References of "Miller, Rebecca"
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See detailAnalysis of collagen preservation in bones recovered in archaeological contexts using NIR Hyperspectral Imaging
Vincke, Damien; Miller, Rebecca ULg; Stassart, Edith ULg et al

in Talanta (2014), 125

The scope of this article is to propose an innovative method based on Near Infrared Hyperspectral Chemical Imaging (NIR-HCI) to rapidly and non-destructively evaluate the relative degree of collagen ... [more ▼]

The scope of this article is to propose an innovative method based on Near Infrared Hyperspectral Chemical Imaging (NIR-HCI) to rapidly and non-destructively evaluate the relative degree of collagen preservation in bones recovered from archaeological contexts. This preliminary study has allowed the evaluation of the potential of the method using bone samples from the Early Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods at the site of Trou Al'Wesse in Belgium. NIR-HCI, combined with chemometric tools, has identified specific spectral bands characteristic of collagen. A chemometric model has been built using Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) to identify bones with and without collagen. This enables the evaluation of the degree of collagen preservation and homogeneity in bones within and between different strata, which has direct implications for archaeological applications (e.g., taphonomic analyses, assemblage integrity) and sample selection for sub- sequent analyses requiring collagen. Two archaeological applications are presented: comparison between sub-layers in an Early Upper Palaeolithic unit, and evaluation of the range of variability in collagen preservation within a single Holocene stratum. [less ▲]

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See detailMaisieres-Canal: An Open-Air Aurignacian Workshop
Miller, Rebecca ULg

in Smith, Claire (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (2014)

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See detailCouvin/Couvin : Trou de l'Abîme
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Cattelain, Pierre; Otte, Marcel ULg et al

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2014), 21

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See detailAnalysis of Soils in Agriculture and Archaeology by NIR Hyperspectral Imaging
Fernandez Pierna, Juan Antonio; Vincke, Damien; Eylenbosch, Damien ULg et al

Conference (2013, May 23)

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See detailSerial population extinctions in a small mammal indicate Late Pleistocene ecosystem instability
Brace, Selina; Palkopoulou, Eleftheria; Dalén, Love et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2012), 109(50), 20532-20536

The Late Pleistocene global extinction of many terrestrial mammal species has been a subject of intensive scientific study for over a century, yet the relative contributions of environmental changes and ... [more ▼]

The Late Pleistocene global extinction of many terrestrial mammal species has been a subject of intensive scientific study for over a century, yet the relative contributions of environmental changes and the global expansion of humans remain unresolved. A defining component of these extinctions is a bias toward large species, with the majority of small-mammal taxa apparently surviving into the present. Here, we investigate the population-level history of a key tundra-specialist small mammal, the collared lemming (Dicrostonyx torquatus), to explore whether events during the Late Pleistocene had a discernible effect beyond the large mammal fauna. Using ancient DNA techniques to sample across three sites in North-West Europe, we observe a dramatic reduction in genetic diversity in this species over the last 50,000 y. We further identify a series of extinction-recolonization events, indicating a previously unrecognized instability in Late Pleistocene small-mammal populations, which we link with climatic fluctuations. Our results reveal climate-associated, repeated regional extinctions in a keystone prey species across the Late Pleistocene, a pattern likely to have had an impact on the wider steppe-tundra community, and one that is concordant with environmental change as a major force in structuring Late Pleistocene biodiversity. [less ▲]

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See detailInterprétation chronostratigraphique de la séquence holocène du Trou Al'Wesse à la lumière des nouvelles datations : du Mésolithique ancien au Néolithique moyen
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Stassart, Edith ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2012), 32

The AMS dates obtained for the Holocene sequence are stratigraphically coherent, and indicate occupations at Trou Al’Wesse during the Early, Late and Final Mesolithic phases and the during the Middle ... [more ▼]

The AMS dates obtained for the Holocene sequence are stratigraphically coherent, and indicate occupations at Trou Al’Wesse during the Early, Late and Final Mesolithic phases and the during the Middle Neolithic. This paper presents an interpretation of the chronostratigraphy in light of the recently obtained dates. [less ▲]

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See detailModave/Modave : nouvelles découvertes dans la séquence holocène du Trou Al'Wesse, fouilles 2009-2010
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg; Stewart, John

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2012), 19

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See detailCouvin/Couvin : fouilles 2010 au Trou de l'Abîme
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Cattelain, Pierre

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2012), 19

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See detailCouvin/Couvin : fouilles 2010 au Trou de l’Abîme
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Cattelain, P.; Flas, Damien ULg et al

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2012), 19

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See detailMapping the expansion of the Northwest Magdalenian
Miller, Rebecca ULg

in Quaternary International (2012), 272-273

New paleoclimatic data for the Lateglacial clarify climatic phases during the Lateglacial. Cold climate played a key role in limiting Magdalenian expansion from southwest and central Europe This paper ... [more ▼]

New paleoclimatic data for the Lateglacial clarify climatic phases during the Lateglacial. Cold climate played a key role in limiting Magdalenian expansion from southwest and central Europe This paper presents chronological and geographic data for the different climatic phases to map the expansion of the Magdalenian into northwest Europe. Specifically, it can be seen that initial expansion follows a southwest-northeast trajectory into southern Germany, followed by northern expansion into Belgium, central Germany and the Paris Basin at the end of the Oldest Dryas. During the Bølling and Allerød phases, human occupation intensified in the Paris Basin and contacts and/or territorial exploitation between both the Paris Basin and the Rhineland region with Belgian territory is demonstrated. [less ▲]

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See detailChronostratigraphic context of the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition. Recent data from Belgium
Pirson, Stéphane; Flas, Damien ULg; Abrams, Grégory et al

in Quaternary International (2012), 259

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See detailLa séquence mésolithique et néolithique du Trou Al'Wesse (Belgique) : Résultats pluridisciplinaires
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Zwyns, Nicolas; Otte, Marcel ULg et al

in Anthropologie (L') (2012), 116

The site of Trou Al’Wesse has been interpreted as a site of possible contact between Mesolithic and Neolithic populations, given the discovery of Neolithic ceramics and Mesolithic tools in stratum 4 ... [more ▼]

The site of Trou Al’Wesse has been interpreted as a site of possible contact between Mesolithic and Neolithic populations, given the discovery of Neolithic ceramics and Mesolithic tools in stratum 4. However, recent excavations have also revealed the presence of three Early Mesolithic facies overlain by a Neolithic layer, while a Late Mesolithic presence is suggested for a fourth facies at the base of the terrace slope. Lithic and faunal analyses, as well as spatial analysis of the stratigraphic position of material recovered, indicate a clear separation of Mesolithic and Neolithic occupations. We present a new interpretation of the sequence of Holocene human occupations at Trou Al'Wesse in light of these data, arguing that the site was regularly occupied during the Early Mesolithic, forming a palimpsest of these visits, followed by an occupational hiatus and then re-occupation during the Late Mesolithic. The Early Neolithic is a separate occupation clearly unrelated to the Early Mesolithic underlying it, but ongoing fieldwork may recover data concerning the Final Mesolithic and its relation to the Early Neolithic at the site. [less ▲]

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See detailCouvin/Couvin : fouilles 2009 au Trou de l'Abîme
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Cattelain, Pierre; Otte, Marcel ULg et al

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2011), 18

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See detailLe Trou Al'Wesse du Moustérien au Néolithique dans la vallée du Hoyoux
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Collin, Fernand ULg; Otte, Marcel ULg et al

in Toussaint, Michel; Di Modica, Kevin; Pirson, Stéphane (Eds.) Le Paléolithique moyen en Belgique : Mélanges Marguerite Ulrix-Closset (2011)

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See detailBiotically constrained palaeoenvironmental conditions of a mid-Holocene intertidal lagoon on the southern shore of the Arabian Gulf: evidence associated with a whale skeleton at Musaffah, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Stewart, John; Aspinall, S; Beech, M et al

in Quaternary Science Reviews (2011), 30

Whale remains (a left and right mandible, scapula, humerus and fragmentary radius and ulna as well as parts of the cranium and rostrum) belonging to a probable humpback whale (Megaptera cf. novaeangliae ... [more ▼]

Whale remains (a left and right mandible, scapula, humerus and fragmentary radius and ulna as well as parts of the cranium and rostrum) belonging to a probable humpback whale (Megaptera cf. novaeangliae) were found in the well-described sabkha sequence exposed in the Musaffah Industrial Channel, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. More precisely, the whale remains were found in a series of sediments representing a range of lagoonal facies. The sediments surrounding the whale bones were age-dated at approximately 5200 14C yrs BP and are herefore interpreted to correspond to the previously documented late Flandrian sea-level peak, receding a fall in sea-level which culminated in the supratidal sabkha overprint of the carbonates. associated with the whale remains is an assemblage of molluscs, foraminifera and ostracods. together with the inferred presence of sea grass and algae, these facies are interpreted to indicate a very shallow subtidal to intertidal lagoonal environment. Cirripede remains found associated with the skeleton were identified as those of the whale barnacle Coronula diadema and hence had their origins with the whale. Significantly, the low species diversity of microfossils suggests that higher salinities existed in the mid-Holocene lagoon than are present in modern counterparts. This is here inferred to be related to the onset of continental aridity in Arabia during the mid-Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Trou de l’Abîme à Couvin
Cattelain, Pierre; Flas, Damien ULg; Miller, Rebecca ULg et al

in Toussaint, Michel; Di Modica, Kevin; Pirson, Stéphane (Eds.) Le Paléolithique moyen en Belgique. Mélanges Marguerite Ulrix-Closset (2011)

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See detailLe Magdalénien dans le Nord-Ouest de l'Europe
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

Poster (2011)

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See detailExpansion of the Magdalenian in Northwest Europe
Miller, Rebecca ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

Poster (2011)

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