References of "Pegnyemb, D. E"
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See detailPhenolic compounds from the roots of Ochna schweinfurthiana and their antioxidant and antiplasmodial activities
Messi, A. N.; Ngo Mbing, J.; Ndongo, J. T. et al

in Phytochemistry Letters (2016), 17

An investigation of compounds extracted from Ochna schweinfurthiana roots with ethyl acetate led to the isolation of three new compounds 4‴-methoxylophirone A (1), 4,4′,4‴–trimethoxylophirone A (2) and ... [more ▼]

An investigation of compounds extracted from Ochna schweinfurthiana roots with ethyl acetate led to the isolation of three new compounds 4‴-methoxylophirone A (1), 4,4′,4‴–trimethoxylophirone A (2) and (4E;7Z)-3,8-dicarboxy-1-(O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-2,9-dihydroxyhexeicosa-4,7-diene (3). Six known compounds were also identified, including Calodenone (4), Calodenine B (5), Lophirone A (6), Gerontoisoflavone A(7), 16α,17-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (8) and 3β-O-D-glucopyranosyl-β-sitosterol (9). This report describes the first time that compounds 4-8 have been isolated from this plant, while 8 has never been identified in the genus Ochna. Some of the isolated compounds were evaluated for their antiplasmodial activity against the chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum strain 3D7 and antioxidant activity using DPPH radical scavenging and Ferric reducing-antioxidant power (FRAP) assays. Compound 5 exhibited prominent radical scavenging and FRAP activities, while 7 had weak activity. Compound 1 showed good in vitro anti-plasmodial activity. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and comparisons with prior data in the literature. © 2016 Phytochemical Society of Europe [less ▲]

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See detailThe in-vitro antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants against beta-lactam-resistant bacteria
Gangoue Pieboji, Joseph ULg; Eze, N.; Ngongang Djintchui, A. et al

in J Infect Dev Ctries (2009), 3(9), 671-80

BACKGROUND: In effort to identify novel bacterial agents, this study was initiated to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of 17 crude extracts from 12 medicinal plants against beta-lactam-resistant ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In effort to identify novel bacterial agents, this study was initiated to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of 17 crude extracts from 12 medicinal plants against beta-lactam-resistant bacteria. METHODOLOGY: The antimicrobial activities of plant extracts were evaluated against clinically proved beta-lactam-resistant bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens, Acinetobacter baumannii, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus sp.) and reference strains of bacteria (Escherichia coli ATCC 35218, Enterobacter aerogenes ATCC 29751, E. aerogenes ATCC 13048, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and Enterococcus hirae ATCC 9790) by using disc-diffusion and agar-dilution assays. RESULTS: The crude plant extracts demonstrated broad spectrum activity against all bacteria tested with inhibition zones in the range of 8-30 mm. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of different plant extracts against the tested bacteria were found to range from <or= 0.3 to >or= 10 mg ml(-1). The most active plant extracts were from Dortenia picta and Bridelia micrantha (MIC: 1.25-10 mg ml(-1)) on beta-lactam-resistant Gram-negative bacilli and the extracts from B. micrantha, Mallotus oppositifolius, Garcinia lucida, Garcinia. kola, Campylospermum densiflorum (leaves) and C. zenkeri (root) on beta-lactam-resistant Gram-positive cocci (MIC: <or= 0.3-5 mg ml(-1)). CONCLUSION: Of the 17 plant extracts studied, seven showed good antimicrobial activity against the tested bacteria. The stem bark of B. micrantha and the leaves of D. picta were most active towards beta-lactamase producing Gram-negative bacilli. This study shows that medicinal plants could be sources of compounds which can be used to fight against beta-lactam resistant bacteria. [less ▲]

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