is used to treat patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD). C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker used to identify and follow individuals with CD. We analyzed changes in levels of CRP in a large cohort of patients with CD undergoing treatment with infliximab. METHODS: Serial levels of CRP were analyzed in 718 CD patients. Blood was collected before each infusion; a total of 8845 CRP levels were available for analysis. The correlations between CRP levels and need for dose adjustment, outcomes, and mucosal healing (based on endoscopic analysis of 253 patients) were evaluated. Therapy adjustment was considered successful if therapy continued without need for change. Subgroup analysis was performed by using data from 268 patients who received 8 weeks of maintenance therapy. RESULTS: More patients with high baseline levels of CRP responded to infliximab than patients with normal levels (90.8% vs 82.6%; P = .014). Early normalization of CRP levels correlated with sustained long-term response (P < .001). CRP levels remained significantly higher among patients who lost their response to infliximab, compared with those with a sustained response (P = .001). At time of loss of response, CRP levels were significantly increased (median, 11.2 mg/L) and did not return to baseline levels (median, 18.2 mg/L; P = .039). CRP correlated with mucosal healing (P = .033). CONCLUSIONS: CRP is a good marker of disease activity in patients treated with infliximab. Increased levels of CRP indicate mucosal inflammation and a likelihood of clinical relapse. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Intravenous iron therapy restores functional iron deficiency induced by infliximab
; Cavalier, Etienne ; et al
in Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis [=JCC] (2007), 1Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 ULg)
The effect of I.V. iron sucrose therapy on erythropoietin and soluble transferring receptor levels in Crohn’s disease patients treated with Infliximab
; Cavalier, Etienne ; et al
Poster (2006, October)Detailed reference viewed: 21 (5 ULg)