References of "Lopez, Marie-Josée"
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See detailAntitumoral Vaccination with Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor or Interleukin-12-Expressing Dhd/K12 Colon Adenocarcinoma Cells
Lechanteur, Chantal ULg; Moutschen, Michel ULg; Princen, Frederic et al

in Cancer Gene Therapy (2000), 7(5), 676-82

Immunomodulating gene therapy for the treatment of malignant diseases is under extensive investigation. In this study, we induced an antitumoral immune response with murine interleukin-12 (mIL-12) and ... [more ▼]

Immunomodulating gene therapy for the treatment of malignant diseases is under extensive investigation. In this study, we induced an antitumoral immune response with murine interleukin-12 (mIL-12) and murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-secreting tumor cells in a model of peritoneal carcinomatosis. Intraperitoneal injection of DHD/K12 tumoral cells engineered to produce IL-12 or GM-CSF did not generate any tumors, whereas untransduced DHD/K12 cells gave rise to peritoneal carcinomatosis. IL-12-expressing DHD/K12 cells also protected against tumors derived from coinjected parental cells. To test whether cytokine-producing cells could elicit a memory antitumoral immune response, animals received a challenge with parental DHD/K12 cells 35 days after the injection of proliferating or irradiated DHD/K12 engineered cells. Under our experimental conditions, irradiated tumor cells did not generate any antitumoral immunity. In contrast, tumor development was delayed and survival increased in the animals vaccinated with cytokine-secreting proliferating cells. A specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response against DHD/K12 parental cells was observed after vaccination with GM-CSF-expressing cells. Our results demonstrated that intraperitoneal vaccination with IL-12- or GM-CSF-expressing adenocarcinoma cells induced a systemic immune antitumoral response that may be useful as an adjuvant therapy after surgical resection of colorectal cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailSimilar Efficiency of DNA-Liposome Complexes and Retrovirus-Producing Cells for Hsv-Tk Suicide Gene Therapy of Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
Princen, Frederic; Lechanteur, Chantal ULg; Lopez, Marie-Josée ULg et al

in Journal of Drug Targeting (2000), 8(2), 79-89

Several experimental approaches have been tested for suicide gene delivery into tumor cells, including viral and non-viral vectors. In this study, we compared the efficiency of Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 ... [more ▼]

Several experimental approaches have been tested for suicide gene delivery into tumor cells, including viral and non-viral vectors. In this study, we compared the efficiency of Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 thymidine kinase gene (HSV-tk) delivery by retrovirus-producing cells and DNA/liposome complexes for the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis induced in syngeneic rats by DHD/K12 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. After in vitro determination of the best transduction conditions, rats were treated with multiple intraperitoneal injections of plasmid DNA containing one or two copies of CMV-driven HSV-tk gene (pCMV-TK and p(CMV-TK)2, respectively) associated with LipofectAMINE, each injection being followed by a Ganciclovir (GCV) course. Animals treated by DNA/liposome complexes and GCV or with retrovirus-producing cells and GCV showed a similar increase of survival as compared to the control group. After DNA/ liposome injections, expression of the tk transgene was detected in tumor nodes (epiploon) and also in liver, lung, spleen, bowels and brain. The expression was not homogeneous throughout the different organs and most likely reflected the transfection of only a limited number of cells. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in Cytokine Production (Il-1 Beta, Il-6, Tnf-Alpha but Not Ifn-Gamma, Gm-Csf or Lif) by Stimulated Whole Blood Cells in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Zheng, S. X.; Vrindts-Gevaert, Yvonne; Lopez, Marie-Josée ULg et al

in Maturitas (1997), 26(1), 63-71

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a progressive disorder characterized by a decreased bone mass and increased susceptibility to fractures. Several investigations have suggested that one of the mechanisms through which estrogen prevents bone loss was a modulation on secretion or release of various cytokines that are known to influence bone remodeling, even if some recent data have challenged this hypothesis. However, in established osteoporosis, the possibility that enhanced cytokines activity may account for the progression of this disease remains unclear and controversial. We sought here to determine whether production of IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, GM-CSF and LIF, after direct stimulation in whole blood, was different in healthy (n = 30) or osteoporotic postmenopausal women (n = 24) and whether lumbar bone density (1-BMD) correlated with the values of cytokine production observed in these conditions. A significant difference was observed between the osteoporotic and control subjects for IL-1 beta (p < 0.0001), IL-6 (p < 0.001) and TNF-alpha (p = 0.027) productions, the values being higher in the osteoporotic women. No significant differences between the groups were observed for IFN-gamma (p = 0.51), GM-CSF (p = 0.70) or LIF (p = 0.97). In the whole population, statistically significant negative correlations were observed between lumbar BMD and IL-1 beta (r = -0.46) (p < 0.0005), IL-6 (r = -0.50) (p < 0.0001) and TNF-alpha (r = -0.39) (p < 0.005) production while no such correlations were observed for IFN-gamma, GM-CSF or LIF. In conclusion, the study of cytokine production by immune cells cultured in autologous whole blood suggests that in women more than 10 years past the menopause and presenting a decrease in lumbar bone density corresponding to the new WHO definition of "osteoporosis', production of IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha is still increased compared to controls matched for age and ovarian function, while no differences are reported for IFN-gamma, GM-CSF or LIF production. [less ▲]

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See detailIntraoperative cytokines production during orthotopic liver transplantation
Pirenne, J.; Noizat-Pirenne, F.; De Groote, D. et al

in Transplant International : Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation (1992), 5(Suppl 1), 631-635

In summary, we established that a significant production of the monokines interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor apha, and interleukin-1 occurred during orthotopic liver transplantation whereas the ... [more ▼]

In summary, we established that a significant production of the monokines interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor apha, and interleukin-1 occurred during orthotopic liver transplantation whereas the lymphokines interferon gamma and interleukin-2 were not detected. Levels of interleukin-6 reached their maximum values before and especially at the end of the anhepatic phase. They remained high after the anhepatic phase, i. e. after reperfusion of the new livers. Tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1 reached their maximum values after the anhepatic phase. Not only were interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interleukin-1 present in the serum but they could also be detected in the bile produced by these new livers. Mechanisms of monokine production during orthotopic liver transplantation is multifactorial in origin and further studies will have to evaluate the relative contribution of the various factors involved. The possibility of an association between peroperative monokines and transplant outcome and their potential clinical implication will have to be elucidated. [less ▲]

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