Osteoarthritis year in review 2015: soluble biomarkers and the BIPED criteria.
; ; et al
in Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society (2016), 24(1), 9-20
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize biomarker data published from April 2014 to May 2015 to provide insight to the ongoing work in the field of osteoarthritis (OA). Furthermore, to summarize the BIPED ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize biomarker data published from April 2014 to May 2015 to provide insight to the ongoing work in the field of osteoarthritis (OA). Furthermore, to summarize the BIPED criteria and set it in context of the medical needs of 2015. METHODS: PubMed was used as searching machine: Time period 2014/04/01-2015/05/01, MeSH term [Biomarker] AND [Osteoarthritis], Language; English, Full text available. Reviews were excluded. Only papers describing protein based biomarkers measured in human body fluids from OA patients were included. RESULTS: Biomarkers of joint tissue turnover, cytokines, chemokines and peptide arrays were measured in different cohorts and studies. Amongst those were previously tested biomarkers such as osteocalcin, Carboxy-terminal cross-linked fragment of type II collagen (CTX-II) and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP). A majority of the biomarker were classified as I, B or B biomarkers according to the BIPED criteria. Work is continuing on testing biomarkers in OA. There is still a huge, unmet medical need to identify, test, validate and qualify novel and well-known biomarkers. A pre-requisite for this is better characterization and classification of biomarkers to their needs, which may not be reached before higher understanding of OA phenotypes has been gained. In addition, we provide some references to some recent guidelines from Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) on qualification and usage of biomarkers for drug development and personalized medicine, which may provide value to the field. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Osteoarthritis biomarkers derived from cartilage extracellular matrix: Current status and future perspectives.
Henrotin, Yves ; Sanchez, Christelle ; et al
in Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine (2016)
Specific soluble biomarkers can be powerful tools for the diagnosis, prognosis and personalized management of osteoarthritis (OA). Biomarkers are potential indicators of the effect of a drug on cartilage ... [more ▼]
Specific soluble biomarkers can be powerful tools for the diagnosis, prognosis and personalized management of osteoarthritis (OA). Biomarkers are potential indicators of the effect of a drug on cartilage metabolism and provide crucial information about the mechanisms of drug action. In this review, we address key questions concerning the use of biomarkers in OA management: Why do we need soluble biomarkers? What are the most widely investigated biomarkers derived from cartilage extracellular matrix? What are the most common pitfalls in interpreting soluble biomarker measurements? What are the perspectives and future research directions in this field? We review current evidence to propose that cartilage-derived soluble biomarkers are complementary "drug development tools" that can be applied during drug development from preclinical research to clinical evaluation. In the future, such biomarkers could be surrogate markers of clinical and/or imaging outcomes. Successful standardization and implementation of automated biomarker assays will facilitate their use in companion diagnostics in the context of personalized medicine for enhanced management of OA. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Curcumin in the treatment of osteoarthritis: the proof-of-concept.
Henrotin, Yves ;
in J Trop Med Plants (2010), 10(2), 123-132Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 ULg)
Biological actions of curcumin on articular chondrocytes.
Henrotin, Yves ; ; et al
in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2010), 18(2), 141-9
OBJECTIVES: Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is the principal biochemical component of the spice turmeric and has been shown to possess potent anti-catabolic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, properties ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVES: Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is the principal biochemical component of the spice turmeric and has been shown to possess potent anti-catabolic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, properties. This article aims to provide a summary of the actions of curcumin on articular chondrocytes from the available literature with the use of a text-mining tool. We highlight both the potential benefits and drawbacks of using this chemopreventive agent for treating osteoarthritis (OA). We also explore the recent literature on the molecular mechanisms of curcumin mediated alterations in gene expression mediated via activator protein 1 (AP-1)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) signalling in chondrocytes, osteoblasts and synovial fibroblasts. METHODS: A computer-aided search of the PubMed/Medline database aided by a text-mining tool to interrogate the ResNet Mammalian database 6.0. RESULTS: Recent work has shown that curcumin protects human chondrocytes from the catabolic actions of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 up-regulation, inhibition of collagen type II and down-regulation of beta1-integrin expression. Curcumin blocks IL-1beta-induced proteoglycan degradation, AP-1/NF-kappaB signalling, chondrocyte apoptosis and activation of caspase-3. CONCLUSIONS: The available data from published in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that curcumin may be a beneficial complementary treatment for OA in humans and companion animals. Nevertheless, before initiating extensive clinical trials, more basic research is required to improve its solubility, absorption and bioavailability and gain additional information about its safety and efficacy in different species. Once these obstacles have been overcome, curcumin and structurally related biochemicals may become safer and more suitable nutraceutical alternatives to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are currently used for the treatment of OA. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 75 (7 ULg)
Nutritional biochemistry of curcumin (diferuloymethane) and a review of its biological actions on articular chondrocytes
; Henrotin, Yves ; et al
in Haugen, Sondre; Meijer, Simen (Eds.) Handbook of Nutritional Biochemistry (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 ULg)