References of "Marique, Anne-Françoise"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn online interactive tool to assess energy consumption in residential buildings and for daily mobility
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; de Meester, Tatiana; De Herde, André et al

in Energy and Buildings (in press)

Improving energy efficiency in the building and transportation sectors is a viable approach to mitigate the effects of climate change and has become an important policy target. As a result, in addition to ... [more ▼]

Improving energy efficiency in the building and transportation sectors is a viable approach to mitigate the effects of climate change and has become an important policy target. As a result, in addition to scientific research and public policies addressing energy efficiency, raising public awareness of the impact of the behaviour of citizens to energy efficiency is crucial and could quickly lead to significant reductions in the total energy consumption of a territory. In this context, this paper presents a new online interactive tool that enables not only citizens but also local authorities and private developers to (1) assess the sources of energy consumption related to housing and to daily mobility at both the individual and neighbourhood scales, (2) compare these sources and (3) determine relevant and personalised suggestions to reduce energy consumption. Numerous methods and tools, including a typological classification of buildings, thermal dynamic simulations, life-cycle assessments and statistical treatments of national censuses, were used to produce the two large databases used in this interactive tool. This report represents the primary results of a three-year long scientific research project dedicated to the study of energy efficiency in buildings and for daily mobility that is accessible to a large non-specialised audience. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRéférentiel Quartiers Durables
Teller, Jacques ULg; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Loiseau, Véronique ULg et al

Book published by SPW DGO 4 - Guides méthodologiques (2014)

Basé sur 25 critères couvrant 5 thématiques, le Référentiel Quartiers Durables est destiné à permettre une évaluation des projets de quartier dès les phases de planification et d’élaboration du plan masse ... [more ▼]

Basé sur 25 critères couvrant 5 thématiques, le Référentiel Quartiers Durables est destiné à permettre une évaluation des projets de quartier dès les phases de planification et d’élaboration du plan masse. il peut s’appliquer à des permis d’urbanisation ou des outils d’urbanisme comme lors de concours ou d’appels à projets. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 171 (27 ULg)
See detailEfficacité énergétique et forme urbaine
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Scientific conference (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailSustainability and the built environment: urban form and location matter
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Scientific conference (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpatial Planning as a driver of change in mobility and residential energy consumption
Dujardin, Sébastien; Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Energy & Buildings (2014), 68

This paper analyses the impact of territorial structures upon energy consumption in the Walloon Region (Belgium). The rationale for this research is to consider the long-term influence of spatial planning ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses the impact of territorial structures upon energy consumption in the Walloon Region (Belgium). The rationale for this research is to consider the long-term influence of spatial planning decisions upon energy consumption in both residential building stock and home-to-work commuting. The analysis has been conducted on a regional scale (16,844 km2) and includes urban, peri-urban and rural settlements. Those settlements that perform well in mobility also appear to perform well in terms of building energy consumption. Even though this is not generally the case, it further reveals that some rural settlements characterized by low density show good performance in terms of energy efficiency. This permits a much more progressive approach in terms of spatial planning, whereby compact cities may be viewed as part of the solution, albeit not the whole solution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (42 ULg)
See detailRenewal of Walloon suburban neighbourhoods
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Conference (2013, September 05)

This paper addresses the challenges, transformations and conditions of a sustainable suburban transition in Wallonia (Belgium). Two powerful levers are used: (1) urban form, which is considered in ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the challenges, transformations and conditions of a sustainable suburban transition in Wallonia (Belgium). Two powerful levers are used: (1) urban form, which is considered in addition to the individual building scale, and (2) mobility, because sprawl spatially separates activities, resulting in an increase in travel distances and energy used in transportation. Three scenarios focused on the evolution of the existing building stock are modelled and assessed (the retrofitting of existing neighbourhoods, an increase in the built density and demolition / reconstruction) to answer two main questions: "how to intervene in suburban areas?" and" where to intervene? ". [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrom zero-energy building to zero-energy neighbourhood : urban form and mobility matter.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Penders, Marine ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings PLEA 2013 (2013, September)

Zero-Energy” Building (ZEB) is arousing more and more interest internationally, both in policies aiming at a more sustainable built environment (such as the European Directive PEB that will require, for ... [more ▼]

Zero-Energy” Building (ZEB) is arousing more and more interest internationally, both in policies aiming at a more sustainable built environment (such as the European Directive PEB that will require, for example, all new buildings to be “nearly Zero-Energy” Buildings (nZEB) by 2020) and in the scientific literature. Although Zero-Energy can be considered at different scales, this approach only adopts the perspective of the individual building and neglects phenomena linked to larger scales. Therefore, this paper aims at investigating the “Zero-Energy Neighbourhood” concept. It proposes a calculation method that takes into account three main topics: the energy consumption of buildings, the impact of the location on the energy consumption for daily mobility and the use of renewable energies. An application of this calculation method to two representative case studies (one urban neighbourhood and one suburban neighbourhood) is proposed. Main parameters that act upon the energy balance are highlighted and combined to propose concrete results to improve our built environment and move towards more sustainability. Hourly and monthly balances, the potential of “energy mutualisation” and smart grids are keys challenges that are of crucial importance in the scope of a Zero-Energy objective at the neighbourhood scale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (20 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSolar buildings and the urban environment
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

Conference (2013, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (10 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailModels and prospects for a sustainable suburban transition.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

Conference (2013, July)

This paper addresses the challenges, transformations and conditions of a sustainable suburban transition. Two powerful levers are used: (1) urban form, which is considered in addition to the individual ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the challenges, transformations and conditions of a sustainable suburban transition. Two powerful levers are used: (1) urban form, which is considered in addition to the individual building scale, and (2) mobility, because sprawl spatially separates activities, resulting in an increase in travel distances and energy used in transportation. Two main indicators (the heating needs of different types of suburban forms and a commute performance index) are developed and discussed. Three scenarios focused on the evolution of the existing building stock are modelled and assessed (the retrofitting of existing neighbourhoods, an increase in the built density and demolition / reconstruction) to answer two main questions: "how to intervene in suburban areas?" and" where to intervene? ". These main results focused on energy efficiency are then studied in a larger framework to highlight the opportunities, limitations, constraints and feasibility of each strategy. Concrete prospects and guidelines for policy makers are finally proposed to operationalize a "sustainable suburban renewal". These findings show that, beyond the traditional polarization of the debates on energy efficiency of our built environment between the “compact city” and the “sprawled city”, a new pragmatic paradigm, focused on the transition of suburban areas by densification, can make suburban areas evolve towards more sustainability. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailSOlutions for Low Energy Neighbourhoods : Rapport scientifique et technique n°1
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Cuvellier, Simon; de Meester, Tatiana et al

Report (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPerspectives pour une transition durable des territoires périurbains.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Journées Aperau : Aménager les métropoles. (2013, May)

L’article traite de la transition durable des territoires périurbains. Deux leviers d’action sont mobilisés à cette fin: (1) la forme urbaine et (2) la mobilité. Trois types de scénarios centrés sur une ... [more ▼]

L’article traite de la transition durable des territoires périurbains. Deux leviers d’action sont mobilisés à cette fin: (1) la forme urbaine et (2) la mobilité. Trois types de scénarios centrés sur une évolution du stock bâti existant sont modélisés et évalués (la rénovation énergétique, la densification et la démolition/reconstruction) de façon à répondre à deux questions : « comment intervenir dans les quartiers périurbains existants? » et « où intervenir? ». Ces simulations montrent que le renouvellement périurbain par densification des quartiers les mieux localisés permet de dépasser le clivage traditionnel entre les modèles de la « ville compacte » et de la « ville diffuse », en offrant de véritables opportunités pour la transition durable des territoires périurbains existants. Ces résultats théoriques, et appréhendés du seul point de vue énergétique, sont ensuite recadrés dans un contexte plus large pour mettre en évidence les opportunités, les limitations, les contraintes et la faisabilité de ces scénarios. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe référentiel "quartiers durables"
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Loiseau, Véronique ULg; Godard, Florence et al

Poster (2013, April 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUrban sprawl, commuting and travel energy consumption
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Dujardin, Sébastien; Teller, Jacques ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. Energy (2013), 166(1), 29-41

Commuting to and from dense urban centres is often believed to be more energy efficient than commuting from more suburban areas. However, quantitative evidence is lacking. In this context, this paper ... [more ▼]

Commuting to and from dense urban centres is often believed to be more energy efficient than commuting from more suburban areas. However, quantitative evidence is lacking. In this context, this paper investigates the interactions between the spatial structure of the territory and transport energy consumption for commuting. Based on empirical surveys carried out every 10 years in Belgium, a quantitative method was developed and applied to assess energy efficiency of home-to-work and home-to-school travels. Our main findings highlight that urban structure acts upon travel energy consumption for commuting and that major cities present low energy consumption. However, a local-scale approach is useful for refining these observations, and this approach highlights the existence of secondary suburban and rural cores that also are characterized by low transport energy consumption. In this respect, the distance from home to a destination is paramount, whereas the mode of transport used has a lower impact. The method is parameterised and reproducible in other territories. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 113 (39 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa transition des territoires périurbains vers un modèle plus durable : perspectives pour le renouvellement périurbain.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Hudon, Marek (Eds.) 1er Congrès interdisciplinaire du Développement Durable : Quelle transition pour nos sociétés ? Thème 3 : Logement et Aménagement du territoire. Recueil. (2013, February)

L’article aborde la question du recyclage des quartiers périurbains existants sous l'angle énergétique. Deux leviers d’actions sont mobilisés à cet effet : la forme urbaine, qui est étudiée en ... [more ▼]

L’article aborde la question du recyclage des quartiers périurbains existants sous l'angle énergétique. Deux leviers d’actions sont mobilisés à cet effet : la forme urbaine, qui est étudiée en complémentarité de l’échelle du bâtiment individuel, et la mobilité, car l’étalement urbain est entretenu et favorisé, en grande partie par la dépendance à la voiture individuelle. Deux indicateurs principaux (les besoins de chauffage de différents types de formes périurbaines et un indice de performance des déplacements) sont développés et discutés pour mettre en évidence les scénarios de renouvellement les plus adaptés et répondre à deux questions : « comment intervenir dans les quartiers périurbains existants ? » et « où intervenir ? ». Des pistes concrètes visant à l’opérationnalisation d’un « renouvellement périurbain » plus durable sont ensuite proposées. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (22 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMéthodologie d'évaluation énergétique des quartiers périurbains. Perspectives pour le renouvellement périurbain wallon.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

The process of urban sprawl, which commonly describes physically expanding urban areas, is a major issue for sustainable development. Urban sprawl is known to represent a significant contribution to the ... [more ▼]

The process of urban sprawl, which commonly describes physically expanding urban areas, is a major issue for sustainable development. Urban sprawl is known to represent a significant contribution to the overall energy consumption of a territory for energy needs in buildings and for transportation. In this context, the thesis focuses on the energy assessment of existing suburban neighborhoods. The assessment includes two parts: (1) a computational approach combining dynamic simulation tools and a database of building typologies to determine the energy consumed in heating and (2) an empirical approach to assess the energy consumed by transportation systems (home-to-work and home-to-school journeys). The links between the spatial structure of the territory and energy use for commuting are highlighted. Several renewal strategies are proposed to improve energy efficiency in existing suburban neighborhoods. There investigate the thermal retrofitting of existing neighborhoods, the built density and demolition/reconstruction processes together with the location of the neighborhoods. Urban structure acts upon travel energy consumption for commuting. A good mix between work, schools and dwellings at the local scale, which allows reduced travel distances, is a good strategy to reduce transport energy consumption, whereas means of transport used is only of little impact. Student travel behaviors are specific to the level of education and the type of neighborhood. Finally, the thesis discusses the practical implications of the research to operationalize a suburban renewal that articulates energy efficiency of buildings and neighborhoods but also energy efficiency of the urban structure. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 387 (90 ULg)
See detailAbandonner sa 4 façades?
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Article for general public (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)