References of "Schleiss, Anton"
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See detailLabyrinth and Piano Key Weirs II - PKW 2013
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Laugier, Frédéric; Pfister, Michael et al

Book published by CRC Press/Balkema (2013)

Dam engineering is currently experiencing a strong revival of labyrinth oriented weirs. Labyrinth weirs, with a repetitive constructional character and an increased specific discharge capacity, are a very ... [more ▼]

Dam engineering is currently experiencing a strong revival of labyrinth oriented weirs. Labyrinth weirs, with a repetitive constructional character and an increased specific discharge capacity, are a very good technico-economical compromise. The concept of Piano Key Weir (PKW), with alveoli developed in overhangs from a reduced support area, enables to install non-linear crests at the top of concrete dams. It eliminates thus the main drawback of classical labyrinth weirs and enables their use to rehabilitate numerous existing dams. Since the first implementation of PKW by Electricité de France on Goulours dam (France) in 2006, at least eight PKWs have been built in France, Vietnam and Switzerland. Their operation over a few years has already provided the first prototype data. Other projects are under study, construction or planning in varied countries. On another hand, research programs are under progress all over the world. Following a first edition in Liege (Belgium) in 2011, the 2nd international workshop on Labyrinth and PKW aims at bringing together people with varied background (engineers, researchers,...) to state and summarize the current knowledge on these still non-conventional hydraulic structures. The papers reviewed and accepted by an International Scientific Committee and presented during the workshop sessions are published in the present book which can be considered as an up-to-date Reference document. [less ▲]

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See detailCoupling between flow and sediment deposition in rectangular shallow reservoirs
Camnasio, Erica; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Orsi, Enrico et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (2013), 51(5), 535-547

Flow velocity and sedimentation patterns were investigated experimentally and numerically in shallow rectangular reservoirs with different asymmetric locations of the inlet and outlet channels. Velocity ... [more ▼]

Flow velocity and sedimentation patterns were investigated experimentally and numerically in shallow rectangular reservoirs with different asymmetric locations of the inlet and outlet channels. Velocity fields were measured in the entire reservoir, both for clear water flow and with suspended sediments. Thickness of sediment deposits were mapped in the whole reservoir by means of a laser light method. In one of the studied geometric configurations, injection of suspended sediments led to a complete change in the observed flow field. Experimental results were compared with numerical simulations performed with the depth-averaged flow model WOLF 2D, using a depth-averaged k-e turbulence model. The simulations lead to accurate predictions of the velocity profiles and the change in flow pattern as a result of sediment deposits was successfully reproduced. [less ▲]

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See detailFeedback from reservoir sedimentation on the flow pattern in rectangular basins
Camnasio, Erica; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Orsi, Enrico et al

in 6th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE) (2012, August)

Despite simple geometries, flow in shallow rectangular reservoirs show complex recirculation patterns, which strongly influence the sediment deposits and, in practice, affect the operation and maintenance ... [more ▼]

Despite simple geometries, flow in shallow rectangular reservoirs show complex recirculation patterns, which strongly influence the sediment deposits and, in practice, affect the operation and maintenance costs of such facilities. Based on composite modelling, this research characterizes flow and sedimentation patterns in geometric conditions which have not been investigated so far. Velocity fields developing in rectangular shallow reservoirs (h = 0.2 m) with different asymmetric locations of the inlet and the outlet channels were experimentally investigated. Tests were performed in a reservoir geometry (4.5 m x 4 m) characterized by a stable symmetric flow pattern in the basic symmetric configuration, at constant hydraulic conditions; the aim was to evaluate exclusively the effect of channels displacing on the flow patterns and on the sedimentation of suspended solids. Horizontal velocity components were measured by ultrasound velocity profilers in the entire reservoir and maps of velocity vectors were obtained. Velocity measurements were performed both with clear water and with an inflowing suspended load. At the end of the experiments sediments deposits thickness on the entire reservoir bottom was measured by a laser light method, and maps of sediments deposits thickness were produced. Reservoir trapping efficiency was evaluated, but no significant influence of inlet and outlet channels location on trapping efficiency was observed. Numerical simulations were performed with the depth-averaged model WOLF 2D, in order to assess the ability of the model to reproduce the different types of flow patterns found in the experiments. In particular, a sensitivity analysis on bottom roughness as well as on the turbulence closure model and parameter was performed, in order to analyze a possible feedback effect of sediment deposits and/or suspended load on the type of flow pattern. [less ▲]

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See detailDischarge coefficient for free and submerged flow over Piano Key Weirs - Discussion
Pfister, Michael; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Machiels, Olivier et al

in Journal of Hydraulic Research (2012), 50(6), 642-645

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See detailA naming convention for the Piano Key Weirs geometrical parameters
Pralong, Julien; Vermeulen, Julien; Blancher, Benoit et al

in Erpicum, Sébastien; Laugier, Frédérique; Boillat, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Labyrinth and Piano Key Weirs - PKW 2011 (2011)

Flood management is more than ever an issue for dam designers and engineering consulting firms in charge of rehabilitation works. Piano Key Weirs are a new cost-effective type of spillway designed to ... [more ▼]

Flood management is more than ever an issue for dam designers and engineering consulting firms in charge of rehabilitation works. Piano Key Weirs are a new cost-effective type of spillway designed to improve dams discharge capacity. These structures are particularly attractive: they can easily be built on existing structures and enable very high discharge capacities. Therefore, Piano Key Weirs are nowadays studied worldwide. Piano Key Weir description involves a lot of geometrical parameters (more than 30), which designations are not already universally defined. A naming convention is required to enhance exchanges and cooperation between the numerous developers. A naming convention has been developed at EDF – Hydro Engineering Center in cooperation with the Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne and the Laboratory of Hydrology, Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions (HACH), University of Liege. This paper describes the proposed naming convention and gives definitions and notations of the various geometrical parameters. This work represents a first attempt which should be updated with the contribution of stakeholders involved in this topic. [less ▲]

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See detailLabyrinth and Piano Key Weirs - PKW 2011
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Laugier, Frédéric; Boillat, Jean Louis et al

Book published by CRC Press/Balkema (2011)

The Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a weir of particular geometry, associating to a labyrinth shape the use of overhangs to reduce the basis length. The PKW can thus be directly placed on a dam crest. Together ... [more ▼]

The Piano Key Weir (PKW) is a weir of particular geometry, associating to a labyrinth shape the use of overhangs to reduce the basis length. The PKW can thus be directly placed on a dam crest. Together with its important discharge capacity for low heads (several times the one of a linear Creager weir), this geometric feature makes the PKW an interesting solution for dams rehabilitation as well as new constructions. However, PKW constitutes a new type of weir, firstly designed in 2001 and built for the first time in 2006 by EDF. With several researches and projects on PKW all over the world, the workshop about Labyrinth and Piano Key Weirs aimed at bringing together all the people (engineers, researchers,...) interested to state and summarize the current knowledge on this still non conventional hydraulic structure. The main themes tackled during the conference concern followings: • Physical Modeling. Hydraulic capacity • Physical Modeling. Downstream fittings • Numerical Modeling • Hydraulic Design • Planned and achieved projects • Nomenclature, Database, Future developments The papers reviewed and accepted by an International Scientific Committee and presented during the workshop sessions are published in the present book which constitutes a reference on the subject. [less ▲]

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See detailFlow in shallow rectangular basins: experimental study and 2D numerical simulations
Kantoush, Sameh A.; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proc. 8th International Conference on Hydro-Science and Engineering (ICHE) (2008)

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See detailValidation of a quasi-2D model for aerated flows over stepped spillways for mild and steep slopes
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; André, Stéphanie; Schleiss, Anton et al

in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of Hydroinformatics (2004)

A quasi-2D model of aerated flow over stepped slopes has been developed, taking into account the non-uniform velocity profile and the air transport processes. The paper presents the mathematical approach ... [more ▼]

A quasi-2D model of aerated flow over stepped slopes has been developed, taking into account the non-uniform velocity profile and the air transport processes. The paper presents the mathematical approach, the numerical model and its validation. [less ▲]

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See detailQuasi 2D-numerical model of aerated flow over stepped chutes
André, Stéphanie; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg et al

in Proc. 30th IAHR Congress (2003)

Aerated flow over stepped chutes is principally studied on laboratory models. Consequently, the obtained design relations have a limited field of application. In order to propose a more general ... [more ▼]

Aerated flow over stepped chutes is principally studied on laboratory models. Consequently, the obtained design relations have a limited field of application. In order to propose a more general description of the flow, a quasi-2D numerical model is developed. The fluid is considered as an air-water mixture governed by the shallow-water equations. Moreover, a transport equation for air concentration represents the self-aeration of the flow and a coefficient of uneven vertical velocity distribution integrates indirectly the turbulent structures. The paper includes a brief description of the flow behaviour, the quasi-2D model equations, and a comparison of the numerical results with the measured flow characteristics in a 30° stepped flume. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic algorithm optimisation of transient two-phase water pressures inside closed-end rock joints
Bollaert, Erik; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg et al

in Schleiss, Anton; Bollaert, Erik (Eds.) Rock Scour due to falling high-velocity jets (2002)

High-velocity plunging water jets, appearing at the downstream end of dam weirs and spillways, can create scour of the rock. The prediction of this scour is necessary to ensure the safety of the toe of ... [more ▼]

High-velocity plunging water jets, appearing at the downstream end of dam weirs and spillways, can create scour of the rock. The prediction of this scour is necessary to ensure the safety of the toe of the dam as well as the stability of its abutments. A physically based engineering model has been developed at the Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions for evaluation of the ultimate scour depth. This model is based on experimental measurements of water pressures at plunge pool bottoms and inside underlying rock joints. The pressures inside the joints revealed to be of highly transient nature and governed by the presence of free air. Hence, a numerical modelling of these pressures was performed, in collaboration with the Laboratory of Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions (HACH), based on the one-dimensional transient flow equations applied to a pseudo-fluid. The amount of free air is a function of the instantaneous pressure inside the joint and has been accounted for by means of appropriate celerity-pressure relationships. These relationships are defined by the ideal gas law and Henry’s law and were optimised by means of a genetic algorithm optimisation technique. Very good agreement has been obtained between the measured and computed pressures at the end location of one-dimensional closed-end rock joints. [less ▲]

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See detailGénération et transfert des crues extrêmes : le modèle FAITOU
Dubois, Jérôme; Pirotton, Michel ULg; Schleiss, Anton

Book published by EPFL - Communications du Laboratoire de Constructions Hydrauliques - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Ed. A. Schleiss (2002)

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See detailMultiphase Transient Flow and Pressures in Rock Joints due to High Velocity Jet Impact: an Experimental and Numerical Approach
Bollaert, Erik; Pirotton, Michel ULg; Schleiss, Anton

in International Symposium on Environmental Hydraulics (2001)

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See detailAn original physically based hydrological approach for extreme flood computations on digitalized watersheds
Pirotton, Michel ULg; Dubois, Jérôme; Schleiss, Anton

in Envirosoft 2000 (2000)

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See detailPhysically based and spatially distributed modeling of floods events: The "Faitou" concept
Dubois, Jérôme; Pirotton, Michel ULg; Schleiss, Anton

in International Symposium on Flood Defence (2000)

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See detailNew approach in modelling floods over steep river basins
Dubois, Jérôme; Boillat, Jean-Louis; Schleiss, Anton et al

in 2nd Inter-Regional Conference on Environment-Water (1999)

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