References of "Lorin, Aurélien"
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See detailThe "Tilted Peptide Theory" links membrane insertion properties and fusogenicity of viral fusion peptides.
Charloteaux, Benoît ULg; Lorin, Aurélien; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Protein & Peptide Letters (2009), 16(7), 718-25

Class I fusion glycoproteins of viruses are involved in the fusion between viral envelope and cell membrane. A region located in the N-terminal domain of these glycoproteins, called the fusion peptide, is ... [more ▼]

Class I fusion glycoproteins of viruses are involved in the fusion between viral envelope and cell membrane. A region located in the N-terminal domain of these glycoproteins, called the fusion peptide, is essential for fusion. Fusion peptides are able to induce by themselves in vitro membrane fusion. In this paper, we review the properties of those peptides related to their fusogenicity, in particular the correlation existing between their ability to insert obliquely in membranes and fusogenicity. This relation notably allows predicting successfully the minimal region of some fusion peptides sufficient to induce significant in vitro fusion. The notion of obliquity and fusogenicity is discussed in terms of the existing proposed mechanisms for viral fusion. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Silico tilted properties of the 67-78 fragment of alpha-synuclein are responsible for membrane destabilization and neurotoxicity
Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg; Dupiereux-Fettweis, Ingrid ULg et al

in Proteins-Structure Function and Bioinformatics (2007), 68(4), 936-947

Alpha-synuclein is a 140 residue protein associated with Parkinson's disease. Intraneural inclusions called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are mainly composed of alpha-synuclein aggregated into amyloid ... [more ▼]

Alpha-synuclein is a 140 residue protein associated with Parkinson's disease. Intraneural inclusions called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are mainly composed of alpha-synuclein aggregated into amyloid fibrils. Other amyloidogenic proteins, such as the beta amyloid peptide involved in Alzheimer's disease and the prion protein (PrP) associated with Creuztfeldt-Jakob's disease, are known to possess "tilted peptides". These peptides are short protein fragments that adopt an oblique orientation at a hydrophobic/hydrophilic interface, which enables destabilization of the membranes. In this paper, sequence analysis and molecular modelling predict that the 67-78 fragment of alpha-synuclein is a tilted peptide. Its destabilizing properties were tested experimentally. The alpha-synuclein 67-78 peptide is able to induce lipid mixing and leakage of unilamellar liposomes. The neuronal toxicity, studied using human neuroblastoma cells, demonstrated that the alpha-synuclein 67-78 peptide induces neurotoxicity. A mutant designed by molecular modelling to be amphipathic was shown to be significantly less fusogenic and toxic than the wild type. In conclusion, we have identified a tilted peptide in alpha-synuclein, which could be involved in the toxicity induced during amyloidogenesis of alpha-synuclein. [less ▲]

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See detailPeculiar hydrophobic properties of the 67-78 fragment of α-synuclein are responsible for membrane destabilization and neurotoxicity
Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg; Dupiereux-Fettweis, Ingrid ULg et al

Poster (2007, March 14)

α-synuclein is a 140 residue protein linked to Parkinson’s disease. Intraneural inclusions called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are mainly composed of α-synuclein aggregated in amyloid fibrils. Few years ... [more ▼]

α-synuclein is a 140 residue protein linked to Parkinson’s disease. Intraneural inclusions called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are mainly composed of α-synuclein aggregated in amyloid fibrils. Few years ago, tilted peptides have been detected in two other amyloidogenic proteins : the amyloid β peptide involved in Alzheimer’s disease, and the PrP protein linked to Creuztfeldt-Jakob’s disease. Tilted peptides are short protein fragments that adopt an oblique orientation when inserted into biological membranes. Tilted peptides are able to destabilize membranes. In this study, we predicted by sequence analysis and molecular modelling that the 67-78 fragment of α-synuclein is a tilted peptide. Like most of them, the α-syn 67-78 peptide is able to induce lipid mixing and leakage of unilamellar liposomes. A mutant designed by molecular modelling to decrease the destabilizing properties of the peptide was shown to be significantly less fusogenic. The neuronal toxicity was studied using human neuroblastoma cells and we demonstrated that the α-syn 67-78 peptide induces neurotoxicity. In conclusion, we have identified a tilted peptide in α-synuclein which could be involved in the toxicity induced during amyloidogenesis of α-synuclein. [less ▲]

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See detailPeculiar hydrophobic properties of the 67-78 fragment of α-synuclein are responsible for membrane destabilization and neurotoxicity
Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg; Dupiereux-Fettweis, Ingrid ULg et al

Poster (2006, December 18)

α-synuclein is a 140 residue protein linked to Parkinson’s disease. Intraneural inclusions called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are mainly composed of α-synuclein aggregated in amyloid fibrils. Few years ... [more ▼]

α-synuclein is a 140 residue protein linked to Parkinson’s disease. Intraneural inclusions called Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites are mainly composed of α-synuclein aggregated in amyloid fibrils. Few years ago, tilted peptides have been detected in two other amyloidogenic proteins : the amyloid β peptide involved in Alzheimer’s disease, and the PrP protein linked to Creuztfeldt-Jakob’s disease. Tilted peptides are short protein fragments that adopt an oblique orientation when inserted into biological membranes. Tilted peptides are able to destabilize membranes. In this study, we predicted by sequence analysis and molecular modelling that the 67-78 fragment of α-synuclein is a tilted peptide. Like most of them, the α-syn 67-78 peptide is able to induce lipid mixing and leakage of unilamellar liposomes. A mutant designed by molecular modelling to decrease the destabilizing properties of the peptide was shown to be significantly less fusogenic. The neuronal toxicity was studied using human neuroblastoma cells and we demonstrated that the α-syn 67-78 peptide induces neurotoxicity. In conclusion, we have identified a tilted peptide in α-synuclein which could be involved in the toxicity induced during amyloidogenesis of α-synuclein. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)