Prognostic value of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels after exercise in patients with severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis.
; ; et al
in Heart (British Cardiac Society) (2014)
BACKGROUND: Exercise-stress echocardiography is useful in management and risk stratification of patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). Resting B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level is ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: Exercise-stress echocardiography is useful in management and risk stratification of patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). Resting B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level is associated with increased risk of adverse events. The incremental prognostic value of BNP response during exercise is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of plasma level of BNP during exercise to predict occurrence of events in asymptomatic patients with severe AS. METHODS: Resting and exercise-stress echocardiographic data and plasma BNP levels were prospectively collected in 211 asymptomatic AS patients in whom 157 had severe AS with preserved LVEF in two centres. The study end-point was the occurrence of death or aortic valve replacement. RESULTS: Plasma BNP level increased from rest to exercise (p<0.0001). During a mean follow-up of 1.5+/-1.2 years, 87 patients with severe AS reached the predefined end-point. Higher peak-exercise BNP level was associated with higher occurrence of adverse events (p<0.0001). In multivariate analysis, second and third tertiles of peak-exercise BNP (T2: HR=2.9; p=0.002 and T3: HR=5.3; p<0.0001, respectively) were powerful predictors of events compared with the first tertile. Further adjustment for resting BNP provided comparable results (T2: HR=2.8; p=0.003 and T3: HR=5.0; p<0.0001). This relationship persisted in both subsets of patients with low or high resting BNP. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports that peak-exercise BNP level provides significant incremental prognostic value beyond what is achieved by demographic and echocardiographic data, as well as resting BNP level. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Late gadolinium enhancement CMR in primary mitral regurgitation.
; ; Pierard, Luc et al
in European journal of clinical investigation (2014), 44(9), 840-7
AIMS: The appropriate timing for surgery in severe asymptomatic primary mitral regurgitation (MR) remains controversial. It has been shown that late gadolinium enhancement on cardiovascular magnetic ... [more ▼]
AIMS: The appropriate timing for surgery in severe asymptomatic primary mitral regurgitation (MR) remains controversial. It has been shown that late gadolinium enhancement on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (LGE CMR), which may identify myocardial fibrosis, is associated with a worse outcome in various cardiomyopathies. We sought to investigate the prevalence and significance of delayed enhancement in primary MR. METHODS: We prospectively included 41 patients with at least moderate primary MR and without overt signs of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Patients with evidence of coronary artery disease, arrhythmias or significant concomitant valvular disease were excluded. All patients were scheduled for transthoracic echocardiography and LGE CMR. RESULTS: A total of 39 patients had interpretable LGE CMR images. Among them, 12 (31%) had late contrast uptake of the LV wall. LGE CMR showed an infarct pattern in three patients, a pattern of mid-wall fibrosis in seven patients and two patients had a combined pattern. Patients with delayed enhancement on CMR had significant higher LV diameters (LV end-systolic diameter 39 +/- 4 vs. 34 +/- 5 mm, P = 0.002; LV end-diastolic diameter 57 +/- 5 vs. 50 +/- 5 mm, P = 0.001). There was a trend towards a higher indexed left atrial volume (55 +/- 21 vs. 44 +/- 13 mL/m(2), P = 0.06). By contrast, there was no significant association between myocardial contrast uptake and age, LV ejection fraction and MR severity. CONCLUSION: Left ventricular remodelling seems to be associated with the presence of delayed enhancement on CMR in primary MR. Further data are needed to determine whether LGE CMR can predict a less favourable outcome or could improve risk stratification in asymptomatic primary MR. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)