References of "Rauchs, G"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeural Correlates of Performance Variabilty during Motor Sequence Acquisition
Albouy, Geneviève ULg; Sterpenich, V.; Vandewalle, Gilles ULg et al

in NeuroImage (2012), 60(1), 324-331

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of friction in material characterization in micro-indentation measurement
Guo, Weichao ULg; Rauchs, G.; ZHang, W. H. et al

in Journal of Computational & Applied Mathematics (2010), 234

A comprehensive computational study is undertaken to identify the influence of friction in material characterization by indentation measurement based on elasto- plastic solids. The impacts of friction on ... [more ▼]

A comprehensive computational study is undertaken to identify the influence of friction in material characterization by indentation measurement based on elasto- plastic solids. The impacts of friction on load versus indentation depth curve, and the values of calculated hardness and Young's modulus in conical and spherical indentations are shown in this paper. The results clearly demonstrate that, for some elasto-plastic materials, the curves of load versus indentation depth obtained either by spherical or conical indenters with different friction coefficients, cannot be distinguished. However, if utilizing the parameter (see text for details), to quantify the deformation of piling-up or sinking-in, it is easy to find that the influence of friction on piling-up or sinking-in in indentation is significant. Therefore, the material parameters which are related to the projected area will also have a large error caused by the influence of friction. The maximum differences on hardness and Young's modulus can reach 14.59% and 6.78%, respectively, for some elastic materials shown in this paper. These results do not agree with those from researchers who stated that the instrumented indentation experiments are not significantly affected by friction. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPartially Segregated Neural Networks for Spatial and Contextual Memory in Virtual Navigation
Rauchs, G.; Orban, Pierre ULg; Balteau, Evelyne ULg et al

in Hippocampus (2008), 18(5), 503-518

Finding our way in a previously learned, ecologically valid environment concurrently involves spatial and contextual cognitive operations. The former process accesses a cognitive map representing the ... [more ▼]

Finding our way in a previously learned, ecologically valid environment concurrently involves spatial and contextual cognitive operations. The former process accesses a cognitive map representing the spatial interactions between all paths in the environment. The latter accesses stored associations between landmark objects and their milieu. Here, we aimed at dissociating their neural basis in the context of memory-based virtual navigation. To do so, subjects freely explored a virtual town for 1 h, then were scanned using fMRI while retrieving their way between two locations, under four navigation conditions designed to probe separately or jointly the spatial and contextual memory components. Besides prominent commonalities found in a large hippocampo-neocortical network classically involved in topographical navigation, results yield evidence for a partial dissociation between the brain areas supporting spatial and contextual components of memory-based navigation. Performance-related analyses indicate that hippocampal activity mostly supports the spatial component, whereas parahippocampal activity primarily supports the contextual component. Additionally, the recruitment of contextual memory during navigation was associated with higher frontal, posterior parietal and lateral temporal activity. These results provide evidence for a partial segregation of the neural substrates of two crucial memory components in human navigation, whose combined involvement eventually leads to efficient navigation behavior within a learned environment. (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSleep modulates the neural substrates of both spatial and contextual memory consolidation
Rauchs, G; Orban, P; Schmidt, Christina ULg et al

in PLoS ONE (2008), 3(8), 2949

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe influence of friction on elasto-plastic material in nanoindentation
Guo, Weichao ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg; ZHANG, W. H. et al

in Proceedings of ACOMEN’2008, Advanced Computational Methods in Engineering (2008)

A comprehensive computational study is undertaken to identify the influence of friction in nanoindentation of elasto-plastic materials, the impacts of friction on calculation results with conical and ... [more ▼]

A comprehensive computational study is undertaken to identify the influence of friction in nanoindentation of elasto-plastic materials, the impacts of friction on calculation results with conical and spherical indenters are shown in this paper. The results clearly demonstrate that, for some elasto-plastic materials, the P  h curves obtained either by spherical or conical indenters with different friction coefficients cannot be distinguished. However, if utilizing the parameter  (see text for details), to quantify the deformation of piling-up or sinking-in, it is easy to find that the influence of friction on piling-up or sinking-in in nanoindentation is significant. Therefore, the material parameters derived from the projected area will have a large error caused by the influence of friction. In this paper, the maximum error on hardness can reach 14% for some elastic materials. These results do not agree with those from researchers who stated that instrumented indentation experiments are not significantly affected by friction. Moreover, in conical indentation, friction can effectively restrain the slip on the interface between indenter and specimen, which leads to a decrease in the amount of piling-up or increase in the amount of sinking-in. However, when the half apex angle is large enough, the influence of friction becomes a minor factor in indentation. In spherical indentation, the amount of piling-up decreases or of sinking-in increases with an increasing friction coefficient. But the friction is independent of the radius of spherical indenter, the piling-up or sinking-in obtained by two different spherical indenters with varying friction coefficients are nearly identical. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHemodynamic cerebral correlates of sleep spindles during human non-rapid eye movement sleep.
Schabus, Manuel ULg; Dang Vu, Thien Thanh ULg; Albouy, Geneviève ULg et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2007), 104(32), 13164-9

In humans, some evidence suggests that there are two different types of spindles during sleep, which differ by their scalp topography and possibly some aspects of their regulation. To test for the ... [more ▼]

In humans, some evidence suggests that there are two different types of spindles during sleep, which differ by their scalp topography and possibly some aspects of their regulation. To test for the existence of two different spindle types, we characterized the activity associated with slow (11-13 Hz) and fast (13-15 Hz) spindles, identified as discrete events during non-rapid eye movement sleep, in non-sleep-deprived human volunteers, using simultaneous electroencephalography and functional MRI. An activation pattern common to both spindle types involved the thalami, paralimbic areas (anterior cingulate and insular cortices), and superior temporal gyri. No thalamic difference was detected in the direct comparison between slow and fast spindles although some thalamic areas were preferentially activated in relation to either spindle type. Beyond the common activation pattern, the increases in cortical activity differed significantly between the two spindle types. Slow spindles were associated with increased activity in the superior frontal gyrus. In contrast, fast spindles recruited a set of cortical regions involved in sensorimotor processing, as well as the mesial frontal cortex and hippocampus. The recruitment of partially segregated cortical networks for slow and fast spindles further supports the existence of two spindle types during human non-rapid eye movement sleep, with potentially different functional significance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSleep-dependent changes in brain activity subserving human navigation
Rauchs, G.; Orban, Pierre ULg; Schmidt, Christina ULg et al

in Journal of Sleep Research (2006, September), 15(Suppl. 1), 189-190

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDreaming: a neuroimaging view
Dang Vu, Thien Thanh ULg; Desseilles, Martin ULg; Albouy, Geneviève ULg et al

in Schweizer Archiv Fur Neurologie und Psychiatrie (2005), 156

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)