References of "Lemaire, Mylène"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDeux protocoles d’hyperimmunisation au moyen de vaccins marqués réduisent l’incidence de séroconversion envers l’herpèsvirus bovin 1 en cheptels laitiers : résultats d’une étude sur le terrain
Dispas, M.; Lemaire, Mylène; Speybroeck, N. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2004), 148(1), 47-61

A 28 months long cohort study was organized in dairy herds in Belgium, to assess the efficacy of hyperimmunisation as a tool for the control of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. Two protocols of ... [more ▼]

A 28 months long cohort study was organized in dairy herds in Belgium, to assess the efficacy of hyperimmunisation as a tool for the control of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. Two protocols of hyperimmunisation in which glycoprotein-E deleted marker vaccines were repeatedly administered were compared to a positive control group in which the usual vaccination protocols were authorised. The two hyperimmunisation protocols differed in the primovaccination : the first group was treated with an attenuated vaccine firstly given intra-nasally then by intramuscular route whereas the second group was given an inactivated vaccine by subcutaneous injection. Afterwards, booster vaccinations were the same in both groups : an inactivated vaccine was administered by subcutaneous route every 6 months. In the control group, as a rule, part of the herd was vaccinated annually. For each group, 6 half-yearly reports specify : 1. the evolution of the population, categorized by birth half-year, 2. the incidence of seroconversion against gE in the cohorts and 3. the evolution of the gE seroprevalence. The survival curves of the hyperimmunised groups show a significantly higher proportion (P < 0,001) of animals remaining seronegative against glycoprotein- E compared to the positive control group. No significant difference was shown between the two protocols of hyperimmunisation. Both of them could then be used as tools for the control of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIsolation of a glycoprotein E-deleted bovine herpesvirus type 1 strain in the field
Dispas, M.; Schynts, F.; Lemaire, Mylène et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2003), 153(7), 209-212

During a field trial to evaluate the efficacy of repeated vaccinations with bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) marker vaccines, a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative BHV-1 strain was isolated from the nasal ... [more ▼]

During a field trial to evaluate the efficacy of repeated vaccinations with bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) marker vaccines, a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative BHV-1 strain was isolated from the nasal secretions of two cows, eight months after vaccination with a gE-negative live-attenuated vaccine, initially given intranasally, then intramuscularly. The strain isolated was characterised using immunofluorescence, restriction analysis and PCR. All the techniques used identified the isolated virus as a gE-negative BHV-1 phenotypically and genotypically identical to the Za strain used as a control. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailRhinotrachéite infectieuse bovine
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Schynts, Frédéric; Gogev, Sacha et al

in Lefèvre, P. C.; Blancou, Jean; Chermette, R. (Eds.) Principales maladies infectieuses et parasitaires du bétail, Europe et régions chaudes, généralités, maladies virales (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInduction of protective immunity to bovine herpesvirus type 1 in cattle by intranasal administration of replication-defective human adenovirus type 5 expressing glycoprotein gC or gD
Gogev, S.; Vanderheijden, N.; Lemaire, Mylène et al

in Vaccine (2002), 20(9-10), 1451-1465

Replication-defective human adenoviruses type 5 (HAd5) expressing the bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein gC or gD under the control of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter ... [more ▼]

Replication-defective human adenoviruses type 5 (HAd5) expressing the bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) glycoprotein gC or gD under the control of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter/enhancer (AdCMVgC or AdCMVgD) or the 5' regulatory region of the human desmin gene (AdDESMgC or AdDESMgD) were generated. A preliminary experiment performed on rabbits showed that the intranasal administration of AdCMV elicited higher levels of BHV-1 neutralizing antibodies than the intramuscular administration of AdDESM. The obtained results allowed to select the replication-defective AdCMVgC and AdCMVgD for further assessment of their potential as a recombinant vaccine in cattle. Calves were injected intranasally twice 3 weeks apart with either AdCMVgC or AdCMVgD or a combination of these two recombinants or a commercially available live vaccine for comparison. The highest BHV-1 neutralizing antibody titres were obtained with AdCMVgD followed by the live vaccine and to a lower extent with the combination of the two recombinants (AdCMVgC+AdCMVgD). Calves were protected against intranasal BHV-1 challenge performed 3 weeks after the second immunization. In view of the obtained results, recombinant HAd5 may be developed as an intranasal vaccine vector in cattle administrated either alone or sequentially with non-human adenovirus-based vectors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRecent developments in infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène; Keuser, Véronique et al

in Cattle Practice (2002), 10

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfection de ruminants par des herpèsvirus hétérolgogues
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène

in Point Vétérinaire (2002), 32

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCaractéristiques du système immunitaire du fœtus bovin et du veau nouveau-né. Implications dans la prévention et le diagnostic des infections d’origine virale
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Schynts, F.; Lemaire, Mylène

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2002), 146(4, AUG-SEP), 225-232

In this review the characteristics of the immune system of the bovine fetus and neonate are presented. These characteristics are important for the prevention and diagnosis of viral infections. Three ... [more ▼]

In this review the characteristics of the immune system of the bovine fetus and neonate are presented. These characteristics are important for the prevention and diagnosis of viral infections. Three examples are illustrated in this review : direct and indirect consequences of the infection of the fetus by the bovine viral diarrhea virus; guidelines for a prevention and diagnosis of this viral infection are given; the infection of the neonate by rotaviruses where colostral immunity has a key role in the prevention of the disease; the infection of the neonate by bovine herpesvirus 1 in the presence of colostral immunity which does not prevent latency and can lead to seronegative latent carriers after the disappearance of maternal antibodies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEstablishment of Latency Associated with Glycoprotein E (Ge) Seroconversion after Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Infection in Calves with High Levels of Passive Antibodies Lacking Ge Antibodies
Schynts, F.; Lemaire, Mylène; Ros, C. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 82(3), 211-22

This study was conducted to investigate the glycoprotein E (gE) antibody response raised after inoculation with a low infectious dose of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in six calves possessing high levels ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to investigate the glycoprotein E (gE) antibody response raised after inoculation with a low infectious dose of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in six calves possessing high levels of passive immunity from cows repeatedly vaccinated with gE deleted marker vaccine. Four out of the six calves developed gE antibodies 3-5 weeks after infection, whereas the two other ones remained seronegative to gE. After 5 months of infection, the six calves were treated with dexamethasone. Virus was only re-excreted by the four calves which previously seroconverted against gE. The two other calves became seronegative against BHV-1, 30-32 weeks after infection. A second dexamethasone treatment performed 11 months after infection failed to demonstrate a latent infection in these two calves. Moreover, the lack of identification of a cell-mediated immune response, after the two dexamethasone treatments, and the failure to detect BHV-1 DNA sequences in trigeminal ganglia strongly suggest that these two calves were not latently infected. In conclusion, the presence of high levels of maternal immunity lacking gE antibodies does not prevent latency after infection with a low titre of BHV-1. Moreover, latency is associated with a serological response to gE. These results confirm that the gE deletion is a good marker to identify young calves latently infected with a field virus. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLatency and Reactivation of a Glycoprotein E Negative Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Vaccine: Influence of Virus Load and Effect of Specific Maternal Antibodies
Lemaire, Mylène; Schynts, Frédéric; Meyer, Gilles et al

in Vaccine (2001), 19(32), 4795-804

The effects of the vaccination of neonatal calves with a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated in naive and passively immunised calves either with the ... [more ▼]

The effects of the vaccination of neonatal calves with a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated in naive and passively immunised calves either with the recommended dose or a 5-fold concentrated one. After inoculation (PI), all calves excreted the virus vaccine except three passively immunised calves inoculated with the lower titre. No antibody response could be detected in passively immunised calves, whatever the dose used, and they all became BHV-1 seronegative and remained so after dexamethasone treatment (PDT). Nevertheless, as shown by a gamma-interferon assay, all calves that excreted the vaccine PI developed a cell-mediated immune response and a booster response was observed PDT, suggesting viral reactivation. The vaccine virus was recovered PDT from nasal secretions in two calves and BHV-1 DNA were detected in trigeminal ganglia from five calves belonging to all inoculated groups. The results show that the BHV-1 gE-negative vaccine can establish latency not only in naive but also in passively immunised neonatal calves after a single intranasal inoculation. Moreover, this study shows for the first time that the gE-negative vaccine, when used in passively immunised calves, can lead to seronegative vaccine virus carriers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrevalence of Antibodies to Human Adenovirus Type 5 in Belgian Cattle
Gogev, S.; Lemaire, Mylène; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2001), 148(24), 752-4

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparative Pathogenesis of Acute and Latent Infections of Calves with Bovine Herpesvirus Types 1 and 5
Meyer, Gilles; Lemaire, Mylène; Ros, C. et al

in Archives of Virology (2001), 146(4), 633-52

This study was conducted to compare the pathogenesis of acute and latent infections with closely related bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5) in their natural host. Two groups of eight calves ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to compare the pathogenesis of acute and latent infections with closely related bovine herpesvirus types 1 (BHV-1) and 5 (BHV-5) in their natural host. Two groups of eight calves were inoculated intranasally with BHV-1 or BHV-5. Although BHV-1 and BHV-5 similarly replicate in the nasal mucosa after inoculation, both viruses differ markedly in their ability to cause disease, BHV-5 being responsible of some fatal encephalitis while BHV-1 inducing rhinotracheitis. Virus isolation and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that BHV-5 replicates extensively in neurons of the central nervous system (CNS) and in respiratory cells of lungs, tracheal and nasal mucosae. Invasion of the CNS likely occurs through the trigeminal and olfactory pathways. Both groups developed cross-neutralising antibodies during this experiment suggesting partial clinical cross-protection afforded by the two infections. Three months after primary infection, experimental reactivation showed that BHV-5 was able to establish latency in the trigeminal ganglia but also the CNS of surviving calves. Moreover, laboratory findings suggested that BHV-5 could also persist in the tracheal and nasal mucosae. These results indicate that, after primary infection, BHV-1 and BHV-5 displayed similar biological features and consequently need to be considered together for the control of BHV-1 infection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpecific Passive Immunity Reduces the Excretion of Glycoprotein E-Negative Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Vaccine Strain in Calves
Lemaire, Mylène; Hanon, E.; Schynts, Frédéric et al

in Vaccine (2000), 19(9-10), 1013-7

We investigated the excretion of either a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV1) vaccine strain or a conventional modified-live vaccine strain in both naive and passively immunised ... [more ▼]

We investigated the excretion of either a glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV1) vaccine strain or a conventional modified-live vaccine strain in both naive and passively immunised calves. The replication of gE-negative strain was considerably reduced in the maternally immunised calves, in comparison with the non-immune calves. On the other hand, the excretion of the gE-positive conventional vaccine strain was not reduced and even seemed to be prolonged in the presence of maternal antibodies. These results suggest that BHV1 gE may play a role in virus survival in the presence of antibodies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProduction of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1-Seronegative Latent Carriers by Administration of a Live-Attenuated Vaccine in Passively Immunized Calves
Lemaire, Mylène; Meyer, Gilles; Baranowski, Eric et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (2000), 38(11), 4233-8

The consequences of the vaccination of neonatal calves with the widely used live-attenuated temperature-sensitive (ts) bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated. The ts strain established acute ... [more ▼]

The consequences of the vaccination of neonatal calves with the widely used live-attenuated temperature-sensitive (ts) bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) were investigated. The ts strain established acute and latent infections in all vaccinated calves either with or without passive immunity. Four of seven calves vaccinated under passive immunity became clearly BHV-1 seronegative by different serological tests, as did uninfected control calves after the disappearance of maternal antibodies, and they remained so for long periods. A cell-mediated immune response was detected by a BHV-1 gamma interferon assay, but this test failed to detect the seronegative latent carriers (SNLCs). While they are not detected, SNLCs represent a threat for BHV-1-free herds or countries. This study demonstrates that SNLCs can be easily obtained by inoculation with a live-attenuated BHV-1 under passive immunity and that latent carrier animals without any antibody do exist. Consequently, this situation could represent a good model to experimentally produce SNLCs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Infection in Calves with Maternal Antibodies on Immune Response and Virus Latency
Lemaire, Mylène; Weynants, Vincent; Godfroid, Jacques et al

in Journal of Clinical Microbiology (2000), 38(5), 1885-94

The presence of maternally derived antibodies can interfere with the development of an active antibody response to antigen. Infection of seven passively immunized young calves with a virulent strain of ... [more ▼]

The presence of maternally derived antibodies can interfere with the development of an active antibody response to antigen. Infection of seven passively immunized young calves with a virulent strain of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) was performed to determine whether they could become seronegative after the disappearance of maternal antibodies while latently infected with BHV-1. Four uninfected calves were controls. All calves were monitored serologically for 13 to 18 months. In addition, the development of a cell-mediated immune response was assessed by an in vitro antigen-specific gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) production assay. All calves had positive IFN-gamma responses as early as 7 days until at least 10 weeks after infection. However, no antibody rise was observed after infection in the three calves with the highest titers of maternal antibodies. One of the three became seronegative by virus neutralization test at 7 months of age like the control animals. This calf presented negative IFN-gamma results at the same time and was classified seronegative by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at around 10 months of age. This calf was latently infected, as proven by virus reexcretion after dexamethasone treatment at the end of the experiment. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that BHV-1-seronegative latent carriers can be obtained experimentally. In addition, the IFN-gamma assay was able to discriminate calves possessing only passively acquired antibodies from those latently infected by BHV-1, but it could not detect seronegative latent carriers. The failure to easily detect such animals presents an epidemiological threat for the control of BHV-1 infection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Specific Pcr to Differentiate between Ge Negative Vaccine and Wildtype Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Strains
Schynts, F.; Baranowski, E.; Lemaire, Mylène et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1999), 66(3), 187-95

In the context of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) control programmes using glycoprotein E (gE) deleted marker vaccines, a PCR assay was developed to allow the genotypic differentiation between ... [more ▼]

In the context of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) control programmes using glycoprotein E (gE) deleted marker vaccines, a PCR assay was developed to allow the genotypic differentiation between wildtype bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) and gE negative strains. This assay is based on the PCR amplification of a 281 bp DNA fragment within the gE gene. The specificity of the amplification was confirmed by restriction endonuclease analysis and nucleotide sequencing of the PCR product. Its ability to determine the gE genotype of BoHV-1 strains was demonstrated on isolates coming from 20 experimental calves infected with four different BoHV-1 strains. This PCR assay may be a useful tool for monitoring the spread of live marker vaccine and the gE genotype of viral field isolates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAntibody Response to Glycoprotein E after Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 Infection in Passively Immunised, Glycoprotein E-Negative Calves
Lemaire, Mylène; Schynts, Frédérick; Meyer, Gilles et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1999), 144(7), 172-6

This study was conducted to determine whether young calves with maternal antibodies against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) but without antibodies against glycoprotein E (gE) can produce an active ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to determine whether young calves with maternal antibodies against bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) but without antibodies against glycoprotein E (gE) can produce an active antibody response to gE after a BHV-1 infection. Five calves received at birth colostrum from gE-seronegative cows which had been vaccinated two or three times with an inactivated BHV-1, gE-deleted marker vaccine. After inoculation with a wild-type virulent strain of BHV-1, all the passively immunised gE-negative calves shed virus in large amounts in their nasal secretions. All the calves seroconverted to gE within two to four weeks after inoculation and then had high levels of gE antibodies for at least four months. The development of an active cell-mediated immune response was also detected by in vitro BHV-1-specific interferon-gamma assays. All the calves were latently infected, because one of them re-excreted the virus spontaneously and the other four did so after being treated with dexamethasone. The results showed that under the conditions of this work the gE-negative marker could also distinguish between passively immunised and latently infected calves. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes conséquences de l'infection des bovins par le virus de la rhinotrachéite infectieuse bovine
Thiry, Etienne ULg; Lemaire, Mylène; Schynts, Frédéric et al

in Point Vétérinaire (1999), 30

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude du statut virologique d'une vache séropositive envers l'herpèsvirus bovin de type 1 et séronégative envers la glycoprotéine gE
Schynts, Frédéric; Lemaire, Mylène; Bertrand, O. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa glycoprotéine gE de l'herpèsvirus bovin de type 1 et les nouveaux vaccins marqués
Schynts, Frédéric; Lemaire, Mylène; Baranowski, Eric et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)