References of "Renson, Thomas"
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See detailDifferentiation of Boettcher's cells during postnatal development of rat cochlea.
Cloes, Marie ULg; Renson, Thomas; Johnen, Nicolas et al

in Cell and tissue research (2013), 354(3), 707716

Contrary to the highly specialized epithelial cells of the mammalian auditory organ, little is known about the surrounding cells and, in particular, Boettcher's cells (BC). Our morphological studies show ... [more ▼]

Contrary to the highly specialized epithelial cells of the mammalian auditory organ, little is known about the surrounding cells and, in particular, Boettcher's cells (BC). Our morphological studies show that, in rats, these cells began their differentiation around postnatal day 8 (P8) reaching maturity around P20, when they are completely covered by Hensen's and Claudius' cells. Tight junctions were noted near the apex of BC, providing that they were in direct contact with the endolymphatic space, between approximately P8 and P16. We observed gap junctions between BC and adjacent cells before the end of the covering process suggesting the additional involvement of BC in potassium recycling into the endolymph. Adherens junctions were also seen between BC throughout their maturation. Importantly, we noticed cytoplasmic secretory granules and an accumulated material, probably a secretion, in the intercellular space, between P8 and P25. These results indicate that BC could basally take part in the secretion of the extracellular matrix of the basilar membrane. Finally, we show that the basolateral interdigitations of BC are longer and more tighlty grouped at maturity and harbour urea transporters as early as P18. Our observations thus support the view that BC perform several functions. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferentiation of Boettcher's Cells During Postnatal Development of Rat Cochlea
Cloes, Marie ULg; Renson, Thomas; Johnen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2013, January 28)

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See detailDifferentiation of Boettcher’s Cells during Postnatal Development of Rat Cochlea
Cloes, Marie; Renson, Thomas; Johnen, Nicolas et al

Poster (2013, January 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (3 ULg)
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See detailDifferentiation of Boettcher's cells during postnatal development of rat cochlea
Cloes, Marie ULg; Renson, Thomas; Johnen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
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See detailStudy of the Boettcher cells along their development: Junctions and expression of the urea-transporter B (UT-B)
Cloes, Marie ULg; Renson, Thomas; Johnen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2012, September 30)

The Boettcher cells (BC) lie on the sensory epithelium of the cochlea. Their function has never been clearly defined. However it has been suggested that they may influence the ionic composition of the ... [more ▼]

The Boettcher cells (BC) lie on the sensory epithelium of the cochlea. Their function has never been clearly defined. However it has been suggested that they may influence the ionic composition of the fluids of the inner ear, which play a central role in the conduction of the sensory information. In this context the compartimentating function of the BC around and after the onset of hearing may influence the subsequent refining of hearing. We collected ultrastructural and immunohistological data during the final maturation stage of the sensory epithelium. In particular the cell junctions were investigated to clarify the compartimentating function of the BC at early stages. As a potential actor in the ion flow in the sensory epithelium, the urea transporter-B (UT-B) was also immunolocalised during the development of the BC. At the mature stage (P25) the BC are linked to the adjacent cells by numerous adherens and non-adherens junctions. They rest on a basilar membrane to which they are attached by hemidesmosomes. They typically exhibit large basolateral interdigitations. We found that, at the 8th postnatal day, the BC are separated from the neighbouring cells by wide spaces entered by scarce cytoplasmic extensions. These spaces are interrupted by areas of close contact, where adherens and non-adherens junctions may be found. Thus, although there seems to be fewer interdigitations at P8, gap junctions probably still allow easy cell-to-cell exchanges. Moreover non-adherens junctions can systematically be identified apically. Although it was impossible to differenciate tight and gap junctions without specific labeling, we postulate that these non-adherens junctions correspond to tight junctions and seal the apex of the BC. This feature is necessary to enable the control of the ion concentrations surrounding the sensory epithelium. We also found that UT-B, known for water and urea transport in red blood cells, is present in the membranes of the BC from P12 (the earliest stage tested) to P25. Thus UT-B may play a role in the regulation of the ionic concentrations of the inner ear fluids. [less ▲]

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