References of "Lopez-Otin, C"
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See detailControl of Allergen-Induced Inflammation and Hyperresponsiveness by the Metalloproteinase ADAMTS-12
Paulissen, Geneviève ULg; El Hour, Mehdi; Rocks, Natacha ULg et al

in Journal of Immunology (2012), 189

A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) constitute a family of endopeptidases related to matrix metalloproteinases. These proteinases have been largely implicated in tissue ... [more ▼]

A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) constitute a family of endopeptidases related to matrix metalloproteinases. These proteinases have been largely implicated in tissue remodeling associated with pathological processes. Among them, ADAMTS12 was identified as an asthma-associated gene in a human genome screening program. However, its functional implication in asthma is not yet documented. The present study aims at investigating potential ADAMTS-12 functions in experimental models of allergic airways disease. Two different in vivo protocols of allergen-induced airways disease were applied to the recently generated Adamts12-deficient mice and corresponding wild-type mice. In this study, we provide evidence for a protective effect of ADAMTS-12 against bronchial inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. In the absence of Adamts12, challenge with different allergens (OVA and house dust mite) led to exacerbated eosinophilic inflammation in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and in lung tissue, along with airway dysfunction assessed by increased airway responsiveness following methacholine exposure. Furthermore, mast cell counts and ST2 receptor and IL-33 levels were higher in the lungs of allergen-challenged Adamts12-deficient mice. The present study provides, to our knowledge, the first experimental evidence for a contribution of ADAMTS-12 as a key mediator in airways disease, interfering with immunological processes leading to inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness. [less ▲]

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See detailNew and Paradoxical Roles of Matrix Metalloproteinases in the Tumor Microenvironment.
Noël, Agnès ULg; Gutierrez-Fernandez, A; Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg et al

in Frontiers in Pharmacology of Anti-Cancer Drugs (2012), 3(140), 1

Processes such as cell proliferation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, or invasion are strongly influenced by the surrounding microenvironment of the tumor. Therefore, the ability to change these surroundings ... [more ▼]

Processes such as cell proliferation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, or invasion are strongly influenced by the surrounding microenvironment of the tumor. Therefore, the ability to change these surroundings represents an important property through which tumor cells are able to acquire specific functions necessary for tumor growth and dissemination. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) constitute key players in this process, allowing tumor cells to modify the extracellular matrix (ECM) and release cytokines, growth factors, and other cell-surface molecules, ultimately facilitating protease-dependent tumor progression. Remodeling of the ECM by collagenolytic enzymes such as MMP1, MMP8, MMP13, or the membrane-bound MT1-MMP as well as by other membrane-anchored proteases is required for invasion and recruitment of novel blood vessels. However, the multiple roles of the MMPs do not all fit into a simple pattern. Despite the pro-tumorigenic function of certain metalloproteinases, recent studies have shown that other members of these families, such as MMP8 or MMP11, have a protective role against tumor growth and metastasis in animal models. These studies have been further expanded by large-scale genomic analysis, revealing that the genes encoding metalloproteinases, such as MMP8, MMP27, ADAM7, and ADAM29, are recurrently mutated in specific tumors, while several ADAMTSs are epigenetically silenced in different cancers. The importance of these proteases in modifying the tumor microenvironment highlights the need for a deeper understanding of how stroma cells and the ECM can modulate tumor progression. [less ▲]

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See detailHigher sensitivity of Adamts12-deficient mice to tumor growth and angiogenesis.
El Hour, Mehdi ULg; Moncada-Pazos, A.; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Oncogene (2010), 29(20), 3025-32

ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain with thrombospondin motifs) constitute a family of endopeptidases related to matrix metalloproteinases. These proteases have been largely implicated in ... [more ▼]

ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain with thrombospondin motifs) constitute a family of endopeptidases related to matrix metalloproteinases. These proteases have been largely implicated in tissue remodeling and angiogenesis associated with physiological and pathological processes. To elucidate the in vivo functions of ADAMTS-12, we have generated a knockout mouse strain (Adamts12−/−) in which Adamts12 gene was deleted. The mutant mice had normal gestations and no apparent defects in growth, life span and fertility. By applying three different in vivo models of angiogenesis (malignant keratinocyte transplantation, Matrigel plug and aortic ring assays) to Adamts12−/− mice, we provide evidence for a protective effect of this host enzyme toward angiogenesis and cancer progression. In the absence of Adamts-12, both the angiogenic response and tumor invasion into host tissue were increased. Complementing results were obtained by using medium conditioned by cells overexpressing human ADAMTS-12, which inhibited vessel outgrowth in the aortic ring assay. This angioinhibitory effect of ADAMTS-12 was independent of its enzymatic activity as a mutated inactive form of the enzyme was similarly efficient in inhibiting endothelial cell sprouting in the aortic ring assay than the wild-type form. Altogether, our results show that ADAMTS-12 displays antiangiogenic properties and protect the host toward tumor progression. [less ▲]

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See detailMMP-19 Deficiency Promotes Tenascin-C Accumulation and Allergen-induced Airway Inflammation.
Guéders, Maud ULg; Hirst, S.; Quesada Calvo, Florence ULg et al

in American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (2010), 43(3), 286-95

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) recently appeared as key regulators of inflammation, allowing recruitment and clearance of inflammatory cells and modifying the biological activity of many peptidic ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) recently appeared as key regulators of inflammation, allowing recruitment and clearance of inflammatory cells and modifying the biological activity of many peptidic mediators by cleavage. MMP-19 is a newly described MMP and preferentially cleaves matrix proteins such as collagens and tenascin-C. The role of MMP-19 in asthma has not been described to date. The purpose of the present study was to assess MMP-19 expression in a murine asthma model and to address biological effects of MMP-19 deficiency in mice. Allergenexposed wild-type (WT) mice displayed an increased expression of MMP-19 mRNA and an increased number of MMP-19-positive cells in the lungs detected by immunohistochemistry. After allergen challenge of MMP-19 knockout (MMP-19-/-) mice, an exacerbated eosinophilic inflammation was detected in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and bronchial tissue along with an increased airway responsiveness to methacholine. A shift towards increased Th2-driven inflammation in MMP-19-/- mice was demonstrated by 1) increased numbers of cells expressing the IL-33 receptor T1/ST2 in lung parenchyma, 2) increased IgG1 levels in serum and 3) higher levels of IL-13 and CCL11 in lung extracts. Tenascin-C was found accumulated in peribronchial areas of MMP-19-/- after allergen challenges as assessed by Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. We conclude that MMP-19 is a new mediator in asthma, preventing tenascin-C accumulation and directly or indirectly controlling Th2-driven airway eosinophilia and airway hyperreactivity. Our data suggest that MMP-19 might act on Th2 inflammation homeostasis through preventing tenascin protein accumulation. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased Inflammation Delays Wound Healing in Mice Deficient in Collagenase-2 (MMP-8)
Gutierrez-Fernandez, A.; Inada, M.; Balbin, M. et al

in FASEB Journal (2007), 21(10), 2580-91

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in numerous tissue-remodeling processes. The finding that mice deficient in collagenase-2 (MMP-8) are more susceptible to develop skin cancer ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in numerous tissue-remodeling processes. The finding that mice deficient in collagenase-2 (MMP-8) are more susceptible to develop skin cancer, prompted us to investigate the role of this protease in cutaneous wound healing. We have observed a significant delay in wound closure in MMP8-/- mice and an altered inflammatory response in their wounds, with a delay of neutrophil infiltration during the first days and a persistent inflammation at later time points. These changes were accompanied by alterations in the TGF-beta1 signaling pathway and by an apoptosis defect in MMP8-/- mice. The delay in wound healing observed in MMP8-/- mice was rescued by bone marrow transplantation from wild-type mice. Analysis of other MMPs showed that MMP8-/- mice had a significant increase in the expression of MMP-9, suggesting that both proteases might act coordinately in this process. This possibility was further supported by the novel finding that MMP-8 and MMP-9 form specific complexes in vivo. Taken together, these data indicate that MMP-8 participates in wound repair by contributing to the resolution of inflammation and open the possibility to develop new strategies for treating wound healing defects. [less ▲]

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See detailMembrane-type 4 matrix metalloproteinase promotes breast cancer growth and metastases
Chabottaux, Vincent; Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg; Pennington, C. J. et al

in Cancer Research (2006), 66(10), 5165-5172

Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMP) constitute a subfamily of six distinct membrane-associated MMPs. Although the contribution of MT1-MMP during different steps of cancer progression has been ... [more ▼]

Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMP) constitute a subfamily of six distinct membrane-associated MMPs. Although the contribution of MT1-MMP during different steps of cancer progression has been well documented, the significance of other MT-MMPs is rather unknown. We have investigated the involvement of MT4-MMP, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protease, in breast cancer progression. Interestingly, immunohistochemical analysis shows that MT4-MMP production at protein level is strongly increased in epithelial cancer cells of human breast carcinomas compared with normal epithelial cells. Positive staining for MT4-MMP is also detected in lymph node metastases. In contrast, quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis reveals similar MT4-MMP mRNA levels in human breast adenocarcinomas and normal breast tissues. Stable transfection of MT4-MMP cDNA in human breast adenocarcinoma MDA-MB-231 cells does not affect in vitro cell proliferation or invasion but strongly promotes primary tumor growth and associated metastases in RAG-1 immunodeficient mice. We provide for the first time evidence that MT4-MMP overproduction accelerates in vivo tumor growth, induces enlargement of i.t. blood vessels, and is associated with increased lung metastases. These results identify MT4-MMP as a new putative target to design anticancer strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailEarlier onset of tumoral anglogenesis in matrix metalloproteinase-19-deficient mice
Jost, M.; Folgueras, A. R.; Frerart, F. et al

in Cancer Research (2006), 66(10), 5234-5241

Among matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), MMP-19 displays unique structural features and tissue distribution. In contrast to most MMPs, MMP-19 is expressed in normal human epidermis and down-regulated during ... [more ▼]

Among matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), MMP-19 displays unique structural features and tissue distribution. In contrast to most MMPs, MMP-19 is expressed in normal human epidermis and down-regulated during malignant transformation and dedifferentiation. The contribution of MMP-19 during tumor angiogenesis is presently unknown. In an attempt to give new insights into MMP-19 in vivo functions, angiogenic response of mutant mice lacking MMP-19 was analyzed after transplantation of murine malignant PDVA keratinocytes and after injection of Matrigel supplemented with basic fibroblast growth factor. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that MMP-19 is produced by host mesenchymal cells but not by endothelial capillary cells or CD11b-positive inflammatory cells. Based on a new computer-assisted method of quantification, we provide evidence that host MMP-19 deficiency was associated with an increased early angiogenic response. In addition, increased tumor invasion was observed in MMP-19-/- mice. We conclude that, in contrast to most MMPs that promote tumor progression, MMP-19 is a negative regulator of early steps of tumor angiogenesis and invasion. These data highlight the requirement to understand the individual functions of each MMP to improve anticancer strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailResistance of collagenase-2 (MMP-8) deficient mice to TNF-induced lethal hepatitis
Van Lint, Ph; Wielockx, B.; Puimege, L. et al

in Journal of Immunology (2005), 175(11), 7642-9

Acute fulminant liver failure is a serious worldwide health problem. Despite maximal supportive intensive care treatment, the disease offers a poor prognosis, with mortality rates of >80%. We have ... [more ▼]

Acute fulminant liver failure is a serious worldwide health problem. Despite maximal supportive intensive care treatment, the disease offers a poor prognosis, with mortality rates of >80%. We have previously shown that a broad-spectrum inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) confers complete protection in a mouse model of TNF-induced lethal hepatitis, thereby suggesting the possibility of protecting cancer patients against the deleterious side effects of TNF therapy. In our search for the individual matrix metalloproteinases involved, we found that the recently generated MMP-8-deficient mice are significantly protected against TNF-induced acute hepatitis. In contrast to their wild-type counterparts, MMP-8-null mice display very little hepatocyte necrosis and apoptosis, resulting in a much better survival outcome. We found that these animals clearly display impaired leukocyte influx into the liver and no release of the neutrophil-specific, LPS-induced CXC chemokine. Our findings provide evidence that MMP-8 plays an essential role in acute liver failure and might be a promising new target for the treatment for this illness. [less ▲]

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See detailMatrix metalloproteinase-8 deficiency promotes granulocytic allergen-induced airway inflammation
Guéders, Maud ULg; Balbin, M.; Rocks, Natacha ULg et al

in Journal of Immunology (2005), 175(4), 2589-2597

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in inflammatory reaction, including asthma-related airway inflammation. MMP-8, mainly produced by neutrophils, has recently been reported to be increased in ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in inflammatory reaction, including asthma-related airway inflammation. MMP-8, mainly produced by neutrophils, has recently been reported to be increased in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from asthmatic patients. To evaluate the role of MMP-8 in asthma, we measured MMP-8 expression in lung tissue in an OVAsensitized mouse model of asthma and addressed the effect of MMP-8 deletion on allergen-induced bronchial inflammation. MMP-8 production was increased in lungs from C57BL/6 mice exposed to allergens. After allergen exposure, MMP-8-1-mice developed an airway inflammation characterized by an increased neutrophilic inflammation in BALF and an increased neutrophilic and eosinophilic infiltration in the airway walls. MMP-8 deficiency was associated with increased levels of IL-4 and antiOVA IgE and IgG1 in BALF and serum, respectively. Although allergen exposure induced an enhancement of LPS-induced CXC chemokine, KC, and MIP-2 levels in BALF and lung parenchyma, no difference was observed between the two genotypes. Inflammatory cell apoptosis was reduced in the lungs from MMP-8(-/-) mice. For the first time, our study evidences an important role of MMP-8 in the control of neutrophilic and eosinophilic infiltration during allergen-induced lung inflammation, and demonstrates that the anti-inflammatory effect of MMP-8 is partly due to a regulation of inflammatory cell apoptosis. [less ▲]

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See detailDiet-induced obesity and reduced skin cancer susceptibility in matrix metalloproteinase-19 deficient mice
Pendas, A. M.; Folgueras, A. R.; LLano, E. et al

in Molecular & Cellular Biology (2004), 24(12), 5304-13

Matrix metalloproteinase 19 (MMP-19) is a member of the MMP family of endopeptidases that, in contrast to most MMPs, is widely expressed in human tissues under normal quiescent conditions. MMP-19 has been ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinase 19 (MMP-19) is a member of the MMP family of endopeptidases that, in contrast to most MMPs, is widely expressed in human tissues under normal quiescent conditions. MMP-19 has been found to be associated with ovulation and angiogenic processes and is deregulated in diverse pathological conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. To gain further insights into the in vivo functions of this protease, we have generated mutant mice deficient in Mmp19. These mice are viable and fertile and do not display any obvious abnormalities. However, Mmp19-null mice develop a diet-induced obesity due to adipocyte hypertrophy and exhibit decreased susceptibility to skin tumors induced by chemical carcinogens. Based on these results, we suggest that this enzyme plays an in vivo role in some of the tissue remodeling events associated with adipogenesis, as well as in pathological processes such as tumor progression [less ▲]

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