References of "Monticelli, David"
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See detailFINE-SCALE HABITAT SELECTION BY TWO SPECIALIST WOODPECKERS OCCURRING IN BEECH AND OAK-DOMINATED FORESTS IN SOUTHERN BELGIUM
Delahaye, Laurence; Monticelli, David; Lehaire, François ULg et al

in Ardeola (2010), 57(2), 339-362

We studied the identification of key habitat parameters for two specialist woodpecker species (middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius and lesser spotted woodpecker D. minor) associated with mature ... [more ▼]

We studied the identification of key habitat parameters for two specialist woodpecker species (middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos medius and lesser spotted woodpecker D. minor) associated with mature broadleaved forests ecosystems in Europe, and the modelling of their specific requirements with a view to assist forest managers. The study was conducted in four beech and oak-dominated forests (Haut-Fays, Halma, Gembes and Croix-Scaille) located in the Ardennes Region of Southern Belgium. The study sites covered a total area of ca. 20 km². A census of woodpecker occurrence (presenceabsence) was implemented from 2000 to 2003 within 255 1-ha plots. Habitat variables describing stand age, tree density, snag density, stand composition and vertical vegetation structure were also sampled at the same plots to develop both logistic and autologistic regression models describing habitat use.Middle spotted woodpecker (MSW) uses the oak-rich locations (mean basal area of 15.6 m²/ha), with selection of areas with the largest, oldest oak trees (mean circumference > 150 cm), and with a high diversity of tree species in the overstory. Similarly, the lesser spotted woodpecker (LSW) was detected in areas presenting the highest percentage cover of oak trees but with a selection of younger stands, with a high density of snags and dead wood (mean of 9 m³/ha). The integration of an autocorrelation term improved model performance for the LSW but not for MSW. Our results highlight the importance of a high disponibility of oak trees for these two sympatric species. The climax forest in northwest Europe is beech so that public and private owners must develop appropriate forest management plans to prevent the conversion of oak to beech forests. In particular, forest managers can promote an active oakregeneration management to obtain a balanced representation of age classes. They must also aim to maintain/increase the volume of dead wood resources by reserving all trees produced by storms or any other cause of natural mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude des habitats utilisés par le Pic mar en Région wallonne à partir des données de l'inventaire forestier
Lehaire, François ULg; Paquet, Jean-Yves; Monticelli, David et al

in Forêt Wallonne (2010), (104), 50-61

Le Pic mar est une espèce-clé de nos forêts feuillues. Il apparaît généralement comme étant un indicateur des forêts de grande valeur biologique. Autrefois cantonné dans les grands massifs feuillus ... [more ▼]

Le Pic mar est une espèce-clé de nos forêts feuillues. Il apparaît généralement comme étant un indicateur des forêts de grande valeur biologique. Autrefois cantonné dans les grands massifs feuillus d’Ardenne et de Gaume, il a remarquablement étendu son aire à toute la Wallonie lors des deux dernières décennies. L’étude de cette aire d’extension récente devrait nous permettre de mieux apprécier ses exigences écologiques dans un habitat encore peu ou mal connu et pourrait ouvrir des portes vers des recommandations de gestion forestière plus précises quant aux pics et leur biodiversité associée. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude des habitats utilisés par le Pic mar (Dendrocopos medius) en Région wallonne à partir de l'inventaire permanent des ressources forestières
Lehaire, François ULg; Monticelli, David; Paquet, Jean-Yves et al

in Aves (2009), 46(4), 149-163

Middle Spotted Woodpecker is one of the key species for which understanding the relationship with its habitat can have important implications for improving biodiversity-friendly management of hardwood ... [more ▼]

Middle Spotted Woodpecker is one of the key species for which understanding the relationship with its habitat can have important implications for improving biodiversity-friendly management of hardwood forests. This species is considered as an indicator of a forest ecosystem comprising a high proportion of mature trees and a botanical composition chiefly associated with oaks. For the last two decades, the Middle Spotted Woodpecker distribution range is expanding remarkably in the Walloon Region while, in contrast, other populations are either decreasing in the south-east of Europe or remain stable elsewhere in Europe. The study of this expansion range within the Walloon Region and of the forest habitats used therein is necessary to better assess the ecological requirements of the species. Based on more than 3,000 location data collected in the framework of the Atlas of breeding birds between 2001 and 2007, our study aimed at comparing forest habitats occupied by Middle Spotted Wood peckers between three geographically distinct areas, defined on the basis of the temporal evolution of the species’ distribution in the Walloon Region: the old distribution range, described from 1973-1977 and corresponding to the Ardennes and the Lorraine regions (southern Belgium), the transition range, defined in 1991-1992 and corresponding to the Fagne-Famenne region, and the expansion range, described in 2001-2007 and corresponding to the area colonized further north in the Loess region and Condroz. Overall, 418 woodpecker locations were crossed with 41 forest habitat variables available as part of the Regional Forest Inventory of the Walloon Region (IPRFW). Preliminary results suggest that, in agreement with previously known environmental requirements, forest stands presenting high densities in oak trees have been colonized by the Middle Spotted Woodpecker during its recent range expansion. However, the species is also expanding towards areas with a lower proportion of beech trees compared to the old distribution range, with a marked preference for forest stands presenting a high tree diversity. We conclude that the Middle Spotted Woodpecker may exhibit a certain flexibility regarding its habitats requirements in Walloon forests, which led us to suggest several recommendations aimed at promoting the conservation of the species and of the forest biodiversity in general. [less ▲]

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See detailDiet and foraging ecology of Roseate terns and lesser noddies breeding sympatrically on Aride Island, Seychelles
Monticelli, David; Ramos, J. A.; Tavares, P. C. et al

in Waterbirds (2008), 31(239), 248

Inferences on seabird ecology from stable isotopes ratios (δ13C, δ15N) and mercury concentrations analysis of feathers have been made for temperate and polar species but are far more rare for tropical ... [more ▼]

Inferences on seabird ecology from stable isotopes ratios (δ13C, δ15N) and mercury concentrations analysis of feathers have been made for temperate and polar species but are far more rare for tropical species. In this paper, we used this approach combined with analysis of regurgitations and feeding observations at colonies to examine diet segregation between Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallii) and Lesser Noddies (Anous tenuirostris) breeding sympatrically on Aride Island (Seychelles), western Indian Ocean. Our results indicated extensive overlap between the two species in trophic level and foraging area during the breeding season. Goatfish predominated (93-97%) in all diet samples of adults and chicks collected in the colonies, except in prey fed to mates by Roseate Terns, of which scad and tuna comprised 20%. The isotopic analyses of feathers replaced by adults during molt (primary and body feathers) suggested, however, that the two species differ in foraging ecology during the nonbreeding period. Roseate Tern adults had consistently lower δ15N values than Lesser Noddies which, in turn, had δ15N values comparable to those of chick feathers grown on Aride. Moreover, low but similar mercury levels were found in body feathers of Lesser Noddy adults and Roseate Tern chicks, whereas Roseate Tern adults were significantly more contaminated. Overall, these results support the hypothesis that the Lesser Noddy is largely sedentary, being associated with the same food web in the vicinity of the colonies year-round. In contrast, Roseate Terns rely on distinct prey during the molting (nonbreeding) season which may be also consistent with a change in food web (i.e., a migratory regime) although the assignment of potential wintering areas remain difficult without isotopic basemaps currently available for the Indian Ocean. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative approach to the conservation of a tropical seabird population in the western Indian Ocean
Monticelli, David; Ramos, J. A.; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg et al

Poster (2006)

The roseate tern (Sterna dougalli) is an oceanic seabird species showing mainly a tropical distribution, with a relatively fragile status worldwide. It was still recently considered as a "near-threatened ... [more ▼]

The roseate tern (Sterna dougalli) is an oceanic seabird species showing mainly a tropical distribution, with a relatively fragile status worldwide. It was still recently considered as a "near-threatened" (IUCN red list) due to the strong decline in population trends over the last decades. For instance, the annual breeding population found on Aride Island, western Indian Ocean, has fluctuated between a high of 4,000 in the 1970's to a low of 60-1200 pairs from 2000 onwards. As a result, an intensive monitoring program was conducted on Aride between 1998 and 2006 in order to understand how environmental factors may affects this breeding population. This included the estimation of annual productivity (no of chicks fledged per pair), demographic parameters such as survival rate and recruitment (age-specific breeding probabilities), and their affecting co-factors (e.g. food availability, tick parasitism,...). We suggest that these three parameters (productivity, survival, recruitment) constitute the necessary basis to model the life-cycle of this population, and, ultimately, to provide local managers with conservations measures. [less ▲]

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See detailContrôle/commande de la réduction d'odeur générée par un Centre d'Enfouissement Technique
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; wiertz, Véronique; Monticelli, David et al

Report (2000)

An instrument based on the "electronic nose" concept was developed with the aim of controlling an odour abatement technique, as the spraying of masking or neutralising agent, on a landfill area in Belgium ... [more ▼]

An instrument based on the "electronic nose" concept was developed with the aim of controlling an odour abatement technique, as the spraying of masking or neutralising agent, on a landfill area in Belgium. Models of odour recognition and of odour level prediction were developed and successfully validated in the field. Additionally to e-nose response, the influence of meteorological data was particularly studied. The project was conducted on a real size facility and in close collaboration with the manager of the facility. [less ▲]

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