Malignant cell attachment to endothelium of ex vivo perfused human umbilical vein. Modulation by platelets, plasma and fibronectin.
; Castronovo, Vincenzo ; et al
in Thrombosis Research (1991), 62(4), 287-98
The success of blood-born metastatic spread depends upon a key event: the tumor cell arrest and attachment to the host organ vasculature. In the present study, we have investigated interactions between ... [more ▼]
The success of blood-born metastatic spread depends upon a key event: the tumor cell arrest and attachment to the host organ vasculature. In the present study, we have investigated interactions between several normal and cancer cell lines and vascular endothelium in a model of ex vivo perfusion of human umbilical vein. In this system, hydrodynamic parameters are monitored and endothelial cells are kept in their original environment known to modulate their phenotype. Metastatic tumor cell adhesion to the perfused endothelium was found to be significantly higher than that of normal cells tested. Platelets and soluble plasma factors including fibronectin promoted tumor cell arrest and adhesion to endothelium. Altogether our results indicate that the ex vivo perfusion of human umbilical vein allows the study of the interactions between malignant tumor cells, circulating plasma or blood cells and the endothelium during blood-born metastatic spread. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)