References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailAssessing Landscape Quality: is there a consensus among experts?
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2017, September)

The paper analyses how 42 landscape experts from Wallonia and Romania mark their agreement on 52 Likert-items regarding landscape quality.

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See detailPast mining areas as rural capital – Perspectives from Bucovina and Wallonia
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege et al

Conference (2017, September)

In this paper, we consider old mining sites in two very different contexts, a post-socialist Carpathians area and a Western European area that knew precocious industrialisation. How these past mining ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we consider old mining sites in two very different contexts, a post-socialist Carpathians area and a Western European area that knew precocious industrialisation. How these past mining areas could develop and enhance rural development and heritage landscapes? [less ▲]

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See detailHeritage mining landscapes as rural capital: the case of two heavy metals minings wastelands in Wallonia
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Poster (2017, June)

For a long time and due to the socio-economic trauma caused by the closure of the mines, the hazards of abandoned sites and soil pollution, the newness of vestiges, or the symbol of the failure of an ... [more ▼]

For a long time and due to the socio-economic trauma caused by the closure of the mines, the hazards of abandoned sites and soil pollution, the newness of vestiges, or the symbol of the failure of an industrial development model, on-field industrial remains were not considered as valuable heritage, particularly in rural spaces. Indeed, in the dominant imagery of rural areas, industry and countryside do not fit together (Cloke et al., 1996; Edelblutte & Legrand, 2012). Yet, such industrial activities have a long history in some areas such as in rural East-Belgium. The past deindustrialization resulted in wastelands on which stakeholders have nowadays various interests. Some of these industrial wastelands try to become places of heritage preservation and valorisation (Fagnoni, 2003; Kitchen et al., 2006; Roth, 2007; Mitchell & O’Neill, 2016). In this paper, we consider industrial wastelands with the aim to develop and enhance rural development and heritage landscapes. The mining wastelands are defined as abandoned areas where old traces of mining (e.g. factories and buildings, cuts and fills material, other marks in the landscapes, polluted soils) are still present. These areas are waiting for a new evaluation in order to create rural development strategies and local projects. We study how to preserve and protect these authentic high value landscapes and what can be proposed as type of rural strategy and rural landscape management. How to reallocate the space of wastelands according to the valorisation of cultural and natural heritage? Through qualitative document analysis and stakeholders interviews, we are discussing on the basis of two case studies concerning heavy metals mines in Easten Belgium within an hour’s drive from Liège. The first case is the “Haldes calaminaires” area in Plombières (former lead and zinc mine) and the second one is the “Rouge-Thier” area in Stoumont (former manganese mine), both industrial wastelands in rural area with a real potential for rural development in some touristic, recreational, scientific, and pedagogical frameworks (Rosengarten, 2008; Dussart & Dussart, 1991). Different scenarios are possible to allow both sites to be recognized, saved, protected, enhanced, and developed for tourists and inhabitants, but they must confront the divergent heritage, cultural, biological, urban and socio-economic interests and issues of local and regional actors. [less ▲]

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See detailDraw me a sheep: a pedagogical tool to discover the complexity of rural planning
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2017, June)

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See detailDes friches minières comme capital rural ?
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2017, May)

La communication a pour but de proposer un typologie théorique des friches minières et d'interroger leur potentiel de développement.

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See detailDebating on ideal rural settlement: from the classroom to the field
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2017, April)

Since 2007, I organize sessions with students or politicians aiming for a better understanding of land use and country planning. Within working groups of four to six, the participants elaborate their ... [more ▼]

Since 2007, I organize sessions with students or politicians aiming for a better understanding of land use and country planning. Within working groups of four to six, the participants elaborate their ideal village. The exercise informs about decision in planning, representations and desires regarding the countryside and rural villages. [less ▲]

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See detailTensions sur le devenir des campagnes wallonnes: notes de terrain
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Bulletin de la Société Géographique de Liège (2017), 69

Through the analysis of seven vignettes, this paper reports on the evolution of the countryside in the East of Wallonia and points out a renewed interest in natural and cultural heritages. Three days of ... [more ▼]

Through the analysis of seven vignettes, this paper reports on the evolution of the countryside in the East of Wallonia and points out a renewed interest in natural and cultural heritages. Three days of fieldtrip in the Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse and in the Ardennes allowed presenting the new features of the Walloon countryside and forests and reflecting on the balance of heritage and innovations. Besides the improvement of the living environment, studied initiatives reveal issues relating to identity and survival, which citizens do not always regard as relevant. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial: Sustainability of rural systems: balancing heritage and innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(4),

This editorial relates the 24th colloquium of the Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems held in Liege and presents the main goals of the Commission. It introduces and discusses briefly the ten ... [more ▼]

This editorial relates the 24th colloquium of the Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems held in Liege and presents the main goals of the Commission. It introduces and discusses briefly the ten papers selected for this special issue of Belgeo. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainability of rural systems: balancing heritage and innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(4),

Papers issued from the 24th colloquium of the Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems held in Liege in July 2016.

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See detailAnalyse spatiale et cartographie thématique
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Lempereur, Françoise (Ed.) Patrimoine culturel immatériel (2017)

This short chapter encourages the researcher to search the spatial organization of intangible cultural heritage and to make use of maps.

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See detailInscription territorial et esprit du lieu
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Lempereur, Françoise (Ed.) Patrimoine culturel immatériel (2017)

After an introduction to the cultural geographies, the landscape is parsed as the visible face of the organisation of societies, and then the short chapter explores the meaning and the spirit of places.

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See detailL'image de marque des villes wallonnes
Scatton, Loïc; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(1),

City branding practices have become widespread but few studies measure their effects on medium-sized cities. Through an analysis of the practices of city branding and internal and external images of the ... [more ▼]

City branding practices have become widespread but few studies measure their effects on medium-sized cities. Through an analysis of the practices of city branding and internal and external images of the cities of Liege and Charleroi, this article points out the relative strengths and weaknesses of the images of each of the Walloon cities, among their businessmen, vis-a vis those of the other Walloon city. The images of these two cities are composites and branding policies are still in their infancy. These policies have followed a top-down approach which may explain the limited use of the two brands even if they use ideas shared by local entrepreneurs. However the research underlines the absence of opinions on certain characteristics of the cities or a negative view which often requires works in the field but also better communication. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Tourist on the farm: a 'muddled' image
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Cawley, Mary; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Tourism Management (2017), 59

Agritourism is promoted as a method of offsetting decline in farm incomes, and is defined in different ways which creates difficulties in attracting tourists. The present research contributes to a better ... [more ▼]

Agritourism is promoted as a method of offsetting decline in farm incomes, and is defined in different ways which creates difficulties in attracting tourists. The present research contributes to a better understanding of agritourism, based on evidence in Wallonia (Belgium) and Luxembourg. It does so by studying the image held by four groups of actors: (i) farmers who provide ‘agritourist’ experiences; (ii) promotional organisations; and tourists who both (iii) have and (iv) have not engaged in agritourism. Agritourism is a muddled concept between realities and stakeholder expectations but opportunities exist for targeting particular niche interests. [less ▲]

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See detailCHANGING ATTITUDES TOWARDS WIND TURBINES IN WALLOON LANDSCAPES
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2016, July 19)

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See detailSustainability of Rural Systems: Balancing Heritage and Innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege; Cawley, Mary et al

Book published by Atelier des Presses (2016)

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy ... [more ▼]

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy issues in rural areas, Multifunctional forests and the countryside, Tourism and recreation - the conference analyses how to balance cultural and natural heritage and innovation with special reference to the ecological and social dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping Tourism Products and new Partnerships through Participative Action Research in Rural Cameroon
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Lekane Tsoubgou, Dieudonné

in Geographical Research (2016), 54(2), 143-152

The paper explores possible synergies between microfinance institutions and small and medium medium tourism businesses in the West Cameron Chiefdooms. Based on a research action the authors emphasise the ... [more ▼]

The paper explores possible synergies between microfinance institutions and small and medium medium tourism businesses in the West Cameron Chiefdooms. Based on a research action the authors emphasise the obstacles to the formation of partnership and describe how the researchers facilitated networking. [less ▲]

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See detailReflexive Loops on Scaling issues in Landscape Quality Assessment
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege

in Land Use Policy (2016), 53

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See detailLe tourisme à la ferme : une expérience authentique ou un simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Decroly, J.-M. (Ed.) Le tourisme comme expérience - Regards interdisciplinaires sur le vécu touristique (2015)

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in ... [more ▼]

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in different ways. Consequently definitions, practices and perceptions of agritourism or farm tourism differ as well. Using Gunn’s image typology the paper analyses induced, organic and modified by experience images of argitourism. The study combines data issued from a survey amongst tourists (n = 230), 26 tourism farm holders’ life stories and 31 interviews with experts conducted both in Wallonia and Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It scrutinizes the promotional discourses, the life experience and the strategy of farm tourism holders, the expectations of tourists who have experimented farm tourism or not, who claim living in the countryside or not. The level of expectations regarding reception, authenticity, convenience, and active participation in farm works differ noticeably and are now and then inconsistent with the supply and the farm activity. [less ▲]

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See detailNature des villes, nature des champs : Synergies et controverses. Journée de terrain à La Louvière (Belgique)
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Cornut, Pierre; Dubois, Charline ULiege et al

Conference (2015, September)

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan ... [more ▼]

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan Communal de Développement de la Nature et Rénovation urbaine, nous analyserons les divers projets d'amélioration du cadre de vie et d'intégration de la nature tant côté ville que côté campagne. [less ▲]

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See detailFabriquer la nature pour la récréation des citadins : le tourisme à la ferme, la « renaturation » d’un service dénaturé ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2015, September)

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous ... [more ▼]

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous voulons interroger la domestication de la nature par les agriculteurs afin qu’elle colle aux représentations des clients urbains. Nous analysons les nouvelles manières de concevoir la campagne et la nature au travers d’activités de loisirs et services récréatifs à la ferme. Certains agriculteurs, voulant diversifier leurs activités, participer au développement local ou récupérer et promouvoir une image valorisante de leur métier, développent de nouveaux produits et services touristiques, culturels, gastronomiques, de bien-être et de santé à destination de la société (Watkins & Matless 2003, Poulot 2011, Aubry & Pourias 2013). Pour accueillir des touristes, les agriculteurs ne doivent-ils pas dénaturer l’activité agricole pour « renaturer » de manière urbaine l’environnement proche ? Les agriculteurs qui choisissent l’agritourisme adaptent ainsi progressivement leurs produits aux attentes des citoyens. Mais quelle limite donner à cette adaptation quand on connaît le lien entre l’activité agricole et l’activité d’accueil à la ferme ? Quelle est l’importance de l’atout nature dans cette diversification ? Nous interrogeons d’abord un corpus de 40 récits de vie auprès d’agriculteurs wallons et luxembourgeois, tenanciers d’une activité de diversification centrée sur le tourisme au sein de leur exploitation agricole (pratiques agricoles différentes, produits touristiques variés, expériences courtes et longues, motivations complexes) (Dubois 2014). Ensuite nous utilisons les résultats d’une enquête réalisée dans la rue auprès de touristes potentiels (sur les 1148 individus interrogés dans 7 pôles touristiques de Wallonie et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 48% se considèrent comme urbain) (Dubois 2014). Nous utilisons enfin une analyse des exploitations agricoles visitées et de leurs abords au travers des éléments et caractéristiques (milieu physique, anthropique, humain, animaux, produits touristiques) mis en avant dans les photos prises sur le terrain et dans les images utilisées pour leur promotion touristique. Les analyses de contenu (analyses qualitatives avec NVivo®) et les analyses statistiques (analyses quantitatives avec Statistica®) font ressortir que le concept de nature mis en avant se focalise aux paysages, aux promenades et au calme : notamment des paysages que la personne peut observer depuis la terrasse, des promenades balisées de courte durée et un calme qui invite au repos et où la personne se sent en sécurité. La nature voulue par les urbains est une nature très sélective et cadrée. Mais même si les agriculteurs évoluent dans leur finage, il existe des initiatives et des stratégies différentes : la plupart des agriculteurs se contentent de domestiquer la nature au abords de la ferme pour faire paraître un cadre agréable et sécurisant, se gardant de modifier leur pratiques agricoles dans les champs avoisinants, d’autres, minoritaires, on prévu des parcours de découvertes et des activités intégrées dans la nature tels les golfs fermiers. [less ▲]

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