References of "Polis, Stéphane"
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See detailCoptic kata vs Greek κατά: Contrastive semantics of structural borrowings and semantic maps
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Stasse, Bauduin ULg

in Dils, Peter; Grossman, Eitan; Richter, Tonio Sebastian (Eds.) et al Language contact and bilingualism in antiquity: What linguistic borrowing into Coptic can tell us about (in press)

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See detailMethIS V. La valeur de la science. Pourquoi évaluer la recherche
Cormann, Grégory ULg; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Book published by Presses universitaires de Liège (in press)

Actes du colloque du 10 et 11 décembre 2009 qui s'est tenu à Liège à l'initiative du personnel scientifique

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See detailRamses. An Annotated Corpus of Late Egyptian
Winand, Jean ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

in Kousoulis, P. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Xth IAE Congress (Rhodos, 2008) (in press)

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See detailLinguistic variation in Ancient Egyptian. Genres and registers in the scribal repertoire of Amennakhte son of Ipuy
Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Cromwell, Jennifer; Grossman, Eitan (Eds.) Beyond Free Variation: Scribal Repertoires from Old Kingdom to Early Islamic Egypt (in press)

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See detailLa modalité en néo-égyptien
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Book published by Brill (in press)

Cette monographie est issue de ma thèse de doctorat qui constituait la première étude globale de la modalité en néo-égyptien. Le chapitre introductif [§1] est consacré à la définition du corpus néo ... [more ▼]

Cette monographie est issue de ma thèse de doctorat qui constituait la première étude globale de la modalité en néo-égyptien. Le chapitre introductif [§1] est consacré à la définition du corpus néo-égyptien et intègre une discussion des différentes formes de variation (diachronique, diatopique, diaphasique et diastratique) au sein du corpus néo-égyptien. Cet effort définitoire conforte l’assise empirique de l’étude : la ventilation du corpus en fonction de critères chronologiques et géographiques, de la nature du support et des genres littéraires permet d’objectiver les analyses proposées pour chaque expression de la modalité. Le corps du travail se divise en trois parties consacrées, respectivement, [§2] à une définition générale de la notion de modalité (devant permettre de déterminer les media expressifs qui relèvent de son étude en néo-égyptien) ainsi qu’à l’établissement d’un modèle sémantique de cette notion qui réponde aux impératifs d’économie ainsi que de cohérence et qui rende justice aux données typologiques ; [§3] à l’étude des modalités radicales (i.e. les modalités déontiques et bouliques), en envisageant les relations qu’elles entretiennent avec le domaine axiologique ; [§4] à l’examen des modalités assertives ([§4.a] analyse des formes de complémentation, en ce compris les liens entre intégration syntaxique, variation de l’assertivité et degrés de manipulation ; [§4.b] étude de l’impact des auxiliaires d’énonciation sur le degré d’assertivité d’une proposition ; [§4.c] critique des théories existantes concernant les moyens expressifs du discours indirect en néo-égyptien). Les conclusions [§5] sont accompagnées de propositions prospectives devant permettre [§5.a] de rendre le modèle défendu applicable pour l’étude des complexes conditionnels, [§5.b] d’intégrer la dimension énonciative dans l’analyse des relations interpersonnelles, [§5.c] de décrire adéquatement les expressions de la causalité et de la finalité. [less ▲]

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See detailStructuring the lexicon
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Kousoulis, P. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Xth IAE Congress (Rhodos, 2008) (in press)

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See detailTowards a typology of hieroglyphic sign functions. Categorization and fluidity in the description of semiotic systems
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2015, May 06)

The understanding of the functions of the signs in the hieroglyphic writing system has been an issue ever since knowledge of this script was lost during Late Antiquity. If ancient authors like Horapollo ... [more ▼]

The understanding of the functions of the signs in the hieroglyphic writing system has been an issue ever since knowledge of this script was lost during Late Antiquity. If ancient authors like Horapollo were still aware of the meaning of some hieroglyphs, they were often unable to correctly explain why these signs had such meanings. Jean-François Champollion’s famous Lettre à M. Dacier relative à l’alphabet des hiéroglyphes phonétiques (1822) was to change this state of affair, when the French scholar identified signs “doués de la faculté d’exprimer des sons”. In my lecture, I will review the insights of Egyptologists regarding the functions of hieroglyphs (from Champollion to contemporary scholars, like Kammerzell, Morenz, Schenkel, Vernus and Winand) and argue that the combination of three key-features — namely, semography, phonemography and autonomy — is necessary and sufficient in order to provide a description of the so-called ‘glottic’ functions of the ancient Egyptian graphemes. In a second part of the talk, I provide prototypical examples for each category and discuss interesting cases, which are somehow at the borders between categories, so as to illustrate the diachronic and synchronic gradience of the system. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Ramses Project in interaction / Metadata and Thesauri in Ramsès / Towards a TEI pivot-format for Ancient Egyptian texts
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2015, April)

Three talks about forthcoming developments in the field of Ancient Egyptian corpus annotation.

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See detailDispreferred structures through language change: the diachrony of affix ordering in Ancient Egyptian - Coptic
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2015, March 23)

Given a worldwide preference for suffixes over prefixes, why do some languages nonetheless have a macro-preference for prefixes? In this talk, we show that Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (Afroasiatic) shows a ... [more ▼]

Given a worldwide preference for suffixes over prefixes, why do some languages nonetheless have a macro-preference for prefixes? In this talk, we show that Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (Afroasiatic) shows a long-term diachronic macro-change from mixed suffixing-prefixing to an overwhel¬ming preference for prefixing. We argue that each of the micro-changes implicated in this macro-change are better understood in terms of regular changes at the level of individual constructions, via, e.g., grammaticalization, rather than in terms of a broad Sapirian ‘drift.’ Crucially, it is the particular constellation of structural features of the language at a particular moment in time, together with regular mechanisms of language change, that give rise to the cross-linguistically unusual ‘macro-preference’ of the language. [less ▲]

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See detailProhibitive strategies and prohibitive cycles in Ancient Egyptian
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2014, December 11)

In this talk, we present the main prohibitive/negative jussive strategies attested for each state of the language in Ancient Egyptian and we describe the grammaticalization pathways of two prohibitive ... [more ▼]

In this talk, we present the main prohibitive/negative jussive strategies attested for each state of the language in Ancient Egyptian and we describe the grammaticalization pathways of two prohibitive constructions, from Old Egyptian down to Coptic. The paper is structured as follows. In the introduction (§1), a brief review of current typological studies of prohibitives will be given as background information. Then, we start with a description of the two main types of prohibitive constructions that one finds in Coptic, taking into dialectal variety (§2), namely mpr+V(ERB) and mn-V(ERB) “do not V”. Afterwards, we describe the grammaticalization pathway along which the first of these two constructions developed, from Old Egyptian down to Coptic (§3). Additionally, we provide a description of the main prohibitive (as well as negative jussive) strategies that are attested for Earlier (§4) and Later Egyptian (§5), in order to situate more precisely the grammaticalization process of the first strategy within the successive ‘synchronic’ systems of oppositions in the semantic field of prohibition. In a final section (§6), we discuss more in depth the second, more marginal, prohibitive construction of Coptic (mn-V) — investigating Coptic dialectal diversity — and we suggest a diachronic scenario that could account for the appearance and development of this second strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailContexts and inferences: Hypotheses about pragmatics and grammaticalization
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2014, May 14)

The goal of the talk is to put on the table for discussion ideas about the interaction between types of context and meaning change characteristic of grammaticalization. Specifically, to ask what – if any ... [more ▼]

The goal of the talk is to put on the table for discussion ideas about the interaction between types of context and meaning change characteristic of grammaticalization. Specifically, to ask what – if any – pragmatic mechanisms facilitate the relaxation of selectional restrictions on grammaticalizing items/constructions, leading from ‘bridging contexts’ to ‘switch contexts’ (Heine 2002), i.e, from utterances with multiple available readings to utterances in which the older reading is unavailable. [less ▲]

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See detailLe projet Ramsès : état et perspectives d'un corpus annoté du néo-égyptien au moment de sa mise en ligne
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

Scientific conference (2014, May 10)

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See detailLes chants de harpistes et de luthistes : émergence du littéraire dans l'art funéraire
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March 25)

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See detailPredicative Possession in Late Egyptian (with special attention to incipient grammaticalization processes)
Polis, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2014, February)

In this talk, I provide a description of the various types of constructions used for expressing clausal (‘predicative’) possession in Late Egyptian. The corpus is comprehensively defined to include both ... [more ▼]

In this talk, I provide a description of the various types of constructions used for expressing clausal (‘predicative’) possession in Late Egyptian. The corpus is comprehensively defined to include both literary and non-literary texts from the reign of Thutmose 3 (c. 1450 BC) down to abnormal hieratic texts (c. 600 BC), excluding most of the texts in Égyptien de tradition (i.e. purposely imitating various registers of EEg). The talk is structured in three sections that reflect both functional and structural features: (1) The adjectival predicate pattern or the marked expression of ownership; (2) The comitative strategy or the unmarked expression of possession; (3) Other types of predicative possession in Late Egyptian. [less ▲]

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See detailActualités du modèle darwinien en linguistique
[Lttr13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

Conference (2014, January 24)

Qu’est-ce qui fait courir le linguiste d’aujourd’hui ? Nul ne croit plus que l’on peut donner une réponse à cette question selon un régime monologique, quand bien même les réponses de ce type se donnent ... [more ▼]

Qu’est-ce qui fait courir le linguiste d’aujourd’hui ? Nul ne croit plus que l’on peut donner une réponse à cette question selon un régime monologique, quand bien même les réponses de ce type se donnent encore souvent à lire de manière explicite dans les travaux des linguistes. Il y a forcément un faisceau de raisons — empiriques, théoriques et praxéologiques, — qui poussent le linguiste à agir — à lire, étudier, questionner, analyser, écrire — dans telle(s) direction(s) plutôt que dans telles autres. Notre manière de comprendre l’argumentaire du colloque est de se dire que l’on ne modélise pas gratuitement. Quelles sont les raisons de cette activité modélisante et comment comprendre les formes qu’elle prend ? Ce qu’on appelle aujourd’hui « biolinguistique » (biolinguistics) ou « linguistique évolutionniste » (evolutionary linguistics), parmi d’autres appellations moins assises, constitue quelque chose comme un nœud de convergences à partir duquel ces raisons peuvent être examinées et étudiées. Il s’agira de faire d’abord une présentation de surface du champ actuel de la biolinguistique, au sein duquel nous avons sélectionné quatre auteurs, que nous soumettrons à l’analyse. Celle-ci aura pour objectif de dégager les types de modélisation qu’ils mettent en œuvre. Dans un second temps, on montrera qu’au-delà de la diversité des opérations modélisantes, des motifs scientifiques mais aussi extra-scientifiques (praxéologiques) lient ces travaux par ce que ces auteurs appellent eux-mêmes un « programme ». Enfin, on arguera que ce programme peut se lire en fonction de ce que nous appellerons un imaginaire de la discipline linguistique. [less ▲]

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See detailContexts and Inferences. The grammaticalization of the Later Egyptian Allative Future
Grossman, Eitan; Lescuyer, Guillaume ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) et al On Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar (2014)

The goal of this paper is to describe the gradual emergence of an innovative future construction in the extant Late Egyptian and Demotic textual material and to discuss the grammaticalization of this ... [more ▼]

The goal of this paper is to describe the gradual emergence of an innovative future construction in the extant Late Egyptian and Demotic textual material and to discuss the grammaticalization of this construction down to Coptic, where it became a regular future form known as the “First Future” or “Future I”. We propose that, during the grammaticalization process, the selectional restrictions of the construction are relaxed due to the spread of speaker-oriented inferences. As a consequence, new types of subject and predicates can appear and innovative grammatical meanings associated with future time reference, e.g., prediction, become increasingly entrenched. In a final section, we briefly comment on the future cycles in Ancient Egyptian and propose that the comparative notion of allative future is not only useful for comparing specific patterns across languages, but also within a single language with a lengthy attested history. [less ▲]

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See detailForms and Functions in Ancient Egyptian: A short introduction
Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Grossman, Eitan; Polis, Stéphane; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) et al On Forms and Functions: Studies in Ancient Egyptian Grammar (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)