References of "Nimenya, H"
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See detailIonic adsorption of ammonium and nitrate on some animal litters and their role in ammonia volatilization
Nimenya, H.; Delaunois, A.; Bloden, Serge ULg et al

in Annals of Zootechnology (2000), 49

Two experiments were carried out to determine the adsorption of ammonium and nitrate on litters (Exp. 1) and the volatilization of ammonia in their presence (Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, glass tubes containing 15 ... [more ▼]

Two experiments were carried out to determine the adsorption of ammonium and nitrate on litters (Exp. 1) and the volatilization of ammonia in their presence (Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, glass tubes containing 15 mi of a buffered solution enriched with NH4Clcalculated as 10.59 mg.l(-1) of NH4+ or KNO3 calculated as 50 mg.l(-1) of NO3- were used. Graded amounts (0 [control], 25, 50, 100 mg) of litters (wheat straw, nax straw (Equi-lin(R)), zeolite (Zeolite Stall Fresh(R)), spruce sawdust and beech sawdust) were added to the tubes which were incubated for 24 h. Ammonium and nitrate concentrations, and pH, were checked on the supernatant. A preliminary experiment was carried out with zeolite to come to an ammonium balance. After adsorption of ammoniumby graded amounts of zeolite, [0 (control), 0.25, 1, 2, 4 g], ammonium balance was assessed after two elutions with 1 N HCl. In Exp. 2, Woulff flasks were used and ammonia was trapped in a solution of 0.1 N HCl. The preliminary experiment showed that the ammonium added and adsorbed by different amounts of zeolite was completely recovered after 2 elutions. All litters, except beech sawdust, were effective in ammonium adsorption. Especially, the straws were required in very small amounts to immobilize the added ammonium or nitrate. Furthermore, with straws the pH value decreased from pH 7.5-7.60 to pH 6.90, and this effect was related to the amounts of material added. For each pH group, ammonia volatilization was significantly decreased (P <0.05) with straw (wheat straw, Equi-lino) as compared with their blank pH group. However, no significant decrease was observed with sawdust (spruce, beech) and zeolite [less ▲]

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See detailShort-term toxicity of various pharmacological agents on the in vitro nitrification process in a simple closed aquatic system
Nimenya, H.; Delaunois, Annie; La Duong, Duc ULg et al

in Alternatives to Laboratory Animals (1999), 27

During the treatment of fish diseases, drugs which inhibit the nitrification process can cause acute ammonia toxicity. The same phenomenon can occur when fish are put into a tank without active cultures ... [more ▼]

During the treatment of fish diseases, drugs which inhibit the nitrification process can cause acute ammonia toxicity. The same phenomenon can occur when fish are put into a tank without active cultures of nitrifying bacteria. The purpose of this study was to quantify the inhibitory effects of 15 pharmacological agents, which are often used as therapeutic agents in ichthyopathology, on ammonia removal and nitrate production in a simple closed aquatic system. The experiments were conducted in polyethylene bags containing activated biofilters and synthetic water solutions, held in a water bath. Ammonia was added to initiate the nitrification process, and graded concentrations of various pharmacological agents were added. The effects of the pharmacological agents on in vitro nitrification were assessed by monitoring ammonia and nitrate concentrations compared to controls with no added agents, for 24 hours. Graded concentrations of ampicillin (Albipen(R)), chloramine T, enrofloxacin (Baytril(R)), erythromycin, levamisole, methylene blue and polymyxin B induced dose-dependent inhibitions of ammonia removal and nitrate production. The corresponding linear regression curves showed high correlation coefficients and were highly significant (p < 0.05). The addition of chloramphenicol, copper (II) sulphate, kanamycin disulphate, malachite green, neomycin sulphate, potassium penicillin G, tetracycline and a mixture of trimethoprim and sulphadoxin (Duoprim(TM)) had no significant effects on the nitrification process. A significant dose-related inhibition of nitrate production, but not of ammonia oxidation, was observed with enrofloxacin. The significant correlation (r = 0.940; p < 0.001) between the degrees of inhibition of ammonia oxidation and nitrate production for the various inhibitory pharmacological agents has also been calculated, with a view to validating this method. The data presented suggest that separate tank facilities for hospitalisation or quarantine are necessary when treating diseased fish with ampicillin, enrofloxacin, chloramine T, erythromycin, levamisole, methylene blue or polymyxin B, in order to avoid ammonia poisoning. [less ▲]

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See detailEffet de la paille de froment et de la sciure d’épicéa sur la dégradation de l’azote urinaire en présence d’uréase
Nimenya, H.; Delaunois, Annie; Bloden, Serge ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1999), 143

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