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See detailCharacterization of clay deposits of Nanga-Eboko (Central Cameroon): Suitability in the production of building materials
Mache, Jacques Richard ULg

in Clay Minerals (2013), 48

Clayey deposits of Nanga-Eboko (Central Cameroon) were studied to assess their potential as building materials. Characterization was performed using XRD, IR, XRF, DTA/DTG and firing. Clays appear as ... [more ▼]

Clayey deposits of Nanga-Eboko (Central Cameroon) were studied to assess their potential as building materials. Characterization was performed using XRD, IR, XRF, DTA/DTG and firing. Clays appear as discontinuous pockets with the same organizational characteristics in three villages located on both sides of the Sanaga River. The average thickness of exploitable layer is about 3m. The estimated tonnage ~7-17x105 m3 can supply an industry of great importance. SiO2 (~70%), Al2O3 (~15%) and Fe2O3 (~4%) are the predominant oxides of the natural clays. Quartz (~55%), kaolinite (~33%), illite (~5%) and K-feldspar (~4%) are major minerals. Clays are not suitable for building construction due to their fine-grained size and high plasticity properties. Firing properties of bricks (950 and 1050°C) are good despite the high shrinkage values. Therefore the addition of "degreasers' is recommended to control shaping and drying. [less ▲]

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See detailSmectite clay from the Sabga deposit (Cameroon): mineralogical and physicochemical properties
Mache, Jacques Richard ULg; Nyoja, A.; Signing, P. et al

in Clay Minerals (2013), 48(48), 499-512

The physicochemical and mineralogical characterization of the < 250 µm particle-size fraction from six the clay-rich samples from the Sabga deposit (North-west, Cameroon) were carried out in order to ... [more ▼]

The physicochemical and mineralogical characterization of the < 250 µm particle-size fraction from six the clay-rich samples from the Sabga deposit (North-west, Cameroon) were carried out in order to evaluate their potential applications. Analyses revealed that the major clay mineral was dioctahedral smectite along with small amounts of kaolinite in three clay samples. Cristobalite, feldspars, ilmenite and heulandites were also found as accessory minerals. A Li-saturation test (Greene-Kelly test) revealed the montmorillonitic nature of the smectite component. The chemical composition of the bulk clays consists of (66-70%) SiO2, (13-16%) Al2O3 and (2-7%) Fe2O3. These clays present mineralogical (high montmorillonite content) and physico-chemical (cation exchange capacity (CEC): 38 to 46 meq/100g and specific surface areas ranging from 33 to 90 m2/g). These physical and chemical properties are fully compatible with potential uses in environmental applications. After some pretreatment (purification, chemical modification), these materials could also be used in refining edible oil as adsorbent, waste water treatment and wine technology. [less ▲]

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See detailMinéralogie et propriétés physico-chimiques des smectites de Bana et Sabga (Cameroun). Utilisation dans la décoloration d'une huile végétale alimentaire
Mache, Jacques Richard ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

In this study, clay samples were collected in the localities of Bana and Sabga, in the regions of the west and north-west Cameroon, respectively. The purpose of this study was to determine their ... [more ▼]

In this study, clay samples were collected in the localities of Bana and Sabga, in the regions of the west and north-west Cameroon, respectively. The purpose of this study was to determine their mineralogical composition, their physico-chemical properties and to assess their potential use in the bleaching process of palm oil, which is the main edible vegetable oil produced and refined in Cameroon. <br /> The results obtained from the analyses (XRD, FTIR, DTA / TGA and SEM) revealed that montmorillonite is the main clay mineral in these materials. It is associated with kaolinite and mica. Non-clay minerals such as quartz, anatase, cristobalite, K-feldspar and heulandite are also identified in variable quantities. Chemical analyses of the major elements show that the clays from Bana and Sabga consist mainly of the follow oxides such as SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3. Bana clays have a cation exchange capacity (CEC) between 50 and 60 meq/100 g and a specific surface area between 50 and 60 m2/ g. Sabga clays have a lower capacity cation exchange (38- 46 meq/100 g) and a wider range of specific surface area (33-90 m2 / g). The characterization of the natural clays allowed to select of one sample by locality for sulfuric acid treatment. <br />The acid treatment of these materials led to structural, morphological and textural changes. Analysis by X-ray diffraction showed a progressive decrease in the intensity of the (001) reflection of montmorillonite and a shift of its basal d001-value. Treatment with more acid concentration causes an increase in the surface area of the obtained products and a decrease in cation exchange capacity. <br />The assessment of the bleaching power of natural and acid-activated Bana clay in palm oil decolorization shows that the activated clay has a high bleaching capacity (~ 87%) compared to the natural clay (~ 55%). palm oil Bleaching by these clay materials does not deteriorate the bleached oil. These materials can thus be used as bleaching earths in the refining oil process. [less ▲]

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See detailMineralogical and Chemical Characterizations of Natural Clays from NW Cameroon
Mache, Jacques Richard ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Njoya, André

Poster (2012, June)

In this study physical and chemical characterization of seven clay samples from Cameroon is reported. The various analysis show that the main clay mineral in all samples is smectite with a small amount of ... [more ▼]

In this study physical and chemical characterization of seven clay samples from Cameroon is reported. The various analysis show that the main clay mineral in all samples is smectite with a small amount of kaolinite; some non clay minerals as cristobalite, K-feldspars, plagioclase, ilmenite and quartz are also present. The Cation Exchange Capacities range from 24.2 to 62.0 meq/100g. The specific surface area range from 58 to 123 m2/g. The chemical composition of the clays is dominated by SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 whereas MgO and Na2O are present only in small quantities. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysico-chimie et minéralogie des argiles de Bana (Ouest, Cameroun)
Mache, Jacques Richard ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; SIGNING, Pierre

Poster (2012, May 15)

Dans le but de contribuer à la valorisation des géoressources, notamment les matériaux argileux du Cameroun, nous avons dans ce travail procédé à la caractérisation minéralogique et physico-chimique des ... [more ▼]

Dans le but de contribuer à la valorisation des géoressources, notamment les matériaux argileux du Cameroun, nous avons dans ce travail procédé à la caractérisation minéralogique et physico-chimique des argiles récoltées dans la région de Bana. Pour cela diverses méthodes et moyens d’identification ont été utilisés, notamment la diffraction des rayons X (DRX), l’analyse chimique, la spectroscopie infrarouge, la microscopie électronique à balayage, l’analyse thermique, l’analyse granulométrique, la détermination des capacités d’échange cationique et la détermination de la surface spécifique. Les résultats de cette étude ont montré que les argiles de Bana sont formées principalement de smectite, kaolinite et talc comme minéraux argileux. Les minéraux non argileux associés sont l’anatase, le quartz, le feldspath, la goethite et l’hématite. Les observations au microscope électronique à balayage sont conformes avec la nature smectique de ces matériaux (Figure 1). Les capacités d’échange cationique (comprises entre 40 et 57 méq/100g) et les surfaces spécifiques (comprises entre 50 et 68 m2) sont également dans les moyennes mesurées pour des argiles smectiques (Morgan et al.,1985; Van Olphen et Fripiat,1979). Le test de saturation au lithium (test de Green Kelly - Lim et Jackson, 1986) a permis d’établir que la montmorillonite était le minéral smectique de ces argiles. Le couplage des analyses chimiques et minéralogiques permet une quantification minéralogique moyenne: 74% de Montmorillonite; 6% de Kaolinite; 8% de talc. Les matériaux de Bana sont riche en smectite et peuvent dont être valorisés dans les domaines tels que l’absorption, l’agriculture ou de l’imperméabilisation des sols. [less ▲]

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See detailValorisation de l'argile de Bana (Ouest-Cameroun) dans la décoloration d'une huile végétale alimentaire
Mache, Jacques Richard ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Signing, Pierre

Scientific conference (2011, December 02)

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