References of "Maréchal, Claire"
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See detailSocial Security, Implicit Debt And Inequality : Learning From The Belgian Experience
Flawinne, Xavier ULg; Maréchal, Claire; Perelman, Sergio ULg et al

in Revue Belge de Sécurité Sociale (2013)

Public pension schemes based on the pay-as-you-go principle are unfunded, by construction. In other words, present and future pensioners rely on the promises made by Social Security institutions for the ... [more ▼]

Public pension schemes based on the pay-as-you-go principle are unfunded, by construction. In other words, present and future pensioners rely on the promises made by Social Security institutions for the payment of their pensions. This commitment, basically described by a series of rules defining eligibility conditions, benefits computation and pension contributions, is not reported in national account. Neither as part of the public debt to which in fact they belong. In this paper, we estimate the burden of this implicit debt for Belgium using a representative sample with detailed administrative micro-data from pension record files. Moreover, for present and future pensioners the actuarial expected value of pensions is part of their personal wealth, aside from other assets, but is intangible. Feldstein (1974) introduced the concept of social security wealth (SSW) to describe this component of personal wealth, and showed how individuals’ behavior, mainly labor supply (retirement) and consumption (wealth accumulation), is potentially affected by pension entitlements. The way SSW is distributed among individuals in the Belgian population is another key issue addressed in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailLes indicateurs d'inclusion sociale. Où est la Wallonie aujourd'hui?
Atta, Cécile; Maréchal, Claire; Perelman, Sergio ULg

in Thys, F.; Dejardin, M. (Eds.) Wallonie et Bruxelles: analyses et enjeux (2009)

We use the primary indicators of social inclusion proposed within the scope of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) to situate Wallonia in the European Union (EU15) context. The results show that ... [more ▼]

We use the primary indicators of social inclusion proposed within the scope of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) to situate Wallonia in the European Union (EU15) context. The results show that Wallonia stood in 2005 at the same level as Greece and was behind the EU15 level mainly regarding poverty and long-term unemployment rates. Groups at risk are single-parent families as well as unemployed and other inactive categories. Having at disposal these indicators for the years to come will be a must not only for the design but also for the evaluation of policies towards a better social cohesion. [less ▲]

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See detailValorisation of Microsimulation Model for Social Security Mimosis
Decoster, André; Maréchal, Claire; Paszukiewicz, Alexis ULg et al

Report (2008)

This report is part of the output of the project AG/01/116. The main objectives of project AG/01/116 were to further refine and validate the microsimulation model for social security, MIMOSIS, both by ... [more ▼]

This report is part of the output of the project AG/01/116. The main objectives of project AG/01/116 were to further refine and validate the microsimulation model for social security, MIMOSIS, both by extending the data coverage and refining the modules as through a comparative study of how MIMOSIS is positioned in an international perspective and also by use of MIMOSIS for evaluation of (hypothetical) policy reforms. [less ▲]

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