References of "Sambrook, P. N"
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See detailPost hoc analysis of a single IV infusion of zoledronic acid versus daily oral risedronate on lumbar spine bone mineral density in different subgroups with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
Roux, C.; Reid, D. M.; Devogelaer, J. P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2012), 23

This study summarizes the treatment effect of zoledronic acid infusion on lumbar spine bone mineral density in different subgroups with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Zoledronic acid is ... [more ▼]

This study summarizes the treatment effect of zoledronic acid infusion on lumbar spine bone mineral density in different subgroups with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Zoledronic acid is significantly more effective than risedronate in increasing lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density (BMD) in both prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: In patients on glucocorticoids, a single zoledronic acid infusion significantly increased BMD versus daily oral risedronate. We assessed treatment effect on LS BMD in different patient subgroups at month 12 that contributed to the risk of osteoporosis in addition to glucocorticoids. METHODS: Patients randomized to a single IV infusion of zoledronic acid 5 mg or risedronate (5 mg/day) and stratified based on glucocorticoids duration [treatment (>3 months) and prevention (</=3 months) subpopulations] were subgrouped by age; gender; menopausal status in women; dose and duration of prednisone during the trial; and baseline serum 25-OH vitamin D, LS BMD T-score, creatinine clearance, and concomitant medication use. RESULTS: At month 12, zoledronic acid significantly increased LS BMD versus risedronate in patients </=74 years (P < 0.05) in the treatment and 65-74 years (P = 0.0008) in the prevention subpopulation. At month 12, zoledronic acid significantly increased LS BMD versus risedronate in both subpopulations irrespective of gender (all P < 0.05), cumulative prednisone dose (all P < 0.01), and postmenopausal status (all P < 0.05). In premenopausal women, in both subpopulations, zoledronic acid significantly increased total hip BMD (all P < 0.05) versus risedronate at month 12 but not LS BMD. Osteoporotic patients in the prevention (P = 0.0189) and osteopenic patients in the treatment subpopulation (P = 0.0305) showed significant LS BMD increases with zoledronic acid versus risedronate at month 12. CONCLUSIONS: This post hoc analysis suggests that zoledronic acid is significantly more effective than risedronate in increasing LS BMD in prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis across a wide range of patients. [less ▲]

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See detailIbandronate for the prevention of nonvertebral fractures: a pooled analysis of individual patient data.
Cranney, Ann; Wells, G. A.; Yetisir, E. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2009), 20(2), 291-7

SUMMARY: This analysis was conducted to assess the effect of high versus lower doses of ibandronate on nonvertebral fractures. The results were adjusted for clinical fracture, age, and bone density. The ... [more ▼]

SUMMARY: This analysis was conducted to assess the effect of high versus lower doses of ibandronate on nonvertebral fractures. The results were adjusted for clinical fracture, age, and bone density. The treatment effect was dose-dependent. Higher doses of ibandronate significantly reduced the risk of nonvertebral fractures more effectively compared with lower doses. INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of different doses of ibandronate on nonvertebral fractures in a pooled analysis. METHODS: Eight randomized trials of ibandronate were reviewed for inclusion. Alternative definitions of high versus low doses based on annual cumulative exposure (ACE) were explored. A time-to-event analysis was conducted using Kaplan-Meier methodology. Hazard ratios (HR) were derived using Cox regression and adjusted for covariates. RESULTS: Combining higher ACE doses of > or = 10.8 mg (150 mg once monthly, 3 mg i.v. quarterly, and 2 mg i.v. every 2 months) versus ACE doses of 5.5 mg, from two trials, resulted in an HR 0.62 (95% CI 0.396-0.974, p = 0.038). There was a dose-response trend with increasing ACE doses (7.2-12 mg) versus ACE of 5.5 mg. CONCLUSIONS: A dose-response effect on nonvertebral fractures was observed when comparing high with low ACE doses. A significant reduction in nonvertebral fractures was noted when pooling data from trials using ACE doses of > or = 10.8 mg versus ACE < or = 7.2 mg; and with ACE > or = 10.8 mg versus ACE of 5.5 mg (38% reduction). Higher ibandronate dose levels (150 mg monthly or 3 mg i.v. quarterly) significantly reduced nonvertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women. [less ▲]

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