References of "Lenaerts, Cedric"
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See detailSpectral splitting planar solar concentrator : Design and Experimental testing Preliminary results
Blain, Pascal ULg; Michel, Céline ULg; Clermont, Lionel ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014, May 15), 9140

We present a new concept in solar concentrator: spectral splitting. It implies reflective, refractive and diffractive elements that allow two spectrally differentiated beams to reach different and/or ... [more ▼]

We present a new concept in solar concentrator: spectral splitting. It implies reflective, refractive and diffractive elements that allow two spectrally differentiated beams to reach different and/or unmatched lattice solar cells. Those cells efficiencies are then enhanced. The aimed geometrical concentration factor is 5× and the theoretical optical efficiency of that concentrator concept reaches 82%. [less ▲]

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See detailTransmitive spectral SPR droplet biosensing: principle, sensor design and experimental demonstration
Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg et al

in Plasmonics (2013)

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures based on grating coupler/disperser combination is an attractive alternative for spectral-based biochemical sensing. In this paper, we investigate ... [more ▼]

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures based on grating coupler/disperser combination is an attractive alternative for spectral-based biochemical sensing. In this paper, we investigate theoretically and experimentally a new concept where the plasmon coupling occurs through a thin film grating and sensing occurs via the first evanescent diffraction order in transmitive mode. The surface plasmon wave excitation induces a peak in the wavelength as well as in the angular spectra of the detected first transmitted diffraction order. Accordingly, a change in SPR spectrum of the detected diffraction order can be used to quantify the amount of the target molecules immobilized on the sensor surface and therefore, the concentration of these molecules in the analyte solution. The developed sensor architecture is dedicated to droplet biochemical sensing and appears to be especially suitable for biosensor integration and miniaturization. The presented sensor concept is perfectly suited for mass production of low-cost and reproducible SPR sensor chip for biochemical analysis. The implemented setup gives access to multichannel biosensing with the potential for efficient internal referencing, essential to achieve sufficiently high reproducibility and accuracy of the measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailSubstrate Mode-Integrated SPR Sensor
Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Vilcot, Jean-Pierre; Hastanin, Juriy ULg et al

in Plasmonics (2013), 8(2), 1203-1208

We present the design, implementation and characterisation of an integrated surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor chip involving diffractive optical coupling elements avoiding the need of prism ... [more ▼]

We present the design, implementation and characterisation of an integrated surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor chip involving diffractive optical coupling elements avoiding the need of prism coupling. The integrated sensor chip uses the angular interrogation principle and includes two diffraction gratings and the SPR sensing zone. The theoretical design is presented as well as the fabrication process. Experimental results (response of a reference water droplet and phosphate-buffered saline/water kinetic) are presented and compared with those obtained with the classical Kretschmann prism coupling setup. We believe that this prism-free architecture is perfectly suitable for low-cost and reproducible SPR biochemical sensor chips since the sensing zone can be functionalised as any other one [less ▲]

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See detailCompact integrated surface plasmon resonance spectroscopic sensor platform with on-chip self-referencing
Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg et al

in Proceeding of the International Conference on Surface Plasmon Photonics (SPP6): Ottawa, Canada, May 2013 (2013, May)

We present the SPR_CD spectroscopic biosensor design experimentally investigated by our research group. The implemented sensor platform is dedicated to droplet biochemical analysis involving multichannel ... [more ▼]

We present the SPR_CD spectroscopic biosensor design experimentally investigated by our research group. The implemented sensor platform is dedicated to droplet biochemical analysis involving multichannel detection format. [less ▲]

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See detailInnovative Surface Plasmon Resonance biosensing architectures
Desfours, Caroline; Piron, Pierre ULg; Habraken, Serge ULg et al

Conference (2012, December 11)

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures involving multi-wavelength interrogation are an attractive alternative for droplet biosensing. We present our results for in situ measurements of biological ... [more ▼]

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures involving multi-wavelength interrogation are an attractive alternative for droplet biosensing. We present our results for in situ measurements of biological molecules with a two-wavelength sensor and a SPR Coupler-Disperser spectroscopic sensor. [less ▲]

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See detailInnovative Surface Plasmon Resonance biosensing architectures
desfours, Caroline; Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Drucbert, Anne-Sophie et al

in International Conference on Fibre Optics and Photonics (2012, December)

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures involving multi-wavelength interrogation are an attractive alternative for droplet biosensing. We present our results for in situ measurements of biological ... [more ▼]

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures involving multi-wavelength interrogation are an attractive alternative for droplet biosensing. We present our results for in situ measurements of biological molecules with a two-wavelength sensor and a SPR Coupler- Disperser spectroscopic sensor. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Results of Flat Fresnel Doublets made of PMMA and PC
Languy, Fabian ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg et al

Conference (2012, April)

To reduce the chromatic aberration lots of imaging systems like cameras and telescopes turn to achromatic doublets. On the other hand, to be cheaper, lighter and thinner, more and more systems like ... [more ▼]

To reduce the chromatic aberration lots of imaging systems like cameras and telescopes turn to achromatic doublets. On the other hand, to be cheaper, lighter and thinner, more and more systems like projectors and headlights use Fresnel lenses. To combine high performances and low cost, the use achromatic Fresnel doublets has been investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Results of Hybrid and Refractive Achromatic Doublets Made of PC and PMMA
Languy, Fabian ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Loicq, Jerôme ULg et al

Conference (2012)

To combine achromatic system with cost-effective technology, we propose the use or hybride (refractive/diffractive) and refractive doublets Fresnel lenses. These two technologies have been compared ... [more ▼]

To combine achromatic system with cost-effective technology, we propose the use or hybride (refractive/diffractive) and refractive doublets Fresnel lenses. These two technologies have been compared experimentally from an optical point of view [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated prism-free coupled surface plasmon resonance biochemical sensor
Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Pinchemel, Bernard et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2012), 8424

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See detailExperimental investigation of droplet biosensing by multi-wavelength plasmonic
Desfours, Caroline ULg; Habraken, Serge ULg; Hastanin, Juriy ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8234 : Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine IX (2012)

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See detailFlat Fresnel doublets made of PMMA and PC: combining low cost production and very high concentration ratio for CPV
Languy, Fabian ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg et al

in Optics Express (2011), 19(S3), 280-294

The linear chromatic aberration (LCA) of several combinations of polycarbonates (PCs) and poly (methyl methacrylates) (PMMAs) as singlet, hybrid (refractive/diffractive) lenses and doublets operating with ... [more ▼]

The linear chromatic aberration (LCA) of several combinations of polycarbonates (PCs) and poly (methyl methacrylates) (PMMAs) as singlet, hybrid (refractive/diffractive) lenses and doublets operating with wavelengths between 380 and 1600 nm – corresponding to a typical zone of interest of concentrated photovoltaics (CPV) – are compared. Those comparisons show that the maximum theoretical concentration factor for singlets is limited to about 1000 × at normal incidence and that hybrid lenses and refractive doublets present a smaller LCA increasing the concentration factor up to 5000 × and 2 × 106 respectively. A new achromatization equation more useful than the Abbé equation is also presented. Finally we determined the ideal position of the focal point as a function of the LCA and the geometric concentration which maximizes the flux on the solar cell. [less ▲]

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See detailSurface plasmon resonance-based biosensors: From the development of different SPR structures to novel surface functionalization strategies
Wijaya, Edy; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Maricot, Sophie et al

in Current Opinion In Solid State Materials Science (2011), 15(5), 208-224

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensors are very powerful tools for the study of biomolecular interactions, chemical detection and immunoassays. This paper reviews the performance of various SPR ... [more ▼]

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensors are very powerful tools for the study of biomolecular interactions, chemical detection and immunoassays. This paper reviews the performance of various SPR structures and detection schemes focusing on propagating surface plasmons generated in planar structures. Some aspects of their surface functionalization, the key element which imparts biofunctionality to these structures and hence transforming them into biosensors, will also be discussed accordingly. The ultimate performance of SPR-based biosensors will thus be determined by both their inherent optical performance and suitable surface functionalization. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst manufactured diamond AGPM vector vortex for the L- and N-bands: metrology and expected performances
Delacroix, Christian ULg; Forsberg, Pontus; Karlsson, Mikael et al

Conference (2010, October 28)

The AGPM (Annular Groove Phase Mask, Mawet et al. 2005) is an optical vectorial vortex coronagraph (or vector vortex) synthesized by a circular subwavelength grating, that is a grating with a period ... [more ▼]

The AGPM (Annular Groove Phase Mask, Mawet et al. 2005) is an optical vectorial vortex coronagraph (or vector vortex) synthesized by a circular subwavelength grating, that is a grating with a period smaller than λ/n (λ being the observed wavelength and n the refractive index of the grating substrate). Since it is a phase mask, it allows to reach a high contrast with a small working angle. Moreover, its subwavelength structure provides a good achromatization over wide spectral bands. Recently, we have manufactured and measured our first N-band prototypes that allowed us to validate the reproducibility of the microfabrication process. Here, we present newly produced mid-IR diamond AGPMs in the N-band (~10 µm), and in the most wanted L-band (~3.5 µm). We first give an extrapolation of the expected coronagraph performances. We then present the manufacturing and measurement results, using diamond-optimized microfabrication techniques such as nano-imprint lithography (NIL) and reactive ion etching (RIE). Finally, the subwavelength grating profile metrology combines surface metrology (scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, white light interferometry) with diffractometry on an optical polarimetric bench and cross correlation with theoretical simulations using rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA). [less ▲]

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See detailA spectral surface plasmon resonance sensor based on transmission grating: architecture analysis dedicated to spectral sensors
Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg et al

(2010, September)

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures based on grating coupler/disperser combination is an attractive alternative for spectral-based sensing. We present a new concept where the plasmon coupling ... [more ▼]

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures based on grating coupler/disperser combination is an attractive alternative for spectral-based sensing. We present a new concept where the plasmon coupling occurs through thin film grating and sensing occurs via the first diffraction order in reflective or transmitive mode. The developed geometry is dedicated to droplet sensing. The extension of the architecture to bi-dimensional array of sensors is also facilitated. This paper describes several designs of sensors. The analysis of their theoretical performances is demonstrated and compared, including a sensitivity evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailAnnular groove phase mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths: manufacturing assessment and performance analysis
Delacroix, Christian ULg; Forsberg, P.; Karlsson, M. et al

in Oschmann, J.; Clampin, M.; MacEwen, H. (Eds.) Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave (2010, July 01)

Phase-mask coronagraphs are known to provide high contrast imaging capabilities while preserving a small inner working angle, which allows searching for exoplanets or circumstellar disks with smaller ... [more ▼]

Phase-mask coronagraphs are known to provide high contrast imaging capabilities while preserving a small inner working angle, which allows searching for exoplanets or circumstellar disks with smaller telescopes or at longer wavelengths. The AGPM (Annular Groove Phase Mask, Mawet et al. 2005[SUP]1[/SUP]) is an optical vectorial vortex coronagraph (or vector vortex) induced by a rotationally symmetric subwavelength grating (i.e. with a period smaller than λ/n, λ being the observed wavelength and n the refractive index of the grating substrate). In this paper, we present our first midinfrared AGPM prototypes imprinted on a diamond substrate. We firstly give an extrapolation of the expected coronagraph performances in the N-band (~10 μm), and prospects for down-scaling the technology to the most wanted L-band (~3.5 μm). We then present the manufacturing and measurement results, using diamond-optimized microfabrication techniques such as nano-imprint lithography (NIL) and reactive ion etching (RIE). Finally, the subwavelength grating profile metrology combines surface metrology (scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, white light interferometry) with diffractometry on an optical polarimetric bench and cross correlation with theoretical simulations using rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA). [less ▲]

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See detailAnnular Groove Phase Mask coronagraph in diamond for mid-IR wavelengths
Delacroix, Christian ULg; Mawet, Dimitri; Surdej, Jean ULg et al

Poster (2010, April 25)

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See detailAchromatization of solar concentrator using diffractive optics
Languy, Fabian ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Loicq, Jerôme ULg et al

Poster (2009)

Photovoltaic energy suffers from payback time. High solar concentration (above 500 suns) is a very interesting way to reduce production cost. The use of lenses allows more flexibility to make light flux ... [more ▼]

Photovoltaic energy suffers from payback time. High solar concentration (above 500 suns) is a very interesting way to reduce production cost. The use of lenses allows more flexibility to make light flux more uniform. In addition lenses are less prone to errors of manufacture and can be easily duplicated. Unfortunately, optical materials are very dependent on the wavelength which causes important chromatic aberrations. One can think about achromatic doublets but doublets are thick, heavy and require exotic glasses which make them expensive. During the conference, I would like to present an innovative way to achromatize solar concentrators using hybrid (refractive/diffractive) lenses. Indeed, an hybrid lens is as thin as a Fresnel lens and is made in only one glass. But diffractive lenses suffer from limited broadband diffraction efficiency due to spurious orders. To overcome the lake of efficiency we are investigating the use of multi-layer diffractive optical element. This technique allows to achieve an efficiency greater than 97% over the full visible spectrum using only three components (e.g. two optical elements + air). [less ▲]

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See detailAchromatization of solar concentrator thanks to diffractive optics
Languy, Fabian ULg; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Loicq, Jerôme ULg et al

Conference (2009)

Refractive solar concentrators suffer from important chromatic aberration. To enhance solar cell performance and increase the concentrating ratio, we propose an hybrid (diffractive/refractive) lens which ... [more ▼]

Refractive solar concentrators suffer from important chromatic aberration. To enhance solar cell performance and increase the concentrating ratio, we propose an hybrid (diffractive/refractive) lens which allows a more uniform flux density and an achromatized (in the sense of achromatic doublet) illumination of the cell. To solve the problem of high diffraction efficiency, we turn to multilayer diffractive lenses to have broadband high diffraction efficiency optimized on solar spectrum. Rigorous coupled wave analysis simulations were performed in order to check the validity of scalar theory, they led to a new order of magnitude for the ratio period/wavelength which has been found to be around 100 in place of 10. [less ▲]

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See detailAntireflective subwavelength patterning of IR optics
Vandormael, Denis; Habraken, Serge ULg; Loicq, Jerôme ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2006), 6395

Thermal infrared (IR) lenses require efficient anti-reflection coating. Moth-eye (or egg-box) 2D subwavelength gratings have demonstrated their ability to reach a very high transmission for a wide ... [more ▼]

Thermal infrared (IR) lenses require efficient anti-reflection coating. Moth-eye (or egg-box) 2D subwavelength gratings have demonstrated their ability to reach a very high transmission for a wide wavelength and angular range. The use in thermal IR is simplified by the lower resolution for lithographic technology, compared to visible waveband. However, deeper structures must be engraved and lithography must be adapted to IR materials. In order to be cost-effective, the patterning must be produced by replication techniques, such as embossing. Our laboratory is now experimenting hot embossing of moth-eye patterns in chalcogenide substrates. In this paper, theoretical analysis, micro-lithographic technology and manufacturing processes are detailed. [less ▲]

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