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See detailAre expectancies and peers involved in the relation between depressive mood, anxiety and cannabis use in adolescence?
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Poster (2014, July 15)

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among teenagers and depression is one of the most common psychopathologies in adolescence. The specific symptom of depressive mood is present in ... [more ▼]

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among teenagers and depression is one of the most common psychopathologies in adolescence. The specific symptom of depressive mood is present in 30% to 40% of adolescents in regular school settings. Links between cannabis use and depression have been highlighted, especially in adolescence. But questions remain about the strength of the association between lifetime cannabis use, depressive mood and anxiety, and about the mechanism underpinning the link. Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between depressive mood and lifetime cannabis use in adolescents, particularly through the mediating role of anxiety and cannabis use effect expectancies, and the moderating role of peer cannabis use. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 1,246 Belgian teenagers aged 16–17 years. ANOVA, chi-square, logistic regressions and mediation/moderation analyses were carried out to model lifetime cannabis use. Results: Depressive mood was positively correlated with lifetime cannabis use. Social anxiety, trait-anxiety and cognitive impairment effect expectancies mediated the effect of depression on lifetime cannabis use. The direct effect of depression on lifetime cannabis use increased when mediators were introduced into the relation, revealing their suppressive effects. The number of peer cannabis users moderated this model. Conclusion: Findings are discussed in terms of potential risk factors (depressive mood) or protective factors (anxiety and expectancies) for lifetime cannabis use, including the self-medication hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailCannabis et anxiété sociale chez les adolescents : Effets recherchés et ressentis
Schmits, Emilie ULg

Book published by Editions Universitaires Européennes (2014)

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See detailThe self-report Version of the LSAS-CA: Psychometric Properties of the French Version in a non-clinical adolescent sample
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Heeren, Alexandre; Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (2014), 54(2), 181-198

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is one of the most popular measures of social anxiety in adults. The LSAS has been adapted for clinical assessment of children and adolescents (LSAS-CA). The ... [more ▼]

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is one of the most popular measures of social anxiety in adults. The LSAS has been adapted for clinical assessment of children and adolescents (LSAS-CA). The psychometric properties of the self-report version of the LSAS-CA (LSAS-CA-SR) have been investigated in a Spanish population. However, no study to date has adapted and validated this scale in French. The purpose of this study was to develop a French version of the LSAS-CA-SR and to assess its score reliability and structural validity in a French-speaking community sample. The sample was made up of 1,343 teenagers from secondary schools, aged between 14 and 18 years. Confirmatory factor analyses established the structural validity of the French version of the LSAS-CA-SR and good psychometric properties, including reliable internal consistency, were observed. [less ▲]

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See detailStyle de vie de consommateurs de drogue conduisant à la délinquance
Born, Michel ULg; Pirenne, Chantal; Schmits, Emilie ULg et al

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique [= RICPTS] (2013), LXVI

Par des entretiens qualitatifs qui ont pu être menés dans une dizaine de communes belges auprès de personnes ayant accepté de se prêter à un entretien, nous pouvons examiner le lien entre le style de vie ... [more ▼]

Par des entretiens qualitatifs qui ont pu être menés dans une dizaine de communes belges auprès de personnes ayant accepté de se prêter à un entretien, nous pouvons examiner le lien entre le style de vie, la consommation de drogue et la délinquance autorévélée. Par la méthode boule de neige auprès d’usagers de centres ambulatoires d’aide aux toxicomanes et par la méthode de rencontres aléatoires dans des espaces publics, un échantillon de 106 personnes reconnaissant avoir été ou être encore consommateur de drogues illicites a été rencontré. Par l’analyse qualitative, il sera possible de comprendre comment la consommation et la délinquance s’imbriquent chez certaines personnes et structurent leur temps et leur mode de vie. Contrairement aux idées reçues que les consommateurs deviennent délinquants, se marginalisent et aggravent leur toxicomanie, les entretiens permettent de mieux comprendre toutes les nuances individuelles des styles de vie et en particulier le maintien sur une période de vie assez prolongée, de consommations modérées ne conduisant pas à l’exclusion sociale. [less ▲]

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See detailLes drogues dites "douces": cannabis et syndrome amotivationnel
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68

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See detailDévelopper l'autonomie chez les adolescents: l'implémentation de l'outil EVa-GOA dans les services de l'Aide à la Jeunesse
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Vanhees, Théo; Born, Michel ULg

in Observatoire : Revue d'Action Sociale & Médico-Sociale (2011), 68

Detailed reference viewed: 136 (23 ULg)