References of "Moreau, Vincent"
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See detailComparison of Spectral Colorimetric Measurements vs. Color Pictures in Dermatology
Blain, Pascal ULg; Michel, Fabrice; Moreau, Vincent et al

Poster (2010, April 13)

We studied scars and wounds depths and surfaces thanks to our interferometric fringes projector 3D scanner1, 2. Color information of a wound indicates its deterioration level. That’s why the visual color ... [more ▼]

We studied scars and wounds depths and surfaces thanks to our interferometric fringes projector 3D scanner1, 2. Color information of a wound indicates its deterioration level. That’s why the visual color restitution, as realistic as possible, is a highly important parameter. Firstly our acquired 3D pictures were color mapped with an image recorded by a RGB camera. The results were not efficient enough. In order to improve our technique and provide more precise information, we add a spectral characterization to the set-up. Before adding the spectral information and a realistic color mapping to the 3D measurements, we evaluate the performances of colorimetric measurements. The tests have been made on mice with scars on their back. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation d’une lame de Savart pour un système de projection de franges interférométriques pour la mesure de forme 3D
Blain, Pascal ULg; Michel, Fabrice ULg; Moreau, Vincent et al

Conference (2009, November 18)

Non-contact optical measurement methods are essential tools in many industrial domain. Hololab developed an original out of plane, in line and almost common path interferometer based on polarization ... [more ▼]

Non-contact optical measurement methods are essential tools in many industrial domain. Hololab developed an original out of plane, in line and almost common path interferometer based on polarization states separation using a coated prism for fringes projection. This setup has proven efficient in the field of arts and archaeology but does not meet the demands of the industrial world. Above the acquisition speed and the post treatment process, one of the disadvantages comes from the sensitivity of the system to the environment. To overcome this disadvantage, the coated prism is substituted by a Savart plate. This device has already been used in another field of optical metrology as a shearing device. Many advantages of the prism substitution are discussed and recorded fringes patterns will be shown. [less ▲]

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See detailAlmost-common path interferometer using the separation of polarization states for digital phase-shifting shearography
Rosso, Vanessa ULg; Michel, Fabrice ULg; Renotte, Yvon ULg et al

in Optical Engineering : The Journal of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (2007), 46(10),

An original experimental setup for shearography with metrological applications is presented. The simplicity and the efficiency of the setup are provided by a shearing device, a prism that separates the TE ... [more ▼]

An original experimental setup for shearography with metrological applications is presented. The simplicity and the efficiency of the setup are provided by a shearing device, a prism that separates the TE and TM polarization modes with a coating and a thin glass plate placed on its face. The use of this shearing device enables an in-line and almost-common path configuration for the shearing interferometer, a path that leads to high stability and a low sensitivity to external disturbances. Moreover, the sensitivity of the interferometer can be easily adjusted for different applications by varying the shearing amount with glass plates of different thicknesses or by moving the shearing device between two lenses along the optical axis. The temporal phase-shifting method is applied through the use of a liquid crystal variable retarder. (c) 2007 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. [less ▲]

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See detailA New Tool for 3D Archaeological and Epigraphic Recording
Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Moreau, Vincent

in Vergnieux, Robert (Ed.) Virtual Retrospect 2005. Actes du colloque international du CNRS organisé à Biarritz, du 8 au 19 novembre 2005 (2007)

Regarding the technological and epistemological problems raised by the necessity for Archaeology to record the precise shape of the objects of its study, the OSIRIS (Optical Systems for Interferometric ... [more ▼]

Regarding the technological and epistemological problems raised by the necessity for Archaeology to record the precise shape of the objects of its study, the OSIRIS (Optical Systems for Interferometric Relief Investigation and Scanning) project aimed to develop a device that allows by optoelectronic processes an accurate, quick and easy to use recording, dedicated to the specific and very demanding needs of archaeological research. The article explains how this new innovative device takes advantage of monochromatic light projection, polarization states splitting technique and interferometry principles to reach that goal. Some examples of its application to archaeological recording problems are also given. [less ▲]

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See detailDaytime light exposure dynamically enhances brain responses.
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Balteau, Evelyne ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg et al

in Current Biology (2006), 16(16), 1616-21

In humans, light enhances both alertness and performance during nighttime and daytime [1-4] and influences regional brain function [5]. These effects do not correspond to classical visual responses but ... [more ▼]

In humans, light enhances both alertness and performance during nighttime and daytime [1-4] and influences regional brain function [5]. These effects do not correspond to classical visual responses but involve a non-image forming (NIF) system, which elicits greater endocrine, physiological, neurophysiological, and behavioral responses to shorter light wavelengths than to wavelengths geared toward the visual system [6-11]. During daytime, the neural changes induced by light exposure, and their time courses, are largely unknown. With functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we characterized the neural correlates of the alerting effect of daytime light by assessing the responses to an auditory oddball task [12-15], before and after a short exposure to a bright white light. Light-induced improvement in subjective alertness was linearly related to responses in the posterior thalamus. In addition, light enhanced responses in a set of cortical areas supporting attentional oddball effects, and it prevented decreases of activity otherwise observed during continuous darkness. Responses to light were remarkably dynamic. They declined within minutes after the end of the light stimulus, following various region-specific time courses. These findings suggest that light can modulate activity of subcortical structures involved in alertness, thereby dynamically promoting cortical activity in networks involved in ongoing nonvisual cognitive processes. [less ▲]

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See detailInterferometric fringes projection system for 3D profilometry and relief investigation
Moreau, Vincent; Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Tilkens, Bernard et al

in Optical Methods for Arts and Archaeology, Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5857 (2005)

We present a new 3D full-frame profilometer based on structured laser light projection method. This device takes advantage of the polarization states splitting technique for producing and shifting ... [more ▼]

We present a new 3D full-frame profilometer based on structured laser light projection method. This device takes advantage of the polarization states splitting technique for producing and shifting multiple sinusoidal Young’s interference patterns that are projected on the inspected surface. The principle of the technique is presented and we discuss the advantages of monochromatic light projection method as a mean to overcome ambient lighting for in-situ measurement. Some results that we obtained on objects from the Egyptian Department of the British Museum are presented to demonstrate that 3D laser profilometry is a worthwhile technique for epigraphic investigations where naked-eye inspections fail. [less ▲]

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See detailAt the crossing of physics and Aercheology : the OSIRIS project
Renotte, Yvon ULg; Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Tilkens, Bernard et al

in Europhysics News (2004), 35/6

How physics can help aercheology, including a path to the parket

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See detailNarrow band-width wavelength filter by guided mode resonance
Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Moreau, Vincent; Renotte, Yvon ULg et al

in Optical Engineering : The Journal of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (2004), 43(11), 2631-2639

Simple resonant structures that permit holographic reflection filtering are studied. The filters under study work under a 45-deg incidence for a wavelength of λ=632.8 nm, a condition useful for future ... [more ▼]

Simple resonant structures that permit holographic reflection filtering are studied. The filters under study work under a 45-deg incidence for a wavelength of λ=632.8 nm, a condition useful for future inclusion in substrate mode systems. First, the influence of the structural parameters of the grating and the waveguide on the position and the shape of the resonance peaks are studied by numerical computation. The numerical results, obtained within the rigorous coupled wave theory, are compared with the measured response of some filters. These filters contain a grating recorded by holography deposited on the substrate. In the case of the bilayer filter, a waveguide is introduced between the grating and the substrate. Second, the numerical results are used for the conception of an active substrate mode spectral filter built from electro-optic zinc oxide. [less ▲]

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See detailNonvisual responses to light exposure in the human brain during the circadian night
Perrin, Fabien; Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Fuchs, Sonia ULg et al

in Current Biology (2004), 14(20), 1842-6

The brain processes light information to visually represent the environment but also to detect changes in ambient light level. The latter information induces non-image-forming responses and exerts ... [more ▼]

The brain processes light information to visually represent the environment but also to detect changes in ambient light level. The latter information induces non-image-forming responses and exerts powerful effects on physiology such as synchronization of the circadian clock and suppression of melatonin. In rodents, irradiance information is transduced from a discrete subset of photosensitive retinal ganglion cells via the retinohypothalamic tract to various hypothalamic and brainstem regulatory structures including the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei, the master circadian pacemaker. In humans, light also acutely modulates alertness, but the cerebral correlates of this effect are unknown. We assessed regional cerebral blood flow in 13 subjects attending to auditory and visual stimuli in near darkness following light exposures (>8000 lux) of different durations (0.5, 17, 16.5, and 0 min) during the biological night. The bright broadband polychromatic light suppressed melatonin and enhanced alertness. Functional imaging revealed that a large-scale occipito-parietal attention network, including the right intraparietal sulcus, was more active in proportion to the duration of light exposures preceding the scans. Activity in the hypothalamus decreased in proportion to previous illumination. These findings have important implications for understanding the effects of light on human behavior. [less ▲]

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See detailAchromatic four quadrants phase mask coronagraph using the dispersion of form birefringence
Mawet, Dimitri; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Moreau, Vincent et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2003, February 01)

We describe an alternative design for the 4-quadrant phase mask coronagraph described recently by Rouan et al. 2000. Based on the same principle, i.e. producing a very efficient nulling by mutually ... [more ▼]

We describe an alternative design for the 4-quadrant phase mask coronagraph described recently by Rouan et al. 2000. Based on the same principle, i.e. producing a very efficient nulling by mutually destructive interferences of the coherent light from the main source, our mask realises the pi phase shift using some properties of ZOGs (Zeroth Order Gratings) and according to an original scheme respecting the 4-quadrant symmetry. When the period of the one-dimension grating structure is smaller than the wavelength of the incident light, the structure becomes birefringent. The effective refractive indices depend on the wavelength. Using this feature, we can design a mask whose nulling e±ciency is maintained within a wide wavelength range. Numerical simulations were made according to the RCWT (Rigorous Coupled Wave Theory). [less ▲]

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See detailHolographic Filter applied to LCD projector for improvement of laser pointer presentation
Habraken, Serge ULg; Moreau, Vincent; Vandormael, Denis et al

in Proceedings of Spie (2000), 3951

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