Nerve biopsy: indications and contribution to the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. The experience of the Born Bunge Foundation University of Antwerp and University of Liege between 1987 and 1997.
Deprez, Manuel ; ; Schoenen, Jean et al
in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2000), 100(3), 162-6
We reviewed 355 nerve biopsies analysed at the Laboratories of Neuropathology of the Born-Bunge Foundation/University of Antwerp (BBF/UIA) and University of Liege (ULg) between 1987 and 1997. We examined ... [more ▼]
We reviewed 355 nerve biopsies analysed at the Laboratories of Neuropathology of the Born-Bunge Foundation/University of Antwerp (BBF/UIA) and University of Liege (ULg) between 1987 and 1997. We examined the indications for nerve biopsy, the yield of the procedure, and the influence of clinical and neuropathological parameters. Contributory biopsies accounted for 35.5% and 47.3% respectively at ULg and BBF/UIA laboratories: of these, one third showed specific histological findings, the majority being informative only when combined with the relevant clinical data. The profile of indications for nerve biopsy was roughly comparable in both laboratories. The search for an inflammatory neuropathy prompted 35-40% of all biopsies with more than 50% of specimens being informative in this indication. The lowest yield (20%) was obtained among the nerve biopsies performed in the absence of any presumptive aetiology. These accounted for 22-33% of all cases. Inadequate surgical resection, delays in transport or processing errors precluded histological study of 4% (BBF/UIA) to 8% (ULg) of the specimens. We conclude that nerve biopsies should be performed by experienced surgeons and handled in specialised laboratories. Only a relatively small number of causes of neuropathy can be diagnosed on the basis of histology alone. More often, contributory biopsies will result from the combination of non-specific suggestive histological features with relevant clinical information. The diagnostic yield of nerve biopsy is function of careful patient selection and close collaboration between the clinician and the neuropathologist. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 57 (5 ULg)
Clinical and neuropathological parameters affecting the diagnostic yield of nerve biopsy.
Deprez, Manuel ; ; et al
in Neuromuscular Disorders (2000), 10(2), 92-8
The value of nerve biopsy in the investigation of peripheral neuropathies is an important and controversial issue, partially obscured by the large variations in the diagnostic yield routinely reported for ... [more ▼]
The value of nerve biopsy in the investigation of peripheral neuropathies is an important and controversial issue, partially obscured by the large variations in the diagnostic yield routinely reported for this procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and neuropathological parameters affecting the yield of nerve biopsy. We compared the experience of two independent neuropathology laboratories with different patient recruitment and neuropathological methods over 11 years (01/1987-12/1997). Clinicopathological correlations were studied retrospectively in 355 patients. Using the same criteria of evaluation, contributive biopsies accounted for 35.5% in one laboratory, and 47.3% in the other. Clinical parameters affecting the yield of nerve biopsy were: (a) the presumptive diagnosis at time of referral for biopsy; (b) the distribution of symptoms; and (c) the interval between disease onset and biopsy. Greater yield was associated with clinically suspected vasculitis, inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy or hereditary sensorimotor neuropathies. Contributive findings were more often reported with multifocal or asymmetrical presentations, and onset-to-biopsy interval of less than 6 months. The contribution of nerve biopsy varied according to neuropathological techniques: (a) serial sections on frozen. paraffin-embedded and resin-embedded material improved sensitivity for interstitial pathology: (b) combined muscle biopsy increased sensitivity in the detection of vasculitis; and (c) teasing of nerve fibers added critical information to other classical techniques in only 4/102 cases. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Infantile and juvenile presentations of Alexander's disease: a report of two cases.
Deprez, Manuel ; ; Misson, Jean-Paul et al
in Acta Neurologica Scandinavica (1999), 99(3), 158-65
We describe 2 new cases of Alexander's disease, the first to be reported in Belgium. The first patient, a 4-year-old girl, presented with progressive megalencephaly, mental retardation, spastic ... [more ▼]
We describe 2 new cases of Alexander's disease, the first to be reported in Belgium. The first patient, a 4-year-old girl, presented with progressive megalencephaly, mental retardation, spastic tetraparesis, ataxia and epilepsy: post-mortem examination showed widespread myelin loss with Rosenthal fibers (RFs) accumulation throughout the neuraxis. She was the third of heterozygotic twins, the 2 others having developed normally and being alive at age 5 years. The second patient developed at age 10 years and over a decade spastic paraparesis, palatal myoclonus, nystagmus, thoracic hyperkyphosis and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis with radiological findings of bilateral anterior leukoencephalopathy. Brain stereotactic biopsy at age 16 years demonstrated numerous RFs. With these 2 cases, we review the literature on the various clinico-pathological conditions reported as Alexander's disease. We discuss the nosology of this entity and the pathogeny of RFs formation and dysmyelination. Clues to the diagnosis of this encephalopathy in the living patient are briefly described. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (10 ULg)
A new combined bodian-luxol technique for staining unmyelinated axons in semithin, resin-embedded peripheral nerves: a comparison with electron microscopy.
Deprez, Manuel ; ; Fumal, Arnaud et al
in Acta Neuropathologica (1999), 98(4), 323-9
Quantitation of unmyelinated fibers (UF) in peripheral nerves has classically relied upon ultrastructural morphometry. Because this method is time-consuming, it is not typically performed in routine ... [more ▼]
Quantitation of unmyelinated fibers (UF) in peripheral nerves has classically relied upon ultrastructural morphometry. Because this method is time-consuming, it is not typically performed in routine analysis of nerve biopsies. We applied the Bodian-Luxol technique to detect unmyelinated axons by light microscopy on semithin sections from resin-embedded nerve tissue. Estimates were compared to ultrastructural counts. The staining appeared highly specific for axons. Excellent correlation was found between optic densities and the population of UF larger than 0.5 microm. The smallest profiles detected by light microscopy had a diameter close to 0.6 microm. This new technique is not a substitute for ultrastructural quantitative morphometry of UF, as very small unmyelinated axons, especially regenerating ones, can not be reliably visualized. However, it provides a valuable light microscopic method for evaluating axonal loss among UF. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
Preoperative evaluation of 54 gliomas by PET with fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose and/or carbon-11-methionine.
Kaschten, Bruno ; Stevenaert, Achille ; Sadzot, Bernard et al
in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1998), 39(5), 778-85
This study evaluates the usefulness of PET for the preoperative evaluation of brain gliomas and methods of quantification of PET results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with brain gliomas were studied by ... [more ▼]
This study evaluates the usefulness of PET for the preoperative evaluation of brain gliomas and methods of quantification of PET results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with brain gliomas were studied by PET with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) (n = 45) and/or 11C-methionine (MET) (n = 41) before any treatment. Results of visual analysis, calculation of glucose consumption and five tumor-to-normal brain ratios for both tracers were correlated with two histologic grading systems and with follow-up. RESULTS: Visual analysis (for FDG) and tumor-to-mean cortical uptake (T/MCU) ratio proved to be the best tools for the evaluation of PET results. Methionine was proven to be better than FDG at delineating low-grade gliomas. Tumor-to-mean cortical uptake ratios for FDG and MET were clearly correlated (r = 0.78), leading to the equation T/MCU(FDG) = 0.4 x T/MCU(MET). We showed a good correlation between FDG PET and histologic grading. MET uptake could not differentiate between low-grade and anaplastic astrocytomas but was significantly increased in glioblastomas. Low-grade oligodendrogliomas exhibited high uptake of FDG and MET, probably depending more on oligodendroglial cellular differentiation than on proliferative potential. Uptake was decreased in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, probably due to dedifferentiation. Care must be taken with peculiar histologic subgroups, i.e., juvenile pilocytic astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas, because of a discrepancy between high PET metabolism and low proliferative potential (good prognosis). Both tracers proved useful for the prediction of survival prognosis. Methionine proved slightly superior to FDG for predicting the histologic grade and prognosis of gliomas, despite the impossibility of differentiation between Grades II and III astrocytomas with MET. This superiority of MET could be explained by patient sampling (low number of Grade III gliomas submitted to examination with both tracers). The combination of both tracers improved the overall results compared to each tracer alone. CONCLUSION: Both tracers are useful for the prediction of the histologic grade and prognosis. The apparent superiority of MET over FDG could be due to the small number of Grade III gliomas studied with both tracers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 104 (2 ULg)
Predegenerated Nerve Allografts Versus Fresh Nerve Allografts in Nerve Repair
; Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ; Reznik, Michel et al
in Experimental Neurology (1997), 148(1), 378-87
This study reevaluated the possibility of using predegenerated nerves as donor nerve allografts for nerve repair and compared the results of functional recovery to those obtained after standard, fresh ... [more ▼]
This study reevaluated the possibility of using predegenerated nerves as donor nerve allografts for nerve repair and compared the results of functional recovery to those obtained after standard, fresh nerve allograft repair. Twenty donor rats underwent a ligature/ section of the left sciatic nerve 4 weeks before nerve graft harvesting. Forty recipient rats underwent severing of the left sciatic nerve leaving a 15-mm gap between the nerve stumps. Graft repair was undertaken using either the predegenerated left sciatic nerve of the 20 donor rats (predegenerated group, 20 recipient rats) or the normal right sciatic nerve of the 20 donor rats (fresh group, 20 recipient rats). Recovery of function was assessed by gait analysis, electrophysiologic testing and histologic studies. Walking tracks measurements at 2 and 3 months, electromyography parameters at 2 and 3 months, peroperative nerve conduction velocity and nerve action potential amplitude measurements at 3 months, as well as assessments of myelinated nerve fiber density and surface of myelination showed that fresh and predegenerated nerve grafts induced a comparable return of function although there was some trend in higher electrophysiologic values in the predegenerated group. The only slight but significant difference was a larger mean nerve fiber diameter in the nerve segment distal to a predegenerated nerve graft compared to a fresh nerve graft. Although our study does not show a dramatic long-term advantage for predegenerated nerve grafts compared to fresh nerve grafts, their use as prosthetic material is encouraging. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis mimicking multiple meningiomas: case report and review of the literature.
Deprez, Manuel ; ; Hauwaert, Cécile et al
in Acta Neuropathologica (1997), 94(4), 385-9
A case of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis with an unusual and misleading manifestation is reported. Computed tomography scan, angiographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings were ... [more ▼]
A case of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis with an unusual and misleading manifestation is reported. Computed tomography scan, angiographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings were suggestive of multiple meningeal neoplasms and a correct diagnosis was made only after meningeal biopsy. This 44-year-old patient had a previous history of an ill-defined systemic disorder associating episcleritis, erythroderma nodosa and multiple peripheral arthritis. We review previous reports of idiopathic cranial pachymeningitis with emphasis on radiological investigation techniques, histopathology and possible dysimmune mechanisms of pathogenesis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Cellular distribution of NSP in normal pituitary and in pituitary adenomas. Comparison with pituitary hormone expression.
; ; et al
in 4th Euregional oncology meeting - abstract book (1997)Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)
Neuroblastome primitif du système nerveux central
; ; et al
in Revue Neurologique (1993), 149Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Light and Electron microscopic immunolocalization of Bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein in the Bovine Placentome
Demez, Pierre ; ; Beckers, Jean-François et al
in 1st Joint meeting of the Royal Microscopical society and the Belgian Societies for Cell biology, clinical cytology, Electron Microscopy and pathology-Abstract book (1993)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Aldosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma as part of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1): loss of heterozygosity for polymorphic chromosome 11 deoxyribonucleic acid markers, including the MEN1 locus.
Beckers, Albert ; ; et al
in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (1992), 75(2), 564-70
A 63-year-old female presented with the extremely rare occurrence of an aldosterone-secreting adrenocortical adenoma as part of the syndrome of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Only two other ... [more ▼]
A 63-year-old female presented with the extremely rare occurrence of an aldosterone-secreting adrenocortical adenoma as part of the syndrome of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). Only two other MEN1 patients were reported in the literature with hyperaldosteronism. The patient's MEN1 syndrome consisted of the association of primary hyperparathyroidism due to parathyroid adenoma, a prolactinoma, and a toxic multinodular goiter. Elevated basal and meal-stimulated serum PP levels without demonstrable pancreatic tumor were also found. Genetic analysis of the aldosterone-secreting adenoma with DNA markers localized on chromosome 11 showed loss of heterozygosity in tumor DNA. Since the MEN1 syndrome is caused by loss of the tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 11 in the 11q13 region, it is probable that the same mechanism is associated with the formation of the adrenocortical adenoma. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Light and electron microscopic immunolocalization of bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein in the bovine placentome.
; Demez, Pierre ; Beckers, Jean-François et al
in Biology of Reproduction (1992), 46(4), 623-9
A bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (bPAG) of 67 kDa has previously been isolated from bovine fetal cotyledons. The objective of this study was to determine the cytological localization of that ... [more ▼]
A bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (bPAG) of 67 kDa has previously been isolated from bovine fetal cotyledons. The objective of this study was to determine the cytological localization of that protein in the placentomes and possibly the cells responsible for its production. Highly specific antisera raised against pure bPAG were used to demonstrate the cellular localization of the protein in bovine placentomes by light and electron microscopic techniques. Strong immunostaining was observed exclusively in the cytoplasm of large binucleate cells present predominantly in fetal cotyledonary tissue (villi). Some smaller weakly immunostained cells were also present in caruncular epithelium. By ultrastructural immunogold procedures, the protein was detected only within amorphous cytoplasmic granules. Granules of identical size, but weakly labeled, were found on the maternal side. All cells containing labeled granules were binucleate. These results suggest that bPAG is probably synthesized by trophoblast binucleate cells and stored in granules prior to delivery into the maternal circulation after cell migration. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
Mri-Pathological Correlations in Acute Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome: Case Report
Martin, Didier ; Schoenen, Jean ; Lenelle, Jacques et al
in Neuroradiology (1992), 34(4), 262-6
Ante- and post-mortem MRI and detailed pathological examination were performed in a patient with a typical acute traumatic central cord syndrome (ATCCS) after a minor hyperextension injury to the neck who ... [more ▼]
Ante- and post-mortem MRI and detailed pathological examination were performed in a patient with a typical acute traumatic central cord syndrome (ATCCS) after a minor hyperextension injury to the neck who died 60 h later from heart failure. T2-weighted MRI showed a central hyperintense area at C3-4. There were disc protrusions, but no vertebral fracture or displacement. Histopathology disclosed severe axonal swelling and oedema in the dorsolateral fasciculi and, to a lesser degree, in the dorsal columns. In addition, an area of recent necrosis was found in the right anterior horn at C4-5. These findings suggest that the pathological hallmark of typical ATCCS is mechanical axonal disruption at a segmental level, but that more severe trauma may be accompanied by tissue destruction. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
Effect of treatment with octreotide on the morphology of growth hormone secreting pituitary adenomas : study of 24 cases.
Beckers, Albert ; ; et al
in Endocrine Pathology (1991), 2(3), 123-131
Twenty-four acromegalic patients were treated with octreotide subcutaneously for periods of 3 to 6 weeks (group I, 12 cases) or 6 months (group II, 12 cases) before transsphenoidal surgery. Radiological ... [more ▼]
Twenty-four acromegalic patients were treated with octreotide subcutaneously for periods of 3 to 6 weeks (group I, 12 cases) or 6 months (group II, 12 cases) before transsphenoidal surgery. Radiological studies performed in 19 patients before and at the end of this treatment period revealed no changes in 8 cases. In 8 other cases, a slight reduction in tumorsize was observed, and in 3 cases an important shrinkage was documented. At surgery, the adenomatous tissue appeared softer than in nonpretreated patients, facilitating the operation. Pathological examination revealed widening of perivascular spaces with accumulation of fibrous tissue and more crinophagy than in nonpretreated patients but failed to reveal morphologically pronounced cell involution as observed in prolactin-producing adenomas treated with dopamine agonists. No significant difference in frequency or extent of cellular changes was noted between the two groups. These morphological findings seem to be more consistent with a functional inhibition of growth hormone release than with cellular alterations induced by octreotide. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Absence of Laminin Deposition in Breast Cancer and Metastases except to the Brain
Castronovo, Vincenzo ; ; et al
in Pathology - Research & Practice (1991), 187(2-3), 201-8
Laminin, a major glycoprotein of basement membrane has been found to play significant roles during invasion and metastases. In this study, we have examined the distribution of laminin in several human ... [more ▼]
Laminin, a major glycoprotein of basement membrane has been found to play significant roles during invasion and metastases. In this study, we have examined the distribution of laminin in several human brain carcinoma metastases, human breast cancers, skin and lymph node metastases of breast cancer as well as in an in vitro and an in vivo model of invasion. A laminin accumulation was demonstrated a) at the border between human metastatic carcinoma cells and surrounding neural tissue; b) at the invasive edge between MO4 cells (a highly malignant cell line which synthesizes large amounts of laminin) and host tissues of syngenic mice; c) at the front of invasion between MO4 cells and precultured heart fragments in an in vitro model of invasion. Laminin, but not type IV collagen, promoted attachment of MO4 cells. This attachment was inhibited by preincubation of laminin matrix support with (+)-catechin, a flavonoid which also prevented invasion of the precultured heart fragment in vitro. Our data demonstrate that laminin accumulates between malignant cells and host tissue in human brain metastases and in an in vitro and an in vivo model of invasion. In these later models, accumulation of laminin is the consequence, at least in part, of its biosynthesis by MO4 cells. Since laminin promotes attachment of malignant cells in vitro, increases invasiveness and metastatic activities of murine malignant cells, it is tempting to speculate that laminin synthesized by invasive cells and accumulated at the front of invasion plays a significant role in the first step of invasion. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 49 (4 ULg)
Adenohypophysis hormone gene products in 14 pituitary adenomas: analysis by immunohistochemistry and northern blotting.
Scippo, Marie-Louise ; Beckers, Albert ; Frankenne, Francis et al
in Archives Internationales de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique (1991), 99(2), 135-40
We investigated 14 pituitary adenomas (10 silent adenomas; 3 prolactinomas and one GH-secreting tumor) for the presence of hormone gene transcripts (Northern blot) as well as for translation products ... [more ▼]
We investigated 14 pituitary adenomas (10 silent adenomas; 3 prolactinomas and one GH-secreting tumor) for the presence of hormone gene transcripts (Northern blot) as well as for translation products (immunohistochemistry). The GH-secreting tumor was shown to express the genes coding for GH and PRL and to synthesize the corresponding hormones. In the cases of prolactinomas, immunohistochemical data demonstrated the synthesis of prolactin only. In addition to the PRL gene, Northern blot analysis revealed the transcription of the alpha-subunit gene in one case. Hormone genes were found to be expressed in 7 out of the 10 silent tumors, whereas no hormone synthesis was detected in any of these tissues. LH-beta mRNA was found in 3 cases, FSH-beta mRNA in 5 cases and alpha-subunit gene was shown to be expressed in one case. Surprisingly, the level of expression of the FSH-beta gene was higher than in normal tissue. This study confirms that some so called "silent" adenomas are expressing alpha- and/or beta-subunit glycoprotein hormone genes, even if no hormone is synthesized. The therapeutic action of bromocriptine described in some "silent" adenomas cases could be related to that hormone gene expression potentiality. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 68 (10 ULg)
Immunocytochemical evidence for production of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone in separate cells in the bovine.
; Beckers, Albert ; Reznik, Michel et al
in Biology of Reproduction (1991), 45(5), 788-96
In all mammalian females, follicular growth and maturation are essentially dependent on the pituitary gonadotropins, FSH and LH. These glycoprotein hormones have many similarities, but their action, based ... [more ▼]
In all mammalian females, follicular growth and maturation are essentially dependent on the pituitary gonadotropins, FSH and LH. These glycoprotein hormones have many similarities, but their action, based on high affinity binding to specific membrane receptors, are quite different. The purpose of this study was to perform a sensitive localization of FSH and LH in secretory granules of gonadotrophs using highly specific antisera. This morphological study included light microscopy (PAP) and electron microscopy (immunogold single and double labeling) procedures. Histologically, approximatively 11.5% of cells were positive for LH, whereas only 5.4% of cells were positive for FSH. With the electron microscope, single labeling allowed identification of morphologically distinct LH-containing cells and FSH-containing cells. Double immunostaining confirmed that no cells contained both hormones. The finding that FSH and LH are produced in separate pituitary cells is in agreement with recent studies that have suggested a specific role and regulatory process for gonadotropins in the bovine species. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Localization of LH and FSH in bovine pituitaries as revealed by electron microscopic double gold immunostaining method.
; Beckers, Albert ; Reznik, Michel et al
Conference (1989, June 27)Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)
Neuroendocrine tumor of the nasal cavity (esthesioneuroblastome) : about one case with paraneoplastic Cushing's syndrome.
Reznik, Michel ; ; et al
in Oncology Overview (1989)Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
Mammosomatotropes in Human Pituitary Adenomas as Revealed by Electron Microscopic Double Gold Immunostaining Method
Beckers, Albert ; ; Stevenaert, Achille et al
in Acta Endocrinologica (1988), 118(4), 503-12
Hormone production was studied in situ by immunocytochemical methods in 20 pituitary adenomas. Special attention was given to 13 adenomas removed from acromegalic patients. Out of them, 6 had mild to ... [more ▼]
Hormone production was studied in situ by immunocytochemical methods in 20 pituitary adenomas. Special attention was given to 13 adenomas removed from acromegalic patients. Out of them, 6 had mild to moderate hyperprolactinemia. Immunohistochemistry revealed PRL-containing cells without any close relationship with high PRL serum level in 6 patients. Double immunogold staining revealed mammosomatotrope cells characterized by simultaneous presence of GH and PRL in the same granules in 2 patients. Since mammosomatotropes have never been demonstrated in the normal pituitary, our results probably signify gene dysregulation in pituitary cells of those acromegalic patients. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)