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See detailZuckerman's Revised Alternative Five-Factor Model: Validation of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire in Four French-Speaking Countries.
Rossier, J; Hansenne, Michel ULg; Baudin, N et al

in Journal of Personality Assessment (2012)

The aim of this study was to analyze the replicability of Zuckerman's revised Alternative Five-factor model in a French-speaking context by validating the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to analyze the replicability of Zuckerman's revised Alternative Five-factor model in a French-speaking context by validating the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) simultaneously in 4 French-speaking countries. The total sample was made up of 1,497 subjects from Belgium, Canada, France, and Switzerland. The internal consistencies for all countries were generally similar to those found for the normative U.S. and Spanish samples. A factor analysis confirmed that the normative structure replicated well and was stable within this French-speaking context. Moreover, multigroup confirmatory factor analyses have shown that the ZKA-PQ reaches scalar invariance across these 4 countries. Mean scores were slightly different for women and men, with women scoring higher on Neuroticism but lower on Sensation Seeking. Globally, mean score differences across countries were small. Overall, the ZKA-PQ seems an interesting alternative to assess both lower and higher order personality traits for applied or research purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailSynenkephalin in bovine and human spinal cord.
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Lotstra, F.; Liston, D. et al

in Cell & Tissue Research (1986), 246(3), 641-5

Synenkephalin, which comprises 70 residues at the aminoterminal of proenkephalin, was studied with immunocytochemical methods in the human and bovine spinal cord. Immunoreactive fibers had the same ... [more ▼]

Synenkephalin, which comprises 70 residues at the aminoterminal of proenkephalin, was studied with immunocytochemical methods in the human and bovine spinal cord. Immunoreactive fibers had the same general distribution as methionine-enkephalin, but not as leucine-enkephalin fibers. They were found in all spinal layers and were most numerous in lamina II (outer zone) and V-VI (lateral portion). Synenkephalin immunoreactivity was overall less dense than that of the enkephalins. These results suggest that proenkephalin is the precursor protein also in enkephalinergic neurons of the human spinal cord. [less ▲]

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