References of "Pirard, Eric"
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See detailSustainable Resource Availability : Ge, Ni, Al three contrasting stories
Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference (2014, May)

The sustainable availability of raw materials used in manufacturing advanced products is a question that consumers will raise more and more in the future. In order to answer this legitimate request it is ... [more ▼]

The sustainable availability of raw materials used in manufacturing advanced products is a question that consumers will raise more and more in the future. In order to answer this legitimate request it is mandatory to define characterization factors capable of taking into account the geological scarcity of an element but also the social and environmental impact of its exploitation and beneficiation. Recent studies (Vieira et al. 2012; Swart el al. 2013) have focused on decreasing ore grades as rough indicators, but clearly such indicators can be severely biased by breakthrough innovations in mining technologies as well as by high metal prices generated by increasing demand. In this paper, we will briefly review three metals that could technically be extracted from very different social and natural environments: Germanium is nowadays mainly a byproduct of coal burnt in China, but could as well be gained from alternative sources such as zinc sulfides. Aluminium is produced from bauxite with Gallium as a byproduct but could technically be extracted from alternative resources such as regionally available clays. Finally, the world nickel production follows two very different processing routes starting either from silicates (laterite deposits) or from sulfides (ultramafic magmas). By comparing the geological; environmental and social impact of mining operations for these three metals, we will try to show what is hidden behind simple ore grades and what indicators should be taken into account in a more complex analysis of sustainable availability. The intention is to build a geographical information system (GIS) of mineral resources and mining operations to help product manufacturers in properly selecting their raw materials providers. Vieira, M.D.M., Goedkoop, M.J., Storm, P. and Huijbregts, M.A.J., 2012, Ore grade decrease as a life cycle impact indicator for metal scarcity : The case of copper. Environ. Sci. Technol. 46, 12772-12778 Swart, P. and Dewulf, J., 2013, Quantifying the impacts of primary metal resource use in life cycle assessment based on recent mining data. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 73, 180-187. [less ▲]

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See detailPropos sur le Zinc
Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailCharacterization of Particle Damage and Surface Exposure of a Copper Ore Processed by Jaw Crusher, HPGR and Electro-dynamic Fragmentation
Da Fonseca Martins Gomes, Otavio ULg; Monteiro de Oliveira, Debora; Santos Sobral, Luis Gonzaga et al

in Carpenter, John; Bai, Chenguang; Hwang, Jiann-Yang (Eds.) Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2014 (2014)

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See detailLa tablette de Mendeleïev
Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

De l’Age de la Pierre à l’Age du Lithium, nous n’avons eu de cesse de perfectionner nos technologies. Progressant dans la découverte et la compréhension de notre environnement, nous nous sommes mis à ... [more ▼]

De l’Age de la Pierre à l’Age du Lithium, nous n’avons eu de cesse de perfectionner nos technologies. Progressant dans la découverte et la compréhension de notre environnement, nous nous sommes mis à exploiter toutes les ressources naturelles disponibles. Aujourd’hui, il n’y a pratiquement aucun élément du tableau de Mendeleïev qui ne trouve son champ d’application spécifique : du lithium dans les batteries à l’indium dans les écrans en passant par le tantale dans les capacités. Baignant quotidiennement dans un tel univers d’abondance, nous en oublions d’où proviennent ces ressources et nous ignorons souvent que des dizaines de mines ont dû être ouvertes pour assouvir notre besoin de consommation. Depuis que la Chine en 2009 a menacé de ne plus exporter ses fameuses terres rares, l’Europe s’inquiète au plus haut point de la dépendance de son industrie vis-à-vis de matières premières devenues critiques. Pour l’Europe, cela signifie concrètement qu’il est temps de relancer la prospection du sous-sol et de développer une culture du recyclage intelligente et écologique. Au travers de quelques exemples choisis, cet exposé présentera l’évolution des technologies et la nature des matières premières utilisées. Par la nature des exemples et l’accent mis sur le recyclage, cette conférence vient en complément de celle consacrée à « Ressources dans le Rouge pour les Energies Vertes ? » qui est disponible en PodCast sur le site http://www.reflexions.ulg.ac.be [less ▲]

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See detailTerres rares et métaux critiques. Pénurie ou incurie ?
Pirard, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2013, November 06)

De l’Âge de la Pierre à l’Âge du Lithium, nous n’avons eu de cesse de perfectionner nos technologies. Progressant dans la découverte et la compréhension de notre environnement, nous nous sommes mis à ... [more ▼]

De l’Âge de la Pierre à l’Âge du Lithium, nous n’avons eu de cesse de perfectionner nos technologies. Progressant dans la découverte et la compréhension de notre environnement, nous nous sommes mis à exploiter toutes les ressources naturelles disponibles. Aujourd’hui, il n’y a pratiquement aucun élément du tableau de Mendeleïev qui ne trouve son champ d’application spécifique : du lithium dans les batteries à l’indium dans les écrans en passant par le tantale dans les capacités. Baignant quotidiennement dans un tel univers d’abondance, nous en oublions d’où proviennent ces ressources. Nous avons refoulé cette question au plus profond de nous-mêmes et avons poussé le syndrome NIMBY (not in my backyard) jusqu’à atteindre le NIMYCON (not in my continent). Depuis quelques années, l’Europe vit un réveil brutal. Elle réalise qu’elle ne produit que 3 % des métaux alors qu’elle en consomme plus de 20 %. Elle réalise que toute son industrie est dépendante de pays émergents qui ont l’ambition de développer un tissu industriel puissant sur base de leur accès aux ressources. L’Europe serait-elle un continent maudit ? Aurait-elle épuisé ses ressources ? Est-elle condamnée à dépendre de pays tiers pour poursuivre sa fuite en avant vers les « hautes technologies  » ? Nullement, mais il est évident qu’il n’y aura pas de ré-industrialisation sans une réflexion sur les matières premières. Le mot d’ordre aujourd’hui est Resource Efficiency. Certains traduisent cela par la nécessité de mettre au point des nouveaux matériaux moins gourmands en matières premières ou évitant l’utilisation d’éléments dits « critiques ». Mais en réalité, dans un monde avide de technologies qui voit le nombre de consommateurs croître sensiblement, il faudra nécessairement ouvrir de nouvelles mines et veiller à ne plus disperser dans l’environnement les métaux que nous en aurons laborieusement extraits. Pour l’Europe, cela signifie concrètement qu’il est temps de relancer la prospection du sous-sol et de développer une culture du recyclage intelligente et écologique. Il y a là un champ d’opportunités à saisir pour l’innovation et le développement de technologies qui sont restées trop longtemps dans l’ombre! Le Resource Efficiency c’est aussi extraire les métaux des minerais et des déchets électriques et électroniques en utilisant des procédés moins gourmands en énergie, en eau et en matière. Au travers de quelques exemples choisis, cet exposé présentera l’évolution des technologies et la nature des matières premières utilisées. Partant de la géochimie d’un simple jardin de banlieue, il introduira le concept de gisement qui est indispensable à une bonne compréhension des ressources et des réserves que recèle encore notre sous-sol. Suscitant la réflexion sur la nécessité de maintenir une industrie extractive, cette présentation analysera aussi les difficultés tant sociologiques que technologiques à mener à bien un recyclage efficace des ressources. [less ▲]

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See detailEFFECT OF RAW MATERIAL PROPERTIES ON THE KINETICS OF IRON ORES GRANULATION
Jaimes Contreras, Rafael Antonio ULg; van Loo, Fréderic; Douce, Jean-François et al

Poster (2013, June 26)

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See detailEFFECT OF RAW MATERIAL PROPERTIES ON THE KINETICS OF IRON ORES GRANULATION
Jaimes Contreras, Rafael Antonio ULg; van Loo, Fréderic; Douce, Jean-François et al

Conference (2013, June 26)

The current study is focused on the iron ores granulation process in a laboratory-scale batch drum granulator using water as a binder, and on the investigation of the influence of raw material properties ... [more ▼]

The current study is focused on the iron ores granulation process in a laboratory-scale batch drum granulator using water as a binder, and on the investigation of the influence of raw material properties (morphology and wettability of the primary particles) on its kinetics. Nowadays processing of iron ores often requires a modification of particle size by means of granulation in order to improve further processability. A comparison of the granulation behaviour of three types of iron ores (magnetite, hematite and goethite) has been carried out. The wettability of the powders has been characterised by contact angle measurement. The results confirm the hydrophobic and hydrophilic characters of magnetite and goethite respectively. The granulation kinetics (evolution of particle size distribution as a function of time) of each type of iron ores was measured. [less ▲]

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See detailReinventing Docimasy
Pirard, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2013, May 23)

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See detailLa valse des métaux critiques - Où sont les métaux pour les technologies du futur ?
Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

De l’Age de la Pierre à l’Age du Lithium, nous n’avons eu de cesse de perfectionner nos technologies. Progressant dans la découverte et la compréhension de notre environnement, nous nous sommes mis à ... [more ▼]

De l’Age de la Pierre à l’Age du Lithium, nous n’avons eu de cesse de perfectionner nos technologies. Progressant dans la découverte et la compréhension de notre environnement, nous nous sommes mis à exploiter toutes les ressources naturelles disponibles. Aujourd’hui, il n’y a pratiquement aucun élément du tableau de Mendeleïev qui ne trouve son champ d’application spécifique : du lithium dans les batteries à l’indium dans les écrans en passant par le tantale dans les capacités. Baignant quotidiennement dans un tel univers d’abondance, nous en oublions d’où proviennent ces ressources. Nous avons refoulé cette question au plus profond de nous-mêmes et avons poussé le syndrome NIMBY (not in my backyard) jusqu’à atteindre le NIMYCON (not in my continent). Depuis quelques années, l’Europe vit un réveil brutal. Elle réalise qu’elle ne produit que 3 % des métaux alors qu’elle en consomme plus de 20 %. Elle réalise que toute son industrie est dépendante de pays émergents qui ont l’ambition de développer un tissu industriel puissant sur base de leur accès aux ressources. L’Europe serait-elle un continent maudit ? Aurait-elle épuisé ses ressources ? Est-elle condamnée à dépendre de pays tiers pour poursuivre sa fuite en avant vers les « hautes technologies ? Nullement, mais il est évident qu’il n’y aura pas de ré-industrialisation sans une réflexion sur les matières premières. Le mot d’ordre aujourd’hui est Resource Efficiency. Certains traduisent cela par la nécessité de mettre au point des nouveaux matériaux moins gourmands en matières premières ou évitant l’utilisation d’éléments dits « critiques ». Mais en réalité, dans un monde avide de technologies qui voit le nombre de consommateurs croître sensiblement, il faudra nécessairement ouvrir de nouvelles mines et veiller à ne plus disperser dans l’environnement les métaux que nous en aurons laborieusement extraits. Pour l’Europe, cela signifie concrètement qu’il est temps de relancer la prospection du sous-sol et de développer une culture du recyclage intelligente et écologique. Il y a là un champ d’opportunités à saisir pour l’innovation et le développement de technologies qui sont restées trop longtemps dans l’ombre! Le Resource Efficiency c’est aussi extraire les métaux des minerais et des déchets électriques et électroniques en utilisant des procédés moins gourmands en énergie, en eau et en matière. Au travers de quelques exemples choisis, cet exposé présentera l’évolution des technologies et la nature des matières premières utilisées. Partant de la géochimie d’un simple jardin de banlieue, il introduira le concept de gisement qui est indispensable à une bonne compréhension des ressources et des réserves que recèle encore notre sous-sol. Suscitant la réflexion sur la nécessité de maintenir une industrie extractive, cette présentation analysera aussi les difficultés tant sociologiques que technologiques à mener à bien un recyclage efficace des ressources. Par la nature des exemples et l’accent mis sur le recyclage, cette conférence vient en complément de celle consacrée à « Ressources dans le Rouge pour les Technologies Vertes ? » qui est disponible en PodCast sur le site http://www.reflexions.ulg.ac.be (rubrique Décryptage). [less ▲]

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See detailTracking of critical minerals/elements using multispectral quantitative analysis: the case of Chelopech (Bulgaria)
Evrard, Maxime ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg

in Fourth International Symposium: Mineral resources and Mine development (2013, May)

The Chelopech gold-copper mine is localized in the western part of Bulgaria and is one of the largest gold producer in Europe. The most of extracted copper in Chelopech Mining come from arseniate ... [more ▼]

The Chelopech gold-copper mine is localized in the western part of Bulgaria and is one of the largest gold producer in Europe. The most of extracted copper in Chelopech Mining come from arseniate sulfosalts (enargite and tennantite) but also sulphides such as bornite, chalcopyrite and covellite. Gold, silver and critical elements (Ge, Te and Se) are associated with this mineralization but only gold and silver are recovered. An image processing method is applied on different flotation plant samples: ore after milling, tailings 1; tailings 2, total tailings and concentrate. Polished sections made with these samples are analyzed in order to quantify the mineral amounts in each sample. The purpose of this quantitative analysis is to know the nature and proportions of mineral phases at each stage of the process. This study allow to know in which forms copper, arsenic and trace elements are present in the different samples and to track them during the different stages, which is very relevant information in order to improve ore treatment and tailings management. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of particle shape on size distribution measurements by 3D and 2D image analyses and laser diffraction
Califice, Arnaud ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Dislaire, Godefroid ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2013), 237

This paper highlights the fact that particle size distribution (PSD) is not unique for the same product, and is dependent on the chosen measurement technique, especially for asymmetric shapes. Laser ... [more ▼]

This paper highlights the fact that particle size distribution (PSD) is not unique for the same product, and is dependent on the chosen measurement technique, especially for asymmetric shapes. Laser diffraction and 2D image analysis are commonly used PSD measurement techniques. However, the resultsmay not be representative of the true physical dimensions of the particles. The influence of particle shape on PSD results obtained from 2D/3D image analysis and laser diffraction was investigated. Two metallic powders presenting extreme shape properties (round and elongated particles) were analyzed, as well as a blend of the two pure products. 2D image analysis and laser diffraction results were compared to 3D image analysis (measuring the true particle size). This paper compares the PSD results obtained from the three methods. Some commonly used size parameters in image analysis software did not give meaningful results in regard of the true physical dimensions of the particles. The existence of the two populations (products with extremely different shape and size characteristics) could not be identified with such size parameters, and laser diffraction also performed poorly. The PSD obtained from more precise size parameters (image analysis) better corresponded to the true dimensions of the particles. This study highlights the strengths and weaknesses of particle size analysis techniques when studying products presenting diverse particle shapes, and points out that caution is required in the choice of the size parameters, and in the interpretation of PSD results. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of material for cement production in Mbuji-Mayi area (DR Congo)
Matamba Jibikila, Raphaël ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg

in ACCTA johannesburg 2013 (2013)

Although the City of Mbuji-Mayi (DR Congo) is rich in limestone and clay deposits, cement and other building materials are still being imported sometimes by plane from Kinshasa, Zambia and Tanzania. A ... [more ▼]

Although the City of Mbuji-Mayi (DR Congo) is rich in limestone and clay deposits, cement and other building materials are still being imported sometimes by plane from Kinshasa, Zambia and Tanzania. A consequence of this situation is low consumption of cement and concrete (less than 1kg per capita) and a lack of modern and sustainable infrastructures. Our study provides a qualitative assessment of all cement raw materials available in the region, including limestone and clay in order to produce hydraulic binder with optimized technical and environmental performances. Chemical and mineralogical characterizations were done using XRF spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Thermal analysis, electron microscopy, and mechanical characterizations are planned to assess the performance of the concrete and mortar manufactured with the binder produced. Finally, the ultimate goal is to produce a local hydraulic binder whose physical and mechanical characteristics are similar to those of Portland cement, but whose production is expected to consume less energy and emit less CO2. [less ▲]

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See detailOù sont les métaux pour les technologies du futur?
Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detailAutomated characterisation of intergrowth textures in mineral particles. A case study
Perez-Barnuevo, Laura; Pirard, Eric ULg; Castroviejo, Ricardo

in Minerals Engineering (2013)

The characterisation of mineral texture has been a major concern for process mineralogists, as liberation characteristics of the ores are intimately related to the mineralogical texture. While a great ... [more ▼]

The characterisation of mineral texture has been a major concern for process mineralogists, as liberation characteristics of the ores are intimately related to the mineralogical texture. While a great effort has been done to automatically characterise texture in unbroken ores, the characterisation of textural attributes in mineral particles is usually descriptive. However, the quantitative characterisation of texture in mineral particles is essential to improve and predict the performance of minerallurgical processes (i.e. all the processes involved in the liberation and separation of the mineral of interest) and to achieve a more accurate geometallurgical model. Driven by this necessity of achieving a more complete characterisation of textural attributes in mineral particles, a methodology has been recently developed to automatically characterise the type of intergrowth between mineral phases within particles by means of digital image analysis. In this methodology, a set of minerallurgical indices has been developed to quantify different mineralogical features and to identify the intergrowth pattern by discriminant analysis. The paper shows the application of the methodology to the textural characterisation of chalcopyrite in the rougher concentrate of the Kansanshi copper mine (Zambia). In this sample, the variety of intergrowth patterns of chalcopyrite with the other minerals has been used to illustrate the methodology. The results obtained show that the method identifies the intergrowth type and provides quantitative information to achieve a complete and detailed mineralogical characterisation. Therefore, the use of this methodology as a routinely tool in automated mineralogy would contribute to a better understanding of the ore behaviour during liberation and separation processes. [less ▲]

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See detailOnline monitoring of the interaction of balls and slurry with the Sensomag ®
Köttgen, Axel; Leroy, Sophie ULg; Bastin, David ULg et al

Poster (2012, December 10)

Presentation of Optimag Project results. Optimag aims to optimize the ball milling operations through the use of an embarked sensor, called the Sensomag, and developed by Magotteaux to monitor in real ... [more ▼]

Presentation of Optimag Project results. Optimag aims to optimize the ball milling operations through the use of an embarked sensor, called the Sensomag, and developed by Magotteaux to monitor in real time the position of the slurry and the grinding balls. [less ▲]

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See detailTEXTURAL DESCRIPTORS FOR MULTIPHASIC ORE PARTICLES
Pérez Barnuevo, Laura ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg; Castroviejo, Ricardo

in Image Analysis and Stereology (2012), 31(3),

Monitoring of mineral processing circuits by means of particle liberation analysis through quantitative image analysis has become a routine technique within the last decades. Usually, liberation indices ... [more ▼]

Monitoring of mineral processing circuits by means of particle liberation analysis through quantitative image analysis has become a routine technique within the last decades. Usually, liberation indices are computed as weight proportions, which is not informative enough when complex texture ores are treated by flotation. In these cases, liberation has to be computed as phase surface exposed to reactants, and textural relationships between minerals have to be characterized to determine the possibility of increasing exposure. In this paper, some indices to achieve a complete texture characterization have been developed in terms of 2D phase contact and mineral surfaces exposure. Indices suggested by other authors are also compared. The response of this set of parameters against textural changes has been explored on simple synthetic textures ranging from single to multiple inclusions and single to multiple veins and their ability to discriminate between different textural features is analyzed over real mineral particles with known internal structure. [less ▲]

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See detailGeomatallurgical approach and quantitative mineralogy of the Copper/gold deposit of Chelopech
Evrard, Maxime ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg

Poster (2012, September 11)

The Chelopech gold-copper mine is localized in the western part of Bulgaria and is one of the largest gold producer in Europe.An image processing method is applied on different flotation plant samples ... [more ▼]

The Chelopech gold-copper mine is localized in the western part of Bulgaria and is one of the largest gold producer in Europe.An image processing method is applied on different flotation plant samples: ore after milling, tailings 1; tailings 2, total tailings and concentrate. Polished sections made with these samples are analyzed in order to quantify the mineral amounts in each sample. The purpose of this quantitative analysis is to know the nature and proportions of mineral phases at each stage of the process. This study allow to know in which forms copper, arsenic and trace elements are present in the different samples and to track them during the different stages, which is very relevant information in order to improve ore treatment and tailings management. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated Mineral Mapping in Optical Ore Microscopy : accuracy and limitations
Pirard, Eric ULg

Conference (2012, September 03)

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See detailImaging technologies to understand grinding at particle scale in a UG-2 platinum ore processing plant
Leroy, Sophie ULg; Pirard, Eric ULg

in XXVI INTERNATIONAL MINERAL PROCESSING CONGRESS (IMPC) 2012 PROCEEDINGS / NEW DELHI, INDIA / 24 - 28 SEPTEMBER 2012 (2012, September)

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See detailParticle size, shape and structure characterisation
Pirard, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2012, May 15)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (4 ULg)