References of "Navet, R"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReduced cardiac output is associated with decreased mitochondrial efficiency in the non-ischemic ventricular wall of the acute myocardial-infarcted dog.
Almsherqi, Z.; McLachlan, C.; Slocinska, M. et al

in Cell Research (2006), 16

Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause of death among patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Understanding the mechanisms for acute pump failure is therefore important. The aim of ... [more ▼]

Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause of death among patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Understanding the mechanisms for acute pump failure is therefore important. The aim of this study is to examine in an acute MI dog model whether mitochondrial bio-energetic function within non-ischemic wall regions are associated with pump failure. Anterior MI was produced in dogs via ligation of left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, that resulted in an infract size of about 30% of the left ventricular wall. Measurements of hemodynamic status, mitochondrial function, free radical production and mitochondrial uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) expression were determined over 24 h period. Hemodynamic measurements revealed a > 50% reduction in cardiac output at 24 h post infarction when compared to baseline. Biopsy samples were obtained from the posterior non-ischemic wall during acute infarction. ADP/O ratios for isolated mitochondria from non-ischemic myocardium at 6 h and 24 h were decreased when compared to the ADP/O ratios within the same samples with and without palmitic acid (PA). GTP inhibition of (PA)-stimulated state 4 respiration in isolated mitochondria from the non-ischemic wall increased by 7% and 33% at 6 h and 24 h post-infarction respectively when compared to sham and pre-infarction samples. This would suggest that the mitochondria are uncoupled and this is supported by an associated increase in UCP3 expression observed on western blots from these same biopsy samples. Blood samples from the coronary sinus measured by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) methods showed an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) over baseline at 6 h and 24 h post-infarction. In conclusion, mitochondrial bio-energetic ADP/O ratios as a result of acute infarction are abnormal within the non-ischemic wall. Mitochondria appear to be energetically uncoupled and this is associated with declining pump function. Free radical production may be associated with the induction of uncoupling proteins in the mitochondria. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProton leak induced by reactive oxygen species produced during in vitro anoxia/reoxygenation in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria.
Navet, R.; Mouithys-mickalad, A.; Douette, P. et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2006), 38

Superoxide anion generation and the impairment of oxidative phosphorylation yield were studied in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria submitted to anoxia/reoxygenation in vitro. Production of superoxide ... [more ▼]

Superoxide anion generation and the impairment of oxidative phosphorylation yield were studied in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria submitted to anoxia/reoxygenation in vitro. Production of superoxide anion was detected after several cycles of anoxia/reoxygenation. Concomitantly, a decrease of state 3 respiration and phosphorylation yield (ADP/O) were observed. The latter resulted from a proton leak. The presence of palmitic acid during anoxia/reoxygenation cycles led to a dose-dependent inhibition of superoxide anion production together with a partial protection of the ADP/O ratio measured after anoxia/reoxygenation. The ADP/O decrease was shown to be due to a permeability transition pore-sustained proton leak, as it was suppressed by cyclosporine A. The permeability transition pore activation was induced during anoxia/reoxygenation by superoxide anion, as it was cancelled by the spin trap (POBN), which scavenges superoxide anion and by palmitic acid, which induces mitochondrial uncoupling. It can be proposed that the palmitic acid-induced proton leak cancels the production of superoxide anion by mitochondria during anoxia/reoxygenation and therefore prevents the occurrence of the superoxide anion-induced permeability transition pore-mediated proton leak after anoxia/reoxygenation [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRegulation of uncoupling protein activity in phosphorylating potato tuber mitochondria.
Navet, R.; Douette, P.; Puttique-Marique, F. et al

in FEBS Letters (2005), 579

In isolated potato tuber mitochondria, palmitic acid (PA) can induce a H+ leak inhibited by GTP in the phosphorylating (state 3) respiration but not in the resting (state 4) respiration. The PA-induced H ... [more ▼]

In isolated potato tuber mitochondria, palmitic acid (PA) can induce a H+ leak inhibited by GTP in the phosphorylating (state 3) respiration but not in the resting (state 4) respiration. The PA-induced H+ leak is constant when state 3 respiration is decreased by an inhibition of the succinate uptake with n-butyl malonate (nBM). We show that the efficiency of inhibition by GTP is decreased when state 3 respiration is progressively inhibited by antimycin A (AA) and is restored following subsequent addition of nBM. We propose that in phosphorylating potato tuber mitochondria, the redox state of ubiquinone, which can antagonistically be varied with AA and nBM, modulates inhibition of the PA-activated UCP-sustained H+ leak by GTP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEscherichia coli fusion carrier proteins act as solubilizing agents for recombinant uncoupling protein 1 through interactions with GroEL.
Douette, P.; Navet, R.; Gerkens, P. et al

in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (2005), 333

Fusing recombinant proteins to highly soluble partners is frequently used to prevent aggregation of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. Moreover, co-overexpression of prokaryotic chaperones can ... [more ▼]

Fusing recombinant proteins to highly soluble partners is frequently used to prevent aggregation of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli. Moreover, co-overexpression of prokaryotic chaperones can increase the amount of properly folded recombinant proteins. To understand the solubility enhancement of fusion proteins, we designed two recombinant proteins composed of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), a mitochondrial membrane protein, in fusion with MBP or NusA. We were able to express soluble forms of MBP-UCP1 and NusA-UCP1 despite the high hydrophobicity of UCP1. Furthermore, the yield of soluble fusion proteins depended on co-overexpression of GroEL that catalyzes folding of polypeptides. MBP-UCP1 was expressed in the form of a non-covalent complex with GroEL. MBP-UCP1/GroEL was purified and characterized by dynamic light scattering, gel filtration, and electron microscopy. Our findings suggest that MBP and NusA act as solubilizing agents by forcing the recombinant protein to pass through the bacterial chaperone pathway in the context of fusion protein. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMitochondrial respiratory chain complex patterns from Acanthamoeba castellanii and Lycopersicon esculentum: comparative analysis by BN-PAGE and evidence of protein-protein interaction between alternative oxidase and complex III.
Navet, R.; Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Douette, P. et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2004), 36(5), 471-479

We have previously shown that a kinetic interplay exists between the cytochrome pathway and the alternative oxidase in mitochondria from amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii . Native interaction analyses using ... [more ▼]

We have previously shown that a kinetic interplay exists between the cytochrome pathway and the alternative oxidase in mitochondria from amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii . Native interaction analyses using blue native gel electrophoresis coupled to denaturating electrophoresis and immunodetection have indicated associations between alternative oxidase and oxidative phosphorylation complexes in both amoeba and tomato mitochondria. These associations are dependent on the expression level of alternative oxidase according to the physiological state in both organisms. Alternative oxidase associates broadly with large complexes of the respiratory chain when it is expressed in large amount, i.e., in ripe tomato and exponentially growing amoeba. On the contrary, alternative oxidase interacts specifically with complex III even if expression of the oxidase is low, i.e., in green tomato and stationary phase amoeba. This specific interaction represents a higher level of regulation driven by protein-protein interactions leading to a direct kinetic interplay between the cytochrome pathway and alternative oxidase in both plant and amoeba mitochondria. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRedox state of endogenous coenzyme q modulates the inhibition of linoleic acid-induced uncoupling by guanosine triphosphate in isolated skeletal muscle mitochondria.
Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Navet, R.; Alberici, L. et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2004), 36

The skeletal muscle mitochondria contain two isoforms of uncoupling protein, UCP2 and mainly UCP3, which had been shown to be activated by free fatty acids and inhibited by purine nucleotides in ... [more ▼]

The skeletal muscle mitochondria contain two isoforms of uncoupling protein, UCP2 and mainly UCP3, which had been shown to be activated by free fatty acids and inhibited by purine nucleotides in reconstituted systems. On the contrary in isolated mitochondria, the protonophoretic action of muscle UCPs had failed to be demonstrated in the absence of superoxide production. We showed here for the first time that muscle UCPs were activated in state 3 respiration by linoleic acid and dissipated energy from oxidative phosphorylation by decreasing the ADP/O ratio. The efficiency of UCPs in mitochondrial uncoupling increased when the state 3 respiratory rate decreased. The inhibition of the linoleic acid-induced uncoupling by a purine nucleotide (GTP), was not observed in state 4 respiration, in uninhibited state 3 respiration, as well as in state 3 respiration inhibited by complex III inhibitors. On the contrary, the progressive inhibition of state 3 respiration by n -butyl malonate, which inhibits the uptake of succinate, led to a full inhibitory effect of GTP. Therefore, as the inhibitory effect of GTP was observed only when the reduced state of coenzyme Q was decreased, we propose that the coenzyme Q redox state could be a metabolic sensor that modulates the purine nucleotide inhibition of FFA-activated UCPs in muscle mitochondria. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnergy conservation and dissipation in mitochondria isolated from developing tomato fruit of ethylene-defective mutants failing normal ripening: the effect of ethephon, a chemical precursor of ethylene.
Navet, R.; Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Almeida, A. et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2003), 35(2), 157-168

Alternative oxidase (AOX) and uncoupling protein (UCP) are present simultaneously in tomato fruit mitochondria. In a previous work, it has been shown that protein expression and activity of these two ... [more ▼]

Alternative oxidase (AOX) and uncoupling protein (UCP) are present simultaneously in tomato fruit mitochondria. In a previous work, it has been shown that protein expression and activity of these two energy-dissipating systems exhibit large variations during tomato fruit development and ripening on the vine. It has been suggested that AOX and UCP could be responsible for the respiration increase at the end of ripening and that the cytochrome pathway could be implicated in the climacteric respiratory burst before the onset of ripening. In this study, the use of tomato mutants that fail normal ripening because of deficiencies in ethylene perception or production as well as the treatment of one selected mutant with a chemical precursor of ethylene have revealed that the bioenergetics of tomato fruit development and ripening is under the control of this plant hormone. Indeed, the evolution pattern of bioenergetic features changes with the type of mutation and with the introduction of ethylene into an ethylene-synthesis-deficient tomato fruit mutant during its induced ripening. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUncoupling protein and alternative oxidase of Dictyostelium discoideum: occurrence, properties and protein expression during vegetative life and starvation-induced early development.
Jarmusszkiewicz, W.; Behrendt, M.; Navet, R. et al

in FEBS Letters (2002), 532

In this study we show that mitochondria of Dictyostelium discoideum contain both alternative oxidase (AOX) and uncoupling protein (UCP). AOX was stimulated by purine mononucleoside and was monomeric. UCP ... [more ▼]

In this study we show that mitochondria of Dictyostelium discoideum contain both alternative oxidase (AOX) and uncoupling protein (UCP). AOX was stimulated by purine mononucleoside and was monomeric. UCP was stimulated by free fatty acids and was poorly sensitive to GTP. Both proteins collaborated in energy dissipation when activated together. AOX expression in free-living ameboid cells decreased strongly from exponential to stationary phase of growth but much less during starvation-induced aggregation. In contrast, UCP expression was constant in all conditions indicating permanent need. Our results suggest that AOX could play a role in cell differentiation, mainly by protecting prespore cells from programmed cell death. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe energy-conserving and energy-dissipating processes in mitochondria isolated from wild type and nonripening tomato fruits during development on the plant.
Almeida, A.; Navet, R.; Jarmuszkiewicz, W. et al

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2002), 34(6), 487-498

Bioenergetics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) development on the plant was followed from the early growing stage to senescence in wild type (climacteric) and nonripening mutant (nor, non-climacteric ... [more ▼]

Bioenergetics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) development on the plant was followed from the early growing stage to senescence in wild type (climacteric) and nonripening mutant (nor, non-climacteric) fruits. Fruit development was expressed in terms of evolution of chlorophyll a content allowing the assessment of a continuous time-course in both cultivars. Measured parameters: the cytochrome pathway-dependent respiration, i.e., the ATP synthesis-sustained respiration (energy-conserving), the uncoupling protein (UCP) activity-sustained respiration (energy-dissipating), the alternative oxidase(AOX)-mediated respiration (energy-dissipating), as well as the protein expression of UCP and AOX, and free fatty acid content exhibited different evolution patterns in the wild type and nor mutant that can be attributed to their climacteric/nonclimacteric properties, respectively. In the wild type, the climacteric respiratory burst observed in vitro depended totally on an increse in the cytochrome pathway activity sustained by ATP synthesis, while the second respiratory rise during the ripening stage was linked to a strong increase in AOX activity accompanied by an overexpression of AOX protein. In wild type mitochondria, the 10-microM linoleic acid-stimulated UCP-activity-dependent respiration remained constant during the whole fruit development except in senescence where general respiratory decay was observed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg)