Patterns of genomic aberrations suggest that Burkitt lymphomas with complex karyotype are distinct from other aggressive B-cell lymphomas with MYC rearrangement.
; ; et al
in Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer (2013), 52(1), 81-92
We previously showed that complex karyotypes (CK) and chromosome 13q abnormalities have an adverse prognostic impact in childhood Burkitt lymphomas/leukemias (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL ... [more ▼]
We previously showed that complex karyotypes (CK) and chromosome 13q abnormalities have an adverse prognostic impact in childhood Burkitt lymphomas/leukemias (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). The aim of our study was to identify recurrent alterations associated with MYC rearrangements in aggressive B-cell lymphomas with CK. Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH) was performed in 84 patient samples (59 adults and 25 children), including 37 BL (13 lymphomas and 24 acute leukemias), 12 DLBCL, 28 B-cell lymphomas with intermediate features (DLBCL/BL), 4 B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP-ALL), and 3 unclassifiable B-cell lymphomas. New (cytogenetically undetected) abnormalities were identified in 80% of patients. We also refined one-third of the chromosomal aberrations detected by karyotyping. M-FISH proved to be more useful in identifying chromosomal partners involved in unbalanced translocations and in revealing greater complexity of 13q rearrangements. Most of the newly identified or refined recurrent alterations involved 1q, 13q and 3q (gains/losses), 7q and 18q (gains), or 6q (losses), suggesting that these secondary aberrations may play a role in lymphomagenesis. Several patterns of genomic aberrations were identified: 1q gains in BL, trisomies 7 in DLBCL, and 18q-translocations in adult non-BL. BCP-ALL usually displayed an 18q21 rearrangement. BL karyotypes were less complex and aneuploid than those of other MYC-rearranged lymphomas. BCP-ALL and DLBCL/BL were associated with a higher rate of early death than BL and DLBCL. These findings support the categorization of DLBCL/BL as a distinct entity and suggest that BL with CK are indeed different from other aggressive MYC-rearranged lymphomas, which usually show greater genetic complexity. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
PRDM16 (1p36) translocations define a distinct entity of myeloid malignancies with poor prognosis but may also occur in lymphoid malignancies.
; ; et al
in British Journal of Haematology (2012), 156(1), 76-88
The PRDM16 (1p36) gene is rearranged in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with t(1;3)(p36;q21), sharing characteristics with AML and MDS with MECOM (3q26.2) translocations ... [more ▼]
The PRDM16 (1p36) gene is rearranged in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with t(1;3)(p36;q21), sharing characteristics with AML and MDS with MECOM (3q26.2) translocations. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization to study 39 haematological malignancies with translocations involving PRDM16 to assess the precise breakpoint on 1p36 and the identity of the partner locus. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed in selected cases in order to confirm the partner locus. PRDM16 expression studies were performed on bone marrow samples of patients, normal controls and CD34(+) cells using TaqMan real-time quantitative PCR. PRDM16 was rearranged with the RPN1 (3q21) locus in 30 cases and with other loci in nine cases. The diagnosis was AML or MDS in most cases, except for two cases of lymphoid proliferation. We identified novel translocation partners of PRDM16, including the transcription factors ETV6 and IKZF1. Translocations involving PRDM16 lead to its overexpression irrespective of the consequence of the rearrangement (fusion gene or promoter swap). Survival data suggest that patients with AML/MDS and PRDM16 translocations have a poor prognosis despite a simple karyotype and a median age of 65 years. There seems to be an over-representation of late-onset therapy-related myeloid malignancies. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (3 ULg)
Refinement of 1p36 alterations not involving PRDM16 in myeloid and lymphoid malignancies.
; ; et al
in PLoS ONE (2011), 6(10), 26311
Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to characterize 81 cases of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies with cytogenetic 1p36 alterations not affecting the PRDM16 locus. In total, three subgroups ... [more ▼]
Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to characterize 81 cases of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies with cytogenetic 1p36 alterations not affecting the PRDM16 locus. In total, three subgroups were identified: balanced translocations (N = 27) and telomeric rearrangements (N = 15), both mainly observed in myeloid disorders; and unbalanced non-telomeric rearrangements (N = 39), mainly observed in lymphoid proliferations and frequently associated with a highly complex karyotype. The 1p36 rearrangement was isolated in 12 cases, mainly myeloid disorders. The breakpoints on 1p36 were more widely distributed than previously reported, but with identifiable rare breakpoint cluster regions, such as the TP73 locus. We also found novel partner loci on 1p36 for the known multi-partner genes HMGA2 and RUNX1. We precised the common terminal 1p36 deletion, which has been suggested to have an adverse prognosis, in B-cell lymphomas [follicular lymphomas and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with t(14;18)(q32;q21) as well as follicular lymphomas without t(14;18)]. Intrachromosomal telomeric repetitive sequences were detected in at least half the cases of telomeric rearrangements. It is unclear how the latter rearrangements occurred and whether they represent oncogenic events or result from chromosomal instability during oncogenesis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
Genomic deletions of OFD1 account for 23% of oral-facial-digital type 1 syndrome after negative DNA sequencing.
; ; et al
in Human Mutation (2008), 30(2), 320-9
Oral-facial-digital type I syndrome (OFDI) is characterised by an X-linked dominant mode of inheritance with lethality in males. Clinical features include facial dysmorphism with oral, dental and distal ... [more ▼]
Oral-facial-digital type I syndrome (OFDI) is characterised by an X-linked dominant mode of inheritance with lethality in males. Clinical features include facial dysmorphism with oral, dental and distal abnormalities, polycystic kidney disease and central nervous system malformations. Considerable allelic heterogeneity has been reported within the OFD1 gene, but DNA bi-directional sequencing of the exons and intron-exon boundaries of the OFD1 gene remains negative in more than 20% of cases. We hypothesized that genomic rearrangements could account for the majority of the remaining undiagnosed cases. Thus, we took advantage of two independent available series of patients with OFDI syndrome and negative DNA bi-directional sequencing of the exons and intron-exon boundaries of the OFD1 gene from two different European labs: 13/36 cases from the French lab; 13/95 from the Italian lab. All patients were screened by a semiquantitative fluorescent multiplex method (QFMPSF) and relative quantification by real-time PCR (qPCR). Six OFD1 genomic deletions (exon 5, exons 1-8, exons 1-14, exons 10-11, exons 13-23 and exon 17) were identified, accounting for 5% of OFDI patients and for 23% of patients with negative mutation screening by DNA sequencing. The association of DNA direct sequencing, QFMPSF and qPCR detects OFD1 alteration in up to 85% of patients with a phenotype suggestive of OFDI syndrome. Given the average percentage of large genomic rearrangements (5%), we suggest that dosage methods should be performed in addition to DNA direct sequencing analysis to exclude the involvement of the OFD1 transcript when there are genetic counselling issues. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)