References of "Scali, Thérèse"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailTransition to parenthood of lesbian parents: key processes and clinical implications
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Haxhe, Stéphanie ULg et al

Conference (2016, September 29)

The transition to parenthood is a key process for understanding the development of family relationships in a systemic perspective. This process has been studied mostly in heterosexual families but very ... [more ▼]

The transition to parenthood is a key process for understanding the development of family relationships in a systemic perspective. This process has been studied mostly in heterosexual families but very few studies focus on families with same-sex families. This exploratory study analyzes the key passages of the transition from 17 lesbian headed families through a quantitative analysis of socio-demographic data, information about the coming-out, pair formation, project of the child, the child's arrival, as well as social and cultural pressures towards family and stressors. The main results show that the decision making to become parents is generally harmonious (70%) between the members of the couple, and only a few had substantial conflicts (17,1%). Moreover, the motivation to become parents seems to be stronger for the mother who carried the child (57, 1%)than for the social mother. The majority of the lesbian mothers reported no medical homophobia (64,3%) Regarding the caregiving tasks, they seem to be equally shared between social and biological mothers. In regards to the child, almost 70% are aware of their parents’ sexual orientation (as only 5.7% are not fully aware). Finally, no changes in the quality of relationship with the family of origin have been found after the birth of the baby. Clinical implications of these results will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAttitudes toward Gay and Lesbian Marriage and Parenting Across Seven European Countries
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay; Katzuny, Katy et al

Conference (2015, July 08)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
See detailLes attitudes des hétérosexuels envers le mariage et la parentalité des gays et des lesbiennes en Belgique francophone
Scali, Thérèse ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 31)

Les droits des homosexuels à travers le monde sont en constante évolution. Nonobstant l’important nombre de droits civils qui leur sont accordés en Belgique, la question de l’acceptation sociale des ... [more ▼]

Les droits des homosexuels à travers le monde sont en constante évolution. Nonobstant l’important nombre de droits civils qui leur sont accordés en Belgique, la question de l’acceptation sociale des couples et des familles de gays et de lesbiennes reste posée. L’objectif principal de notre projet est d’examiner les facteurs corrélés à l’acceptation et/ou au rejet du mariage et à la parentalité pour les gays et les lesbiennes. La présente présentation sera axée autour de deux volets : une méthodologie quantitative et une méthodologie qualitative d’analyse des attitudes. En particulier, nous tenterons de démontrer le rôle du genre sur les attitudes et les représentations sociales. Les résultats quantitatifs montrent que les prédicteurs des attitudes positives et négatives sont différents pour les hommes et pour les femmes. Les résultats qualitatifs quant à eux ont mis en lumière les stéréotypes particuliers qui sont encore véhiculés à l’heure actuelle, tant dans la population tout venant, que chez les professionnels de la santé. Enfin, les deux méthodologies ont montré que les attitudes diffèrent envers les gays et les lesbiennes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPutting Prejudice into Perspective: Does Perceived Suitability for Adoption Depend on Sexual Orientation More Than on Other Applicant Features?
Steffens, Melanie C.; Jonas, Kai J.; Scali, Thérèse ULg

in Sensoria – a Journal of Mind, Brain & Culture (2015), 6

Most prejudice studies focus on a single aspect, for instance, sexual prejudice, overlooking other individual characteristics or multiple minority status (i.e., identity intersections). As a drawback ... [more ▼]

Most prejudice studies focus on a single aspect, for instance, sexual prejudice, overlooking other individual characteristics or multiple minority status (i.e., identity intersections). As a drawback, this approach could overestimate specific sources of prejudice. We demonstrated this empirically in the context of the controversial topic of adoption by samegender couples. In three experiments (total N = 603) we examined the conditions under which members of the general population rate target adults’ written applications as indicating suitability for adopting, independently manipulating target sexual orientation, gender, socio-economic status (SES), and age. We found that SES explained as much or more variance in adoption suitability decisions as sexual orientation; applicant gender influenced those decisions more than applicant sexual orientation. Younger applicants were also preferred to older ones. Few interactions were obtained. Mediators of adoption suitability decisions were assumptions about the general wellbeing of the child, and specific worries concerning the child. Our results suggest that reservations against adoption by same-gender couples may be overestimated if one focuses exclusively on sexual orientation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSame-sex marriage and same-sex adoption: Socio-political context of the rights of gay and lesbian people in Belgium
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg

in Psychology of Sexualities Review (2015), 6(1), 81-98

Belgium is considered as being on the forefront of a number of rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people (LGBT). In the 1990s, the law on legal cohabitation made it possible for same-sex ... [more ▼]

Belgium is considered as being on the forefront of a number of rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people (LGBT). In the 1990s, the law on legal cohabitation made it possible for same-sex couples to draw up cohabitation contracts. Belgium then became the second country in Europe to authorise marriage between same-sex partners in 2003, as well as opening up access to parenthood to LGBT people, in 2006. In addition, the Government has launched several programmes to fight against homophobia in schools and in society in general. The aim of this paper is to describe the changes that have taken place in Belgian legislation from traditional family law through to the opening up of marriage and parenthood to homosexual couples, analysing the arguments which have been put forward in support and against it, as well as the potential rational behind shared agendas. It will also describe the emergence of the LGBT movement in Belgium, the various non-governmental organisations which are active in the country and the role they play. An overview of current events will be presented (changes in the number of marriages, divorces and adoptions in Belgium). Finally, the paper will discuss the reactions of Belgian society and the challenges which LGBT people living in Belgium still have to face. In this way, we aim to contribute towards an overview of the current socio-political context in Belgium, in order to better understanding the processes at work in a country which wants to be seen as gay-friendly. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes intervenants psycho-sociaux face à l’homoparentalité: quels besoins et quels défis?
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg

Conference (2014, December)

Les intervenants psycho-sociaux sont confrontés à une société changeante qui leur pose de nouveaux défis tant dans leur clinique que vis-à-vis des concepts théoriques auxquels ils se réfèrent. En ... [more ▼]

Les intervenants psycho-sociaux sont confrontés à une société changeante qui leur pose de nouveaux défis tant dans leur clinique que vis-à-vis des concepts théoriques auxquels ils se réfèrent. En particulier depuis 2006 en Belgique, le cadre législatif permet aux couples homosexuels l’accès à la parentalité. Ainsi, les psychologues de la santé sont aujourd’hui face à une réalité qui les interpelle et qui leur demande d’intervenir. Ces interventions sont nombreuses : travail clinique, psychoéducation, sensibilisation dans les écoles, conférences… Mais qu’en est-il réellement du contenu de ces interventions ? La présente recherche a investigué les attitudes des intervenants psycho-sociaux dans les plannings familiaux face à la thématique de l’homoparentalité. Une méthodologie d’investigation groupale (les focus groups) a été utilisée (Kitzinger, Markova & Kalampalikis, 2004). A travers 6 focus groups composés de 4 à 8 participants, des psychologues, médecins, assistants sociaux et juristes ont été amenés à discuter cette question de santé publique à travers l’analyse de leurs pratiques quotidiennes. Les résultats ont mis en évidence trois niveaux : la réalité de terrain des intervenants avec leurs expériences et leurs ressentis, leurs questionnements concrets liés à la méconnaissance du vécu des familles homoparentales, et leurs besoins en termes d’outils. Ces résultats pourront aider à promouvoir la santé et la qualité de vie des personnes homosexuelles en favorisant la compréhension des réactions des professionnels hétérosexuels auxquels ils sont confrontés. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (2 ULg)
See detailLes attitudes des jeunes hétérosexuels envers les couples homosexuels et les familles homoparentales: premiers résultats d'une étude crossnationale (Belgique, France et Italie)
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay; Gross, Martine et al

Scientific conference (2014, November 22)

Cette étude exploratoire vise à examiner les variables corrélées aux attitudes positives et négatives à l'égard du mariage (SSM) et des parents de même sexe (SSP) dans trois pays (France, Belgique, Italie ... [more ▼]

Cette étude exploratoire vise à examiner les variables corrélées aux attitudes positives et négatives à l'égard du mariage (SSM) et des parents de même sexe (SSP) dans trois pays (France, Belgique, Italie) où les personnes LGBT possèdent au moment de l’étude (2012-2013) différents niveaux de reconnaissance de leurs droits civils et parentales. Les attitudes ont été évaluées à travers de questionnaires en ligne chez une cohorte de 11180 participants s’auto-déclarant hétérosexuels résidants en Belgique, France et en Italie : 53% de femmes, 47% des hommes âgés de 18 à 25. Nous avons supposé que les attitudes positives envers les SSM et SSP seraient associées au sexe féminin, à une faible religiosité, à une idéologie politique libérale et à des autres variables comme le contact avec les personnes LGBT. Les résultats confirment que certaines variables sociodémographiques ainsi que le contact et la satisfaction relationnelle avec les personnes LGBT s’associent aux attitudes positives ou négatives. En particulier une plus grande satisfaction dans les relations avec les personnes LGBT s’associe à des attitudes plus positives envers les personnes LGBT en général, le mariage homosexuel et l’homoparentalité. La qualité de la relation semble être plus importante que la quantité dans la prédiction des attitudes positives. Limitations: Les étudiants qui ont participé à l’étude ne sont pas représentatifs de la population générale dans les trois pays. Ils n’ont pas été choisis au hasard parmi toutes les universités de chaque pays, de telle sorte les résultats ne sont pas généralisables à tous les étudiants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (17 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparing Heterosexuals' attitudes toward gay and lesbian couples and parents across Belgium, France and Italy
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, RJ; Katzuny, K et al

Conference (2014, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailGay and Lesbian Families Well-Beeing: Respectively Ten and Seven years after the legalization of Same-sex Marriage and Same-sex Adoption in Belgium, understanding heterosexual adults' attitudes.
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay

Conference (2014, July)

Belgium is one of the first European country to legalize marriage and adoption for same-sex couples (respectively in 2003 and 2006) and to state anti-discrimination laws (2008). Despite the legalization ... [more ▼]

Belgium is one of the first European country to legalize marriage and adoption for same-sex couples (respectively in 2003 and 2006) and to state anti-discrimination laws (2008). Despite the legalization, what can we say about adults’ attitudes? This study is part of an international project, and aims at studying the attitudes towards different kind of same-sex constellations – single gays and lesbians, couples, and families – and at examining the correlates to those attitudes. Attitudes were assessed through self-report questionnaires in a cohort of 366 heterosexual participants resident in Belgium, 72% females and 28% males aged from 26 to 40 (age class corresponding to transition lifecycle and parenting choices). Participants were asked to answer socio-demographic questions and to self-report their contact with homosexual people (frequency and satisfaction). Then different scales assessed their attitudes toward homosexuality (General Attitudes Toward Homosexuality, Da Costa, 2011; ATLG, Herek), same-sex marriage (Katuzny Scale on Same-Sex Marriage, 2012) and different types of same¬-sex parenting – adoption, alternative insemination, in vitro, ovocyte donation (D’Amore & Green Homoparentality Scale, 2012). It is hypothesized that correlates to positive attitudes will be associated with female gender, lower religiosity, non-protestant religions, liberal political ideology, and higher education and socioeconomic status. This presentation contributes to a better understanding of Belgian’s attitudes toward same-sex couples and same-sex families, by measuring the predictive variables of positive and negative attitudes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 572 (15 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCapire gli attegiamenti nei confronti degli omogenitori in Belgio
Scali, Thérèse ULg

Scientific conference (2014, April 10)

La situazione sociale per i genitori gay e lesbiche in Belgio. I predittori degli atteggiamenti positivi e negativi verso l’omogenitorialità. Le famiglie Rainbow in Belgio: cosa permette la legge? Miti e ... [more ▼]

La situazione sociale per i genitori gay e lesbiche in Belgio. I predittori degli atteggiamenti positivi e negativi verso l’omogenitorialità. Le famiglie Rainbow in Belgio: cosa permette la legge? Miti e stereotipi sulle famiglie omogenitoriali. Perché alcuni Belgi non sostengono gli omogenitori? Il ruolo del « benessere » del bambino. Cosa si può fare? [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSame-sex parenting is legal in Belgium but some heterosexuals support it and others don't: why?
Scali, Thérèse ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Green, Robert-Jay

Poster (2014, April 10)

Gays and Lesbians represent between 7 and 10% of the Belgian population, this means 1 million of citizens. Notwithstanding the large number of civil rights granted to homosexuals and the anti ... [more ▼]

Gays and Lesbians represent between 7 and 10% of the Belgian population, this means 1 million of citizens. Notwithstanding the large number of civil rights granted to homosexuals and the anti-discrimination laws, the issue of social acceptance of same-sex couples and families remains. However, the attitude of the population (support vs. rejection and discrimination) and the marginalization of a minority influence not only their quality of life but also their couple and parenting skills and the development of their children (Armesto, 2002; Goldberg, 2010). Results show that attitudes towards same-sex parenting can be explained by four categories of arguments: arguments regarding children well-beeing, religious and political arguments, contact and experiential arguments and traditional arguments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (5 ULg)
See detailCosa pensano i giovani adulti della genitorialità delle persone gay e lesbiche e dello sviluppo dei bambini
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Mazzoni, Silvia; Baiocco, Roberto et al

Scientific conference (2014, April 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL'homoparentalité, ça dérange qui?
Scali, Thérèse ULg

Speech/Talk (2014)

Le concours « Ma thèse en 180 secondes » vise à informer le grand public de la richesse et de l’intérêt des recherches scientifiques, tout en développant les compétences communicationnelles des doctorants ... [more ▼]

Le concours « Ma thèse en 180 secondes » vise à informer le grand public de la richesse et de l’intérêt des recherches scientifiques, tout en développant les compétences communicationnelles des doctorants avec le grand public. Chaque participant (doctorant ou docteur diplômé de l’année académique 2013-2014) présente, en trois minutes, un exposé de vulgarisation en français, clair, concis et convaincant sur sa thèse. Le tout avec l’appui d’une seule diapositive. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (7 ULg)