BCL-3 degradation involves its polyubiquitination through a FBW7-independent pathway and its binding to the proteasome subunit PSMB1.
Keutgens, Aurore ; Zhang-Shao, Xin ; Shostak, Kateryna et al
in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2010), 285(33), 2583125840
The oncogenic protein BCL-3 activates or represses gene transcription through binding with the NF-kappaB proteins p50 and p52 and is degraded through a phospho- and GSK3-dependent pathway. However, the ... [more ▼]
The oncogenic protein BCL-3 activates or represses gene transcription through binding with the NF-kappaB proteins p50 and p52 and is degraded through a phospho- and GSK3-dependent pathway. However, the mechanisms underlying its degradation remain poorly understood. Yeast-two-hybrid analysis led to the identification of the proteasome subunit PSMB1 as a BCL-3-associated protein. The binding of BCL-3 to PSMB1 is required for its degradation through the proteasome. Indeed, PSMB1-depleted cells are defective in degrading polyubiquitinated BCL-3. The N-terminal part of BCL-3 includes lysines 13 and 26 required for the K48-linked polyubiquitination of BCL-3. Moreover, the E3 ligase FBW7 known to polyubiquitinate a variety of substrates phosphorylated by GSK3 is dispensable for BCL-3 degradation. Thus, our data defined an unique motif of BCL-3 that is needed for its recruitment to the proteasome and identified PSMB1 as a key protein required for the proteasome-mediated degradation of a nuclear and oncogenic IkappaB protein. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 82 (36 ULg)
Raloxifene-induced myeloma cell apoptosis: a study of nuclear factor-kappaB inhibition and gene expression signature.
Olivier, Sabine ; Close, Pierre ; Castermans, Emilie et al
in Molecular Pharmacology (2006), 69(5), 1615-1623
Because multiple myeloma remains associated with a poor prognosis, novel drugs targeting specific signaling pathways are needed. The efficacy of selective estrogen receptor modulators for the treatment of ... [more ▼]
Because multiple myeloma remains associated with a poor prognosis, novel drugs targeting specific signaling pathways are needed. The efficacy of selective estrogen receptor modulators for the treatment of multiple myeloma is not well documented. In the present report, we studied the antitumor activity of raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, on multiple myeloma cell lines. Raloxifene effects were assessed by tetrazolium salt reduction assay, cell cycle analysis, and Western blotting. Mobility shift assay, immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, and gene expression profiling were performed to characterize the mechanisms of raloxifene-induced activity. Indeed, raloxifene, as well as tamoxifen, decreased JJN-3 and U266 myeloma cell viability and induced caspase-dependent apoptosis. Raloxifene and tamoxifen also increased the cytotoxic response to vincristine and arsenic trioxide. Moreover, raloxifene inhibited constitutive nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity in myeloma cells by removing p65 from its binding sites through estrogen receptor alpha interaction with p65. It is noteworthy that microarray analysis showed that raloxifene treatment decreased the expression of known NF-kappaB-regulated genes involved in myeloma cell survival and myeloma-induced bone lesions (e.g., c-myc, mip-1alpha, hgf, pac1,...) and induced the expression of a subset of genes regulating cellular cycle (e.g., p21, gadd34, cyclin G2,...). In conclusion, raloxifene induces myeloma cell cycle arrest and apoptosis partly through NF-kappaB-dependent mechanisms. These findings also provide a transcriptional profile of raloxifene treatment on multiple myeloma cells, offering the framework for future studies of selective estrogen receptor modulators therapy in multiple myeloma. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 74 (23 ULg)
Can NF-kappaB be a target for novel and efficient anti-cancer agents?
Olivier, Sabine ; Robe, Pierre ; Bours, Vincent
in Biochemical Pharmacology (2006), 72(9), 1054-1068
Since the discovery of the NF-kappaB transcription factor in 1986 and the cloning of the genes coding for NF-kappaB and IkappaB proteins, many studies demonstrated that this transcription factor can, in ... [more ▼]
Since the discovery of the NF-kappaB transcription factor in 1986 and the cloning of the genes coding for NF-kappaB and IkappaB proteins, many studies demonstrated that this transcription factor can, in most cases, protect transformed cells from apoptosis and therefore participate in the onset or progression of many human cancers. Molecular studies demonstrated that ancient widely used drugs, known for their chemopreventive or therapeutic activities against human cancers, inhibit NF-kappaB, usually among other biological effects. It is therefore considered that the anti-cancer activities of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or glucocorticoids are probably partially related to the inhibition of NF-kappaB and new clinical trials are being initiated with old compounds such as sulfasalazine. In parallel, many companies have developed novel agents acting on the NF-kappaB pathway: some of these agents are supposed to be NF-kappaB specific (i.e. IKK inhibitors) while others have wide-range biological activities (i.e. proteasome inhibitors). Today, the most significant clinical data have been obtained with bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, for the treatment of multiple myeloma. This review discusses the preclinical and clinical data obtained with these various drugs and their putative future developments. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 90 (10 ULg)
SERMs-induced myeloma cell apoptosis: A study of NF-kappa B inhibition and gene expression signature
Olivier, Sabine ; Close, Patricia ; Castermans, Emilie et al
in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2005, September), 20(9, Suppl. 1), 213Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 ULg)
Sodium nitroprusside-induced osteoblast apoptosis is mediated by long chain ceramide and is decreased by raloxifene.
Olivier, Sabine ; Fillet, Marianne ; Malaise, Michel et al
in Biochemical Pharmacology (2005), 69(6), 891-901
Release of high levels of nitric oxide (NO) is associated with osteoblastic cell death. The mechanisms of NO-induced cytotoxicity are not well documented and it is presently not known if estrogenic ... [more ▼]
Release of high levels of nitric oxide (NO) is associated with osteoblastic cell death. The mechanisms of NO-induced cytotoxicity are not well documented and it is presently not known if estrogenic compounds prevent this effect. We studied the role of ceramides in cell death induced by the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and we tested the possibility that 17beta-estradiol, the anti-estrogen ICI 182.780 and two selective estrogen receptor modulators raloxifene and tamoxifen modify osteoblastic cell apoptosis. SNP dose-dependently decreased MC3T3-E1 osteoblast viability, increased NO production in the culture media and enhanced the release of intracellular ceramides C22 and C24. Cell death induced by SNP was partially inhibited when MC3T3-E1 cells were pretreated with raloxifene and tamoxifen but was not modified when the cells were pretreated with 17beta-estradiol or ICI 182.780. Cell death induced by SNP resulted from apoptosis as demonstrated by Annexin-V and propidium iodide labeling and a reduction of SNP-induced MC3T3-E1 apoptosis was confirmed in the presence of raloxifene and tamoxifen. SNP induction of C22 and C24 production was inhibited by a pretreatment with raloxifene but not with 17beta-estradiol. Moreover, the synthetic ceramide C24 (0.75 and 1microM) decreased MC3T3-E1 cell viability and osteoblast cell death induced by C24 was partially decreased by raloxifene and to a lesser extent by 17beta-estradiol. These data demonstrate that SNP-induced cell death is mediated by the long chain ceramides C22 and C24 and that raloxifene protected osteoblast from apoptosis induced by SNP, an effect that might be relevant to its pharmacological properties on bone remodeling. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 160 (11 ULg)
Raloxifene protects Osteoblasts from apoptosis induced by sodium nitroprusside: Potential involvement of ceramide
Olivier, Sabine ; Fillet, Marianne ; Malaise, Michel et al
in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2003, September), 18(Suppl. 2), 136Detailed reference viewed: 102 (10 ULg)