References of "Sandmaier, Brenda M"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat is the role for donor natural killer cells after nonmyeloablative conditioning?
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Petersdorf, Effie W; Gooley, Ted et al

in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (2009), 15(5), 580-8

We investigated the impacts of the tempo of early (days 14, 28, and 42) donor T cell and natural killer (NK) cell engraftment, missing recipient killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) ligands, and ... [more ▼]

We investigated the impacts of the tempo of early (days 14, 28, and 42) donor T cell and natural killer (NK) cell engraftment, missing recipient killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) ligands, and numbers of donor inhibitory and activating KIR genes on hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) outcomes in 282 patients with hematologic malignancies given nonmyeloablative conditioning. Modeling chimerism levels as a continuous linear variable, we found that high early donor T cell chimerism was significantly associated with acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (P = .01), whereas high donor NK cell chimerism levels had no such association (P = .38). Conversely, high donor NK cell chimerism levels were significantly associated with low relapse risk (P = .0009), whereas no significant association was seen with high donor T cell chimerism (P = .10). The qualitative associations between donor T cell and NK cell chimerism levels and GVHD and relapse did not change after adjustment for the presence of recipient KIR ligands or numbers of donor inhibitory or activating KIR genes. Our data indicate that prompt engraftment of donor NK cells correlated with lessened risks of relapse, but not with GVHD, whereas the converse was true for T cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtended mycophenolate mofetil and shortened cyclosporine failed to reduce graft-versus-host disease after unrelated hematopoietic cell transplantation with nonmyeloablative conditioning
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Sandmaier, Brenda M.; Storer, Barry E. et al

in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (2007), 13(9), 1041-1048

We previously reported data from 103 patients with hematologic malignancies (median age 54 years) who received peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) grafts from HLA-matched unrelated donors after ... [more ▼]

We previously reported data from 103 patients with hematologic malignancies (median age 54 years) who received peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) grafts from HLA-matched unrelated donors after nonmycloablative conditioning and were given postgrafting immunosuppression consisting of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; administered from day 0 until day + 40 with taper through day + 96) and cyclosporine (CSP; given from day -3 to day + 100, with taper through day 180) (historical patients). The incidences of grade II-IV acute and extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD, cGVHD) were 52% and 49%, respectively, and the 1-year probabilities of relapse, nonrelapse mortality (NRM), and progression-free survival (PFS) were 26%, 18%, and 56%, respectively. Here, we treated 71 patients with hematologic malignancies (median age 56 years) with unrelated PBSC grafts and investigated whether postgrafting immunosuppression with an extended course of NMF, given at full dosing until day + 150 and then tapered through day + 180, and a shortened course of CSP, through day + 80, would promote tolerance induction and reduce the incidence of GVHD (current patients). We observed 77% grade ll-1V aGVHD and 45% extensive cGVHD (P =.03, and P =.43, respectively, in current compared to historical patients). The 1-year probabilities of relapse, NRM, and PFS were 23%, 29%, and 47%, respectively (P =.89, P =.02, and P =.08 compared to the historical patients). We conclude that postgrafting immunosuppression with extended MMF and shortened CSP failed to decrease the incidence of GVHD among unrelated PBSC recipients given nonmyeloablative conditioning. (c) 2007 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComorbidity and disease status based risk stratification of outcomes among patients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplasia receiving allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation.
Sorror, Mohamed L; Sandmaier, Brenda M; Storer, Barry E et al

in Journal of Clinical Oncology (2007), 25(27), 4246-54

PURPOSE: Retrospective studies have shown similar survival among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplasia (MDS) after nonmyeloablative compared with myeloablative conditioning ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: Retrospective studies have shown similar survival among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplasia (MDS) after nonmyeloablative compared with myeloablative conditioning. Refined risk stratification is required to design prospective trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We stratified outcomes among patients with AML (n = 391) or MDS (n = 186) who received either nonmyeloablative (n = 125) or myeloablative (n = 452) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) based on comorbidities, as assessed by a HCT-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI), as well as disease status. Patients receiving nonmyeloablative conditioning were older, more frequently pretreated, more often received unrelated grafts, and more often had HCT-CI scores of 3 compared with patients who received myeloablative conditioning. RESULTS: Patients with HCT-CI scores of 0 to 2 and either low or high disease risks had probabilities of overall survival at 2 years of 70% and 57% after nonmyeloablative conditioning compared with 78% and 50% after myeloablative conditioning, respectively. Patients with HCT-CI scores of 3 and either low or high disease risks had probabilities of overall survival of 41% and 29% with nonmyeloablative conditioning compared with 45% and 24% with myeloablative regimens, respectively. After adjusting for pretransplantation differences, stratified outcomes were not significantly different among patients receiving nonmyeloablative compared with myeloablative conditioning, with the exception of lessened nonrelapse mortality (hazard ratio, 0.50; P = .05) in the highest risk group. CONCLUSION: Patients with low comorbidity scores could be candidates for prospective randomized trials comparing nonmyeloablative and myeloablative conditioning regardless of disease status. Additional data are required for patients with low-risk diseases and high comorbidity scores. Novel antitumor agents combined with nonmyeloablative HCT should be explored among patients with high comorbidity scores and advanced disease. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 145 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUnrelated donor status and high donor age independently affect immunologic recovery after nonmyeloablative conditioning
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Storer, Barry; Maris, Michael B. et al

in Biology of Blood & Marrow Transplantation (2006), 12(11), 1176-1187

The risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is higher after HLA-matched unrelated donor (URD) than after HLA-matched related donor (MRD) nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We ... [more ▼]

The risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is higher after HLA-matched unrelated donor (URD) than after HLA-matched related donor (MRD) nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We therefore investigated factors affecting immune recovery in 94 patients given HCT from MRDs (n = 51) and URDs (n = 43) after 2-Gy total body irradiation with or without fludarabine and postgrafting immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine. CD4 T cells counts remained below normal values during the first year after HCT in both patient groups. This included abnormally low counts each of naive CD4 T cells and memory CD4 T cells. Conversely, CD8 T cell counts reached the 10th percentile of normal 6 months after HCT in MRD and URD recipients. On day 30 after HCT, URD recipients had lower counts of B cells (P = .02), naive CD4 T cells (P = .04), memory CD4 T cells (P = .005), memory CD8 T cells (P = .005), and CMV-specific T helper cells (P = .007) than had MRD recipients. This delay in CMV-specific immune reconstitution translated into increased frequency of CMV antigenemia among URD recipients during the first 100 days after HCT. Older donor age was associated with low counts of naive CD4 T cells on days 180-365 after HCT (P = .003). Further, low numbers of T cells and CD34(+) cells in the graft and development of acute graft-versus-host disease were associated with impaired immune recovery of naive CD4 T cells and B cells. In summary, immunologic recovery was poor the first year after nonmyeloablative conditioning and was delayed among URD recipients in comparison with MRD recipients. Other factors significantly associated with delayed immune recovery were advanced donor age, low numbers of CD34 and T cells in the graft, and development of graft-versus-host disease. (C) 2006 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtending postgrafting cyclosporine decreases the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease after nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation
Burroughs, Lauri; Mielcarek, Marco; Leisenring, Wendy et al

in Transplantation (2006), 81(6), 818-25

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the duration of systemic immunosuppressive treatment after allogeneic nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might influence the incidence, severity ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the duration of systemic immunosuppressive treatment after allogeneic nonmyeloablative hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might influence the incidence, severity, timing, and/or corticosteroid-responsiveness of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes among 185 patients with hematologic malignancies who were given grafts from HLA-matched related donors following conditioning with 2 Gy total body irradiation alone or in combination with fludarabine between December 1998 and March 2003. Postgrafting immunosuppression consisted of mycophenolate mofetil (days 0-27) in combination with 3 different cyclosporine (CSP) regimens: taper from (A) days 35 to 56 (n=107), (B) days 56 to 77 (n=35), and (C) days 56 to 180 (n=43). RESULTS: The overall incidences of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD, and extensive chronic GVHD were 52%, 13%, and 56%, respectively. The duration of CSP prophylaxis did not significantly influence the overall rate of acute GVHD (grade II-IV), extensive chronic GVHD, or non-relapse mortality. However, prolonged administration of CSP (group C) was associated with a significantly decreased hazard of grades III-IV acute GVHD (HR 0.2, 95% CI [0.04, 0.9]) and with an increased likelihood of discontinuing all systemic immunosuppression (HR 2.4, 95% CI [1.1, 5.2]) when compared to the shortest course of CSP (group A). CONCLUSION: Longer CSP duration decreased the risk of severe GVHD and increased the likelihood of discontinuing all systemic immunosuppression after nonmyeloablative HCT with HLA-matched related grafts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-specific comorbidity index: a new tool for risk assessment before allogeneic HCT.
Sorror, Mohamed L; Maris, Michael B; Storb, Rainer et al

in Blood (2005), 106(8), 2912-9

We previously reported that the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was useful for predicting outcomes in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). However, the sample size of ... [more ▼]

We previously reported that the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was useful for predicting outcomes in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). However, the sample size of patients with scores of 1 or more, captured by the CCI, did not exceed 35%. Further, some comorbidities were rarely found among patients who underwent HCT. Therefore, the current study was designed to (1) better define previously identified comorbidities using pretransplant laboratory data, (2) investigate additional HCT-related comorbidities, and (3) establish comorbidity scores that were suited for HCT. Data were collected from 1055 patients, and then randomly divided into training and validation sets. Weights were assigned to individual comorbidities according to their prognostic significance in Cox proportional hazard models. The new index was then validated. The new index proved to be more sensitive than the CCI since it captured 62% of patients with scores more than 0 compared with 12%, respectively. Further, the new index showed better survival prediction than the CCI (likelihood ratio of 23.7 versus 7.1 and c statistics of 0.661 versus 0.561, respectively, P < .001). In conclusion, the new simple index provided valid and reliable scoring of pretransplant comorbidities that predicted nonrelapse mortality and survival. This index will be useful for clinical trials and patient counseling before HCT. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKinetics of engraftment in patients with hematologic malignancies given allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation after nonmyeloablative conditioning.
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Baker, Jennifer E.; Storb, Rainer et al

in Blood (2004), 104(8), 2254-62

We analyzed the kinetics of donor engraftment among various peripheral blood cell subpopulations and their relationship to outcomes among 120 patients with hematologic malignancies given hematopoietic ... [more ▼]

We analyzed the kinetics of donor engraftment among various peripheral blood cell subpopulations and their relationship to outcomes among 120 patients with hematologic malignancies given hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) after nonmyeloablative conditioning consisting of 2 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) with or without added fludarabine. While patients rapidly developed high degrees of donor engraftment, most remained mixed donor/host chimeras for up to 180 days after HCT. Patients given preceding chemotherapies and those given granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cell (G-PBMC) grafts had the highest degrees of donor chimerism. Low donor T-cell (P = .003) and natural killer (NK) cell (P = .004) chimerism levels on day 14 were associated with increased probabilities of graft rejection. High T-cell chimerism on day 28 was associated with an increased probability of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (P = .02). Of 93 patients with measurable malignant disease at transplantation, 41 achieved complete remissions a median of 199 days after HCT; 19 of the 41 were mixed T-cell chimeras when complete remissions were achieved. Earlier establishment of donor NK-cell chimerism was associated with improved progression-free survival (P = .02). Measuring the levels of peripheral blood cell subset donor chimerisms provided useful information on HCT outcomes and might allow early therapeutic interventions to prevent graft rejection or disease progression. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)