References of "Nsiampa, Nestor"
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See detailInjury Risk Assessment of Non-Lethal Projectile Head Impacts
Oukara, Amar ULg; Robbe, Cyril; Nsiampa, Nestor et al

in The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal (2014), 8(2014), 75-83

Kinetic energy non-lethal projectiles are used to impart sufficient effect onto a person in order to deter uncivil or hazardous behavior with a low probability of permanent injury. Since their first use ... [more ▼]

Kinetic energy non-lethal projectiles are used to impart sufficient effect onto a person in order to deter uncivil or hazardous behavior with a low probability of permanent injury. Since their first use, real cases indicate that the injuries inflicted by such projectiles may be irreversible and sometimes lead to death, especially for the head impacts. Given the high velocities and the low masses involved in such impacts, the assessment approaches proposed in automotive crash tests and sports may not be appropriate. Therefore, there is a need of a specific approach to assess the lethality of these projectiles. In this framework, some recent research data referred in this article as “force wall approach” suggest the use of three lesional thresholds (unconsciousness, meningeal damages and bone damages) that depend on the intracranial pressure. Three corresponding critical impact forces are determined for a reference projectile. Based on the principle that equal rigid wall maximal impact forces will produce equal damage on the head, these limits can be determined for any other projectile. In order to validate the consistence of this innovative method, it is necessary to compare the results with other existing assessment methods. This paper proposes a comparison between the “force wall approach” and two different head models. The first one is a numerical model (Strasbourg University Finite Element Head Model-SUFEHM) from Strasbourg University; the second one is a mechanical surrogate (Ballistics Load Sensing Headform-BLSH) from Biokinetics. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a thorax CT-scan based finite element model for thoracic injury assessment
Nsiampa, Nestor; D'Otreppe, Vinciane ULg; Robbe, Cyril ULg et al

Conference (2011, November 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (7 ULg)
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See detailComparative study of numerical explicit schemes for impact problems
Nsiampa, Nestor; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg

in International Journal of Impact Engineering (2008), 35(12), 1688-1694

Explicit numerical schemes are used to integrate in time finite element discretization methods. Unfortunately, these numerical approaches can induce high-frequency numerical oscillations into the solution ... [more ▼]

Explicit numerical schemes are used to integrate in time finite element discretization methods. Unfortunately, these numerical approaches can induce high-frequency numerical oscillations into the solution. To eliminate or to reduce these oscillations, numerical dissipation can be introduced. The paper deals with the comparison of three different explicit schemes: the central difference scheme which is a nondissipative method, the Hulbert Chung dissipative explicit scheme and the Tchamwa-Wielgosz dissipative scheme. Particular attention is paid to the study of these algorithms’ behavior in problems involving high-velocity impacts like Taylor anvil impact and bullet-target interactions. It has been shown that Tchamwa-Wielgosz scheme is efficient in filtering the high-frequency oscillations and is more dissipative than Hulbert Chung explicit scheme. Although its convergence rate is only first order, the loss of accuracy remains limited to acceptable values. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (15 ULg)