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See detailTurning land to livelihood : what are the socio-economic and institutional determinations of local land use in Red River Delta region ?
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Conference (2014, June 24)

This research analyzes the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land ... [more ▼]

This research analyzes the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land to livelihood from both productive and non-productive processes is investigated to understand the different land use strategies of smallholders in Red River Delta region. Based on the presence of migrating members, the total selected 191 households in Hai Duong province were divided into 3 different groups to do the surveys. The research results show that local land use strategies are various in which 79.06% of surveyed households maintain the allocated land for agricultural production while 65.97% of households leave land idly at least once a year. The factors from productive process such as small landholding, high production cost and overall downward income from agricultural production meantime the greater opportunities from non-farm jobs are the main socio-economical determinations of agricultural land abandonment or less effective use. The security questions of shifting livelihood between farming and non – farming sectors, the inter-household arrangements, the social supports and the institutional constraints are non-productive elements that make the exchange and other forms of commercializing agricultural land are less prominent. The complexity of household land use strategy and its determinations not only reflects the dynamism and flexibility of peasant’s livelihood adaptation but also explain why the land concentration does not proceed faster in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailThe determinations of household agricultural land use strategies in Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2014)

This research presents the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land ... [more ▼]

This research presents the determinations of household land use strategy in the context of the rapid rural changes due to the industrialization and urbanization in Vietnam. The mechanism that turns land to livelihood from both productive and non-productive processes is investigated to understand the different land use strategies of smallholders in Red River Delta region. Based on the presence of migrating members, the total selected 191 households in Hai Duong province were divided into 3 different groups to do the surveys. The research results show that local land use strategies are various in which 79.06% of surveyed households maintain the allocated land for agricultural production while 65.97% of households leave land idly at least once a year. The factors from productive process such as small landholding, high production cost and overall downward income from agricultural production meantime the greater opportunities from non-farm jobs are the main socio-economical determinations of agricultural land abandonment or less effective use. The security questions of shifting livelihood between farming and non – farming sectors, the inter-household arrangements, the social supports and the institutional constraints are non-productive elements that make the exchange and other forms of commercializing agricultural land are less prominent. The complexity of household land use strategy and its determinations not only reflects the dynamism and flexibility of peasant’s livelihood adaptation but also explain why the land concentration does not proceed faster in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
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See detailThe impact of industrialization upon rural – urban relations in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Scientific conference (2013)

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See detailAgricultural land conversion for industrialization : livelihood along rural-urban continuum and mechanism of social differentiation in Hung Yen province, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Book published by Centres d'Etudes du Développement, UCL; Unité d'Economie et Développement rural, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, ULG; Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Rural Development (CIRRD), Hanoi University of Agriculture (HUA) (2012)

The high rate of agricultural land conversion for industrialization causes the complex agrarian transformation in current Vietnamese land regime.This research investigates the mechanisms of social ... [more ▼]

The high rate of agricultural land conversion for industrialization causes the complex agrarian transformation in current Vietnamese land regime.This research investigates the mechanisms of social differentiation by analyzing the ways in which different rural households construct their livelihood strategies along the rural-urban continuum to response to agricultural land conversion. The study shows that the spatial and sectoral interfaces generate the peculiar mechanisms of social differentiation which include : i. the land alternations caused by the boosting land market as the motivation for land concentration and informal land usage changes; ii. the possibilities of capital accumulation from lucrative economic activities. This paper discusses the growing diversity of surviving and accumulating means in the wider range of rural-urban and agriculture-industry linkages. [less ▲]

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See detailẢnh hưởng của việc thu hồi đất nông nghiệp cho công nghiệp hóa đến sinh kế của các hộ nông dân ở tỉnh Hưng Yên
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Faculté d'Economie et Développement rural (Ed.) Nông nghiệp, nông dân , nông thôn : trong quá trình công nghiệp hóa và đô thị hóa ớ Việt Nam (2012)

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See detailPeasant responses to agricultural land conversion and mechanism of rural social differentiation in Hung Yen province, Northern Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Vu Dinh, Ton; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2011)

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization ... [more ▼]

Agricultural accumulation has been one of the main source determined the social differentiation in Vietnamese countryside. The complexities of agrarian changes under the post - socialist industrialization with high rate of agricultural land conversion in recent context reveal the new forms of capital accumulation and social differentiation. This research investigates how land conversion process to industrial zones and clusters affected to the way that different groups of peasant households accumulate their resources. The study was carried out in 3 districts of Hung Yen province from 2006 to 2010. The study results are as follows: first, the land conversion to industrialization has impact on not only the decline of household landholdings but also the changes value of land which are the sources of social conflicts and informal land transfer. Second, in the context of land conversion to industrialization with tiny plots of land, low return from agricultural production and more opportunities of non-farm activities, even when non-farm employment is very profitable, peasant households are not likely to give up their land but maintaining agricultural production for not only their basic and secure livelihood but also for their identity. Third, among the affected peasant groups, the households with non-farm background tend to be in better position in engaging to high - earning activities. They are likely the rich peasants in opposed to the poor group with farming background and lost more than 50% of their agricultural land. This research has showed that the industrialization policies have to deal with the proportion of agricultural land would be transferred for industrialization zones and other measures in order to limit the conflicts as well as the social differentiation in countryside. [less ▲]

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See detailLand conversion to industrialization and its impacts on household food security in Red River Delta, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Conference (2010)

Since 1990s Vietnam is undergoing rapid industrialization with the national goal of becoming an industrial country. As a result, large tracts of agricultural land were conversed to industrial zones and ... [more ▼]

Since 1990s Vietnam is undergoing rapid industrialization with the national goal of becoming an industrial country. As a result, large tracts of agricultural land were conversed to industrial zones and clusters. This paper analyzes the complex impacts caused by industrialization on household food security. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were applied to investigate how land conversion process to industrial companies affected food security of different groups of peasant households in Hung Yen province, the most rapid industrialization province in Red River Delta of Vietnam. The study showed that industrialization and neo-liberalism affected household food security in three aspects: the lost of large agricultural land area which did not ensure stable jobs for peasants; the decline of living quality as a result of environmental pollution and high living costs; and the lost of household self reliance on food, with 77 percent of surveyed households not producing enough food for their own consumption. Industrialization had created a new class structure in the Vietnamese countryside with the rise of landless peasants who survived by selling their labor and who are net food buyers. The study contributes to the research that link the analysis of household food security with livelihood systems in the processes interacting across scales, from the very local to the global. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 165 (9 ULg)