References of "Philippe, Geneviève"
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See detailZelfbehandeling van frequente hoofdpijn : een Belgische apotheekstudie
Mehuys, E; Paemeleire, K; Van Hees, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2012, September)

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See detailAutomédication des céphalées fréquentes : étude dans les officines belges.
Mehuys, Els; Paemeleire, Koen; Van Hees, Thierry ULg et al

in Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique (2012), 2

AIM: This observational community pharmacy-based study aimed to investigate headache characteristics and medication use of persons with regular headache presenting for self-medication. METHODS ... [more ▼]

AIM: This observational community pharmacy-based study aimed to investigate headache characteristics and medication use of persons with regular headache presenting for self-medication. METHODS: Participants (n=1205) completed ii) a questionnaire to assess current headache medication and previous physician diagnosis, (ii) the ID Migraine Screener [ID-M] and (iii) the MIDAS questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-four % of the study population (n=528) did not have a physician diagnosis of their headache, and 225 of them (225/528, 42.6%) were found to be ID-M positive. The most commonly used acute headache drugs were paracetamol (used by 62% of the study population), NSAIDs (39%) and combination analgesics (36%). Only 12% of patients physician-diagnosed with migraine used prophylactic migraine medication, and 25% used triptans. About 24% of our sample (n=292) chronically overused acute medication, which was combination analgesic overuse (n=166), simple analgesic overuse (n=130), triptan overuse (n=19), ergot overuse (n=6) and opioid overuse (n=51). Only 14.5% was ever advised to limit intake frequency of acute headache treatments. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified underdiagnosis of migraine, low use of migraine prophylaxis and triptans, and high prevalence of medication overuse among subjects seeking self-medication for regular headache. Community pharmacists have a strategic position in education and referral of these self-medicating headache patients. [less ▲]

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See detailComment développer le portfolio étudiant au supérieur ? Analyse de dispositifs innovants à l’Université de Liège
Deum, Mélanie ULg; Gruslin, Isabelle ULg; Peters, Stéphanie ULg et al

Conference (2010, May)

Depuis 2008, l’Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Enseignement Supérieur de l’Université de Liège (IFRES) accompagne des innovations pédagogiques qui consistent, notamment, en l’implantation de ... [more ▼]

Depuis 2008, l’Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Enseignement Supérieur de l’Université de Liège (IFRES) accompagne des innovations pédagogiques qui consistent, notamment, en l’implantation de portfolios pour des étudiants de master. Ces initiatives, venant de quatre équipes d’enseignants-chercheurs (Psychologie sociale des groupes et des organisations, Formation d’adultes, Pharmacie et Logopédie), poursuivent des objectifs centrés sur l’articulation théorie-pratique, l’accompagnement de démarches réflexives, le développement et l’évaluation de compétences. Notre communication se focalisera principalement sur la mise en œuvre de ces initiatives au travers des questions suivantes : Comment intégrer un portfolio étudiant dans le cadre d’une formation universitaire? Comment en évaluer son contenu? Comment accompagner les étudiants dans la collecte de preuves significatives ? Des perspectives concernant l’accompagnement de tels projets pédagogiques seront également abordées pour qu’au delà de l’analyse de quelques dispositifs portfolio, notre communication apporte un regard plus critique sur les conditions optimales d’implantation et d’accompagnement d’innovations pédagogiques telles que la mise en place d’un portfolio pour les étudiants. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo antimalarial activity of isosungucine, an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid from Strychnos icaja
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2007), 73(5), 478-479

Isosungucine (1) is a quasi-symmetric bisindolomonoterpenoid alkaloid isolated from the roots of Strychnos icaja. The in vivo antimalarial activity against the P. vinckei petteri murine strain was ... [more ▼]

Isosungucine (1) is a quasi-symmetric bisindolomonoterpenoid alkaloid isolated from the roots of Strychnos icaja. The in vivo antimalarial activity against the P. vinckei petteri murine strain was determined. In the Peters 4-day suppressive test, 1 suppressed the parasitemia by almost 50 percent on day 4 at the dose of 30 mg/kg by intraperitoneal route. [less ▲]

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See detail"Evaluation Clinique Objective et Structurée à l'Université de Liège
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

Article for general public (2007)

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See detailPotentialités antipaludiques des alcaloïdes indoliques
Frederich, Michel ULg; Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Actualités de Chimie Thérapeutique (2007), 33

This paper will be mainly illustrated with references to selected antiplasmodial compounds:- indole alkaloid analogues of emetine isolated from Strychnos usambarensis and Pogonopus tubulosus-other ... [more ▼]

This paper will be mainly illustrated with references to selected antiplasmodial compounds:- indole alkaloid analogues of emetine isolated from Strychnos usambarensis and Pogonopus tubulosus-other bisindole alkaloids isolated from Loganiacea and Apocynaceae -indoloquinolines (cryptolepine and analogues) -indolo quinazoline-6,12-diones and derivatives from Strobilanthes and other sources -aminopolycyclic beta-carbolines ( manzamines) !solated from Indo-Pacific sponges. The paper will be finally also focused on the design of chemosensitizers that are capable of reversing in vitro chloroquine resistance( case of some mono-indole alkaloids). [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêt actuel de l'étude des poisons de flèches : synthèse des connaissances
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Etnopharmacologia- Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ethnopharmacologie et de la Société Européenne d'Ethnopharmacologie (2006), (38), 43-49

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See detailStudy of the interaction of antiplasmodial strychnine derivatives with the glycine receptor
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Nguyen, Laurent ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in European Journal of Pharmacology (2006), 530(1-2), 15-22

Strychnos icaja Baill. (Loganiaccae) is a liana found in Central Africa known to be an arrow and ordeal poison but also used by traditional medicine to treat malaria. Recently, many dimeric or trimeric ... [more ▼]

Strychnos icaja Baill. (Loganiaccae) is a liana found in Central Africa known to be an arrow and ordeal poison but also used by traditional medicine to treat malaria. Recently, many dimeric or trimeric indolomonoterpenic alkaloids with antiplasmodial properties have been isolated from its rootbark. Since these alkaloids are derivatives of strychnine, it was important, in view of their potential use as antimalarial drugs, to assess their possible convulsant strychnine-like properties. In that regard, their interaction with the strychnine-sensitive glycine receptor was investigated by whole-cell patch-clamp recordings on glycine-gated currents in mouse spinal cord neurons in culture and by [H-3]strychnine competition assays on membranes from adult rat spinal cord. These experiments were carried out on sungucine (leading compound of the chemical class) and on the antiplasmodial strychnogucine B (dimeric) and strychnohexamine (trimeric). In comparison with strychnine, all compounds interact with a very poor efficacy and only at concentrations > I mu M with both [H-3]strychnine binding and glycine-gated currents. Furthermore, the effects of strychnine and protostrychnine, a monomeric alkaloid (without antiplasmodial activity) also isolated from S. icaja and differing from strychnine only by a cycle opening, were compared in the same way. The weak interaction of protostrychnine confirms the importance of the G cycle ring structure in strychnine for its binding to the glycine receptor and its antagonist properties. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent developments in the field of arrow and dart poisons
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005), 100(1-2), 85-91

Arrow and dart poisons, considered as conventional natural sources for future drug discovery, have already provided numerous biologically active molecules used as drugs in therapeutic applications or in ... [more ▼]

Arrow and dart poisons, considered as conventional natural sources for future drug discovery, have already provided numerous biologically active molecules used as drugs in therapeutic applications or in pharmacological research. Plants containing alkaloids or cardiotonic glycosides have generally been the main ingredients responsible for the efficacy of these poisons, although some animals, such as frogs, have also been employed. This paper, without being exhaustive, reports the greater strides made during the past 15 years in the understanding of the chemical nature and biological properties of arrow and dart poison constituents. Examples both of promising biological properties shown by these molecules and of crucial discoveries achieved by their use as pharmacological tools are given. Further studies of these toxic principles are likely to enable scientists to find new valuable lead compounds, useful in many fields of research, like oncology, inflammation and infectious diseases. 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro screening of some Strychnos species for antiplasmodial activity
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005), 97(3), 535-539

The antiplasmodial activity of crude extracts of 19 species of Strychnos (Loganiaceae) was assessed in vitro against a chloroquine-susceptible strain of Plasmodium falciparum. For each species, ethyl ... [more ▼]

The antiplasmodial activity of crude extracts of 19 species of Strychnos (Loganiaceae) was assessed in vitro against a chloroquine-susceptible strain of Plasmodium falciparum. For each species, ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts were analysed and, for the most active species, methanolic (MeOH) extracts were also tested. Among them, Strychnos variabilis De Wild. seemed to be very promising (inhibitory concentration 50% (IC50) < 5 microg/ml) whereas two other species, Strychnos gossweileri Exell and Strychnos mellodora S. Moore, could be interesting (IC50 < 15 microg/ml) in further antimalarial studies. [less ▲]

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See detailAbout the toxicity of some Strychnos species and their alkaloids
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Tits, Monique ULg et al

in Toxicon (2004), 44(4), 405-416

Poisons are widespread in plants and animals and humankind has often tried to turn them to its own advantage. Owing to their poisonous properties, some species of Strychnos genus have been employed mainly ... [more ▼]

Poisons are widespread in plants and animals and humankind has often tried to turn them to its own advantage. Owing to their poisonous properties, some species of Strychnos genus have been employed mainly in hunting and fishing, as an adjunct to weapons used not only in the search of food and clothes, but also for preventing depredation by wild animals. They have been employed for martial and criminal purposes and also as a means of determining guilt or innocence. By their nature, poisons such as strychnine and curate affect the functioning of the victim's body; this also means that they have been, and are, an important source of pharmacological tools and medicines all over the world. With such potentially dangerous substances, care in medication is essential to avoid complications by overdose. All these points are approached in the present review. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo antimalarial properties of isostrychnopentamine, an indolomonoterpenic alkaloid from Strychnos usambarensis
Frederich, Michel ULg; Tits, Monique ULg; Goffin, Eric ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2004), 70(6), 520-525

Isostrychnopentamine (ISP) is an asymmetric indolomonoterpenic alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Strychnos usambarensis. The in vitro antiplasmodial activities against five Plasmodium falciparum cell ... [more ▼]

Isostrychnopentamine (ISP) is an asymmetric indolomonoterpenic alkaloid isolated from the leaves of Strychnos usambarensis. The in vitro antiplasmodial activities against five Plasmodium falciparum cell lines were evaluated: ISP possessed an in vitro IC (50) near 0.1 microM against all P. falciparum cell lines tested (chloroquine-resistant and chloroquine-sensitive lines) and showed antiplasmodial selectivity compared to cytotoxicity on human cell lines. The stage-dependent susceptibility to a short exposure of ISP was then investigated. The ring stage was shown to be the most sensitive one, but all stages were affected by ISP treatment. By means of fluorescence microscopy, it was shown that ISP was not accumulated inside the food vacuole of the parasite. Finally, the in vivo antimalarial activities against the P. berghei NK173 and P. vinckei petteri murine strains were determined. The ED (50) in vivo was about 30 mg/kg/day by the intraperitoneal route (after 4 days treatment). [less ▲]

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See detailIndolomonoterpenic alkaloids from Strychnos icaja roots
Philippe, Geneviève ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg; Zeches-Hanrot, M. et al

in Phytochemistry (2003), 62(4), 623-629

In the course of our search for new antiplasmodial alkaloids from Strychnos icaja, we have isolated five alkaloids: three monomers, protostrychnine and genostrychnine, previously described in Strychnos ... [more ▼]

In the course of our search for new antiplasmodial alkaloids from Strychnos icaja, we have isolated five alkaloids: three monomers, protostrychnine and genostrychnine, previously described in Strychnos nux-vomica, pseudostrychnine, already found in the leaves of the plant, a new bisindolic alkaloid, named strychnogucine C, and the first naturally occurring trimeric indolomonoterpenic alkaloid: strychnohexamine. This latter trimeric alkaloid presented an antiplasmodial activity against the FCA Plasmodium falciparum line near I muM. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAntiplasmodial activity of alkaloids from various Strychnos species
Frederich, Michel ULg; Jacquier, M. J.; Thepenier, P. et al

in Journal of Natural Products (2002), 65(10), 1381-1386

The in vitro antiplasmodial activities of 69 alkaloids from various Strychnos species were evaluated against chloroquine-resistant and chloroquine-sensitive lines of Plasmodium falciparum. The compounds ... [more ▼]

The in vitro antiplasmodial activities of 69 alkaloids from various Strychnos species were evaluated against chloroquine-resistant and chloroquine-sensitive lines of Plasmodium falciparum. The compounds, comprising mainly indolomonoterpenoid alkaloids, exhibited a wide range of biological potencies in the antiplasmodial assays. The most active alkaloids were also tested for cytotoxicity against HCT-116 colon cancer cells to determine their antiplasmodial selectivity. As a result of these studies, structure-activity relationships for these alkaloids have begun to emerge. Alkaloids presenting four types of bisindole skeleton exhibited potent and selective activities against Plasmodium. They were sungucine-type (IC(50) values ranging from 80 nM to 10 microM), longicaudatine-type (IC(50) values ranging from 0.5 to 10 microM), matopensine-type (IC(50) values ranging from 150 nM to 10 microM), and usambarine-type alkaloids. Within the last structural type, isostrychnopentamine (49) and ochrolifuanine A (46) were found to be active against chloroquine-sensitive and -resistant strains (IC(50) values of 100-150 and 100-500 nM, respectively), and dihydrousambarensine (51) exhibited a 30-fold higher activity against the chloroquine-resistant strain (IC(50) = 32 nM) than against the chloroquine-sensitive one. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vitro antiplasmodial activity of Tithonia diversifolia and identification of its main active constituent: tagitinin C.
Goffin, Eric ULg; Ziemons, Eric ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2002), 68(6), 543-5

The antimalarial properties of Tithonia diversifolia, an Asteraceae traditionally used to treat malaria, were investigated in vitro against three strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The ether extract from ... [more ▼]

The antimalarial properties of Tithonia diversifolia, an Asteraceae traditionally used to treat malaria, were investigated in vitro against three strains of Plasmodium falciparum. The ether extract from aerial parts of the plant collected in Sao Tome e Principe, demonstrated good antiplasmodial activity (IC 50 on FCA strain: 0.75 microg/ml). A bioassay guided fractionation of this extract led to the isolation of the known sesquiterpene lactone tagitinin C as an active component against Plasmodium (IC 50 on FCA strain: 0.33 microg/ml), but also possessing cytotoxic properties (IC 50 on HTC-116 cells: 0.706 microg/ml). [less ▲]

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