References of "Petit, Nicolas"
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See detailState Created Barriers to Exit - The Example of the Acquisition of Alstom by General Electric
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Competition Policy International (in press)

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See detailAvis 2/13 de la CJUE : l'obsession du contrôle ?
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Pilorge, Joëlle ULg

in Revue des Affaires Européennes [= RAE] = Law & European Affairs (2015)

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See detailAntitrust and The challenge of policing « moligopolists »
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2015, May 29)

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See detailLe droit européen de l’abus de position dominante en 2014
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Contrats Concurrence Consommation (2015)

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See detailOptimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under Uncertainty
Gautier, Axel ULg; Petit, Nicolas ULg

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Since the introduction of a commitments procedure in EU antitrust policy (Article 9 of Council Regulation 1/2003), the European Commission has extensively settled cases of alleged anticompetitive ... [more ▼]

Since the introduction of a commitments procedure in EU antitrust policy (Article 9 of Council Regulation 1/2003), the European Commission has extensively settled cases of alleged anticompetitive practices. In this paper, we use a formal model of law enforcement (Bebchuk, 1984; Shavell, 1988) to identify the optimal procedure to resolve cases in a context of uncertainty related to the law (L-uncertainty) and to the facts (F-uncertainty). We show that commitments are suboptimal when L-uncertainty is high. Furthermore, the generalized use of commitments creates an additional risk of under-enforcement when F-uncertainty is significant. [less ▲]

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See detail“Problem Practices” in EU Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Scientific conference (2015, February 10)

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See detailArticle 102 TFEU and the Test Debate
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2015)

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See detailIntel Leveraging Rebates and the Goals of Article 102 TFEU
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in European Competition Journal (2015)

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See detailProcedural rights in antitrust proceedings
Muheme, Daniel ULg; Neyrinck, Norman ULg; Petit, Nicolas ULg

E-print/Working paper (2014)

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See detail"Stealth Licensing" - Or antitrust law and trade regulation squeezing patent rights
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Revue du droit des industries de réseau (2014)

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See detailThe Principles of Equivalence and Effectiveness as a Limit to National Procedural Autonomy
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Scientific conference (2014, March)

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See detailMarket Power in the Credit Rating Industry: State of Play and Proposal for Reforms
Candelon, Bertrand; Gautier, Axel ULg; Petit, Nicolas ULg

in CPI Antitrust Chronicle (2014), 2

In recent years, the Credit Rating Agencies (“CRAs”) have been in the eye of the storm. Some argue that CRA rating errors—symptomatized by rating inflation or deflation—originate in excessive competition ... [more ▼]

In recent years, the Credit Rating Agencies (“CRAs”) have been in the eye of the storm. Some argue that CRA rating errors—symptomatized by rating inflation or deflation—originate in excessive competition. This paper argues that the low level of competition in credit rating is a better explanation for rating this phenomenon. [less ▲]

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See detailUber, Concurrent Déloyal ou Champion Libérateur de l’Économie du Partage ?
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in LCII Policy Briefs (2014)

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See detailPrice Squeezes with Positive Margins - Economic and Legal Anatomy of a Zombie
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Revue du droit des industries de réseau (2014)

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See detailThe Oligopoly Problem in EU Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in GERADIN, D.; LIANNOS, I. (Eds.) Research Handbook in European Competition Law (2013)

This paper offers a complete overview of the oligopoly problem in competition law and economics, with a specific focus on European Union (EU) law. A related purpose of the paper is to challenge the ... [more ▼]

This paper offers a complete overview of the oligopoly problem in competition law and economics, with a specific focus on European Union (EU) law. A related purpose of the paper is to challenge the dominant view that merger control is the ultimate preventive remedy against tacit collusion. On close analysis, the merger-only enforcement paradigm against tacit collusion generates a systemic risk of type II errors. Part of this enforcement gap may, however, be alleviated through a more muscular enforcement of the rules on coordinated conduct (i.e. Article 101 TFEU) and on unilateral conduct (i.e. Article 102 TFEU). In this later respect, the paper formulates a possible theory of harm that would entitle agencies and courts to apply Article 102 TFEU to specific types of conduct by oligopolists. The concept of abuse of collective dominance may in particular be applied to the artificial tactics which oligopolists adopt to protect an observed collusive equilibrium from the natural, disruptive effect caused by an external shock (entry, natural disaster, change in tax rate, etc.). In this sense, the paper is different from other scholarly proposals that recommend applying rules on unilateral conduct to excessive oligopoly prices and/or facilitating practices. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future of the Court of Justice in EU Competition Law Copyright Year
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law (2013)

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See detailOf conflicts of interests in EU competition proceedings
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in European Competition Law Review (2013), 34(6), 338-339

The debate over the compatibility of EU competition enforcement with art.6 ECHR is far from over. Whilst there have been a great—some would say excessive—deal of papers on due process issues, less, or ... [more ▼]

The debate over the compatibility of EU competition enforcement with art.6 ECHR is far from over. Whilst there have been a great—some would say excessive—deal of papers on due process issues, less, or even no attention has been paid to the rules and remedies that govern conflicts of interests amongst lawyers, civil servants, legal secretaries and Members of the Court. This short paper seeks to open the discussion on this issue. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future of the Court of Justice in EU Competition Law - New Role and Responsibilities
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in , in Court of Justice of the EU (Ed.), The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law (2013)

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