References of "Moula, Nassim"
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See detailComparison of the effects of Opuntia ficus-indica powder on growth performance and serum parameters of the Broiler Chicken in Algeria
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Humbel, Maïlis ULiege; Leterrier, Mélanie ULiege et al

Poster (2017, October 13)

In Algeria, the ingredients used in the broiler feed are exclusively imported from abroad, which affects negatively the production cost of the chicken meat and its sale price in the market at national ... [more ▼]

In Algeria, the ingredients used in the broiler feed are exclusively imported from abroad, which affects negatively the production cost of the chicken meat and its sale price in the market at national level. Because of the wide diversity in soil and climate, Algeria has a substantial number of plants which can be used in animal feed. This work is part of the valuation of the feed potential of the barbaric fig tree, widely present in the Algerian rural landscape, for the broiler chicken. The Opuntia ficus-indica is known for its edible fruits and for use of its fleshy leaves or “racquets” as fodder especially during periods of drought. It is also used to control the water and wind erosion as well as for the protection and improvement of soil fertility in arid and semi-arid regions. The aim of this study was to measure the effects of Opuntia ficus-indica powder on growth performance, serum composition and carcass yield of broiler chickens. The experiments were performed in a private poultry farm in the Chemini region (Wilaya de Bejaia). In this study, 120 Ross-308 day-old male chicks were monitored. They were divided in 3 groups (Group 1, 2 and 3) according to the specific diet (4 x 10 chicks / group). The group 1 was offered commercial feed. The group 2 and group 3 were offered the same commercial feed as group 1 but 5% and 10% of the commercial feed was replaced by the Opuntia ficus-indica powder respectively. The Opuntia ficus-indica powder did not show any negative effect (p>0.05) on the final body-weight, average daily gain and carcass yield. However, it decreased (p<0.05) the biochemical parameters -blood concentration- (plasma glucose, uremia, cholesterol and triglycerides). In conclusion, the Opuntia ficus-indica powder has the potential to be used in poultry feed to reduce the cost of broiler feed in Algeria [less ▲]

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See detailQuality assessment of marketed eggs in Hanoi (Vietnam)
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Luc, Do Duc; Bo, H. X. et al

Poster (2017, October 13)

Poultry farming is the first sector of livestock that has been industrialized. The poultry sector plays an important role in the GDP of Vietnam. It is the second largest livestock after the pig livestock ... [more ▼]

Poultry farming is the first sector of livestock that has been industrialized. The poultry sector plays an important role in the GDP of Vietnam. It is the second largest livestock after the pig livestock. The production and consumption of eggs in Vietnam is estimated as 5.64 billion and 102.6 eggs per person per year respectively. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of eggs in relation to the chicken breed and different marketing channels in Hanoi, Vietnam. In total, 431 chicken eggs were purchased from four different marketing channels in Hanoi, including households (89 eggs), supermarkets (152 eggs), public markets (130 eggs) and small grocery stores (50 eggs). Out of the 431 above-mentioned eggs, 119 eggs came from the commercial chicken breeds and 312 eggs from traditional local breeds. The quality of eggs for a consumer is represented by its cleanliness, nutritional quality, freshness, and price. A series of measurements is carried out just after their purchase. According to the breed and the marketing channel, highly significant differences (P <0.05) were found in the freshness of the eggs (Haugh units), egg prices, eggs weight, egg shell, the white and the yolk of the egg. Though the chicken breed and marketing channels do not significantly affect (P> 0.05) the freshness of the eggs, however, they have a significant effect (P <0.05) on the size of the eggs marketed in Hanoi. The results of this study show an important diversity in marketing channels and marketed eggs in Hanoi. [less ▲]

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See detailInventory of Beekeeping in the Algerian north (Tizi-ouzou and Bejaia)
Yahi, Krimou; Touazi, Leghel; Kaidi, Rachid et al

Poster (2017, October 13)

The objective of this study is to make an inventory of the honey production in the counties of Bejaia and Tizi-Ouzou in northeastern Algeria. To achieve this, a survey was carried out on 31 beekeepers (14 ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study is to make an inventory of the honey production in the counties of Bejaia and Tizi-Ouzou in northeastern Algeria. To achieve this, a survey was carried out on 31 beekeepers (14 in Bejaia and 17 in Tizi-Ouzou). The survey shows a social, cultural and religious role for 61.29% of the beekeepers. The beekeeping is primarily held by men (93.55%). It is the basic source of income for 64.52% of the respondents. The average age of the beekeepers is 42.90years (Min-Max: 28-67 years, Median: 40.5 years). The main products of the hive are honey (100%), swarms (16.13%), royal jelly (9.68%) and propolis (9.68%). The average honey production per hive is 7.70kg (Min-Max: 0.4-15kg hives, Median: 10kg). The average number of hives per beekeeper is 42.20 hives (Min-Max: 3-300 hives, Median: 17.50 hives). The average selling price of one kg of honey is 4000.00 DA / kg (Min-Max: 2000-5000DA; Median: 4000DA). The phenotype of the bee reported by 74.19% of the surveys is of small size with a long body and dark pigmentation corresponding to the breed “Apis mellifera intermissa”. Two apiculturists described another phenotype corresponding to the “Apis mellifera major”. The factors behind the motivations for beekeeping are consumption of honey (100%), income generation (90.32%), hobby (58.06%) and conservation of biodiversity (22.58%). The multiple constraints associated with several diseases, notably Varroase (mentioned by 80.65% of beekeepers), cause difficulties for the breeders. Thus they cannot profit maximum from beekeeping. Other constraints which were reported are; forest fires (35.48%), wasps (32.26%), absence of beekeeping professionals or technicians (29.03%), harsh and cold winters with snow (19.35%), high density of hives in the region (16.13%) and uncontrolled spreading of pesticides and crop protection products at farms (12.90%). The economic situation of the Algerian beekeepers can be optimized by improving the production potential of the local bees. [less ▲]

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See detailGoat breeding in the rural district of Chemini (Algeria)
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Ait Kaki, Asma; Touazi, Leghel et al

in Nature & Technology (2017), n° 16/Janvier

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of ... [more ▼]

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of Chemini. The questions focused on household agricultural activities, including breeding of goats, cattle, sheep, rabbits, chicken, turkeys, honeybees and the production of olive oil and figs. The goat morpho-biometric characterization was based on 18 corporal measurements. The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) of the farm structures defined four groups of farms, variance between groups accounting for 55.7% of total variability. The average number of goats in groups 1 to 4 was 7.2±2.8, 11.1±3.5, 22.3±1.4 and 3.4±1.0, respectively. Group 3 (n=6), showed the greatest number; it consists of older farmers (67 years old or over) not practicing arboriculture. They also have the largest numbers of sheep (48.67), rabbits (50.83), chicken (48.33) and turkeys (42). Group 4 (n=9), with the lowest number of goats, was the group of young farmers (39 years old or less), more dedicated to cattle breeding (~52 heads) and the production of olive oil (~207 trees) and figs (~47 trees). The 18 morpho-biometric variables were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.05). The Kabyle goat is small (Height at withers: male: 68.23±0.97cm and female: 65.41±0.55cm) with long hair (male: 12.24±0.51cm, and female: 9.51±0.29cm). Its ears are drooping, its convex profile has a slightly pronounced nasal split and its dress color ranges from dark brown to black. This adapted genetic resource should be key in the development of a local production, based on a strong commitment of farmers inside a breed association, for the production of specimens corresponding to a standard, to be determined collectively. [less ▲]

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See detailReference values of two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiographic measurements as a function of body size in various equine breeds and in ponies.
Al-Haidar, Ali; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Leroux, Aurélia ULiege et al

in Journal of Veterinary Cardiology : The Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology (2017)

Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish echocardiographic reference values for the equine species using allometric regression equations based on body weight (BW) and thoracic circumference ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to establish echocardiographic reference values for the equine species using allometric regression equations based on body weight (BW) and thoracic circumference (TC). Animals: A total of 239 horses or ponies were studied, including 65 warmbloods, 33 Standardbreds, 41 Thoroughbreds, 32 Arabian horses, 28 draft horses and 40 ponies aged from 1 day to 30 years, weighing from 18 to 890 kg, with no evidence of cardiac disease. Methods: For each horse or pony, a two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography was performed. Within each breed, the relationships between BW or TC and echocardiographic dimensions were examined using power regression equations. Predictions and their 95% prediction intervals were calculated for the echocardiographic measurements. Results: Within each breed, all echocardiographic measurements showed a significant and positive relationship with a high coefficient of determination for the estimation of the regression equations using BW and TC as the main explanatory variables. Breed-specific power regression equations as well as the 95% prediction intervals were calculated for each echocardiographic measurement as a function of BW and TC. Conclusions: In the future, the body size-corrected and breed-specific echocardiographic reference values calculated in the present study could be used to discriminate between normal and abnormal values in a given animal. [less ▲]

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See detailMarket organization and animal genetic resource management: a revealed preference analysis of sheep pricing.
Tindano, Kisito; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Leroy, Pascal ULiege et al

in Animal : an international journal of animal bioscience (2017)

Farm animal genetic resources are threatened worldwide. Participation in markets, while representing a crucial way out of poverty for many smallholders, affects genetic management choices with associated ... [more ▼]

Farm animal genetic resources are threatened worldwide. Participation in markets, while representing a crucial way out of poverty for many smallholders, affects genetic management choices with associated sustainability concerns. This paper proposes a contextualized study of the interactions between markets and animal genetic resources management, in the case of sheep markets in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. It focusses on the organization of marketing chains and the valuation of genetic characteristics by value chain actors. Marketing chain characterization was tackled through semi-structured interviews with 25 exporters and 15 butchers, both specialized in sheep. Moreover, revealed preference methods were applied to analyse the impact of animals' attributes on market pricing. Data were collected from 338 transactions during three different periods: Eid al-Adha, Christmas and New Year period, and a neutral period. The neutral period is understood as a period not close to any event likely to influence the demand for sheep. The results show that physical characteristics such as live weight, height at withers and coat colour have a strong influence on the animals' prices. Live weight has also had an increasing marginal impact on price. The different markets (local butcher, feasts, export market, sacrifices) represent distinct demands for genetic characteristics, entailing interesting consequences for animal genetic resource management. Any breeding programme should therefore take this diversity into account to allow this sector to contribute better to a sustainable development of the country. [less ▲]

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See detailCHARACTERIZATION OF THE KABYLE BREED OF HEN (THAYAZIT LEKVAYEL) AND ITS FARMING SYSTEM IN THE REGION OF CHEMINI AND BOUZEGUENE (ALGERIA)
Moula, Nassim ULiege

in INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Agriculture Development in the Context of International Integration: Opportunities and Challenges (2016, December 07)

The rural poultry in Algeria is a supplier of popular products. The aims of this study are to characterize local chickens in Kabylie in terms of the livestock practices, management, flock structures, uses ... [more ▼]

The rural poultry in Algeria is a supplier of popular products. The aims of this study are to characterize local chickens in Kabylie in terms of the livestock practices, management, flock structures, uses, performance and phenotypes. The present survey addresses this issue in the case of Kabylie, a mountainous coastal region of Algeria, and concerns 28 households raising poultry and a morpho - biometric description of 388 (290 females and 98 males) adult local chickens. The farming practices is characterized by a reduction in the time allocated for this activity and to deal with production costs which are aspects of an unproductive extensive livestock system considered as a secondary activity. The body weight is 2.03 ± 0.22 kg and 1.61 ± 0.19 kg respectively in the male and the female. The age at first egg, egg weight, egg production per hen per clutch, number of clutches per year, hatchability and number of chicks weaned are 28.00 ± 3.82 weeks, 49.03 ± 3.66 g, 13.57 ± 1.64, 3.82 ± 1.14, 89.29 ± 9.79% and 7.82 ±1.75 respectively. The comb type is mostly single (89.43%). Skin colours are principally white (39.18%) and yellow (39.43). The comb and wattles are mostly red (93.30). Shanks colours are principally yellow (49.74%) and white (24.23%). The most common plumage colours are salmon (14.43%), white (12.11%), black (17%), grey (9.54%) and gold (9.02%). The genetic improvement of local poultry breeds is also to consider, provided that the suitability of the animal with respect to the context of its breeding is preserved. [less ▲]

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See detailApparition de la puberté chez les agneaux mâles de race Ouled Djellal
Boussena, Sabrina; Bouaziz, O.; Hireche, S. et al

in Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire (2016), 167(9-10), 274-282

The aim of this study is to evaluate the body and testicular growth performances in Ouled Djellal rams from weaning until twelve months of age. It also contributes to the study of the onset of puberty in ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to evaluate the body and testicular growth performances in Ouled Djellal rams from weaning until twelve months of age. It also contributes to the study of the onset of puberty in Ouled Djellal rams and to follow the subsequent evolution of their semen production. Weekly measurements of body weight, chest perimeter, scrotal circumference, testicular length and diameter, as well as the cauda-epididymis diameter of the gonads were conducted in ten rams, from weaning and until the onset of puberty. Semen collection was also performed in the same manner with an electroejaculator in order to define puberty. After the onset of puberty, observations were made fortnightly on body weight, chest perimeter, testis morphometry and the evolution of semen characteristics. Puberty settled at an average age of 228± 7 days with an average weight of 40.4 ± 1.2 kg. Highly significant correlations were observed between testicular measurements and those of the body. Similar significant correlations were also observed between testicular measurements (especially scrotal circumference) and semen characteristics after puberty. [less ▲]

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See detailMediation analysis to estimate direct and indirect milk losses associated with bacterial load in bovine subclinical mammary infections
Detilleux, Johann ULiege; Theron, Léonard ULiege; Duprez, Jean-Noël ULiege et al

in Animal (2016)

Milk losses associated with mastitis can be attributed to either effects of pathogens per se (i.e. direct losses) or to effects of the immune response triggered by the presence of mammary pathogens (i.e ... [more ▼]

Milk losses associated with mastitis can be attributed to either effects of pathogens per se (i.e. direct losses) or to effects of the immune response triggered by the presence of mammary pathogens (i.e. indirect losses). Test-day milk somatic cell counts (SCC) and number of bacterial colony forming units (CFU) found in milk samples are putative measures of the level of immune response and of the bacterial load, respectively. Mediation models, in which one independent variable affects a second variable which, in turn, affects a third one, are conceivable models to estimate direct and indirect losses. Here, we evaluated the feasibility of a mediation model in which test-day SCC and milk were regressed toward bacterial CFU measured at three selected sampling dates, 1 week apart. We applied this method on cows free of clinical signs and with records on up to 3 test-days before and after the date of the first bacteriological samples. Most bacteriological cultures were negative (52.38%), others contained either staphylococci (23.08%), streptococci (9.16%), mixed bacteria (8.79%) or were contaminated (6.59%). Only losses mediated by an increase in SCC were significantly different from null. In cows with three consecutive bacteriological positive results, we estimated a decreased milk yield of 0.28 kg per day for each unit increase in log2-transformed CFU that elicited one unit increase in log2-transformed SCC. In cows with one or two bacteriological positive results, indirect milk loss was not significantly different from null although test-day milk decreased by 0.74 kg per day for each unit increase of log2-transformed SCC. These results highlight the importance of milk losses that are mediated by an increase in SCC during mammary infection and the feasibility of decomposing total milk loss into its direct and indirect components. © The Animal Consortium 2016 [less ▲]

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See detailPhenotypic characterization of the indigenous chickens (Gallus gallus) in the northwest of Algeria
Dalhoum, L.; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Halbouche, M. et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2016), 59

This study was conducted to characterize local chickens in the northwest of Algeria based on some phenotypic traits and to look at prediction of body weight from morphometric measurements (linear body ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to characterize local chickens in the northwest of Algeria based on some phenotypic traits and to look at prediction of body weight from morphometric measurements (linear body). The results indicated that the predominant comb colour was dark red (77.8%), followed by light red (22.2%). Tarsus colour was either white (40.9%), grey (31%), yellow (15.39%), dark (8.05%), or green (4.51%). Most chickens (81.7%) had orange eyes, while 10.37 and 7.92% had yellow and dark-brown eyes, respectively. The dominant earlobe colour was white (73.96%), followed by red (16.81%). The remaining proportion included yellow and red-mottled yellow and black earlobes. Proportions of the adaptive genes were low. Incidences of Na, F, Pti, Cr, R, and P genes were 8.82, 0.45, 1.22, 5.54, 3.35, and 4.7%, respectively. The calculated gene frequencies ranged from 0.002 to 0.045. Variations were also found in quantitative morphological traits. Sex-associated differences (P<0.001) were observed in almost all the parameters evaluated with higher values recorded for males. Phenotypic correlations of body weight and biometric traits ranged from −0.13 to 0.88 and −0.15 to 0.97 for males and females, respectively. From the factor analysis with varimax rotation of the intercorrelated traits, three principal components which accounted for 71.6 and 73.2% of the total variance were extracted in males and females, respectively. Orthogonal body shape characters derived from the factor analysis accounted for 84.3 and 94.2% of the variation in body weight of males and females, respectively. Information obtained from this study could be useful in an appropriate management, breeding programmes for selection and utilization of Algerian chicken genetic resources. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Dietary Energy on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Algerian Local Rabbit Does and Their Litters
Saidj, Dahia; Ainbaziz, H.; Salhi, O. et al

in Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology (2016), 16

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See detailPresence of antimicrobial resistance in coliform bacteria from hatching broiler eggs with emphasis on ESBL/AmpC-producing bacteria
Mezhoud, Halima; Chantziaras, Ilias; Iguer-Ouada, Mokrane et al

in Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A (2016), 45(4), 493-500

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See detailMapping stakeholder viewpoints in biodiversity management: an application in Niger using Q methodology
Hamadou, Issa; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Siddo, Seyni et al

in Biodiversity and Conservation (2016), 25(10), 1973-1986

The purpose of this paper is to examine the viewpoints of stakeholders in the management and conservation of farm animal biodiversity in Niger. The research applies Q methodology in order to reveal ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to examine the viewpoints of stakeholders in the management and conservation of farm animal biodiversity in Niger. The research applies Q methodology in order to reveal consensual and divergent discourses. After the development of the set of items on the topic of biodiversity (Q sample), the statements were sorted by the respondents through a 7-grade scale, from −3 to +3. The analysis of Q-sort data with the qmethod package under the R software highlighted three distinct stakeholder viewpoints on the importance of biodiversity in agriculture and animal husbandry, the balance between progress and preservation and the effectiveness of different methods of conservation. The study shows an apparent consensus on the importance of biodiversity that is obviously a promoted topic in the country. Behind the consensus, different discourses are defined that all appear divided by the same dilemma between conservation and economic development. Understanding the different answers and weight attributed to each of the components of the dilemma will guide awareness-raising campaigns and help to pinpoint divergent interests among stakeholders. [less ▲]

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See detailFinancial Impacts of Priority Swine Diseases to Pig Farmers in Red River and Mekong River Delta, Vietnam.
Pham, T. T. Hoa; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULiege; Grosbois, V. et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2016)

A study was conducted between May 2013 and August 2014 in three provinces of Vietnam to investigate financial impacts of swine diseases in pig holdings in 2010-2013. The aim of the study was to quantify ... [more ▼]

A study was conducted between May 2013 and August 2014 in three provinces of Vietnam to investigate financial impacts of swine diseases in pig holdings in 2010-2013. The aim of the study was to quantify the costs of swine diseases at producer level in order to understand swine disease priority for monitoring at local level. Financial impacts of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), foot and mouth disease (FMD), and epidemic diarrhoea were assessed for 162 pig holders in two Red River Delta provinces and in one Mekong River Delta province, using data on pig production and swine disease outbreaks at farms. Losses incurred by swine diseases were estimated, including direct losses due to mortality (100% market value of pig before disease onset) and morbidity (abortion, delay of finishing stage), and indirect losses due to control costs (treatment, improving biosecurity and emergency vaccination) and revenue foregone (lower price in case of emergency selling). Financial impacts of swine diseases were expressed as percentage of gross margin of pig holding. The gross margin varied between pig farming groups (P < 0.0001) in the following order: large farm (USD 18 846), fattening farm (USD 7014) and smallholder (USD 2350). The losses per pig holding due to PRRS were the highest: 41% of gross margin for large farm, 38% for fattening farm and 63% for smallholder. Cost incurred by FMD was lower with 19%, 25% and 32% of gross margin of pig holding in large farm, fattening farm and smallholder, respectively. The cost of epidemic diarrhoea was the lowest compared to losses due to PRRS and FMD and accounted for around 10% of gross margin of pig holding in the three pig farming groups. These estimates provided critical elements on swine disease priorities to better inform surveillance and control at both national and local level. [less ▲]

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See detailHo Chicken in Bac Ninh Province (Vietnam): From an Indigenous Chicken to Local Poultry Breed
Nguyen Van Duy, ULiege; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Do Duc, Luc et al

in International Journal of Poultry Sciences (2015), 14(9), 521-528

The objectives of this study were to determine the morpho-biometric characteristics of Vietnamese indigenous Ho chicken breed and to evaluate its production, reproduction performance and egg quality. The ... [more ▼]

The objectives of this study were to determine the morpho-biometric characteristics of Vietnamese indigenous Ho chicken breed and to evaluate its production, reproduction performance and egg quality. The study was carried out on 20 households raising purebred Ho chicken from September 2013 to April 2015 in Northern Vietnam. Morpho-biometric characterization was based on measurement of 128 adult individuals. The egg production was observed on 66 hens within 20 households. A total of 29 eggs were freshly collected from 8 hens at the 20th laying week for quality analysis. Ho chicken breed is a breed with a large dimension, a large diversity in the colors (black with gold hackle, black copper, wheat, tan and tricolor), a heavy weight 3.78 and 2.64 for adult males and females, respectively), a low egg production (12.73 eggs/clutch) and a relatively low rate of embryo eggs (72.81%). A research to improve the egg production and reproduction should be undertaken to obtain a better performance, economic efficiency while maintaining this genetic heritage and sustaining the biodiversity of the avian breeds in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacteristics and typology of sheep herding systems in the suburban area of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)
Tindano, Kisito ULiege; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Traoré, A. et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht = Archives Animal Breeding (2015), 58

Strong increase in demand for animal products could benefit local producers in developing countries. This development opportunity particularly concerns suburban livestock. In Burkina Faso, the suburban ... [more ▼]

Strong increase in demand for animal products could benefit local producers in developing countries. This development opportunity particularly concerns suburban livestock. In Burkina Faso, the suburban area of Ouagadougou is a place for the setting up of an increasing number of breeders. Due to its importance in religious traditions, spurring its consumption in whole West Africa, mutton is a major part of this suburban production. In order to characterize sheep farming in the suburban zone of Ouagadougou, in terms of motives, practices, and economic performance, and to better understand the dynamic at play in the sheep sector, a survey has been conducted among 80 sheep farmers around Ouagadougou. The results show that suburban sheep keeping is a highly dual sector. Nearly half (42.5 %) of farms may be described as traditional livestock, while 50% are evolving towards intensification. These two groups essentially differ in terms of animal genetic and feeding management, farm infrastructure, and farmer education level. Economically, the whole sample tends to indicate a lack of profitability of the activity in terms of monetary income. Several factors contributing to this situation are pinpointed, namely feed and animal health constraints, flock and production management, and the market conditions. [less ▲]

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