References of "Rosillon, Françis"
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See detailContribution to the macrophytic typology of the Belgian reference watercourses
Galoux, Daniel; Chérot, Frédéric; Rosillon, Francis ULg et al

in International Journal of Water Sciences (2014)

The objective of the study is to create a typology of macrophytes for the reference watercourses of the Meuse River catchment basin in Wallonia, as a step towards the implementation of the European Water ... [more ▼]

The objective of the study is to create a typology of macrophytes for the reference watercourses of the Meuse River catchment basin in Wallonia, as a step towards the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive. The 50 sites studied are the object of a physicochemical and environmental characterisation followed by a floristic survey (phanerogams, mosses, liverworts, and macroalgae). Six clusters of watercourses with their characteristic species are highlighted by two-way clustering and indicator species. The abundance of phanerogams in some watercourses of the Arden region is not only linked to light intensity but also depends on the degree of slope and the nature of the geological substrate. [less ▲]

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See detailUn contrat de rivière en zone périurbaine, la rivière Lukaya à Kinshasa, RDC.
Rosillon, Francis ULg; Jacmain, Céline

Poster (2013, December 19)

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See detailMacrophytes: Limitations of Using Them to Assess Reservoir Status According to the Water Framework Directive
Sossey Alaoui, Khadija ULg; Galoux, Daniel; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in International Journal of Water Sciences (2013)

Macrophytes are among the major groups of organisms that the Water Framework Directive (WFD) recommends should be used in assessing the status of natural lakes. The use of macrophytes in reservoir ... [more ▼]

Macrophytes are among the major groups of organisms that the Water Framework Directive (WFD) recommends should be used in assessing the status of natural lakes. The use of macrophytes in reservoir monitoring is still limited and further studies are needed on their inter-calibration and sources of variation. Many status assessment methods based on macrophyte <br />communities have been defined for lakes. Nevertheless, few of them have been tested for reservoirs. The purpose of the study is to highlight the limitations of using macrophytes to assess reservoir status according to the Water Framework Directive. <br />An assessment of macrophyte composition and abundance and of water quality was carried out in nine Walloon reservoirs between 2010 and 2012. The main limitations of the macrophyte approach for assessing these reservoirs were: i) geographical features; ii) physical variables; iii) lack of ecological information on the various macrophytic groups, such as helophytes, algae and mosses. We used two assessment methods to test the relevance of using macrophyte communities to assess reservoir status: the Flanders (Belgium) method (BE-FL method) and the United Kingdom method (UK method). The relationships between macrophyte metrics for both methods and nutrient enrichment were examined. Highly significant correlations were found between the chemical variables O-P [mg P/l]), Total P (µg P/l), Conductivity (µS/cm) and the trophic UK-metric (Lake Macrophyte Nutrient) (LMNI), as well as between such variables and the abundance of Bl-FL "disturbance indicators" metric(V). The UK "group of macrophyte species" metric provided limited information on the quality or degrees of degradation in the environment from which the sample was taken. [less ▲]

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See detailMacrophytes : limitations of using them to assess reservoir status according to the water framework directive
Sossey Alaoui, Khadija ULg; Rosillon, Francis ULg

Conference (2013, July)

Macrophytes are among the major groups of organisms that the Water Framework Directive (WFD) recommends should be used in assessing the status of reservoirs. The use of macrophytes in reservoir monitoring ... [more ▼]

Macrophytes are among the major groups of organisms that the Water Framework Directive (WFD) recommends should be used in assessing the status of reservoirs. The use of macrophytes in reservoir monitoring is still fairly limited and studies are needed on their inter-calibration and sources of variation. Many status assessment methods based on macrophyte communities have been defined for lakes, Nevertheless few of them have been tested for reservoirs. The purpose of the study is to highlight the limitations of using macrophytes to assess reservoir status according to the Water Framework Directive. An assessment of macrophyte composition and abundance and of water quality was carried out in seven Walloon reservoirs between 2010 and 2012. The main limitations of the macrophyte approach for assessing these reservoirs were: i) geographical features, ii) physical variables, iii) water chemistry and iiii) lack of ecological information on the various macrophytic groups, such as helophytes, algae and mosses. Few of the taxa occurring in the Walloon reservoirs have an indicator score for status assessment based on macrophyte communities. We used two assessment methods to test the relevance of using macrophyte communities to assess reservoir status: the Flanders (Belgium) method (BE-FL method) and the United Kingdom method (UK-method). The relationships between macrophyte metrics for both methods and nutrient enrichment were examined. Highly significant correlations were found between the chemical variables (O-P [mg P/l]); P tot (μg P/l); total hardness (°F), conductivity (μS/cm) and the trophic UK-metric (LMNI); and between it and the abundance of ‘Bl-FL disturbance indicators’ metric (V). The ‘UK group of macrophyte species’ metric does not provide direct information on the quality or degree of degradation of the environment from which the sample was taken. [less ▲]

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See detailUsagers de l'eau et citoyens, acteurs d'une gestion intégrée des ressources en eau.
Rosillon, Francis ULg

Conference (2013, May 30)

Après avoir défini la notion d’intégration environnementale et sociale dans le domaine de l’eau, nous verrons comment les usagers locaux et des citoyens peuvent intervenir dans ce domaine. Ceux-ci sont ... [more ▼]

Après avoir défini la notion d’intégration environnementale et sociale dans le domaine de l’eau, nous verrons comment les usagers locaux et des citoyens peuvent intervenir dans ce domaine. Ceux-ci sont invités à apporter leur contribution en vue d’une gestion intégrée des ressources et des milieux aquatiques à travers des approches participatives comme les contrats de rivière. Des exemples de pratiques locales à l’échelle de sous-bassin ou de masse d’eau seront présentés en lien avec l’application de la directive (européenne) cadre eau. Enfin, le caractère universel d’une démarche intégrée et participative nous conduira vers quelques applications du modèle wallon de contrat de rivière dans les pays en développement. [less ▲]

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See detailLes macrophytes dans les ruisseaux de référence wallons: caractérisation des sites et typologie floristique
Sossey Alaoui, Khadija ULg; Galoux, Daniel; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in Colloque international des Macrophytyes: IRSTEA, Bordeaux 28-30 mai 2013 (2013, May 30)

La Directive européenne cadre 2000/60/CE sur l’eau a pour objectif l’atteinte du bon état écologique et du bon état chimique au sein des bassins hydrographiques, d'ici 2015. Pour établir l’état écologique ... [more ▼]

La Directive européenne cadre 2000/60/CE sur l’eau a pour objectif l’atteinte du bon état écologique et du bon état chimique au sein des bassins hydrographiques, d'ici 2015. Pour établir l’état écologique, la Directive impose de mesurer l’écart à la référence pour les indicateurs de la qualité biologique des cours d’eau (macroinvertébrés, diatomées, poissons, macrophytes et phytoplancton). L’élaboration d’une typologie macrophytique des ruisseaux de référence du bassin hydrographique de la Meuse, en Wallonie est l’objectif de l’étude. Les 50 sites étudiés font l’objet d’une caractérisation physico-chimique et mésologique et ensuite de relevés de végétation. Ceux-ci sont effectués sur des segments de cours d’eau de 100m de long et le recouvrement de chaque espèce est estimé selon une échelle d’abondance. Les ruisseaux étudiés peuvent être considérés comme le résultat d’un inventaire quasi exhaustif pour la Wallonie. Les plantes supérieures (hydrophytes), les mousses, les hépatiques, les macroalgues sont identifiées sur le terrain et au laboratoire à l’aide du binoculaire et du microscope. Le degré de la pente, l’altitude de la source et du site, l’occupation du sol, la géologie et certaines caractéristiques physico-chimiques de l’eau (ph, conductivité, teneur en calcium, magnésium et alcalinité) permettent de caractériser les stations. Six ensembles de ruisseaux avec leurs espèces caractéristiques sont mis en évidence par le "Two-Way Clustering" et "l’Indicator Species". L'analyse du déterminisme de distribution de la végétation dans les différents ensembles montre que ces derniers sont étroitement liés aux régions naturelles et leur typologie s’inscrit dans la typologie physique choisie par le Service public de Wallonie. [less ▲]

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See detailMacrophytes: limitations of using them to assess reservoir status according to the Water Framework Directive
Sossey Alaoui, Khadija ULg; Galoux, Daniel; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in Peer Review (2013)

Macrophytes are among the major groups of organisms that the Water Framework Directive (WFD) recommends should be used in assessing the status of natural Lakes. The use of macrophytes in reservoir ... [more ▼]

Macrophytes are among the major groups of organisms that the Water Framework Directive (WFD) recommends should be used in assessing the status of natural Lakes. The use of macrophytes in reservoir monitoring is still fairly limited and studies are needed on their inter-calibration and sources of variation. Many status assessment methods based on macrophyte communities have been defined for lakes, Nevertheless few of them have been tested for reservoirs. The purpose of the study is to highlight the limitations of using macrophytes to assess reservoir status according to the Water Framework Directive. An assessment of macrophyte composition and abundance and of water quality was carried out in nine Walloon reservoirs between 2010 and 2012. The main limitations of the macrophyte approach for assessing these reservoirs were: i) geographical features, ii) physical variables and iii) lack of ecological information on the various macrophytic groups, such as helophytes, algae and mosses. We used two assessment methods to test the relevance of using macrophyte communities to assess reservoir status: the Flanders (Belgium) method (BE-FL method) and the United Kingdom method (UK-method). The relationships between macrophyte metrics for both methods and nutrient enrichment were examined. Highly significant correlations were found between the chemical variables (O-P [mg P/l]); Total P (µg P/l); Conductivity (µS/cm) and the trophic UK-metric (Lake Macrophyte Nutrient) (LMNI); and between it and the abundance of Bl-FL "disturbance indicators’ metric (V). The UK "group of macrophyte species’ metric provide a limited information's on the quality or degree of degradation of the environment from which the sample was taken. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation de l'efficacité des graines de Moringa oleifera dans le traitement des eaux de consommation en Afrique sub-saharienne : cas des eaux du Burkina Faso
Kaboré, A.; Savadogo, B.; Rosillon, Francis ULg et al

in Revue des Sciences de l'Eau = Journal of Water Science (2013), 26(3), 209-220

L’accès à l’eau potable demeure une très grande préoccupation en Afrique sub-saharienne, particulièrement en milieu rural où les populations sont confrontées à la gestion optimale des points d’eau ... [more ▼]

L’accès à l’eau potable demeure une très grande préoccupation en Afrique sub-saharienne, particulièrement en milieu rural où les populations sont confrontées à la gestion optimale des points d’eau, l’insuffisance d’hygiène et d’assainissement et au manque de méthodes appropriées de désinfection à l’échelle familiale. De ce fait, l’intégration de procédés biologiques de traitement des eaux de consommation pourrait être une alternative durable dans l’amélioration de la qualité des eaux de boisson, du fait de la disponibilité et de la non‑toxicité des substances. La présente étude porte sur l’optimisation de l’efficacité des graines de Moringa oleifera dans l’assainissement des eaux de consommation en milieu rural au Burkina Faso. Des eaux de surface et de puits alimentant les populations ont été traitées avec différentes concentrations de coagulant de graines de M. oleifera. Le suivi de paramètres physico-chimiques et microbiologiques à différents temps de décantation a permis de déterminer les conditions optimales et d’évaluer l’efficacité des traitements. Des résultats, il est ressorti qu’en fonction des caractéristiques des eaux, les temps de décantation compris entre 1,5‑2,0 h sont apparus suffisants pour éliminer la presque totalité des matières en suspension et des colloïdes. L’abattement de la turbidité obtenu était compris entre 24‑96 % pour un temps de décantation de 2 h et fonction de la turbidité initiale de l’eau. Pour le même temps de décantation, l’abattement microbien était de l’ordre de 82‑94 % pour les coliformes fécaux, 81‑100 % pour Escherichia coli, 94‑100 % pour les streptocoques fécaux et 100 % pour les kystes de Giardia intestinalis. Les traitements ont également permis de réduire les teneurs en nitrates, calcium, magnésium ainsi que la dureté totale. Par contre, une hausse des concentrations de sulfates et de matière organique a été enregistrée avec ces traitements. Ces résultats indiquent qu’en fonction des caractéristiques initiales, le traitement des eaux brutes avec les graines de M. oleifera améliore considérablement la qualité des eaux de boisson. [less ▲]

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See detailEffectiveness of Moringa oleifera defatted cake versus seed in the treatment of unsafe drinking water : case study of surface and well waters in Burkina Faso.
Kabore, Aminata; Savadogo, Boubacar; Rosillon, Francis ULg et al

in Journal of Water Resource and Protection [=JWARP] (2013), 5(11),

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment, particularly in rural and periurban areas of Burkina Faso. The study aims to ... [more ▼]

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment, particularly in rural and periurban areas of Burkina Faso. The study aims to investigate the purifying capacity of Moringa oleifera defatted cake as compared to Moringa oleifera seed in the treatment of surface and well waters used for populations alimentation. A total of 90 water samples were collected in sterile glass bottles from 3 dams’ water reservoirs, a river, and a large diameter well, respectively. The water samples were treated in triplicate with Moringa oleifera seed and defatted cake coagulants. At different settling time and coagulant concentration, turbidity and pH were measured to determine the optimal conditions and factors influencing treatment with regard to sampling source. Nine physicochemical parameters (turbidity, pH, nitrates, nitrites, calcium, magnesium, total hardness, organic matter and sulfates), three bacterial fecal pollution indicators (Escherichia coli, fecal Coliforms and fecal Streptococcus) and parasite cysts were monitored based on laboratory standard methods. Data were analyzed using the Student’ t test and XLSTAT 7.5.2 statistical software. From the results obtained, for the same concentration of coagulant, settling times providing the lowest turbidity were significantly shorter (p<0.0001) with Moringa oleifera cake than seed. Optimum settling time with Moringa oleifera cake was between 15-60 min versus 60-120 min, with Moringa oleifera seed. Both treatments reduced significantly minerals concentration in water excepted sulfates for which the concentration reversely increased. However, only Moringa oleifera cake treatment reduced organic matter content in all the water samples, while it increased with Moringa oleifera seed one (p<0.0001). The reduction of microbial pollution indicators was 92-100% with M. oleifera cake treatment and 84-100% with M. oleifera seed one. Overall, for all water samples, Moringa oleifera cake treatment appeared more efficient in improving drinking water quality than the M. oleifera seed treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailFor a holistic view of biotechnology in West and Central Africa : what can integrated development approaches contribute ?
Rosillon, Francis ULg

in Journal of Environmental Protection (2013), (4), 975-983

Africa, ever on the lookout for development levers that will allow its economy to take off, is turning more and more towards technology. This is one of the possible modern avenues to success, especially ... [more ▼]

Africa, ever on the lookout for development levers that will allow its economy to take off, is turning more and more towards technology. This is one of the possible modern avenues to success, especially the use of the biotechnologies that are so touted by Western countries. However, the hope placed in these new technologies must not hide the long- proven fact that technology alone is not enough to solve development problems. Biotechnologies do not escape this rule. Biotechnologies can be the best and the worst things for the people of Africa. Beyond their technical contributions, we must be wary of their boomerang effects and collateral damage. A country’s development is actually more complex than simply implementing technology, and in the current global environmental context a holistic vision is necessary to ensure sustainable development. In the area of water, this integrated vision emerged on the international scene during the Dublin Conference in 1992, which consecrated the principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). More recently, the Eco-Health concept strives to combine human health and ecosystem health while incorporating a socioeconomic dimension into the health and environmental spheres. The concern to mesh human activities better with environmental protection was materialized previously, in the 1970s already, through impact studies. After presenting this set of tools in the service of a holistic approach to the environment and development, we shall see that these ap- proaches can inspire the players when it comes to the ways they implement biotechnologies. At the end of the day, a holistic approach to biotechnologies in Africa will be facilitated by enhanced information and communication and reli- ance on peasant farmers’ expertise. It will have to be rooted in broader participation of the players concerned. This in- tegration will also concern environmental and land-owning aspects, without forgetting socio-cultural acceptance of the projects and the links with health. Ultimately, it will also mean putting the human at the heart of development by taking all the richness and particularities of African society into account. [less ▲]

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See detailMutations urbaines et problématique d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans une zone urbaine d'un pays en développement : cas de la ville de Yaoundé (Centre-Cameroun)
Kouam Kenmogne, Guy-Romain; Djomou Bopda, Serge Laurent; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in Actes du 5ème colloque international Water resources and sustainable development (2013)

La présente étude réalisée dans le bassin versant de l'Abiergué à Yaoundé (Cameroun) a permis de mettre en exergue les lacunes liées aux services d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans le ... [more ▼]

La présente étude réalisée dans le bassin versant de l'Abiergué à Yaoundé (Cameroun) a permis de mettre en exergue les lacunes liées aux services d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans le processus d'urbanisation galopante et non planifiée d'une ville ou d'un pays en développement. Les ménages ont recours au réseau conventionnel (40,3 %), puits (37,1 %), sources (10,1 %), bornes fontaines (9,2 %) et forages (2,4 %) pour couvrir leurs besoins en eau. L'évacuation des excrétas se fait au travers des latrines à fond perdu (58,7 %), latrines à canon (7,7 %), latrines améliorées (5,5 %) et wc modernes avec fosse (24,1 %). Les déchets solides sont évacués suivant divers canaux : bacs publics (49,1 %), enlèvement direct par le concessionnaire (20,2 %), terrains vagues (13,8 %), fosses (6,3 %), rigoles (5,5 %) et service de précollecte (1,7 %). Il incombe en premier aux pouvoirs publics aidés par les acteurs non institutionnels d'y apporter des solutions malgré les pesanteurs d'ordre social, économique et foncier. [less ▲]

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See detailProblematic of drinking water access in rural area : case study of the Sourou Valley in Burkina Faso
Savadogo, Boubacar; Kaboré, Aminata; Zongo, Dramane et al

in Journal of Environmental Protection (2013), 4(1), 31-50

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment. The study aims to investigate the drinking water quality and the factors ... [more ▼]

Safe drinking water access for rural populations in developing countries remains a challenge for a sustainable develop-ment. The study aims to investigate the drinking water quality and the factors affecting this quality in the Sourou valley in Burkina Faso. A total of 135 water samples were collected in sterile glass bottles during the dry seasons 2007, 2008, and 2012 from 10 drillings and 5 wells. Fifteen physicochemical parameters and two fecal pollution indicators (Es-cherichia coli and fecal Coliforms) were monitored based on laboratory standard methods. Datas were analyzed, using the Student t’ test and XLSTAT 7.5.2 statistical software. From results obtained, water quality was related to water source and sampling period as well (p < 0.0001). 30% of drillings provided water with nitrates concentration over the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value. High turbidity was also observed for some drillings. Moreover, 90% of drillings showed water total hardness largely over the WHO threshold value. Water from drillings were exempt of fecal pollution, contrasting with the wells one which appeared uniformly polluted with concentrations exceeding sometimes 103 and 104 CFU/100 ml for E. coli and fecal Coliforms, respectively. Field investigations showed a prefer-ence of wells as drinking water source, and that appeared related to the lack of self-management of drillings and to cul-tural considerations. Overall, this study highlighted that a regular survey of water quality, management of protection zones around drinking water sources, sensitization on water resources self-management, hygiene and health issues, and providing appropriate household disinfection methods could help advancing to reach an effective safe drinking water access for rural populations in the country. [less ▲]

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See detailMacrophytic Distribution and Trophic State of Some Natural and Impacted Watercourses - Belgium Wallonia
Sossey Alaoui, Khadija ULg; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in International Journal of Water Sciences (2013), 2(3), 1-11

In the present paper we investigated macrophyte community structure in 60 natural and impacted stream and river sites distributed throughout the Walloon river network. The objectives were to describe the ... [more ▼]

In the present paper we investigated macrophyte community structure in 60 natural and impacted stream and river sites distributed throughout the Walloon river network. The objectives were to describe the distribution of macrophyte assemblages in relation to physico‐chemical parameters of their environment and to assess the variability in ecological metrics within these watercourses. Two‐way clustering allowed us to simultaneously assign sample units and species to groups by performing two separate cluster analyses. Indicator species analysis allowed us to assess the degree to which a species indicated a group, based on its constancy and distribution of abundance. Six end‐groups were identified as a result of using twoway clustering and indicator species analysis techniques. Hygroamblystegium fluviatile, Chiloscyphus polyanthos and Lemanea fluviatilis were found to characterize acidic and low impacted streams and rivers (G1), while Ranunculus fluitans was found in all low impacted large streams (G2). Potamogeton pectinatus, proved to be more common in eutrophicated waters in the calcareous areas particularly in the ʺLoess low plateauxʺ region (G6). Cinclidotus riparius, Fissidens crassipes and Pellia endiviifolia, appeared in rivers situated in the Condroz region (G4), which was characterized by a high concentration of nitrogen. [less ▲]

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