References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailSustainability of Rural Systems: Balancing Heritage and Innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Dubois, Charline ULg; Cawley, Mary et al

Book published by Atelier des Presses (2016)

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy ... [more ▼]

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy issues in rural areas, Multifunctional forests and the countryside, Tourism and recreation - the conference analyses how to balance cultural and natural heritage and innovation with special reference to the ecological and social dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping Tourism Products and new Partnerships through Participative Action Research in Rural Cameroon
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Lekane Tsoubgou, Dieudonné

in Geographical Research (2016), 54(2), 143-152

The paper explores possible synergies between microfinance institutions and small and medium medium tourism businesses in the West Cameron Chiefdooms. Based on a research action the authors emphasise the ... [more ▼]

The paper explores possible synergies between microfinance institutions and small and medium medium tourism businesses in the West Cameron Chiefdooms. Based on a research action the authors emphasise the obstacles to the formation of partnership and describe how the researchers facilitated networking. [less ▲]

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See detailReflexive Loops on Scaling issues in Landscape Quality Assessment
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg

in Land Use Policy (2016), 53

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See detailLe tourisme à la ferme : une expérience authentique ou un simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Decroly, J.-M. (Ed.) Le tourisme comme expérience - Regards interdisciplinaires sur le vécu touristique (2015)

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in ... [more ▼]

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in different ways. Consequently definitions, practices and perceptions of agritourism or farm tourism differ as well. Using Gunn’s image typology the paper analyses induced, organic and modified by experience images of argitourism. The study combines data issued from a survey amongst tourists (n = 230), 26 tourism farm holders’ life stories and 31 interviews with experts conducted both in Wallonia and Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It scrutinizes the promotional discourses, the life experience and the strategy of farm tourism holders, the expectations of tourists who have experimented farm tourism or not, who claim living in the countryside or not. The level of expectations regarding reception, authenticity, convenience, and active participation in farm works differ noticeably and are now and then inconsistent with the supply and the farm activity. [less ▲]

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See detailNature des villes, nature des champs : Synergies et controverses. Journée de terrain à La Louvière (Belgique)
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Cornut, Pierre; Dubois, Charline ULg et al

Conference (2015, September)

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan ... [more ▼]

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan Communal de Développement de la Nature et Rénovation urbaine, nous analyserons les divers projets d'amélioration du cadre de vie et d'intégration de la nature tant côté ville que côté campagne. [less ▲]

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See detailFabriquer la nature pour la récréation des citadins : le tourisme à la ferme, la « renaturation » d’un service dénaturé ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Conference (2015, September)

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous ... [more ▼]

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous voulons interroger la domestication de la nature par les agriculteurs afin qu’elle colle aux représentations des clients urbains. Nous analysons les nouvelles manières de concevoir la campagne et la nature au travers d’activités de loisirs et services récréatifs à la ferme. Certains agriculteurs, voulant diversifier leurs activités, participer au développement local ou récupérer et promouvoir une image valorisante de leur métier, développent de nouveaux produits et services touristiques, culturels, gastronomiques, de bien-être et de santé à destination de la société (Watkins & Matless 2003, Poulot 2011, Aubry & Pourias 2013). Pour accueillir des touristes, les agriculteurs ne doivent-ils pas dénaturer l’activité agricole pour « renaturer » de manière urbaine l’environnement proche ? Les agriculteurs qui choisissent l’agritourisme adaptent ainsi progressivement leurs produits aux attentes des citoyens. Mais quelle limite donner à cette adaptation quand on connaît le lien entre l’activité agricole et l’activité d’accueil à la ferme ? Quelle est l’importance de l’atout nature dans cette diversification ? Nous interrogeons d’abord un corpus de 40 récits de vie auprès d’agriculteurs wallons et luxembourgeois, tenanciers d’une activité de diversification centrée sur le tourisme au sein de leur exploitation agricole (pratiques agricoles différentes, produits touristiques variés, expériences courtes et longues, motivations complexes) (Dubois 2014). Ensuite nous utilisons les résultats d’une enquête réalisée dans la rue auprès de touristes potentiels (sur les 1148 individus interrogés dans 7 pôles touristiques de Wallonie et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 48% se considèrent comme urbain) (Dubois 2014). Nous utilisons enfin une analyse des exploitations agricoles visitées et de leurs abords au travers des éléments et caractéristiques (milieu physique, anthropique, humain, animaux, produits touristiques) mis en avant dans les photos prises sur le terrain et dans les images utilisées pour leur promotion touristique. Les analyses de contenu (analyses qualitatives avec NVivo®) et les analyses statistiques (analyses quantitatives avec Statistica®) font ressortir que le concept de nature mis en avant se focalise aux paysages, aux promenades et au calme : notamment des paysages que la personne peut observer depuis la terrasse, des promenades balisées de courte durée et un calme qui invite au repos et où la personne se sent en sécurité. La nature voulue par les urbains est une nature très sélective et cadrée. Mais même si les agriculteurs évoluent dans leur finage, il existe des initiatives et des stratégies différentes : la plupart des agriculteurs se contentent de domestiquer la nature au abords de la ferme pour faire paraître un cadre agréable et sécurisant, se gardant de modifier leur pratiques agricoles dans les champs avoisinants, d’autres, minoritaires, on prévu des parcours de découvertes et des activités intégrées dans la nature tels les golfs fermiers. [less ▲]

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See detailRELY – short term scientific missions
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Abstracts. Energy Landscapes: Perception, Planning, Participation and Power. European Conference of the Landscape Research Group, Dresden, 16‐18 September 2015 (2015, September)

The COST Action TU1401 ‘Renewable Energy and Landscape Quality’ ('RELY') encourages Short Term Scientific Missions (STSMs). This Action investigates “the inter‐relationships between renewable energy ... [more ▼]

The COST Action TU1401 ‘Renewable Energy and Landscape Quality’ ('RELY') encourages Short Term Scientific Missions (STSMs). This Action investigates “the inter‐relationships between renewable energy production and landscape quality, and the role of public participation for the acceptance of renewable energy systems”. STSMs are exchange visits from five working days until three months that are aiming to strengthen the existing networks by allowing individual scientists to go to an institution or laboratory in other COST country to foster collaboration and contribute to the scientific objectives of the COST Action. Each year of the COST Action TU1401, there are up to six STSMs to be awarded. The financial support is a contribution to the costs of a STSM. A grant (maximum 2500€ depending on the duration of the stay) covers travel and subsistence. We invite researchers, especially early stage researchers, to participate in a STSM. The selection of STSM applicants is based on the scientific scope of the STSM application that must be in line with the Cost Action TU1401 objectives. This short communication aims to inform of the next calls and presents the result of the 2015 call. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging public viewpoints on wind energy development in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Abstracts. Energy Landscapes: Perception, Planning, Participation and Power. European Conference of the Landscape Research Group, Dresden, 16‐18 September 2015 (2015, September)

The amount of wind turbines has increased exponentially in Belgium in the last eight years (175 in 2007, 771 in 2015). During this period, especially in the last two years, critics of this energy have ... [more ▼]

The amount of wind turbines has increased exponentially in Belgium in the last eight years (175 in 2007, 771 in 2015). During this period, especially in the last two years, critics of this energy have become more organised, virulent, and active in delaying or stopping many projects. The landscape impact of wind energy is central to their arguments. We wonder if people’s attitudes towards wind turbines and landscape changed in the last years in Belgium and how they changed. This paper compares public perception of wind energy in two researches about landscape perception. The two studies used slightly different methodologies but with similarities in the designs, allowing some comparisons. The first research (2007‐2009) aimed to study the perceived landscape impact and the social acceptance of wind turbines in Belgium. 1542 Belgians were surveyed about their landscape preferences using a photo‐questionnaire, including some pictures with wind turbines. 75 stakeholders of wind energy projects were also interviewed. The second research (2012‐2014) aimed to examine deeper the landscape preferences among 54 residents in three areas in Wallonia where wind turbines are present, using the previous photographs. During the conduct of the first research, changing attitudes were already observed. People had become more familiar with wind turbines and were less reluctant. The symbolic positive aspect of wind energy was highlighted seven years ago. This view continues. However, people seem more categorical in their viewpoint. All respondents have now been confronted to wind energy, which was not the case seven years ago. Some persons are not against wind farms but their increase in number start to overwhelm them. Others point they get used to the turbines, as long as they are not too many and too close. The huge increase in wind farms in the last seven years has changed the acceptance of wind energy. Some doubts about the real efficiency of this energy also shaped the attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailWe forgot to pay attention to ordinary tourism! A call to revise the research agenda for rural tourism
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Crozat, Dominique

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

This paper aims to suggest a new research agenda for rural tourism, including for a smiling future for the countryside, in reversing the current trend to distinguish the destination, to aim at ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to suggest a new research agenda for rural tourism, including for a smiling future for the countryside, in reversing the current trend to distinguish the destination, to aim at supersegmentation of tourism and to target a cultural, elitist, tourism. Indeed most tourist activities can be done and are done in a relative vicinity, by ordinary tourists aiming to have a good time. Moreover, the countryside does not always offer extraordinary sights that attract people from the whole continent. We argue that there should be a place and more attention for ordinary tourism development. By ordinary tourism, we do not mean mass tourism but just the fact that some people spent a few days away from home. We do not want to reject the appealing concepts of cultural tourism, ecotourism, adventure tourism, ethnic tourism, gastronomic tourism, farm tourism and so on. We just want to be realistic and call to rethink the importance of ordinary tourism and its current challenges: facing new ways of traveling (e.g. Low cost), of buying vacation (e-commerce), of enjoying holidays (more frequently/with friends, alone or with the family/ being active or passive). [less ▲]

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See detailAre there different analysis paterns when people assess rural landscapes?
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

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See detailMaking "Place" count in Risk perception studies
Ocampo, Lou Angeli ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

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See detailThe utility of Google Scholar when searching geographical literature: comparison with three commercial bibliographic databases
Stirbu, Simona ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg et al

in Journal of Academic Librarianship (2015), 41(3), 322-329

This study aims to highlight what benefits, if any, Google Scholar (GS) has for academic literature searches in the field of geography, compared to three commercial bibliographic databases: Web of Science ... [more ▼]

This study aims to highlight what benefits, if any, Google Scholar (GS) has for academic literature searches in the field of geography, compared to three commercial bibliographic databases: Web of Science (WoS) and FRANCIS (multidisciplinary databases) and GeoRef (specialized in geosciences). To ensure a valid comparison, identical bibliographic searches were applied using each of the four bibliographic tools. To exclude automatic variations of the ten keywords tested, they were placed between quotation marks and searched only in the “title” field of the respective search tools’ interfaces. The results were limited to bibliographic references published from 2005 to 2009. In order to assess the repeatability of the results, the exact same process was repeated monthly between November 2010 and July 2011. Initially the whole set of results was analyzed, after which the search results for two keywords (selected since they yielded a manageable number of results) were studied in more detail. The results indicate that GS search results show a large degree of overlap with those of the other databases but, moreover, yield numerous unique hits, which should be useful to researchers in both the fields of human and physical geography. GS leads the other tools widely on number of results, independently of keyword, subfield, year of publication, or time of search. [less ▲]

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See detailLa resiliencia comunitaria en el centro de la mitigacion de amenazas naturales: un breve estado del arte
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Hermesse, Julie; Servais, Olivier; Schmitz, Serge (Eds.) et al Ordenamiento territorial en la prevención de desastres (2015)

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See detailOrdenamiento territorial en la prevención de desastres
Hermesse, Julie; Servais, Olivier; Schmitz, Serge ULg et al

Book published by Presses universitaires de Louvain (2015)

En Guatemala son pocos los espacios de reflexión y discusión inter y transdisciplinaria que abordan la problematica del ordenamiento territorial y su relación con las comunidades rurales y urbanas. Sin ... [more ▼]

En Guatemala son pocos los espacios de reflexión y discusión inter y transdisciplinaria que abordan la problematica del ordenamiento territorial y su relación con las comunidades rurales y urbanas. Sin embargo, es fundamental conocer los avances e innovaciones en la construcción de conocimientos locales que busquen contribuir a la solución de dicha problematica. Los articulos que coponen este libro cuestionan las políticas de gestión territorial, al mismo tiempo que examinan su reapropiación o creación en la escala local. [less ▲]

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See detailReflexive Introduction to the Categorisation of the European Countryside
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Siljkovic, Zeljka; Cuka, Anita; Pejdo, Ana (Eds.) Contempory development of European rural areas, Book of Abstracts (2014, September)

At the end of the 20th century, French rural geographers used a simple typology that encapsulates three categories of the countryside: Thirty years later, we should probably add new categories ... [more ▼]

At the end of the 20th century, French rural geographers used a simple typology that encapsulates three categories of the countryside: Thirty years later, we should probably add new categories: “agricultural countryside”, “recreational countryside”, “residential countryside”, “greying countryside”, “countryside supplying energy”, “new peasantry countryside”, “Biosphere reserves” and pay attention to other perspectives such as natural and cultural heritage, water resources protection and ecological transition. The paper discusses these old and new types of countryside and underlines main challenges that countryside faces; it shows how sensitive the categorisation could be according to the level of analysis, the period of observation and the perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailWhich agritourism for which suburban countryside? A heuristic and comparative analysis in Wallonia and Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (part 2)
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Ianos, Ioan (Ed.) Rural life and rural systems between tradition and integrated urban-rural development (2014, August)

Mutations, transformations, transitions are keywords which open the door to many questions regarding the global European agriculture. The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many ... [more ▼]

Mutations, transformations, transitions are keywords which open the door to many questions regarding the global European agriculture. The resources of the rural countryside in Europe are subject to many pressures. Agricultural activities are decreasing and farmers are losing importance. In some northwestern European countryside, the declining agriculture compels to diversify activities in farms. Some farmers need to rethink their business goals in order to successfully sustain their operations in the economic space. In many areas, one of the solutions suggested is the development of agritourism. Agritourism in Wallonia and in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg is a tourist activity proposed by the farmer in his farm. While addressing the challenges and countering threats of their agriculture, both suburban areas present many advantages and opportunities for tourism development. Different tourist and leisure developments are conceived and proposed. The activity is reinforced by popular images of sustainability and ecology. Is agritourism a universal solution or is it a reflected contextualized solution? In the Tel-Aviv CSRS meeting, in 2010, we presented a communication on this issue. While the theoretical review and the aim of the first paper were well presented, the empirical results were not well documented because we were at the beginning of the PhD research. Today, we propose, in this paper, to improve information and to answer to the different comments from the members of the commission. Agritourism should be defined, localized, differentiated. Between 2010 and 2014, we conducted interviews of Walloon and Luxembourg tenants (n = 33), surveys among potential tourists (n = 1148) in seven tourist places, interviews of privileged witnesses (n = 31), and field observations. Working on two regions of Western Europe which had not been analyzed previously, the Walloon and Luxembourg suburban countryside, we want to understand the agritourism dynamics, the factors that influence the location and development, and the images of farm tourism. The purpose of this research is to understand the geographical relationship between agritourism, countryside, local resources, agriculture, and tourism specialization. This issue is underdeveloped in the literature and our PhD thesis contributes to fill this gap. We scrutinize the spatial distribution of agritourism in both regions, the logic of emergence of tourism in a farm, the links between these tourist functions and these agricultural functions. We analysed the tenants and visitors’ reasons and motivations in regards of the regional and local context. Finally, we build a typology of the countryside according to agritourism. We conclude that the farm diversification should pay attention to several local and regional factors to succeed in a win-win combination of tourism and agriculture. These factors are listed in a heuristic model, which is a user-friendly tool to think future development of agritourism in the European countryside. [less ▲]

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See detailThe quest for rurality in Wallonia in 2013 (Belgium)
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bokwa, Anita (Ed.) Changes, Challenges Responsability. IGU 2014 Book of Abstarcts. (2014, August)

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See detailMise en réseau des acteurs, des activités et des produits touristiques dans les chefferies de l’Ouest -Cameroun
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Bokwa, Anita (Ed.) Changes, Challenges, Responsability. IGU 2014 Book of Abstracts (2014, August)

Cette recherche propose comme défis a relever, d’élaborer des dispositifs, des outils et la méthodologie de mise en réseau dans le secteur du tourisme dans les Chefferies de l'Ouest du Cameroun. La ... [more ▼]

Cette recherche propose comme défis a relever, d’élaborer des dispositifs, des outils et la méthodologie de mise en réseau dans le secteur du tourisme dans les Chefferies de l'Ouest du Cameroun. La communication discute des logiques (construit processuel) de la mise en réseau d’acteurs, d’activités et de ressources territoriales dans un circuit touristique [less ▲]

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See detailThe Call for project proposals « Let’s live my village »: between free interpretations and compulsory readings regarding innovation and convivial village ambiance in Wallonia.
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Les campagnes: espaces d'innovation dans un monde urbain (2014, June)

The paper scrutinizes 186 rural development projects selected on the short list of the first and second “Lets’ live my village!” calls. It examines trends concerning rural community life and the identity ... [more ▼]

The paper scrutinizes 186 rural development projects selected on the short list of the first and second “Lets’ live my village!” calls. It examines trends concerning rural community life and the identity of the leaders/brokers. It pays attention to the way that associations define rurality. Question 14 of the application form « Does your association act in rural areas? Explain” is the main source of information for content analysis and contingency tables [less ▲]

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See detailQu'entend-on par paysage de qualité? Résultats d'une enquête auprès d'experts roumains et wallons
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Kim, Doo-Chul; Viegas Firmino, Ana Maria; Ichikawa, Yasuo (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2014)

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to ... [more ▼]

The European Landscape Convention stresses that “the landscape has an important public interest role in the cultural, ecological, environmental and social fields, and constitutes a resource favourable to economic activity”. Among other recommendations, signatory countries are committed to assess their landscapes, “taking into account the particular values assigned to them by the interested parties and the population concerned” (Council of Europe 2000). However, assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform. Brandt, Tress and Tress (2000) pointed five basic functions: ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical and aesthetic. Relating to these multiple functions, stakeholders may have different points of view on the quality of landscape. In a current bilateral research project funded by Wallonie Bruxelles International and the Romanian Academy, the authors exchange practices concerning landscape monitoring in high value rural landscapes. The paper presents the results of a survey among landscape experts in both countries. Forty-two landscape experts, from Wallonia and Romania, had to specify their level of agreement on fifty-two Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators. A consensus appears about an idyllic landscape characterised by a small human influence. Experts point unanimously the absence of pollution, sustainable farming, the awareness of the inhabitants about landscape, and the aesthetic value as necessary characteristics. Even if the consensus is weaker, both landscape connectivity and regional heritage seem to be other important indicators to assess landscape quality. At the opposite end, the species rarity, the hilliness, a mention in tourist guides, or the presence in the art matter little. The survey stresses also that experts’ advice differs concerning biodiversity indicators, economic potential, and the presence of modern items in the landscape. Generally, Romanian experts stress more the biocentric approach of landscape while Walloon experts may assign importance to urban or industrial landscapes. Finally, the paper suggests nine features worth to be considered when assessing landscapes. [less ▲]

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