References of "Polis, Stéphane"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe scribal repertoire of Amennakhte son of Ipuy: Describing variation across Late Egyptian registers
Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Cromwell, Jennifer; Grossman, Eitan (Eds.) Beyond Free Variation: Scribal Repertoires from Old Kingdom to Early Islamic Egypt (in press)

The aim of this chapter is to investigate diaphasic variation in the texts written by the Deir el-Medina scribe Amennakhte son of Ipuy in New Kingdom Egypt (ca. 1150 BCE) by analysing the graphemic and ... [more ▼]

The aim of this chapter is to investigate diaphasic variation in the texts written by the Deir el-Medina scribe Amennakhte son of Ipuy in New Kingdom Egypt (ca. 1150 BCE) by analysing the graphemic and linguistic features of the registers used by this individual when writing texts belonging to different genres. The registers are conceived here as selections operating within the scribal repertoire. At an empirical level, this study is intended as a first step towards a comprehensive description of the types of linguistic variation found within the written production of the Deir el-Medina community in New Kingdom Egypt (ca. 1500–1050 BCE). At a more methodological level, as a case study testing the applicability of some historical sociolinguistic methods in the field of Ancient Egyptian, which could ultimately result in refining our approach to its diachrony. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLinguistic variation in Ancient Egyptian. An introduction to the state of the art (with special attention to the community of Deir el-Medina)
Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Cromwell, Jennifer; Grossman, Eitan (Eds.) Beyond Free Variation: Scribal Repertoires from Old Kingdom to Early Islamic Egypt (in press)

In this chapter, I explore different aspects of the variability ‘inherent to human languages’ as it manifests itself in the corpus of pre-Demotic texts from Ancient Egypt. More specifically, I adopt a ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, I explore different aspects of the variability ‘inherent to human languages’ as it manifests itself in the corpus of pre-Demotic texts from Ancient Egypt. More specifically, I adopt a sociolinguistic perspective and describe the types of impact that extra-linguistic factors have had on the written performance in this specific socio-cultural setting. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 351 (20 ULg)
See detailCoptic kata vs Greek κατά: Contrastive semantics of structural borrowings and semantic maps
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Stasse, Bauduin ULg

in Dils, Peter; Grossman, Eitan; Richter, Tonio Sebastian (Eds.) et al Language contact and bilingualism in antiquity: What linguistic borrowing into Coptic can tell us about (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (8 ULg)
See detailMethIS V. La valeur de la science. Pourquoi évaluer la recherche
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Book published by Presses universitaires de Liège (in press)

Actes du colloque du 10 et 11 décembre 2009 qui s'est tenu à Liège à l'initiative du personnel scientifique

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (23 ULg)
See detailLa modalité en néo-égyptien
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Book published by Brill (in press)

Cette monographie est issue de ma thèse de doctorat qui constituait la première étude globale de la modalité en néo-égyptien. Le chapitre introductif [§1] est consacré à la définition du corpus néo ... [more ▼]

Cette monographie est issue de ma thèse de doctorat qui constituait la première étude globale de la modalité en néo-égyptien. Le chapitre introductif [§1] est consacré à la définition du corpus néo-égyptien et intègre une discussion des différentes formes de variation (diachronique, diatopique, diaphasique et diastratique) au sein du corpus néo-égyptien. Cet effort définitoire conforte l’assise empirique de l’étude : la ventilation du corpus en fonction de critères chronologiques et géographiques, de la nature du support et des genres littéraires permet d’objectiver les analyses proposées pour chaque expression de la modalité. Le corps du travail se divise en trois parties consacrées, respectivement, [§2] à une définition générale de la notion de modalité (devant permettre de déterminer les media expressifs qui relèvent de son étude en néo-égyptien) ainsi qu’à l’établissement d’un modèle sémantique de cette notion qui réponde aux impératifs d’économie ainsi que de cohérence et qui rende justice aux données typologiques ; [§3] à l’étude des modalités radicales (i.e. les modalités déontiques et bouliques), en envisageant les relations qu’elles entretiennent avec le domaine axiologique ; [§4] à l’examen des modalités assertives ([§4.a] analyse des formes de complémentation, en ce compris les liens entre intégration syntaxique, variation de l’assertivité et degrés de manipulation ; [§4.b] étude de l’impact des auxiliaires d’énonciation sur le degré d’assertivité d’une proposition ; [§4.c] critique des théories existantes concernant les moyens expressifs du discours indirect en néo-égyptien). Les conclusions [§5] sont accompagnées de propositions prospectives devant permettre [§5.a] de rendre le modèle défendu applicable pour l’étude des complexes conditionnels, [§5.b] d’intégrer la dimension énonciative dans l’analyse des relations interpersonnelles, [§5.c] de décrire adéquatement les expressions de la causalité et de la finalité. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 132 (12 ULg)
See detailExplorer la variation graphique dans les sources hiératiques de l’époque ramesside : Le scribe Amennakhte, sa main, son école
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2016, December 07)

L'exposé est articulé en trois parties. Il s'ouvre sur un typologie de la variation dans les sources hiératiques du Nouvel Empire et vise à explorer les causes de cette dernière. Après quelques éléments ... [more ▼]

L'exposé est articulé en trois parties. Il s'ouvre sur un typologie de la variation dans les sources hiératiques du Nouvel Empire et vise à explorer les causes de cette dernière. Après quelques éléments de contextualisation concernant la communauté des ouvriers de la Tombe à Deir el-Médineh, la seconde partie est consacrée, d'une part, à la question de la construction de la norme - entre enseignement collectif et apprentissage individuel - et, d'autre part, à la diversité de la performance écrite (à travers l'examen de textes littéraires produits par Amennakhte et son ‘école’). En conclusion, je présente trois cas illustrant des voies fructueuses dans l'identification des mains de scribes et le regroupement de documents sur base paléographique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNouveaux textes littéraires du scribe Amennakhte (et autres ostraca relatifs au scribe de la Tombe)
Dorn, Andreas ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale (2016), 116

Cet article est le premier d’une série de contributions consacrées à la publication de documents inédits conservés à l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale et ayant pour point commun le fait d’être ... [more ▼]

Cet article est le premier d’une série de contributions consacrées à la publication de documents inédits conservés à l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale et ayant pour point commun le fait d’être, plus ou moins directement, liés au fameux scribe de la Tombe Amennakhte, fils d’Ipouy. L’objectif est de fournir les matériaux de base qui seront nécessaires à la réalisation de projets de plus grande ampleur, telles une étude micro-historique autour de l’individu en question et une analyse globale de la production textuelle d’un scribe de Deir el-Médineh à la 20e dynastie. Les six ostraca publiés ici appartiennent au fonds des ostraca dits « littéraires » de l’IFAO. Les deux premiers documents sont assurément les plus remarquables dans la mesure où ils viennent enrichir le nombre des textes littéraires ‘signés’ par le scribe Amennakhte. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAncient Egyptian texts in contexts. Towards a conceptual data model (the Thot Data Model - TDM)
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Razanajao, Vincent ULg

in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies (2016), 59(2),

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a conceptual data model that could be the basis for future implementations of databases and digital corpuses of Ancient Egyptian texts that fully integrate the material dimensions of writing. The types of metadata that can be used for documenting the elements and relationships of this model are discussed and the resources (URIs) available for its online implementation (in the perspective of the ‘linked open data’ movement) are examined. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe genesis of a negative agentive nominalizer. The journey of jwtj between Old Egyptian and Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, October 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTowards a data model for (inter)textual relationships. Connecting Ancient Egyptian texts and understanding scribal practices
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Razanajao, Vincent ULg; Sojic, Nathalie ULg

Conference (2016, September 05)

The goal of this lecture is theory-oriented: we propose a conceptual data model that allows us to deal with complex textual relationships. It is empirically grounded in our experience of digital ... [more ▼]

The goal of this lecture is theory-oriented: we propose a conceptual data model that allows us to deal with complex textual relationships. It is empirically grounded in our experience of digital annotation of Ancient Egyptian texts. This paper is initially born out of the practical need of annotating and linking together hundreds of textual witnesses in the framework of the Ramses project (Polis et al. 2013; Polis & Winand 2013), the aim of which is to build and publish online (http://ramses.ulg.ac.be) the first richly annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts (c. 1350-900 BCE). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
See detailHieroglyphic encoding: The Thot Sign-List (TSL) data model and the hieroglyphic signs in Unicode
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

Conference (2016, July 11)

In this paper, we review issues related to the existing hieroglyphic sign-lists, focusing especially on the problematic aspects of the 'Manuel de Codage' (1988) and of the so-called 'Hieroglyphica' (2000 ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we review issues related to the existing hieroglyphic sign-lists, focusing especially on the problematic aspects of the 'Manuel de Codage' (1988) and of the so-called 'Hieroglyphica' (2000) for font-designers and users alike. We propose and discuss a data model for the Thot Sign-List (TSL, in prep.). This data model shall lead to the implementation of a structured and systematically referenced hieroglyphic repertoire, which should ultimately allow a sound extension of the Egyptian Hieroglyphs in Unicode. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA comprehensive system of control characters for Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic text in Unicode
Nederhof, Mark-Jan; Rajan, Vinodh; Lang, Johannes et al

Computer development (2016)

We propose a comprehensive system of control characters for encoding Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs in Unicode.

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailParatextual elements in a papyrus archive from Deir el-Medina. Exploring a marginal scribal practice across genres and time
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, June 02)

The aim of this paper is to describe the variety of paratextual elements encountered in the so-called ‘Chester Beatty’ papyrus archive coming from Deir el-Medina (Western Thebes; New Kingdom). Originally ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to describe the variety of paratextual elements encountered in the so-called ‘Chester Beatty’ papyrus archive coming from Deir el-Medina (Western Thebes; New Kingdom). Originally, this archive consisted of over 45 different manuscripts, which passed into various hands among the Necropolis workmen of the New Kingdom during a period of more than 100 years (Černý 1945; Koenig 1981; Pestman 1982; Grandet 2002) and is now scattered among collections and museums around the world (Cairo, Dublin, Geneva, London, Oxford).After some considerations on the history of this archive — from Antiquity until its eventful discovery, both in situ within the village of Deir el-Medina and on the antiquity market between 1928 and 1935 (Posener, in Černý 1978: VI-VII) — this talk will be devoted to the formal description and functional categorization of the paratextual elements encountered in the texts of the archive. This corpus has been selected in order to limit the amount of variation possibly induced by different mediums (the texts are all written on papyrus) and by heterogeneous socio-cultural settings. On the other hand, it allows me to explore a great variety of paratextual elements used by this community across time (from the 19th dynasty until the second part of the 20th dynasty) and genres. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDébats autour du concept de type en typologie des langues
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

Conference (2016, May 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe hands of Papyrus Turin 1879: Individualizing handwritings in 20th dynasty hieratic sources
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, April 08)

Papyrus Turin 1879 (and other fragments) — the so-called ‘Map of the gold mines’ or ‘Turin map’ — is among the most famous papyri of the Turin collection, but it was neither systematically published, nor ... [more ▼]

Papyrus Turin 1879 (and other fragments) — the so-called ‘Map of the gold mines’ or ‘Turin map’ — is among the most famous papyri of the Turin collection, but it was neither systematically published, nor studied up until today. Most of the egyptological attention was indeed captured by the ‘map’ side (e.g., Goyon 1949; Harrell & Brown 1992, with previous references), but the other side, which contains many hieratic texts belonging to different genres, has never been examined thoroughly (exceptions are Janssen 1994 and Hovestreydt 1997 for col. 1-2 of frag. A, vo). The goal of this talk is twofold. First, I will provide an overview of the texts found on this papyrus, focusing on the types of hieratic hands. A special attention will be devoted to the repertoire of hieratic signs as well as to the amount of variation in terms of signs formation for a single hand. Second, I will explore the possibility of ‘individualizing’ the hands of this papyrus by connecting their features to other hieratic sources of the 20th dynasty. Harrel & Brown’s (1992) suggestions regarding the attribution of these texts to specific scribes will be challenged and an alternative methodology will be suggested. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Egyptianness of the Coptic basic vocabulary: A typological view
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2016, February 18)

The notion of ‘basic vocabulary’ is associated with the linguist and anthropologist Morris Swadesh, who proposed a list of 200 (and later 100) items. These lists, while widely used in historical and ... [more ▼]

The notion of ‘basic vocabulary’ is associated with the linguist and anthropologist Morris Swadesh, who proposed a list of 200 (and later 100) items. These lists, while widely used in historical and comparative linguistics, are based on Swadesh’s intuitions rather than on empirical research. More recently, however, the Leipzig Loanword Typology Project conducted a cross-linguistic survey of loanwords (Haspelmath & Tadmor 2009). One of the results is a 100-item list of basic vocabulary entries — the ‘Leipzig-Jakarta list of basic vocabulary.’ This list is the product of four factors, computed for a database of 1440 meanings in 41 languages: borrowability, representation in the database, analyzability / simplicity, and age. As Tadmor (2009) points out, this is the first list of basic vocabulary items based on extensive cross-linguistic comparison, and it constitutes a ‘full-fledged basic vocabulary’ that ‘comprises the notions normally associated with this concept: stability (our age score), universality (our representation score) and simplicity (our analyzability score), as well as resistance to borrowing (our unborrowed score)’ (2009: 68). In this talk, we examine this list of 100 meanings in order to evaluate the influence of Greek on the Coptic basic vocabulary, or — to put it the other way around — the ‘Egyptian¬ness’ of the Coptic lexicon, which seems to reflect an intense language contact situation. As a first step, Coptic data were collected from Crum (1939), the most extensive Coptic dictionary, for four dialects: Sahidic, Bohairic, Fayyumic, and Akhmimic. All Coptic lexemes associated with a meaning on the list were collected, even if poorly attested. Additionally, a questionnaire was been submitted to Copticists in order to detect Greek loanwords that would also be used for expressing these 100 meanings. Furthermore, we used etymological tools (Černý 1976; Westendorf 1977; Vycichl 1983) in order to attribute an age score (from 0 = Greek loanword to 4 = Old Egyptian) to the lexemes at two levels: the formal level (when is the word first attested in Ancient Egyptian) and the semantic level (when is the Coptic meaning first associated with this word). The vast majority of meanings (ca. 85%) have at least one pre-Coptic Egyptian cognate, most of which are already attested in Old Kingdom texts. As a result of this study, we are able (1) to evaluate the influence of Greek on the basic vocabulary of the main Coptic dialects, (2) to describe the basic vocabulary of Coptic dialects independently and to observe how they differ from one another, (3) to produce a first estimate of the rate of change in basic vocabularies over the course of Egyptian as a whole. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailActualités du modèle darwinien en linguistique
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Blanckaert, Claude; Léon, Jacqueline; Samain, Didier (Eds.) Modélisations et sciences humaines. Figurer, interpréter, simuler (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFigures de l'énonciation : les gestes discursifs du savoir
Lttr13; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Biglari, Amir; Salvan, Geneviève (Eds.) Figures en discours (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (5 ULg)