References of "Randall, S. K"
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See detailPulsating Hot Subdwarfs in Omega Centauri
Randall, S. K.; Calamida, A.; Fontaine, G. et al

in The Messenger (2016), 164

We recently discovered the first globular cluster hot subdwarf pulsators in Omega Centauri (ω Cen). These stars were initially thought to belong to the class of rapidly pulsating subdwarf B stars, which ... [more ▼]

We recently discovered the first globular cluster hot subdwarf pulsators in Omega Centauri (ω Cen). These stars were initially thought to belong to the class of rapidly pulsating subdwarf B stars, which are well established among the field star population and have become showcases for asteroseismology. However, our spectroscopic analysis revealed the ω Cen variables to be significantly hotter than expected, indicating that they form a new class of subdwarf O pulsators clustered around 50 000 K, not known among the field star population. Non-adiabatic pulsation modelling suggests that the driver for the pulsations occurs via the same iron opacity mechanism that is at work in the rapidly pulsating subdwarf B stars. [less ▲]

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See detailPulsating hot O subdwarfs in ω Centauri: mapping a unique instability strip on the extreme horizontal branch
Randall, S. K.; Calamida, A.; Fontaine, G. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 589

We present the results of an extensive survey for rapid pulsators among Extreme Horizontal Branch (EHB) stars in ω Cen. The observations performed consist of nearly 100 h of time-series photometry for ... [more ▼]

We present the results of an extensive survey for rapid pulsators among Extreme Horizontal Branch (EHB) stars in ω Cen. The observations performed consist of nearly 100 h of time-series photometry for several off-centre fields of the cluster, as well as low-resolution spectroscopy for a partially overlapping sample. We obtained photometry for some 300 EHB stars, for around half of which we are able to recover light curves of sufficient quality to either detect or place meaningful non-detection limits for rapid pulsations. Based on the spectroscopy, we derive reliable values of log g, T[SUB]eff[/SUB] and log N(He) /N(H) for 38 targets, as well as good estimates of the effective temperature for another nine targets, whose spectra are slightly polluted by a close neighbour in the image. The survey uncovered a total of five rapid variables with multi-periodic oscillations between 85 and 125 s. Spectroscopically, they form a homogeneous group of hydrogen-rich subdwarf O stars clustered between 48 000 and 54 000 K. For each of the variables we are able to measure between two and three significant pulsations believed to constitute independent harmonic oscillations. However, the interpretation of the Fourier spectra is not straightforward due to significant fine structure attributed to strong amplitude variations. In addition to the rapid variables, we found an EHB star with an apparently periodic luminosity variation of ~2700 s, which we tentatively suggest may be caused by ellipsoidal variations in a close binary. Using the overlapping photometry and spectroscopy sample we are able to map an empirical ω Cen instability strip in log g - T[SUB]eff[/SUB] space. This can be directly compared to the pulsation driving predicted from the Montréal "second-generation" models regularly used to interpret the pulsations in hot B subdwarfs. Extending the parameter range of these models to higher temperatures, we find that the region where p-mode excitation occurs is in fact bifurcated, and the well-known instability strip between 29 000-36 000 K where the rapid subdwarf B pulsators are found is complemented by a second one above 50 000 K in the models. While significant challenges remain at the quantitative level, we believe that the same κ-mechanism that drives the pulsations in hot B subdwarfs is also responsible for the excitation of the rapid oscillations observed in the ω Cen variables. Intriguingly, the ω Cen variables appear to form a unique class. No direct counterparts have so far been found either in the Galactic field, nor in other globular clusters, despite dedicated searches. Conversely, our survey revealed no ω Cen representatives of the rapidly pulsating hot B subdwarfs found among the field population, though their presence cannot be excluded from the limited sample. Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Chile (proposal IDs 083.D-0833, 386.D-0669, 087.D-0216 and 091.D-0791).The reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr</A> (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/589/A1">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/589/A1</A> [less ▲]

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See detailPulsations in hot subdwarf stars: recent advances and prospects for testing stellar physics
Charpinet, Stéphane; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, G. et al

in Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union (2016), 29

The evolved, core helium burning, extreme horizontal branch stars (also known as hot B subdwarfs) host several classes of pulsators showing either p- or g-modes, or both. They offer particularly favorable ... [more ▼]

The evolved, core helium burning, extreme horizontal branch stars (also known as hot B subdwarfs) host several classes of pulsators showing either p- or g-modes, or both. They offer particularly favorable conditions for probing with asteroseismology their internal structure, thus constituting arguably the most interesting seismic window for this intermediate stage of stellar evolution. G-modes in particular have the power to probe deep inside these stars, down to the convective He-burning core boundary where uncertain physics (convection, overshooting, semi-convection) is at work. Space data recently obtained with CoRoT and Kepler are offering us the possibility to probe these regions in detail and possibly shed new light on how these processes shape the core structure. In this short paper, we present the most recent advances that have taken place in this field and we provide hints of the foreseen future achievements of hot subdwarf asteroseismology. [less ▲]

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See detailNew advances in asteroseismology of pulsating hot subdwarf stars
Charpinet, S.; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Randall, S. K. et al

in Highlights of Astronomy (2010, November 01), 15

Hot subdwarf stars (of the sdB and sdO type) host three known classes of nonradial pulsators. Two of them feature short period (P ~ 60 - 600 s) accoustic mode oscillations, while the third group is ... [more ▼]

Hot subdwarf stars (of the sdB and sdO type) host three known classes of nonradial pulsators. Two of them feature short period (P ~ 60 - 600 s) accoustic mode oscillations, while the third group is characterized by slow g-mode deformations with periods of ~ 1 - 2h. These pulsations offer favorable grounds to infer some of the internal properties of these objects through asteroseismology. This has been exploited for the rapid p-mode sdB pulsators and the present contribution reviews some of the recent advances in this field. The long period g-mode pulsators, whose vibrations probe much deeper inside the star, are also of high interest. With the advent of space observations using CoRoT and KEPLER, the asteroseismology of these slower oscillators will also become a possibility, and likely contribute to significant breakthroughs in our understanding of these hot and compact stars. [less ▲]

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