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See detailCommercialisation des produits vivriers paysans dans le Bas-Congo (R. D. Congo) : contraintes et stratégies des acteurs
Mpanzu Balomba, Patience ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

The results of this study reveal that the marketing of the main food products of Bas-Congo (cassava, plantain, maize, bean and groundnut) faces many constraints. Indeed, the food markets of Bas-Congo are ... [more ▼]

The results of this study reveal that the marketing of the main food products of Bas-Congo (cassava, plantain, maize, bean and groundnut) faces many constraints. Indeed, the food markets of Bas-Congo are characterized by inadequate infrastructures (transport, storage and processing), no-standard sale units, problems of information on the market, an informal operation, a large number of intermediaries and harassment on the roads and the markets. In the countryside, the peasants walk an average of 8 km to sell their small crop surplus in the rural markets. Financial constraints often force the wholesalers to turn to certain actors of the sector to finance the payment of marketing costs by giving up to them, in return, the exclusive right to sell their food products. These constraints have as consequences particularly high costs of transaction at the level of wholesalers of which the most important is the transportation which represents 46 to 61% of the total of these costs, significant margins on wholesale (45 to 68% of the wholesale price), etc. The study shows also a lack of spatial integration between Kimpese (Bas-Congo) and Kinshasa markets. Food markets actors adapt themselves by developing strategies in order to mitigate the impacts of these constraints and to maintain both production and marketing activities. [less ▲]

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