References of "Lou, Xudong"
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See detailMultiwalled carbon nanotube/poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocomposites with exceptional electromagnetic interference shielding properties
Thomassin, Jean-Michel ULg; Lou, Xudong; Pagnoulle, Christophe et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry C (2007), 111(30), 11186-11192

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with two different diameters were dispersed within poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) by melt-blending and coprecipitation, respectively, with the purpose to impart good ... [more ▼]

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) with two different diameters were dispersed within poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) by melt-blending and coprecipitation, respectively, with the purpose to impart good electromagnetic interference shielding properties to the polyester. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the MWNTs were uniformly dispersed as single nanotubes within the matrix. Because the nanotubes were broken down during melt-blending, the percolation threshold was observed at a lower filler content in the case of coprecipitation. Substitution of poly(ethylene-co-octene), poly(vinyl chloride), polypropylene, and polystyrene for PCL resulted in a much lower shielding efficiency. Finally, polycarbonate and poly(methyl methacrylate) appeared as promising substitutes for PCL, suggesting that π−π interactions between the nanotubes and constitutive carbonyl units of the polymers would be beneficial to the dispersion and ultimately to the electrical properties of the nanocomposites. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis and deposition of water-dispersed prussian blue nanocrystals on polymers and CNTs
Boccharova, Vera; Gorodyska, Ganna; Kiriy, Anton et al

in Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science (2006), 132

Nanoparticles can be used for decoration and functionalization of single polymer molecules that have been adsorbed to a solid substrate. Initial attempts to prepare Prussian Blue nanoclusters by a layer ... [more ▼]

Nanoparticles can be used for decoration and functionalization of single polymer molecules that have been adsorbed to a solid substrate. Initial attempts to prepare Prussian Blue nanoclusters by a layer-by-layer deposition technique of hexacyanoferrate anions and ferric cations onto isolated polycation chains in water failed because of the desorption of the first layer upon deposition of the next one. A simple method for the preparation of charge-stabilized Prussian Blue nanoparticles of readily adjustable size is reported. Prussian Blue nanoparticles have been purified by addition of non-solvents and redispersed in water without aggregation. Thus formed Prussian Blue nanoparticles are crystalline and display a long-range ferromagnetic ordering at 5.1 K. Prussian Blue nanoparticles were selectively deposited along single polycation molecules to form a one-dimensional array or were attached to the surface of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) functionalized with poly2-vinylpyridine (P2VP). These nanoparticle-based nanostructures might be useful materials for manufacture of electrooptical devices, or mechanically robust ion-sieving membranes. [less ▲]

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See detailA novel strategy for the dispersion, selective deposition and decoration of carbon nanotubes
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lou, Xudong; Stoffelbach, François et al

Poster (2005, May 11)

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailSurface modification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes by poly(2-vinylpyridine): Dispersion, selective deposition, and decoration of the nanotubes
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Pagnoulle, Christophe et al

in Advanced Materials (2004), 16(23-24), 2123-2127

Polymer modification of carbon nanotubes is accomplished using a grafting-to approach. Radicals formed by the thermolysis of poly(2-vinylpyridine) terminated with a radical-stabilizing nitroxide can react ... [more ▼]

Polymer modification of carbon nanotubes is accomplished using a grafting-to approach. Radicals formed by the thermolysis of poly(2-vinylpyridine) terminated with a radical-stabilizing nitroxide can react with the surface of nanotubes, resulting in grafting densities up to 12 wt.-%. The modified nanotubes, which are easily dispersed in water, can immobilize metal nanoclusters on their surfaces. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of pyrene-containing polymers and noncovalent sidewall functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes
Lou, Xudong; Daussin, Raphaël; Cuenot, Stéphane et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2004), 16(21), 4005-4011

Pyrene-containing polymers have been prepared for noncovalent sidewall functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). (1-Pyrene)methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate (PyM-MP) has been synthesized and ... [more ▼]

Pyrene-containing polymers have been prepared for noncovalent sidewall functionalization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). (1-Pyrene)methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate (PyM-MP) has been synthesized and copolymerized with methyl methacrylate (MMA). Poly(ethylene-co-butylene)-b-poly(MMA-co-PyMMP) diblocks have also been synthesized. The surface of MWNTs, produced by both the CCVD and arc discharge methods, has been modified by these copolymers for making them dispersible in a variety of organic solvents. The modified MWNTs have been characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. [less ▲]

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See detailGrafting of alkoxyamine end-capped (co)polymers onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Sciannamea, Valérie et al

in Polymer (2004), 45(18), 6097-6102

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) have been successfully modified by polystyrene, poly(epsilon-caprolactone), and their block copolymers by addition reaction of the alkoxyamine-terminated precursors ... [more ▼]

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) have been successfully modified by polystyrene, poly(epsilon-caprolactone), and their block copolymers by addition reaction of the alkoxyamine-terminated precursors. Polymer-modified MWNTs are easily dispersed in good solvents for the grafted polymer, such as toluene and THF. This observation has been confirmed by TEM analysis. The grafting ratio of polystyrene chains at the surface of MWNTs depends on the polymer molecular weight. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising the step of electrochemical grafting of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising the step of electrochemical grafting of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto the surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a macromonomer. Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer to increase the coating thickness by the grafting-from technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Oliver; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2004)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailRing-opening polymerization of alpha-chloro-epsilon-caprolactone and chemical modification of poly(alpha-chloro-epsilon-caprolactone) by atom transfer radical processes
Lenoir, Sandrine ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg; Lou, Xudong et al

in Macromolecules (2004), 37(11), 4055-4061

A highly versatile strategy was implemented in order to attach a range of polymer grafts and functional groups along the backbone of poly(epsilon-caprolactone). alpha-Chloro-epsilon-caprolactone ... [more ▼]

A highly versatile strategy was implemented in order to attach a range of polymer grafts and functional groups along the backbone of poly(epsilon-caprolactone). alpha-Chloro-epsilon-caprolactone (alphaClepsilonCL) was first prepared by the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of alpha-chlorocyclohexanone. This monomer (alpha-Cl-epsilon-CL) was then copolymerized with epsilon-caprolactone in the presence of 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane. Finally, the pendant activated chlorides of the copolymer were used to initiate (i) the "grafting from" of poly(methyl methacrylate) by atom transfer radical polymerization and (ii) the grafting of benzoate groups by atom transfer radical addition of 3-butenyl benzoate. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of pyerene containing polymers and noncovalent side-wall functionlization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Pagnoulle, Christophe et al

Poster (2004, May 27)

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See detailFunctionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by electrografting of polyacrylonitrile
Petrov, Petar; Lou, Xudong; Pagnoulle, Christophe et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2004), 25(10), 987-990

As a result of their unique architecture and remarkable mechanical and electrical properties[1,2] carbon nanotubes (CNTs)[3] have great potential that remains, however, un-exploited because of poor ... [more ▼]

As a result of their unique architecture and remarkable mechanical and electrical properties[1,2] carbon nanotubes (CNTs)[3] have great potential that remains, however, un-exploited because of poor dispersibility in liquids and problems of processability, Major efforts have, therefore, been devoted towards any modification of the CNTs that could improve their handling[4,5] Typically, chemical modification of CNTs is based on severe oxidation processes that often damage the tubes[5] Mild and single-step electrochemical modification of CNTs is a valuable alternative to the oxidative treatment. There are several reports in the scientific literature on the electrochemical functionalization of CNTs by electroreduction of diazonium salts,[6-8] and on the halogenation of MWNTs by electrolysis However, the grafting of polymers instead of low-molecular-weight compounds onto CNTs by an electrochemical process is a possible strategy for dispersing CNTs in polymer matrices and improving the mechanical properties of CNT-based nanocomposites.. For the past few years, we have been interested in the electiografting of insulating polymer films onto cathodic surfaces, for example, nickel and glassy carbon, provided that the potential and solvent are properly selected.[10-15] These films are designated as "grafted films", because they have the unique property of remaining attached to the electrode surface even when they are prepared and kept in a solvent in which the polymer is highly soluble. The extension of this technique to CNTs has been explored with acrylonitrile as monomer. This communication aims at reporting the functionaliza-tion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) by the electropolymerization of acrylonitrile. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled synthesis of unsaturated aliphatic polyesters
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

Poster (2003, May 16)

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See detailGrafting of polystyryl anions onto carbon nanotubes
Lou, Xudong; Koulic, Christian; Pagnoulle, Christian et al

Poster (2003, May 16)

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See detailNovel aliphatic polyesters based on functional cyclic (di)esters
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2003), 24(2), 161-172

Recent progress in the chemical synthesis of novel aliphatic polyesters via ring-opening polymerization of functional cyclic (di)esters are reviewed in this article. Syntheses of these functional ... [more ▼]

Recent progress in the chemical synthesis of novel aliphatic polyesters via ring-opening polymerization of functional cyclic (di)esters are reviewed in this article. Syntheses of these functional aliphatic polyesters are being classified into three groups according to the structure of the cyclic monomers: (i) cyclic diesters, (ii) morpholine-2,5-dione derivatives, and (iii) cyclic esters. Progress in the synthesis and polymerization of monomers in each category is reported with an emphasis on controlled synthesis. The recent achievements have enabled the synthesis of a variety of novel aliphatic polyesters, including hydrophilic, halogenated, and unsaturated polyesters. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lou, Xudong; Voccia, Samuel et al

Patent (2002)

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a ... [more ▼]

Process for depositing by electrografting a strong adherent polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface comprising an electrochemical grafting at the surface of an active monomer for forming a primer coating P onto said surface and having as general formula: X0 (meth)acrylate wherein X is either part of a preformed polymer or is an intermediate agent for polyaddition reaction or is an anchoring group for attachment of a molecule having at least one complementary reactive group. Such process allows formation of new primer by one-step electro-grafting of a reactive polymer called macromonomer.; Such process also allows further modification of an initial electrografted polymer (called primer coating) to increase the coating thickness by the so-called grafting-from technique i.e. polymerization of a second monomer or to introduce other types of polymers(also called top coating) via covalent attachment between the primer and the top coating through the X ester group by the so called grafting onto technique. Such process also allows to graft onto the primer coating compounds like functional polymer, peptide, protein, oligonucleotide, dyes, drugs, anti-bacterian compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailProcess for depositing strong adherend polymer coating onto an electrically conductive surface
Bertrand, Olivier; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Gautier, Sandrine et al

Patent (2002)

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See detailNovel unsaturated epsilon-caprolactone polymerizable by ring-opening and ring-opening metathesis mechanisms
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

in e-Polymers (2002), (34), 1-12

Ring-opening polymerization (ROP) and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of an unsaturated epsilon-caprolactone, 6,7-dihydro-2(3H)-oxepinone (DHO2), are alternative routes to produce ... [more ▼]

Ring-opening polymerization (ROP) and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of an unsaturated epsilon-caprolactone, 6,7-dihydro-2(3H)-oxepinone (DHO2), are alternative routes to produce unsaturated aliphatic polyesters with the same molecular structure. Polymerization of DHO2 initiated by Al isopropoxide in toluene at room temperature or at 0°C proceeds by a coordination-insertion mechanism, although intramolecular transesterification takes place beyond complete monomer conversion. The molecular weight distribution is narrow as long as monomer conversion does not exceed 90%. Ring-opening metathesis polymerization of DHO2 initiated by Schrock's Mo-based catalyst, 1, at 60°C allows higher molecular weight unsaturated polyester to be prepared, even though an intramolecular side reaction also operates. The structure of poly(DHO2) synthesized by ROP and ROMP is the same, as confirmed by 1H, 13C NMR, and FT-IR spectra. Copolymers of DHO2 with norbornene, cis-cyclooctene, and 1,5-cyclooctadiene have been successfully prepared. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled synthesis and chemical modification of unsaturated aliphatic (co)polyesters based on 6,7-dihydro-2(3H)-oxepinone
Lou, Xudong; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Polymer Science. Part A, Polymer Chemistry (2002), 40(14), 2286-2297

A pure unsaturated cyclic ester, 6,7-dihydro-2(3H)-oxepinone (DHO2), was prepared by a new synthetic route. The copolymerization of DHO2 with epsilon-caprolactone (CL) was initiated by aluminum ... [more ▼]

A pure unsaturated cyclic ester, 6,7-dihydro-2(3H)-oxepinone (DHO2), was prepared by a new synthetic route. The copolymerization of DHO2 with epsilon-caprolactone (CL) was initiated by aluminum isopropoxide [Al(OiPr)3] at 0 °C as an easy way to produce unsaturated aliphatic polyesters with nonconjugated CC double bonds in a controlled manner. The chain growth was living, as certified by the agreement between the experimental molecular weight at total monomer conversion and the value predicted from the initial monomer/initiator molar ratio. The polydispersity was reasonably low (weight-average molecular weight/number-average molecular weight 1.2). The homopolymerization of DHO2 was, however, not controlled because of fast intramolecular transesterification. Copolymers of DHO2 and CL were quantitatively oxidized with the formation of epoxides containing chains. The extent of the epoxidation allowed the thermal properties and thermal stability of the copolyesters to be modulated. The epoxidized copolyesters were successfully converted into thioaminated chains, which were then quaternized into polycations. No degradation occurred during the chemical modification. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of epsilon-caprolactone as a polymerizable solvent for the atom transfer radical polymerization of MMA at low temperature
Wang, Wenxin; Yin, Zhihui; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (2002), 203(7), 968-974

This paper report on the decisive effect that solvent has on the atom transfer radical polymerization of methyl metacrylate (MMA) at low temperature. In buta-none and in the presence of a copper(I ... [more ▼]

This paper report on the decisive effect that solvent has on the atom transfer radical polymerization of methyl metacrylate (MMA) at low temperature. In buta-none and in the presence of a copper(I)/bipyridine com-plex the polymerization is controlled and the molecular weight distribution is narrow, at 0°C and even lower. This control is maintained when ε-caprolactone (CL) is substi-tuted for butanone. The use of this polymerizable solvent together with a novel dual initiator, 2-hydroxyethyl. 2'-methyl-2'bromopropionate, is an efficient strategy to pre pare PMMA-b-PCL diblock polymers in a one-pot process. [less ▲]

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