References of "PETERMANS, Jean"
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See detailAdverse Health Events Related to Self-Medication Practices Among Elderly: A Systematic Review.
Locquet, Médéa ULg; Honvo, Germain ULg; Rabenda, Véronique ULg et al

in Drugs & Aging (2017)

BACKGROUND: Older adults often resort to self-medication to relieve symptoms of their current illnesses; however, the risks of this practice are multiplied in old age. In particular, this age group is ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Older adults often resort to self-medication to relieve symptoms of their current illnesses; however, the risks of this practice are multiplied in old age. In particular, this age group is more vulnerable to adverse drug events because of the physiological changes that occur due to senescence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to obtain an overview of the adverse health events related to self-medication among subjects aged 60 years and over through a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A study of relevant articles was conducted among databases (MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EBM Reviews-Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews). Eligibility criteria were established and applied by two investigators to include suitable studies. The results and outcomes of interest were detailed in a descriptive report. RESULTS: The electronic search identified 4096 references, and the full texts of 74 were reviewed, of which four were retained in the analysis: three had a cross-sectional design and one prospectively followed elderly subjects. The first study showed a 26.7% prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among elders, the second study found a 75% prevalence of side effects, and, finally, a prospective study showed an ADR incidence of 4.5% among self-medicated elders. These studies showed that adverse health events related to self-medication are relatively frequently reported. They also highlighted that analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs are the most self-medicated products, while vitamins and dietary supplements also appear to be frequently self-administered, but by older individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Studies on self-medication in the elderly and its adverse health effects are clearly lacking. There is a need to perform prospective studies on this topic to gain a clear understanding of the extent of this problem and to enhance the awareness of health professionals to better inform seniors. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of Concomitant Bone and Muscle Wasting in Elderly Women from the SarcoPhAge Cohort: Preliminary Results.
Locquet, Médéa ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2017), 6(1), 18-23

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that bone and muscle wasting are closely interconnected. OBJECTIVE: The aim was of this study is to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis in a population of women ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that bone and muscle wasting are closely interconnected. OBJECTIVE: The aim was of this study is to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis in a population of women diagnosed with sarcopenia. Participants, setting and design: We analyzed cross-sectional data of women, aged 65 years and above, for whom bone mineral density was available at the time of inclusion in the SarcoPhAge (Sarcopenia and Physical impairment with advancing Age) cohort, an ongoing prospective study with the aim to assess consequences of sarcopenia. MEASUREMENTS: Muscle strength was evaluated with a hydraulic hand-dynamometer, appendicular lean mass and bone mineral density by Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry and physical performance by the Short Physical Performance Battery test (SPPB). Sarcopenia was diagnosed according to the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People definition, i.e. a low muscle mass plus either low muscle strength or low physical performance. A bone mineral density T-score equal to or below -2.5SD at the lumbar spine, at the total hip or at the femoral neck was used to define osteoporosis (World Health Organization definition). RESULTS: A total of 126 women aged 74.38+/-6.32 years were included. Among them, 26 were assessed with sarcopenia (20.6%) and 34 (27.0%) with osteoporosis. There were more osteoporotic women among sarcopenic subjects (46.1%) than among non-sarcopenic subjects (22.0%) (p-value=0.011). A significant lower appendicular lean mass index was observed in osteoporotic women (p-value=0.025). We also observed, in osteoporotic subjects, a lower muscle strength (p-value=0.023). Numerical values of bone mineral density were lower in the sarcopenic population but the differences did not reach the level of statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that muscle mass and strength are lower in patients with osteoporosis. Prospective changes in bone and muscle mass will be investigated during the follow-up of our cohort. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of the SarQoL, a specific health-related quality of life questionnaire for Sarcopenia
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Biver, Emmanuel; Reginster, Jean-Yves et al

in Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle (2016)

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See detailSarcopenia in daily practice: assessment and management
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; McCloskey, Eugène; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in BMC Geriatrics (2016), 16(170),

Background: Sarcopenia is increasingly recognized as a correlate of ageing and is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, frailty and mortality. Several tools ... [more ▼]

Background: Sarcopenia is increasingly recognized as a correlate of ageing and is associated with increased likelihood of adverse outcomes including falls, fractures, frailty and mortality. Several tools have been recommended to assess muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance in clinical trials. Whilst these tools have proven to be accurate and reliable in investigational settings, many are not easily applied to daily practice. Methods: This paper is based on literature reviews performed by members of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) working group on frailty and sarcopenia. Face-to-face meetings were afterwards organized for the whole group to make amendments and discuss further recommendations. Results: This paper proposes some user-friendly and inexpensive methods that can be used to assess sarcopenia in real-life settings. Healthcare providers, particularly in primary care, should consider an assessment of sarcopenia in individuals at increased risk; suggested tools for assessing risk include the Red Flag Method, the SARC-F questionnaire, the SMI method or different prediction equations. Management of sarcopenia should primarily be patient centered and involve the combination of both resistance and endurance based activity programmes with or without dietary interventions. Development of a number of pharmacological interventions is also in progress. Conclusions: Assessment of sarcopenia in individuals with risk factors, symptoms and/or conditions exposing them to the risk of disability will become particularly important in the near future. [less ▲]

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See detailHeart Team Liege - Session Video Link
PIERARD, Luc ULg; vahanian, Alec; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg et al

Conference (2016, September)

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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for fast walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailGait pattern of healthy old people for dual task walking condition
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Gerontechnology (2016, September)

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See detailHeart Team Session
PIERARD, Luc ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; PETERMANS, Jean ULg et al

Conference (2016, August)

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See detailRelationship between frailty, physical performance and quality of life among nursing home residents: the SENIOR cohort
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Petermans, Jean ULg et al

in Aging Clinical and Experimental Research (2016), Epub ahead of print

Background The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between frailty and a large number of indicators related to physical and muscular performance as well as quality of life. Methods This is an ... [more ▼]

Background The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between frailty and a large number of indicators related to physical and muscular performance as well as quality of life. Methods This is an analysis of data collected at baseline in the Sample of Elderly Nursing home Individuals: an Observational Research (SENIOR) cohort including nursing home residents. Subjects are volunteer, oriented and able to walk (walking assistance allowed) nursing home residents in Belgium. A large number of demographic and clinical characteristics, including physical and muscular performance, were collected from each patient. The prevalence of frailty in this population was assessed using Fried’s definition. Results In total, 662 subjects are included in this analysis. The mean age of the sample is 83.2 ± 8.99 years, and 484 (73.1 %) are women. In this population of nursing home residents, the prevalence of frailty is 25.1 %, pre-frailty, 59.8 % and robustness, 15.1 %. Compared to non-frail subjects, frail subjects have lower physical and muscular performances and a lower quality of life. Conclusion Frailty, according to Fried’s definition, seems to be associated with several clinical indicators suggesting a higher level of disability and an increased propensity to develop major clinical consequences. Follow-up data of the SENIOR cohort will be helpful in confirming these findings, establishing cause–effect relationships and identifying the most predictive components of physical frailty for adverse outcomes in nursing homes. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical and muscle performances among elderly nursing home residents.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 217

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See detailPrevalence of frailty among nursing home, according to different operational definitions.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; GILLAIN, Sophie ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 216-217

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See detailPrevalence of concomitant bone and muscle wasting in patients from the SarcoPhAge study.
Locquet, Médéa ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(supplement 1), 129

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See detailDeterminants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes: a survey among general practitioners
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016), 27

Abstract Summary A total of 119 GPs participated to a survey aimed to assess the profile and determinants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes. Among the respondent GPs, 65 (54.6 ... [more ▼]

Abstract Summary A total of 119 GPs participated to a survey aimed to assess the profile and determinants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes. Among the respondent GPs, 65 (54.6 %) systematically prescribe vitamin D to their institutionalized patients and the 54 (45.4 %) others prescribe only sometimes. Introduction The aim of this study is to assess the profile and determinants of vitamin D supplementation prescription in nursing homes. Methods General practitioners (GPs) having at least one patient in a nursing home in Liège, Belgium, were asked to complete the survey. Results A total of 119 GPs participated in the survey. Among the respondent GPs, 65 (54.6 %) systematically prescribe vitamin D to their institutionalized patients and the 54 (45.4 %) others prescribe only sometimes. The main reasons for prescribing vitamin D cited by GPs who do so systematically are as follows: because they believe nursing home residents are mostly deficient in vitamin D status (92.1 %), because they believe that vitamin D supplementation prevents osteoporotic fractures (77.8 %), and because vitamin D supplementation is recommended by various scientific societies (38.1 %). GPs who only prescribe vitamin D supplementation in some patients mainly do so following a diagnosis of osteoporosis (82.4 %), on the basis the 25(OH)D level (78.4 %), in the case of history of fracture (54.9 %) or after a recent fracture (43.4 %). Surprisingly, 16 physicians (31.4 %) only prescribe vitamin D when they think of it. Interestingly, while 40.7% of GPs always prescribe the same dose of vitamin D, the remaining 59.3 % prescribe a dose that will mainly depend on the results of the 25(OH)D level (94.0 %), the patient’s bone health (49.3 %), or history of fracture (43.3 %). Conclusions More than half of GPs systematically prescribe vitamin D to their patients living in nursing homes. The other GPs usually prescribe vitamin D following the result of the vitamin D status or after a diagnosis of osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of vaccination in successful independent ageing
McElhaney, JE; Gavazzi, G; flamaing, johan et al

in European Geriatric Medicine (2016), 7

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