References of "Lemaigre, Sébastien"
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See detailComparison of Indicators to Evaluate the Resilience of Lab Scale Continuously Stirred Anaerobic Reactors Submitted to Biological Dysfunctions
Lemaigre, Sébastien; Adam, Gilles ULg; Goux, Xavier et al

Poster (2014, June 02)

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See detailRecursive PCA of e-nose data for anaerobic digestion reactor state monitoring
Adam, Gilles ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

Poster (2013, July)

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See detailEvaluation of an electronic nose for the early detection of organic overload of anaerobic digesters
Adam, Gilles ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering (2013), 36(1),

This study aims at the analysis of the utilization of an electronic nose (e-nose) to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion process, especially for detecting organic overload. An ... [more ▼]

This study aims at the analysis of the utilization of an electronic nose (e-nose) to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion process, especially for detecting organic overload. An array of non specific metal oxide semiconductor gas sensors were used to detect process faults due to organic overload events in twelve anaerobic semi-continuous reactors of 1.8 L. Three different load strategies were followed (i) a cautious organic load (1.3 gVS•L-1•day-1); (ii), an increasing load strategy (1.3 to 5.3 gVS∙L-1•day-1) and (iii) a cautious organic load with load pulses of up to 12 gVS•L-1•day-1. A first monitoring campaign was conducted with three different substrates : sucrose, maize oil, and a mix of sucrose/oil during 60 days. The second campaign was run with dry sugar beet pulp during 45 days. Hotelling's T²-value and upper control limit to a reference set of digesters fed with a cautious OLR (1.3 gVS•L-1•day-1), was used as indirect state variable of the reactors. Overload situations were identified by the e-nose apparatus with Hotelling’s T²-values at least 4-times higher in magnitude than the upper control limit of 23.7. These results confirmed that the e-nose technology appeared promising for online detection of process imbalances in the domain of anaerobic digestion. [less ▲]

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See detailGas sensor array applied to the monitoring of biogas process
Adam, Gilles ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

Conference (2011, May)

There is a lack of simple online monitoring system to control the performances of biogas reactors. The electronic nose technology appears to be an adapted device to deliver fast information about process ... [more ▼]

There is a lack of simple online monitoring system to control the performances of biogas reactors. The electronic nose technology appears to be an adapted device to deliver fast information about process disturbances in anaerobic reactors as it is adequate for online monitoring. In this study, twelve anaerobic mini-reactors were supervised with a home-made e-nose to observe process reaction in relation to organic overloads events. Usually, to avoid overload situations, on farms reactors are not fed at maximum load capacity, resulting in non optimized biogas production. The objective of the experiment was to determine if the gas sensors array feature can be related to the process state and if an indirect state variable, giving early warning of process faults, can be derived from the e-nose response. <br />The results demonstrated that focusing on gas phase of anaerobic reactors with a simple device composed of an array of non-specific gas sensors helped in the warning of disorders of the anaerobic digestion process. Mahalanobis distance from a cautious feeding group (group of observations indicating a good process) can be used as an indirect variable to evaluate the intensity of the state disorder. Euclidean distance has been also calculated but it was less informative than the Mahalanobis distance. [less ▲]

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See detailAnaerobic digestion process monitoring: focus on the gas phase using electronic nose technology
Adam, Gilles ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in GERBIO (Ed.) Proceedings of the International Congress Progress in Biogas 2011 - part 1 (2011, March 31)

Gas phase of four pilot-scale anaerobic reactors was monitored with a gas sensors array, also called electronic nose (e-nose) over three weeks. CH4, CO2, H2S, H2 concentration in the gas phase and biogas ... [more ▼]

Gas phase of four pilot-scale anaerobic reactors was monitored with a gas sensors array, also called electronic nose (e-nose) over three weeks. CH4, CO2, H2S, H2 concentration in the gas phase and biogas production rate were also measured. Reactors were exposed to process disturbances by doubling the organic loading rate and by decreasing the temperature from 38 to 32°C for 24 hours. During these tests, sludge pH and alkalinity were also measured. When organic loading was doubled, no changes were observed in pH and alkalinity, while hydrogen content in gas phase increased by 20% and took 8 hours to recover stable values of 130 ppm. Hydrogen sulphide also increased proportionally to organic loading of the reactors and took two days to return to stable values. Methane and carbon dioxide ratio changed from 1.2 to 0.95. No changes were observed during the temperature drop of the digesters apart from hydrogen concentration which increased sharply several hours. Electronic nose was able to detect variations in organic loading rates for the four anaerobic reactors, with increased signals for higher organic loadings of the pilots. Sensing of gas phase of anaerobic reactors was able to discriminate disorders of operating conditions of anaerobic reactors, especially organic loading. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential of the Electronic Nose as a Tool for the Detection of Disturbances in Anaerobic Digestion Processes
Adam, Gilles ULg; Neyrinck, Roland ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien et al

in IWWG (Ed.) Venice 2010 Third International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste (2010, November)

Most of agricultural biogas plants do not operate at optimum loading rate to avoid overload and process failure. This study aims at the development of an electronic nose technology to serve as a specific ... [more ▼]

Most of agricultural biogas plants do not operate at optimum loading rate to avoid overload and process failure. This study aims at the development of an electronic nose technology to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion processes. Twelve semi-continuous anaerobic mini-digesters (1.6 L useful capacity) were fed with three different substrates: sucrose, maize oil and a mix 1:1 of sucrose and maize oil. Two feeding strategies were followed (i) a cautious organic load (1.3 gVS.L-1.day-1) and (ii) an increasing load strategy (1.3 to 5.33 gVS.L-1.day-1). Digesters were monitored during two months by analysing the biogas composition and collecting electronic nose measurements. The electronic nose was able to detect the impact of organic load variations. Overload situations were distinguished by the e-nose apparatus and the different feeding substrates induced distinct responses from the e-nose system. [less ▲]

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