References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailA ‘Dutch vision’ of Community Based Tourism: Dutch People in the Belgian Ardennes
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: global and local challenges and opportunities (in press)

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on local resources. This should embed the tourist activity into the local society, avoid easy relocalization ... [more ▼]

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on local resources. This should embed the tourist activity into the local society, avoid easy relocalization of investment, and help to brand the destination. The Belgian Ardennes is a proximate recreational location for Dutch people. The paper lists the local resources that attract Dutch tourists and the ways in which regional and local authorities deal with this tourist development. Based on key actor interviews and in depth analysis of the promotional material produced both by authorities and commercial companies, the paper underlines the hotchpotch of ways used in selling and consuming the Ardennes. Due to the lack of local entrepreneurship and because the Dutch tourism enterprises have better knowledge of the Dutch market, these enterprises control a huge share of tourism activities in the Ardennes. These Dutch investments change the destination as well as the local identity. Initially, Dutch companies developed a form of tourism based on nature and the rural landscape, but they diversified their activities into non land based tourism (not involving the use of land as in agriculture hors sol) and the ‘disneyfication’ of places. This Belgian case study follows more or less the well known ‘tourist destination life cycle model’, but the originality of the paper is to stress the difficulties posed for authorities to regulate tourism development and to maintain the quality of the destination. [less ▲]

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See detailReflexive Introduction to the Categorisation of the European Countryside
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Siljkovic, Zeljka; Cuka, Anita; Pejdo, Ana (Eds.) Contempory development of European rural areas, Book of Abstracts (2014, September)

At the end of the 20th century, French rural geographers used a simple typology that encapsulates three categories of the countryside: Thirty years later, we should probably add new categories ... [more ▼]

At the end of the 20th century, French rural geographers used a simple typology that encapsulates three categories of the countryside: Thirty years later, we should probably add new categories: “agricultural countryside”, “recreational countryside”, “residential countryside”, “greying countryside”, “countryside supplying energy”, “new peasantry countryside”, “Biosphere reserves” and pay attention to other perspectives such as natural and cultural heritage, water resources protection and ecological transition. The paper discusses these old and new types of countryside and underlines main challenges that countryside faces; it shows how sensitive the categorisation could be according to the level of analysis, the period of observation and the perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich agritourism for which suburban countryside? A heuristic and comparative analysis in Wallonia and Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (part 2)
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Ianos, Ioan (Ed.) Rural life and rural systems between tradition and integrated urban-rural development (2014, August)

Mutations, transformations, transitions are keywords which open the door to many questions regarding the global European agriculture. The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many ... [more ▼]

Mutations, transformations, transitions are keywords which open the door to many questions regarding the global European agriculture. The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures. Agricultural activities are decreasing and farmers are losing importance. In some northwestern European countryside, the declining agriculture compels to diversify activities in farms. Some farmers need to rethink their business goals in order to successfully sustain their operations in the economic space. In many areas, one of the solutions suggested is the development of agritourism. Agritourism in Wallonia and in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg is a tourist activity proposed by the farmer in his farm. While addressing the challenges and countering threats of their agriculture, both suburban areas present many advantages and opportunities for tourism development. Different tourist and leisure developments are conceived and proposed. The activity is reinforced by popular images of sustainability and ecology. Is agritourism a universal solution or is it a reflected contextualized solution? In the Tel-Aviv CSRS meeting, in 2010, we presented a communication on this issue. While the theoretical review and the aim of the first paper were well presented, the empirical results were not well documented because we were at the beginning of the PhD research. Today, we propose, in this paper, to improve information and to answer to the different comments from the members of the commission. Agritourism should be defined, localized, differentiated. Between 2010 and 2014, we conducted interviews of Walloon and Luxembourg tenants (n = 33), surveys among potential tourists (n = 1148) in seven tourist places, interviews of privileged witnesses (n = 31), and field observations. Working on two regions of Western Europe which had not been analyzed previously, the Walloon and Luxembourg suburban countryside, we want to understand the agritourism dynamics, the factors that influence the location and development, and the images of farm tourism. The purpose of this research is to understand the geographical relationship between agritourism, countryside, local resources, agriculture, and tourism specialization. This issue is underdeveloped in the literature and our PhD thesis contributes to fill this gap. We scrutinize the spatial distribution of agritourism in both regions, the logic of emergence of tourism in a farm, the links between these tourist functions and these agricultural functions. We analysed the tenants and visitors’ reasons and motivations in regards of the regional and local context. Finally, we build a typology of the countryside according to agritourism. We conclude that the farm diversification should pay attention to several local and regional factors to succeed in a win-win combination of tourism and agriculture. These factors are listed in a heuristic model, which is a user-friendly tool to think future development of agritourism in the European countryside. [less ▲]

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See detailThe quest for rurality in Wallonia in 2013 (Belgium)
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bokwa, Anita (Ed.) Changes, Challenges Responsability. IGU 2014 Book of Abstarcts. (2014, August)

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See detailMise en réseau des acteurs, des activités et des produits touristiques dans les chefferies de l’Ouest -Cameroun
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bokwa, Anita (Ed.) Changes, Challenges, Responsability. IGU 2014 Book of Abstracts (2014, August)

Cette recherche propose comme défis a relever, d’élaborer des dispositifs, des outils et la méthodologie de mise en réseau dans le secteur du tourisme dans les Chefferies de l'Ouest du Cameroun. La ... [more ▼]

Cette recherche propose comme défis a relever, d’élaborer des dispositifs, des outils et la méthodologie de mise en réseau dans le secteur du tourisme dans les Chefferies de l'Ouest du Cameroun. La communication discute des logiques (construit processuel) de la mise en réseau d’acteurs, d’activités et de ressources territoriales dans un circuit touristique [less ▲]

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See detailThe Call for project proposals « Let’s live my village »: between free interpretations and compulsory readings regarding innovation and convivial village ambiance in Wallonia.
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Les campagnes: espaces d'innovation dans un monde urbain (2014, June)

The paper scrutinizes 186 rural development projects selected on the short list of the first and second “Lets’ live my village!” calls. It examines trends concerning rural community life and the identity ... [more ▼]

The paper scrutinizes 186 rural development projects selected on the short list of the first and second “Lets’ live my village!” calls. It examines trends concerning rural community life and the identity of the leaders/brokers. It pays attention to the way that associations define rurality. Question 14 of the application form « Does your association act in rural areas? Explain” is the main source of information for content analysis and contingency tables [less ▲]

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See detailOppositions et arguments paysagers dans le projet éolien en Wallonie
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Conference (2013, December 09)

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See detailFarm tourism across Europe
Potocnick, Irma; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 265-376

Because we acknowledge both the importance of the geographical context on agritourism and the richness of benchmarking, discussions aim to underline and to understand original agritourism practices in ... [more ▼]

Because we acknowledge both the importance of the geographical context on agritourism and the richness of benchmarking, discussions aim to underline and to understand original agritourism practices in relation to their spatial context. According to Sznajder et al. (2009) attention has to be paid to the historical structure of economy, the state of farming, the demographic situation, the accessibility, the social attitudes, the capital resources. Therefore the structure of the farms, the available labour force and buildings, the capital resources as well as the surroundings (including landscape features, natural and cultural heritages) comprise the main characteristics. This special issue aims to explore both the local impacts of agritourism development and the positioning of agritourism on tourist market. [less ▲]

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See detailPerception du pouvoir entre visiteurs et visités dans la pratique du tourisme dit « ethnique »: Au-delà des oppositions, authentique / simulacre
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Poster (2013, September 20)

La pratique du tourisme est prise sous l'angle d'une confrontation entre les peuples « visiteurs » et les peuples « visités » (Demanget, 2007). L’exotisme culturel des populations autochtones est la ... [more ▼]

La pratique du tourisme est prise sous l'angle d'une confrontation entre les peuples « visiteurs » et les peuples « visités » (Demanget, 2007). L’exotisme culturel des populations autochtones est la principale attraction (Harron et al. 1992). Ainsi, une modification de l’équilibre et une rencontre bilatérale semblent plus opaques. Dès lors, les produits authentiques ou les productions instrumentalisées déterminent la position de pouvoir détenus par les visiteurs ou par les visités. Les promoteurs touristiques cherchent avant tout leur gain d’où l’offre parfois des produits issus de simulacre aux visiteurs en mal d’exotisme. Comment illustrer les jeux de pouvoir et de marchandage qui organisent les rencontres plus ou moins authentiques entre visités et touristes ? Les pratiques du tourisme ethnique en Afrique (Cameroun, Madagascar) et en Asie ( Birmanie, Thailande) nous ont servi d'outils d'analyse et d'expérimentation du jeu de pouvoirs entre visités et visiteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailLandscape Quality Assessment: from place to utopia
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Changing European Landscapes. Landscape ecology, local to global. Proceedings. (2013, September 11)

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See detailLandscape Quality Assessment: from place to utopia
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Changing European Landscapes. Landscape ecology, local to global. Proceedings. (2013, September 11)

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See detailMultiple Viewpoints on Landscape Quality Assessment: some evidence from a survey in Wallonia and Romania
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Morimoto, Takehiro; Ichikawa, Yasuo; Kim, Doo-Chul (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2013, July)

Actually assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform.The paper presents the result of a survey among landscape experts in ... [more ▼]

Actually assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform.The paper presents the result of a survey among landscape experts in Romania and Wallonia. Expert had to specify their level of agreement on 52 Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators [less ▲]

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See detailSmart agritourism: How to take advantage of local and regional assets?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Helgadóttir, Guðrún (Ed.) NAF 2013 – Rural Tourism, Challenges in Changing Times (2013, June)

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural ... [more ▼]

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural environment becomes a recreation place for tourist seeking for rurality and also proximity of agriculture. Because of the difficulties of some agricultural areas in West European countryside, some farmers, actors of rural milieu in transformation, open their farmhouse to g! uests while other actors, among which authorities, imagine agr! itourism as an easy and magic solution to the safeguard of rural life. This paper analyses the agritourism development through its socio-economic and environmental assets to understand what influences its development in a particular region. How does it deal with environmental assets, relative proximity and local community? The analysis is based on data collected through surveys and interviews in Wallonia and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg: 1148 questionnaires were administered in tourist locations in July and August 2012, and 31 life histories were collected from farmers these last three winters. The paper highlights that the farm has both to find a niche on the rural tourist market and to take advantage of embeddedness in the local and the regional contexts. This approach of linking typology of Walloon and Luxembourg agritourist products, type of rural areas and geographical settings shows that it cannot be limited only to environmental assets and that other factors infl! uence the development of particular agritourist products such as the accessibility, the local community, the hospitality, the rural development policy, the farming orientation, and the complementarity with tourist places. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Pathway to Agritourism Development: From Constraints to Opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: Global and Local Challenges and Opportunities (2013)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing pressures. Many choose a tourism business as a means of diversification. This chapter investigates the reasons for choosing farm tourism as a means of diversification, in order to examine the supply dimension of agritourism development. Some main reasons have been highlighted in the literature. Economic and financial factors like sourcing new income and employment, stability against agricultural market fluctuations or better use of farm resources, are often the first motivations to be mentioned. Also significant are social and external factors like sharing experiences, awareness of the success of other farmers, meeting people, educating the public and consumers, and personal interest as a hobby. Reasons for choosing tourism as a form of diversification may change over time, differ according to the characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This chapter uses data from interviews conducted in agritourism accommodation premises in Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aimed at a graphical representation of motivations using an adapted actantian model: a multi-scale analysis is used identifying the factors that support and constrain such motivations. The primary motivation stresses the response to a market opportunity; the potential to assign unused farm buildings to new purposes was also observed. Moreover it is shown that entrepreneurship and opportunities become as important as development based on survival of the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailPerceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; van der Horst; Van Rompaey, Anton et al

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie = Journal of Economic & Social Geography (2013)

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See detailPerceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; van der Horst; Van Rompaey, Anton et al

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie = Journal of Economic & Social Geography (2013)

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See detailPerceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; van der Horst; Van Rompaey, Anton et al

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie = Journal of Economic & Social Geography (2013)

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See detailPerceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; van der Horst; Van Rompaey, Anton et al

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie = Journal of Economic & Social Geography (2013)

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See detailFarm Tourism across Europe
Potočnik Slavič, Irma; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 265-274

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two ... [more ▼]

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two main development trends: on one hand, a small scale and dispersed activities, at the other hand a product in response to tourist market demand. A brief overview of existing farm tourism practices in the European rural areas indicated an interesting interface between the forms and dimension of farm tourism embeddedness in local environment and at the same time, the ways and range of internationalization of farm tourism business. [less ▲]

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