References of "SCHUMACHER, Katharina"
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See detailCardiac malformations in neonates born from mothers with gestational diabetes
Antole, Nathalie; Jacquemart, Caroline; GKIOUGKI, Evangelia ULg et al

Conference (2014, January)

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See detailMyocardial expression of cytokines influence postoperative outcome after cardiac surgery for congenital cardiac defects
Sprute, Johanna; Heying, Ruth; Buding, Brigitte et al

Conference (2014, January)

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See detailMyocardial cardiotrophin-1 is differentially induced in congenital cardiac defects depending on hypoxemia.
Heying, Ruth; Qing, Ma; SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg et al

in Future cardiology (2014), 10(1), 53-62

Aim: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is upregulated by hypoxemia and hemodynamic overload and is characterized by potent hypertrophic and protective properties on cardiac cells. This study aimed to investigate ... [more ▼]

Aim: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) is upregulated by hypoxemia and hemodynamic overload and is characterized by potent hypertrophic and protective properties on cardiac cells. This study aimed to investigate whether CT-1 is differentially induced in the myocardium of infants with congenital cardiac defects depending on hypoxemia. Methods & results: Infants with Tetralogy of Fallot (n = 8) or with large nonrestrictive ventricular septal defect (n = 8) undergoing corrective surgery were investigated. Expression of CT-1 was assessed at mRNA and protein levels in the right atrial and ventricular myocardium. The activation of the STAT-3 and VEGF were measured. Degradation of cardiac troponin-I served as a marker of myocardial damage. CT-1 was detected in all patients with levels negatively correlating to the arterial oxygen saturation. Higher CT-1 expression in Tetralogy of Fallot patients was associated with activation of the JAK/STAT pathway and higher cardiac troponin-I degradation. Conclusion: CT-1 may mediate myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction in infants with congenital cardiac defects, particularly in those with hypoxemia. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-6 as a marker of inflammatory related post-operative myocardial dysfunction
von der Stück, H.; SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg; Buding, B. et al

Conference (2013, May)

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See detailDelayed diagnosis of cardiomyopathy in a girl treated for asthma bronchiale
MASTOURI, M.; FUDVOYE, Julie ULg; ANTOLE, N. et al

Conference (2013, March)

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See detailCardiac malformations in neonates born from mothers with gestational diabetes
ANTOLE, N.; JACQUEMART, C.; GKIOUGKI, Evangelia ULg et al

Conference (2013, March)

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See detailDexamethasone pretreatment provides antiinflammatory and myocardial protection in neonatal arterial switch operation.
Heying, Ruth; Wehage, Edith; SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg et al

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (2012), 93(3), 869-76

BACKGROUND: This prospective double-blinded randomized study tested the hypothesis that preoperative treatment with dexamethasone would attenuate inflammatory priming of the myocardium, reduce the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: This prospective double-blinded randomized study tested the hypothesis that preoperative treatment with dexamethasone would attenuate inflammatory priming of the myocardium, reduce the systemic inflammatory reaction upon cardiac operation, and provide organ protection in neonates. METHODS: Twenty neonates (age, 8 to 21 days) with transposition of the great arteries scheduled for arterial switch operation were included. Nine received dexamethasone (1 mg/kg body weight) 4 hours before cardiopulmonary bypass, and 11 received natrium chloride. We studied intramyocardial messenger RNA expression of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), as well as IL-10 and expression of TNF-alpha on protein level in right atrial tissue taken before institution of CPB. We measured plasma levels of IL-6, IL-10, lipopolysaccharide binding protein, and cardiac troponin T. Cytokine expression was related to postoperative outcome. RESULTS: Pretreatment with dexamethasone led to a significant decrease in myocardial expression of IL-6, IL-8, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha messenger RNA and to a decrease in protein synthesis of TNF-alpha. Plasma concentrations of IL-6 were significantly lower and those of IL-10 significantly higher in pretreated patients. This was associated with lower cardiac troponin T values and lower dobutamine requirement. Levels of lipopolysaccharide binding protein were significantly higher postoperatively in pretreated neonates. CONCLUSIONS: Dexamethasone administration before arterial switch operation leads to a shift in the myocardial and systemic cytokine expression profile in neonates with transposition of the great arteries, with downregulation of proinflammatory and upregulation of antiinflammatory cytokines. Lower myocardial cell damage and lower catecholamine requirement suggest myocardial protection in treated patients. [less ▲]

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See detailThe hypoxia-inducible factor HIF-1 promotes intramyocardial expression of VEGF in infants with congenital cardiac defects.
Qing, Ma; Gorlach, Agnes; SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg et al

in Basic Research in Cardiology (2007), 102(3), 224-232

OBJECTIVES: The response to hypoxia is primarily mediated by the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) which leads to the induction of a variety of adaptive gene products including ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The response to hypoxia is primarily mediated by the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) which leads to the induction of a variety of adaptive gene products including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). This study was designed to test the hypothesis that HIF-1 and its target genes would be upregulated in the ventricular myocardium of infants with cyanotic congenital cardiac defects. METHODS: 14 infants with cyanotic (n = 7) or acyanotic cardiac defects (n = 7) were investigated. Samples from the right ventricular myocardium taken immediately after aortic clamping were studied for protein expression and DNA-binding activity. RESULTS: Protein levels of HIF-1alpha were significantly elevated in patients with cyanotic compared to acyanotic congenital heart disease and inversely correlated with the degree of hypoxemia. This response was accompanied by significantly enhanced HIF-1 DNA binding activity. Furthermore, protein levels of VEGF and eNOS were significantly higher in the myocardium of cyanotic than of acyanotic infants. To test the potential involvement of upstream regulatory pathways, activation of MAP kinases was determined. Intramyocardial levels of phosphorylated p38 MAP kinase, but not of ERK1/2 were significantly higher in infants with cyanotic compared to those with acyanotic congenital heart disease and inversely correlated to hypoxemia. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that chronic hypoxemia is associated with the induction and stabilization of the transcription factor HIF-1 as well as its target genes VEGF and eNOS in the myocardium of infants with cyanotic cardiac defects. Thus, stabilization of HIF-1 and induction of the adaptive hypoxia response could particularly participate in myocardial remodeling in children with congenital cardiac defects and chronic hypoxemia. [less ▲]

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See detailChildren undergoing cardiac surgery for complex cardiac defects show imbalance between pro- and anti-thrombotic activity.
Heying, Ruth; van Oeveren, Wim; Wilhelm, Stefanie et al

in Critical Care (2006), 10(6), 165

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with the activation of inflammatory mediators that possess prothrombotic activity and could cause postoperative haemostatic ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with the activation of inflammatory mediators that possess prothrombotic activity and could cause postoperative haemostatic disorders. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cardiac surgery on prothrombotic activity in children undergoing cardiac surgery for complex cardiac defects. METHODS: Eighteen children (ages 3 to 163 months) undergoing univentricular palliation with total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) (n = 10) or a biventricular repair (n = 8) for complex cardiac defects were studied. Prothrombotic activity was evaluated by measuring plasma levels of prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2), thromboxane B2 (TxB2), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Anti-thrombotic activity was evaluated by measuring levels of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) before, during, and after cardiac surgery. RESULTS: In all patients, cardiac surgery was associated with a significant but transient increase of F1+2, TxB2, TFPI, and MCP-1. Maximal values of F1+2, TxB2, and MCP-1 were found at the end of CPB. In contrast, maximal levels of TFPI were observed at the beginning of CPB. Concentrations of F1+2 at the end of CPB correlated negatively with the minimal oesophageal temperature during CPB. Markers of prothrombotic activity returned to preoperative values from the first postoperative day on. Early postoperative TFPI levels were significantly lower and TxB2 levels significantly higher in patients with TCPC than in those with biventricular repair. Thromboembolic events were not observed. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that children with complex cardiac defects undergoing cardiac surgery show profound but transient imbalance between pro- and anti-thrombotic activity, which could lead to thromboembolic complications. These alterations are more important after TCPC than after biventricular repair but seem to be determined mainly by low antithrombin III. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of temperature during cardiopulmonary bypass on leukocyte activation, cytokine balance, and post-operative organ damage
Qing, M.; Vazquez-Jimenez, J. F.; Klosterhalfen, B. et al

in Shock (Augusta, Ga.) (2001), 15(5), 372-7

This study examined the hypothesis that core temperature (T(o)) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) influences the perioperative systemic inflammatory response and post-operative organ damage. Twenty-four ... [more ▼]

This study examined the hypothesis that core temperature (T(o)) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) influences the perioperative systemic inflammatory response and post-operative organ damage. Twenty-four pigs were assigned to a T(o) regimen during CPB: normothermia (T(o) 37 degrees C; n = 8), moderate hypothermia (T(o) 28 degrees C; n = 8), or deep hypothermia (T(o) 20 degrees C; n = 8). Perioperative leukocyte activation, endotoxin release, and production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and interleukin-10 (IL10) were examined with regard to post-operative organ damage, which was scored at histological examination of tissue probes of heart, lungs, liver, kidney, and ileum, taken 6 h after CPB. Total blood leukocyte count and TNFalpha plasma levels during CPB were significantly lower and IL10 levels were significantly higher in the moderate hypothermic group than in both other groups. Elastase activity, leukotriene B4-, and endotoxin levels were not affected by T(o) regimen. Moderate hypothermia was associated with the lowest histological organ damage score and normothermia with the highest. In all animals organ damage score for heart, lungs, and kidneys correlated significantly with TNFalpha levels at the end of CPB. Our data demonstrate a clear relationship between TNFalpha production during cardiac operations and post-operative multiple-organ damage. Moderate hypothermia, by stimulating IL10 synthesis and suppressing TNFalpha production during CPB, might provide organ protection. [less ▲]

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See detailModerate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass reduces myocardial cell damage and myocardial cell death related to cardiac surgery.
Vazquez-Jimenez, J. F.; Qing, M.; Hermanns, B. et al

in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2001), 38(4), 1216-23

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that moderate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) provides myocardial protection by enhancing intra-myocardial anti-inflammatory ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that moderate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) provides myocardial protection by enhancing intra-myocardial anti-inflammatory cytokine balance. BACKGROUND: Moderate hypothermia during experimental CPB stimulates production of interleukin-10 (IL10) and blunts release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha). METHODS: Twelve young pigs were assigned to a temperature (T degrees ) regimen during CPB: moderate hypothermia (T degrees : 28 degrees C; n = 6) and normothermia (T degrees : 37 degrees C; n = 6). Intra-myocardial TNFalpha- and IL10-messenger RNA were detected by competitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and quantification of cytokine synthesis by Western blot. Levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in cardiac lymph and in arterial and coronary venous blood were examined during and after CPB. Myocardial cell damage was assessed by histologic and ultrastructural anomalies of tissue probes taken 6 h after CPB. RESULTS: Synthesis of IL10 was significantly higher, while that of TNFalpha was significantly lower, in pigs that were in moderate hypothermia during surgery than in the others. In contrast with normothermia, moderate hypothermia was also associated with significantly lower cumulative cardiac lymphatic flow during and after CPB, significantly lower lymphatic cTnI concentrations after CPB, significantly lower percentages of myocardial cell necrosis and a significantly lower score of ultrastructural anomalies of myocardial cells. While the percentage of apoptotic cells was not different between groups, the apoptosis/necrosis ratio tended to be higher in animals that were in moderate hypothermia during surgery. In all animals, TNFalpha synthesis correlated positively while IL10 production correlated negatively with necrosis and total cell death, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that moderate hypothermia during CPB provides myocardial protection by enhancing intra-myocardial anti-inflammatory cytokine balance. [less ▲]

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