References of "Schmitz, Serge"
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See detailThe way to agritourist development from constraints to opportunities
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: global and local challenges and opportunities (in press)

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing ... [more ▼]

In the northwest European countryside, diversification is a common option in order to preserve a viable agricultural business, because many farmers have to restructure their activities to meet increasing pressures. Many choose a tourism business as a means of diversification. This chapter investigates the reasons for choosing farm tourism as a means of diversification, in order to examine the supply dimension of agritourism development. Some main reasons have been highlighted in the literature. Economic and financial factors like sourcing new income and employment, stability against agricultural market fluctuations or better use of farm resources, are often the first motivations to be mentioned. Also significant are social and external factors like sharing experiences, awareness of the success of other farmers, meeting people, educating the public and consumers, and personal interest as a hobby. Reasons for choosing tourism as a form of diversification may change over time, differ according to the characteristics of the farm, its development and its environment, or depend on gender. This chapter uses data from interviews conducted in agritourism accommodation premises in Wallonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to explore these motivations. The research is based on a content analysis aimed at a graphical representation of motivations using an adapted actantian model: a multi-scale analysis is used identifying the factors that support and constrain such motivations. The primary motivation stresses the response to a market opportunity; the potential to assign unused farm buildings to new purposes was also observed. Moreover it is shown that entrepreneurship and opportunities become as important as development based on survival of the farm. [less ▲]

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See detailA ‘Dutch vision’ of Community Based Tourism: Dutch People in the Belgian Ardennes
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Cawley, Mary; Bicalho, Ana Maria; Laurens, Lucette (Eds.) The Sustainability of Rural Systems: global and local challenges and opportunities (in press)

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on local resources. This should embed the tourist activity into the local society, avoid easy relocalization ... [more ▼]

One theoretical recommendation to develop sustainable rural tourism is to base its development on local resources. This should embed the tourist activity into the local society, avoid easy relocalization of investment, and help to brand the destination. The Belgian Ardennes is a proximate recreational location for Dutch people. The paper lists the local resources that attract Dutch tourists and the ways in which regional and local authorities deal with this tourist development. Based on key actor interviews and in depth analysis of the promotional material produced both by authorities and commercial companies, the paper underlines the hotchpotch of ways used in selling and consuming the Ardennes. Due to the lack of local entrepreneurship and because the Dutch tourism enterprises have better knowledge of the Dutch market, these enterprises control a huge share of tourism activities in the Ardennes. These Dutch investments change the destination as well as the local identity. Initially, Dutch companies developed a form of tourism based on nature and the rural landscape, but they diversified their activities into non land based tourism (not involving the use of land as in agriculture hors sol) and the ‘disneyfication’ of places. This Belgian case study follows more or less the well known ‘tourist destination life cycle model’, but the originality of the paper is to stress the difficulties posed for authorities to regulate tourism development and to maintain the quality of the destination. [less ▲]

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See detailPerceiving the ordinary : a study of everyday landscapes in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; van der Horst; Van Rompaey, Anton et al

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie = Journal of Economic & Social Geography (2014)

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See detailPerception du pouvoir entre visiteurs et visités dans la pratique du tourisme dit « ethnique »: Au-delà des oppositions, authentique / simulacre
Lekane Tsobgou, Dieudonné ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Poster (2013, September 20)

La pratique du tourisme est prise sous l'angle d'une confrontation entre les peuples « visiteurs » et les peuples « visités » (Demanget, 2007). L’exotisme culturel des populations autochtones est la ... [more ▼]

La pratique du tourisme est prise sous l'angle d'une confrontation entre les peuples « visiteurs » et les peuples « visités » (Demanget, 2007). L’exotisme culturel des populations autochtones est la principale attraction (Harron et al. 1992). Ainsi, une modification de l’équilibre et une rencontre bilatérale semblent plus opaques. Dès lors, les produits authentiques ou les productions instrumentalisées déterminent la position de pouvoir détenus par les visiteurs ou par les visités. Les promoteurs touristiques cherchent avant tout leur gain d’où l’offre parfois des produits issus de simulacre aux visiteurs en mal d’exotisme. Comment illustrer les jeux de pouvoir et de marchandage qui organisent les rencontres plus ou moins authentiques entre visités et touristes ? Les pratiques du tourisme ethnique en Afrique (Cameroun, Madagascar) et en Asie ( Birmanie, Thailande) nous ont servi d'outils d'analyse et d'expérimentation du jeu de pouvoirs entre visités et visiteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailLandscape Quality Assessment: from place to utopia
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Changing European Landscapes. Landscape ecology, local to global. Proceedings. (2013, September 11)

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See detailLandscape Quality Assessment: from place to utopia
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Changing European Landscapes. Landscape ecology, local to global. Proceedings. (2013, September 11)

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See detailMultiple Viewpoints on Landscape Quality Assessment: some evidence from a survey in Wallonia and Romania
Schmitz, Serge ULg; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Teleuca, Alexandra et al

in Morimoto, Takehiro; Ichikawa, Yasuo; Kim, Doo-Chul (Eds.) Globalization and New Challenges of Agricultural and Rural Systems (2013, July)

Actually assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform.The paper presents the result of a survey among landscape experts in ... [more ▼]

Actually assessing landscapes out of a specific framework is not an easy task due to the multiple functions that landscapes perform.The paper presents the result of a survey among landscape experts in Romania and Wallonia. Expert had to specify their level of agreement on 52 Likert items regarding landscape quality indicators [less ▲]

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See detailSmart agritourism: How to take advantage of local and regional assets?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Helgadóttir, Guðrún (Ed.) NAF 2013 – Rural Tourism, Challenges in Changing Times (2013, June)

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural ... [more ▼]

Agritourism, subset of rural tourism, is defined in Wallonia and in Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as a tourist accommodation or a set of tourist activities on an active farm. In these regions, rural environment becomes a recreation place for tourist seeking for rurality and also proximity of agriculture. Because of the difficulties of some agricultural areas in West European countryside, some farmers, actors of rural milieu in transformation, open their farmhouse to g! uests while other actors, among which authorities, imagine agr! itourism as an easy and magic solution to the safeguard of rural life. This paper analyses the agritourism development through its socio-economic and environmental assets to understand what influences its development in a particular region. How does it deal with environmental assets, relative proximity and local community? The analysis is based on data collected through surveys and interviews in Wallonia and in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg: 1148 questionnaires were administered in tourist locations in July and August 2012, and 31 life histories were collected from farmers these last three winters. The paper highlights that the farm has both to find a niche on the rural tourist market and to take advantage of embeddedness in the local and the regional contexts. This approach of linking typology of Walloon and Luxembourg agritourist products, type of rural areas and geographical settings shows that it cannot be limited only to environmental assets and that other factors infl! uence the development of particular agritourist products such as the accessibility, the local community, the hospitality, the rural development policy, the farming orientation, and the complementarity with tourist places. [less ▲]

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See detailFarm Tourism across Europe
Potočnik Slavič, Irma; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 265-274

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two ... [more ▼]

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two main development trends: on one hand, a small scale and dispersed activities, at the other hand a product in response to tourist market demand. A brief overview of existing farm tourism practices in the European rural areas indicated an interesting interface between the forms and dimension of farm tourism embeddedness in local environment and at the same time, the ways and range of internationalization of farm tourism business. [less ▲]

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See detailFarm Tourism across Europe
Potočnik Slavič, Irma; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 265-274

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two ... [more ▼]

Based on evidence from nine countries (UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, and Ireland), this special issue analyses the fabrics of farm tourism in Europe. It identifies two main development trends: on one hand, a small scale and dispersed activities, at the other hand a product in response to tourist market demand. A brief overview of existing farm tourism practices in the European rural areas indicated an interesting interface between the forms and dimension of farm tourism embeddedness in local environment and at the same time, the ways and range of internationalization of farm tourism business. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in European Countryside (2013), 5(4), 295-307

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is ... [more ▼]

With its marginal practices and diversified services, agritourism is a complex subject of study. In some European rural areas it is seen as a smart diversification solution. Even though agritourism is rather weak on the Walloon tourist market level, it is important for farmers for whom it is often a means of supplementary income. Based on crossed data concerning potential tourists, local tenants, privileged witnesses and promotional information, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is shown that agritourism is a multiple micro-niche market primarily complementary to other sources of tourist supply. This paper underscores how the assets of demand, of the region and of the farm all shape agritourist diversification. Instead of providing a standardized well-known product, agritourism in Wallonia is richly diverse, which creates difficulties in branding this tourist market sector. [less ▲]

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See detailThe prohibition of dogcarts in Belgium: a hidden agricultural policy?
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Moser, Peter; Varley, Tony (Eds.) Integration through Subordination. The politics of Agricultural Modernisation in Industrial Europe (2013)

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See detailBelgian Rural Ordinary Landscapes Seen By Belgians
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Van Der Vaart, Jacob; Palang, Hannes (Eds.) Reflection on Landscape Change: The European Perspective (2012, August)

The paper questions the diversity of perceiving Belgian landscapes. It investigates whether hypotheses deducted from a broad national survey could be further clarified and validated by means of ... [more ▼]

The paper questions the diversity of perceiving Belgian landscapes. It investigates whether hypotheses deducted from a broad national survey could be further clarified and validated by means of qualitative research. The research also lays the foundations of a new typology of Belgian ordinary landscapes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe landscape charter issue in Walloon nature parks: an opportunity to revisit notions of landscape conformity and visual integrity
Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Van Der Vaart, Jacob; Palang, Hannes (Eds.) Reflection on Landscape Change: The European Perspective (2012, August)

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See detailCérémonie d'«arrestation» du roi en pays Bamiléké
Schmitz, Serge ULg

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailDevelopment Factors and Local Impacts of Agritourism: Comparison Between Slovenia and Walloon Region
Schmitz, Serge ULg; PotočnikSlavič, Irma

in Dubois, Charline (Ed.) Agritourism between embeddedness and internationalization (2012, June)

The bilateral research project between the Republic of Slovenia and Wallonie Bruxelles Internationale“Development Factors of Agritourism: Comparison Between Slovenia and Walloon Region” (L´agrotourisme ... [more ▼]

The bilateral research project between the Republic of Slovenia and Wallonie Bruxelles Internationale“Development Factors of Agritourism: Comparison Between Slovenia and Walloon Region” (L´agrotourisme, son fonctionnement et son rôle dans le développement local en Wallonie et Slovénie aujourd´hui et demain; Dejavnikirazvojaturizmanakmetiji: primerjava med Slovenijo in Valonijo; 2010-2012) was focused on agritourism in order to illustrate how sustainable development thinking can be applied when addressing the problems of the rural areas. It aimed as well to rethink agritourism development according to its embeddeness in order to enlighten the question which form of agritourism is suitable to which rural area and vice-versa. At the same time, agritourism is shaping and is being re-shaped by the internationalization of tourism market. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Potocnik, Irma (Ed.) Agritourism between embeddedness and internationalization (2012, June)

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the ... [more ▼]

Marginal practices composed by diversified services, agritourism remains a complex subject of study in some European rural areas where it is clamed as a smart solution of diversification. Even if the phenomenon is quite weak on the Walloon tourist market, it is important from the point of view of farmers for who agritourism is a mean of supplementary incomes. Based on crossed informations and data coming from surveys of potential tourists carried out in tourist poles, life-histories of local tenants and interviews of privileged witnesses as well as content analysis of promotional folders and websites, the position of agritourism on the Walloon tourist market is analysed. It is showed firstly that agritourism is a niche market, which risk dissociating itself from the first pathway if the links between the farm and the tourism continue to weaken. Most of the time agritourism is complementary to other tourist offers but it can also compete with some other forms of tourism in particular cases. Furthermore the demand influences agritourism development through different images and representations that may go off the agricultural practices than with which farmers need to adapt their activities. Finally, different diversifications are developed according to geographic settings. [less ▲]

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See detailLe touriste à la ferme : de la thématisation au simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

in Rendez-vous Champlain sur le Tourisme, l'expérience touristique : ULB, Bruxelles 21-23 mai 2012 (2012, May)

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à ... [more ▼]

Vivre avec l’agriculteur, passer un bon moment en famille, se ressourcer dans la nature, retrouver ses racines, déguster les produits qui font la tradition et la fierté de la région visitée, ce sont là à la fois différents produits d’appel orchestrés par le secteur de l’agritourisme et des représentations fréquentes de cette activité dans la population. Si les définitions et les pratiques de l’agritourisme sont multiples, les représentations peuvent différer selon les relations des personnes avec le monde agricole. Or la réussite d’un produit touristique dépend d’une rencontre entre les attentes des touristes et l’offre. Cet article analyse les composantes, induite, organique et modifiée par l’expérience, de l’image de l’agritourisme. L’analyse se base sur des données récoltées lors d’enquêtes et interviews de terrain en Wallonie et au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg : 230 enquêtes effectuées dans des pôles touristiques et 26 récits de vie de tenanciers. A travers une comparaison des représentations de l’agritourisme auprès de trois groupes d’individus – celles des touristes ayant vécu l’agritourisme ou habitant l’espace rural, celles des touristes n’ayant jamais expérimenté l’agritourisme et celles des tenanciers –, la communication souligne les attentes, les divergences, les incompréhensions de l’agritourisme. Les niveaux d’attentes des touristes en matière d’accueil, d’authenticité, de confort et de participation aux travaux de la ferme sont souvent contradictoires et parfois en contradiction avec l’offre et l’activité agricole. [less ▲]

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See detailReference visualization and download analysis of the “geographical literature” in the Open Repository of ULg (ORBi)
Stirbu, Simona ULg; Thirion, Paul ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg et al

Poster (2012, May)

Set up by the University of Liège, ORBi (Open Repository and Bibliography) knew a lightning increase of the online posted references since its creation in 2008. The official launch took place on November ... [more ▼]

Set up by the University of Liège, ORBi (Open Repository and Bibliography) knew a lightning increase of the online posted references since its creation in 2008. The official launch took place on November 26th, 2008 and after considerable efforts on behalf of the team which manages the tool, and researchers who introduce themselves their publications, the contents of the repository managed to reach a value of 64245 references among which 38670 with full text. Working for the Library of Geography of the University of Liege, I found interesting to analyze the number of visualizations and downloads of the references (2005 to 2007) posted online by the ULg geographer’s, and the population interested in this literature. The highlight is on WHO and WHERE are the internet users visualizing and downloading ORBi references from? In order to detect the population using this scientific literature, we analyzed the user IP and their distribution in the world. The data was obtained from a MaxMind database. The type of population using this scientific literature: researchers, individuals, public or private companies was also determined. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (19 ULg)